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the Prince of Bevern had withdrawn Zittau contained the Pruffian magazines, part of the garrison and the provisions it was our intention to destroy it. This out of Zittaj, and the fire caused by reason prevailed over every other. The the granadoes extended throughout the voice of war was stronger than that of city, while the rest of the Prullian gar- pity and compassion, and filenced the sifon were obftinately refolute not to fertiments of humanity.” furrender, hoping to get away, and The King of Prussia, finding that the carry off with them the remainder of the Austrians were directing their operations provisions, which was the more obsti. towards Lulatia and Silefia, left his nate, as the place had been battered by camp at Leitmeritz on the 21st of July, 32 canyons, and so obus, and a power- and arrived at Linay or the 22d. There ful army lying before it. Prince Charles he halted till the 24th; when he marchfent Col. Weldenau to represent to Col. ed again at the head of sixteen batta. Diricke the blame he would incur, by lions and thirty-two squadrons, leaving an obftinacy so unseasonable, and so fa- M. - Keith behind with about 25,000 tal to the unfortunate inhabitants. But men, to guard the passes leading from M. Diricke affured him, that he should Bohemia into Saxony. On the 25th endanger bis head, if he gave up the his Majesty's army reached the neighplace without express leave from the bourhood of Pirna. There he received Prince of Prullra. He asked an hour, advice that Zittau was taken, and that which M. de Weldenau granted, on the Prince his brother was furrounded condition the attack Mould be contie almost on all fides by the Austrians. nued. After the hour the firing was be- He therefore crossed the Elbe on the gun again, and the place was again a 27th, and marched with all diligence to prey to the devouring flames. Part of his atlistance. Having joined him near the Prussians took this opportunity of Bautzen a day sooner than he expected, retiring. Some hundreds, most of them the Austrians, who had been endeavourSaxons, leaped the walls, laid down ing to furround him, were obliged to their arms, and escaped to the head- retire. Not long after, M. Keith chanquarters. In the mean ne, Col. Die ged his situation, and came to Pirna on Ticke called out at the Bohemian gate, the 30th. There leaving Prince Maubut it was too late ; the Austrians were rice of Anhalt Dessau, with twelve batalready in the town, and made the co- talions and ten squadrons, to oppose the Jonel, a major, five lieutenants, two incursions of the Austrian irregulars, and ensigns, and 260 soldiers prisoners. to cover the magazines at Pirna and Col Dirieke is loaded with reproaches Pilnitz, he marched, Aug. 3. with by the inhabitants, as the cause of their twenty battalions and forty squadrons, misfortunes ; and they accuse him of ha. to join his Majefy near Bautzen.
Af. ving not only hindered them from stop- ter this junction was effected, the Prufping the progress of the flames, but fian army in Lusatia was computed at likewise of forbidding any one, under about 60,000 men.
The Auftrians pain of death, to come out of their were reckoned at 100,000, including houses, by which many perished in the the corps extended towards the Elbe Hames.--Above two thirds of the city on the fide of Teschen, to obferve the is reduced to ashes. However, a large 'motions of the Prince of Anhalt Deffau ; magazine, consisting of 1000 C. weight of but what numbers those detached corps powder, and several of meal, was laved. conlfted of, has not been told us. Ac
- These stores of powder confirm, be- cording to accounts from Lusatia dated yond all doubt, that the Prince of Pruf Aug. 19. the Austrians were posted near Sia's design was to maintain himself in Gorlitz, and the Pruffians in light of Zittau, till the arrival of the King his them, and it feemed almost impossible brother; and it was certainly the best for either army to make a motion with position his Prussian Majesty could take out bringing on a battle. During all to cover his dominions. Therefore, as these motions, leveral skirmishes hap
pened, of which we cannot so much as belonging ; ordering likewise, in his give the accounts of the opposite sides, Majesty's name, all subjects and vassals very little news arriving from the Pruf- of the Count of Bentheim, to acknowdian camp, where the officers are strictly ledge him on the fame footing that he forbid the holding of any correspondence stood before the conclufiou of the said of that kind.
contract between his Majesty the King Marlhal d'Etrees having passed the of England and him. (Sgned) L. M. Weser, as in our laft, he immediately D'Errees. Done at the head-quarters laid the adjacent parts of the electorate at Hall, July 23. 1757.” [246.] of Hanover under contribution. Next From the time that the French passed he fent the following requisition to the the Weser, several fkirmishes happened regency. “ The King's army being al. between them and parties of the army ready in possession of part of the King of observation, without any thing of of England's dominions as Elector of great consequence being effected on eiHanover, the regency of Hanover is ther side. But at length an action was iajoined, upon pain of military execu- brought on between the two armies, on tion, to fend deputies to the head-quar- the 26th of July, of which the followters of our army, in order to treat a. ing account, sent from the Duke of bout raismg the contributions, and deli- Cumberland's camp, was published in a vering the necessary subsistence for the London Gazette extraordinary, Aug, 11. troops, and to agree to such terms as “Sunday, July 24. Tbe enemy marchare justifiable by the laws of war. Done ing in three columns, with artillery, coat the head-quarters at Stadt-Oldendorf, wards the village of Latford, Maj-Gen. July 21. 1757.” Another act of power Furstenberg, who commanded the outexerted by Marshal d'Etrees two days posts in the village, and in the wood, after, was the restoration of Count fent an officer to inform his R. Highness Bentheim to his estate. The patent for of it; who immediately reinforced those that purpose runs thus. “ Lewis Cæsar, poits with a body of troops under the Count' d'Etrees, Marshal of France, command of Lt-Gen. Sporcke. His Governor of the province of Aulnis, R. Highness found it impossible to sup: Knight of the order of the Holy Ghost, port the village, as it was commanded General of the army, &c. Be it known by the heights opposite to it, that were to all men, That whereas the Count of possessed by the enemy; and withdrew Bentheim has represented to the King, his post from Latford, having it always that the regency of the said place had in his power to retake it, from its situ- delivered him an order of the Hanove. ation in a bottom between two hills. rian ministry, dated the 26th of May, The enemy made two attacks, one by virtue of which the payment of his at the point of the wood, the other highannual pension had been suspended, for er op in the same wood, opposite to the having favoured in his country the fer- grenadiers commanded by Maj. Gen. vice of his Most Christian Majesty, and Hardenberg. They failed in both; for having entered the said county with and, though the fre of their artillery his regiment, in order to command there was very smart, they were obliged to rein his faid Majesty's name;
tire. The French army incamping on of Hanover, by the refusal of that pay- the heights opposite to the Duke of ment, has broke the contract stipulated Cumberland's posts, together with the the 22d of May 1753, between the accounts he had received, that M d’EKing of England, Elector of Brunswick, trees had assembled all his troops, and Lunenburg, and the said Count of Ben- had with him a very confiderable train theim; and the latter not having been of artillery, left his R. Highness no able to obtain any fatisfaction on this room to doubt of his intentions of alhead, we put him again, in the King's tacking him; bis R. Highness therefore name, and by virtue of these presents, determined to change his fituation, and in possession of the said county, and of take a more advantageous one, by draw. - all the rights and prerogatives thereunto
3 P 2
ing up his army' on the height between valry. Their countenance and steadi. the Weser and the woods, leaving the ness, in so severe a fire, is hardly to be Hamelen river on his right, the village expressed or equalled. Between seven of Hastenbeck in his front, and his left and eight the firing of small arms began close to the wood ; at the point of which on our left, when his R. Highness orhis R. Highness had a battery of twelve- dered Maj. Gen. Behr, with three bata pounders and hauwitsers. There was a talions of Brunswick, to sustain the gre. hollow way from the left of the village nadiers in the wood, if wanted. The to the battery, and a continual morafs cannonading went on all the time, ra. on the other side of Haftenbeck to his ther augmenting than decreasing ; but it right. In the evening his R. Highness did not create the least disorder in the withdrew all his outpofts ; and in this troops. There never was seen so much position the army lay upon their arms all firmness, though it lasted above fix nighe. Maj.-Gen. Schulenberg, with the hours, from firit to last. The fire of chasseurs and two battalions of grenadiers, the small arms on the left increased, and with fome cannon, was posted in the core the enemy feemed to gain ground on us. ner of the wood upon the left of the bat. His R. Highness detached Cols Dachentery. His R. Highness ordered the vil. hausen and Bredenbach, with three HaJage of Haftenbeck to be cleared to his noverian battalions and fix squadrons, front, that it might not be in the power round the wood A frerde. of the enemy to keep possession of it; nadiers in the wood, apprehensive of beand the communications. we had made ing surrounded, from the great force of use of during our incampment there, to the enemy that appeared there, and be made impracticable. On the 25th were marching round on that fide, though in the morning, the enemy appeared they repulfed every thing that appeared marching in columns, as if they intende in their front, thought it advisable to reed to attack, and began to cannonade tire nearer the left of the armiy; which us very severely, which lasted almost the gave the enemy an opportunity of poswhole day. They marched and coun- lesling themselves of our battery, with. termarched continually, and thewed as out any opposition. Here it was that if they meant three attacks, on our right, the hereditary Prince of Brunswick left, and centre. In the evening their distinguished himself at the head of a artillery appeared much superior to ours. battalion of Wolfenbuttle guards, and The army lay on their arms all night. a Hanoverian battalion, by attacking His R. Highness ordered the battery at and repulsing, with his bayonets, a futhe point of the wood to be repaired; perior force of the enemy, and retaking and reinforced Count Schulenberg's com- the battery. The enemy being in pol. mand with a battalion of grenadiers, feffion of a height, that commanded and two pieces of iwelve-pounders; and and flanked both our lines of infantry, supported it by four more battalions of and our battery, which attack they could grenadiers, under Maj. Gen. Harden- fupport under the cover of a hill, and berg. His R. Highness ordered a bat. his R. Highness could not dispute, withcery to be made of twelve and fix pound- out exposing his flank, both to their arers (the first of which were sent for from tillery and musquetry; he ordered the Hamelen) behind the village of Haften- army to retreat ; which was done in the beck, and took all the precautions he greatest order, and with the greatest recould think of, to give the enemy a good luctancy, the common soldiers desiring reception. As soon as it was day-light, to be led on to revenge the cruel unpa. his R. Highness gor on horseback to re. rallelled treatment of their masters and connoitre the position of the enemy, and countrymen. His R. Highness retreat.. found them in the fame situation as the ed to Hamelen, where he halted some day before. At a little after núe, a very time, and then continued his march to smart cannonacing began upon our bat. Lhune. The enemy did not shew themtery, behind the village, thar was sup. selves in any mape, during our retreat. forted by the Heflian intantry and ca
Whether it was owing to what they had The following is part of a letter from suffered, or to the good countenance of his R. Highness's head quarters at Minthe troops, we will not pretend to say. den, dated July 27.
« Our army was Col. Bredenbach attacked four brigades yesterday engaged with that of M. d'Every strongly poited with a battery of trees; but though the fire was very fourteen pieces of cannon, charged the brisk for a long time on both sides, it enemy with his bayonets, repulsed and can by no means be called a general endrove them down a precipice, with a gagement. There was only a part of considerable loss; took all their artillery, the left wing concerned in it; and his ammunition, &c.; but, preferring the R. Highness perceiving that the design care of his wounded to the carrying a of the eneiny was to surround this wing, way of the cannon, he only brought off and that there was a probability of lucfix, nailing up and destroying the rest. ceeding in it, thought fit to retreat to
Col. Dachenhausen, on his side, drove wards Hamelen, which he performed several squadrons of the enemy as far as without any obstruction. Some regitheir army, who never gave him an op-' ments of Hessians, the troops of Wola portunity of charging them. This attack fenbuttle, and 1200 Hanoverian grenawas late in the day, and at such a distance, diers, were engaged. Our loss is not that his R. Highness was not informed very considerable. That of the French of it, till some time after his retreat, is probably much more so, as they be
The whole loss of his R. Highness's ar. gan the attack, were several times rea my, during the three days, is as follows. pulsed, and did not pursue us. We loft FOOT.
some battering cannon, but the superioa Hanoverians. Killed, 1 officer, 3 non-com- rity of the enemy was very great.” missioned officers, 78_private men. Wounded, The fullest French accouot that we 9 off. 22 non-com. off 249 pr. men, Taken have received is given us from Linstadt, or missing, 35 pr. men.
« On the zist of July Brunswick troops. Killed, 2 off. 8 non-com. M. d'Etrees advanced to Halle, off. 62 pr. men.
Wounded, 10 off. 8 non-com. uff. 96 pr. men. Taken or missing, 1 off. 3
Gen. Zastrow incamped in the evening, non-com. off: 74 pr. men.
and from whence he retired at the apHelians. Killed, 6 off. 9 non-com. off 80 proach of the French army, to join the pr. men. Wounded, 13 off: 16 non-com. off. Duke of Cumberland, who had fixed his 277 pr. men.
Taken or missing, 63 pr. men.. 9th battalion grenadiers. Killed, 2 off. 49. pr.
cainp at Haltenbeck.
The 24th the meh. Wounded, 7 off. 8 non-com. off. 126 corps of the Duke of Orleans and that pr. men. Taken or misling, 36 pr. men. of M. de Chevert, composing together
Hunters. Killed, I non-com. off. 8 pr. men. 16,000 men, were engaged with the ad-
vanced guard of the Hanoverian troops, H OR SE.
who attacked them several times, but Hanoverians. Wounded, 3 off 13 pr. men, were repulsed. The 25th, at six in the Taken or missing, 4 pr. men.
morning, M. d'Etrees gave the signal for Hesianse Killed, I off. 2 non-com. off. 10
advancing ; and about pr. men. Wounded, 5 off. 28 pr. men.
army, Taken or missing, 3 pr. men.
leaving their tents standing, marched in Hunters. Killed, 1 non-com. off
. 4 pr. men. three columns, and incamped in sight of Wounded, I off. pr. men.
the army of the Duke of Cumberland,
on a plain, where its right was covered An abstract of the list. K. W. M. Tot.
by a hill, and its left out of the reach Hanoverians
280 36 398 of cannon-shot. Some of the Hanove. Brunswick troops 72
114 78 264 FOOT. Helsians 95 306 63 464
rian batteries began to play, but with7th batt. gren.
141 36 228 out causing the least damage. The two Hunters
19 armies continued under arms the whole Hanoverians
20 night, posted opposite to each other. HORSE. Helsians
49 At break of day, M. d'Etrees reconHunters
noitred the situation of the Hanove, 327 907 220 1454 rian army, whole right extended to Haa
10 16 33
melen, and its left to Lauenstein, which low roads leading to Hanover. By this is a high hill covered by a wood, upon motion, the end proposed by M. d'Ewhich the Duke of Cumberland had esta. trees was accomplished ; as the Duke of blished several batteries. His army had Cumberland has been obliged to take a in front a fortified village, on the left situation which has separated him from of which was an impassable morass., Hamelen, so that he will not be able to Such was the advantageous situation of cover that place, or to fuccour it in case this prince, when, on the 26th, at five a design should be formed to undertake in the morning, M. d'Etrees made a mo. the fiege. The regiments of Marine, tion, whereby his army became posted Enghien, Champagne, Navarre, and Belnearer that of the Duke. The batteries fuce, which were employed in the ate which the Hanoverians had on their left tack on the left, have suffered greatly in played with great force; and the French this action.-Beside the loss of the Count returned the fire as briskly. M. d'E. de Montmorency, M. de Buffy (who trees deligned, if it had been possible, commanded the corps of voluntiers) was to attack the Hanoverians in front; alfo flain in the field, as well as several but he found so many insurmountable other officers. lo the number of the difficulties, that he determined to alter wounded is the Marquis de Chatelet, his plan. He resolved to wiad round very dangerously. The Count de Belthe Lavenftein, and to penetrate at the funce is wounded in the shoulder; and fame time through that mountain, in or: M. de Bousquet, lieutenant-colonel of der to hem in the left of the Hanove- the regiment of Enghien, is already dead rians, and to take them in Aank. M. de of his wounds." Chevert, who had the charge of the first A French officer, who was present in of these operations, immediately set out the engagement, gives the following with kis corps to proceed round the account. " After cannonading one anmountain ; and the Marquis d'Arinen- other two days, the enemy retreating tieres, with the reserve, forced his way and we advancing, we came up with over it. In advancing, he was exposed them to-day, and gave them battle, to a battery of eight cannon and two which we gained, without reaping any haubitzes, which fred upon him incef- other advantage by it, than that of infantly, and greatly annoyed his corps. camping on the place where they inUpon which he detached from his left camped yesterday. M. de Chevert, at the Count de Gisors, with the brigade the head of three brigades and the Auof Champagne, to seize on that battery. (trians, was ordered to climb up to the This young colonel acquitted himself top of the bills, to make his way through with so much bravery, that at the fe- the trees, and fall upon the left fank of cond attack the battery was carried by the enemy; which he executed, after this brigade, and the cannon were im- fustaining the fire of 16 or 17,000 men, mediately turned against the Hanove- who lived the woods. You will readirians.- To make the proper advantage ly judge that this was not an easy talk; of this fixccess, M. d'Étrees caused the however, he performed it. The brigade infantry of his right to advance, and of Champagne was ordered to go round fre upon the left of the Hanoverians; the bottom of the hill: we marched a who finding themselves in a manner fur- little too fast, which had like to have sounded, and exposed on all fides to the cost us dear. We came up to the enedischarges of the musketry of the corps my's grand battery, before any imprefadvancing upon them, were forced to re- fion had been made on the main body zire behind the centre of the Duke of of their army, and before M. de Chevert Cumberland's army.
His R. Highness had got farther than the top of the hills. made a motion to the right, to favour Behind this large battery were five bat. che retreat of the left, and to cause the talions of grenadiers concealed among relt of the army to take the route of the trees, which covered an emjoence in Coppenbruck, which covered the bol. the wood, and between us and them was