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an hollow way of an amazing depth. disciplined grenadiers of Allace, who be
As we were advancing through the ing all frighted, likewise fired upon us,
woods in platoons to get to the bat. fo that it was a miracle we escaped.
tery, thefe grenadiers gave us two smart Indeed we were thoroughly warmed.”
discharges of their fmall arins on fanks According to a letter from Paris, da
at the distance of thirty paces, which ted Aug. 12. the list' which the court
put us in great confternation, because had received of their loss in this battle,
we imagined our troops were by this makes 17 officers killed and 138 wound-
time masters of the eminence where ed, 1038 soldiers killed and 1159 wound-
they were posted. We gave them our ed. It is assured from other quarters,
whole fire without seeing them ; but it that M. d'Etrees had 90,000 inen at the
was fo terrible, that they were thrown battle, and the Duke of Cumberland
into a panic; and we immediately ran fearce the half of that number.
up to the battery. We only sustained On the 28th of July the town of Ha-
one discharge of the fmall arms of the melen furrendered by capitulation to the
battery. We took it; and the army of French , wbo, it is faid, found in the
the enemy immediately retired. Thus place 60 pieces of cannon, several mor-
it was in a manner we alone (the regi- tars, a great quantity of warlike kores
ment of Champagne) who gained the and provisions, forty ovens, and part of
battle; for the main body of our army the baggage belonging to the Duke of
fcarce gained any ground, and had not Cumberland's army. The garrison
fired a lingle mušket, having only can- marched out on the 30th, with all the
nonaded. We were very quiet upon honours of war, and were conducted to
our plato, [the flat surface of an emi- Hanover. That fame day M. d' Etrees
nence where cannon is planted], and received a letter from the French King,
were employing the cannon we had tae informing him, that the circumstances
ken, when the Count de Lorges, who of affairs were to changed, that it was
with the Duke de Randan had kept found neceffary to join the army of the
more to our right that M. de Chevert, Duke de Richlieu with that under the
was fired upon by some of the enemy command of M. d'Etrees; that there-
who still remained in the wood; upon fore he thould give up the command to
which he imagined he was cut off, and the Duke, as his fenior ; and that it
difpatched a mellenger to M. d'Etrees. would be very agreeable to his Majesty
The Marshal thought fo himself; and, to hear that he would continue to serve
coming upon our plato, told us, the in the army under him. The letter was
battle was fairly lost, and that he must likewise filled with high expressions of
order a retreat. This astonished us. kindnefs towards the Marthal. But,
We maintained to the General's face, notwithstanding, he did not refolve to
that it was impossible we were beat, stay longer than till his command should
and that we were ready to march up to be superseded. This change occafioned
the enemy. Mean while the troops of fome delay in the motions of the French
M. de Chevert came up. He and M. de army.
Brehan were as mad as two devils, and In the mean time the Duke of Cum-
after two hours difputing, during which berland, after retiring first to Copen-
we faw the enemy retiring, the Marshal bruck, afterwards turned towards Min-
was at length prevailed upon to march, den ; the Prullran garrison of which
But the enemy was now at a great di- joined his army ; fo that the news we
stance, and had had time to carry away formerly had of that place being taken
from the plain the cannon which they by the French had been ill founded.
had at first abandoned, and we could His R. Highnefs next marched down
not fire a single musket at them. While the right of the Wefer to the neigh-
we fustained the fire of the enemy as we bourhood of Hoya, where he incamped,
proceeded along the wood, we had at in order to try what he could do to co-
our Gde a Swiss regiment, and the well. ver Bremen and Verden, and preserve a


communication with Stade ; to which passage of Rothenburg. That place he last place the Hanoverian archives and reached on the 25th, and according to most valuable effects were a considerable the London Gazette had his head quartime ago conveyed, in order to be tranf. ters there on the 28th. They write ported to England if necessity should re- from Verden of the 26th, that a large quire.

body of French troops, who had passed The Duke de Richlieu arrived at the to the right of the Aller, arrived in that French army on the 6th of August, and neighbourhood the day before ; that anthat same day a French garrison of 2000 other body of the fame troops was admen entered the city of Hanover. M. vancing by the right of the Weser ; and d'Etrees set out the next day, with all that the Duke of Cumberland had markhis equipage, on his return to France, ed out a camp at Stade, which would by the way of Aix-la-Chapelle. The be of very difficult access to an enemy. Duke de Chevreuse commands the garri. Before that time four British men of war son of Hanover, and the Duke de Ran- and two frigates were arrived in the dan is appointed governor of the whole mouth of the Wefer below Stade. province. Besides the contributions ex- The blockade of Gueldres, which was acted from particular principalities, the begun fome months ago, lafted till the French are to receive the public reve. 23d of August, when the place capitunues of the electorate. The inhabitants lated. The 800 men of which the garhave been injoined, under very fevere rison was composed, were to be conpenalties, to dispose of all their arms of ducted, under an escorte of French whatever kind; but the new governor troops, towards Berlin, by the route of has made public intimation, that if any Cologn and Francfort. They were to French soldier quartered upon them shall march out with the honours of war, and commit any excess, they shall have im- to carry with them two pieces of cannon. mediate justice done them upon applica- According to late advices from Turin, tion to the nearest guard, who have or- the King of SARDINIA seems determined ders to take the offender into custody, to continue in the obfervation of a and carry him before the officers, who strict neutrality; but at the fame time are appointed to determine in the mat. is reviewing and completing his forces,

This regulation has in a great repairing his fortifications, and new-castmeasure quieted the minds of the people, ing his artillery, that he may be in a who expected nothing less than to be condition to cover his dominions from plundered of all they had.

insults, in case of any unforeseen turn in All these affairs being settled, the the affairs of Italy, as the pretönt situaDuke de Richlieu advanced towards the tion of things proves, that there can be army of obfervation, which still retreat- no dependence on the guaranties made by ed further down the right of the Weser the treaty of Aix-la-Chapelle. as he marched forward. Left his R. High- According to late accounts from nels should pass that river, and enter FRANCE, the Count de Conflans was East Friesland, the French general sent fpeedily to fail from Brest with a strong a body of troops thither, and ordered squadron, in order to observe that the garrison of Einbden to be reinforced which has been fitting out in G. Britain with several regiments. At length, af- for a fecret expedition, or perhaps on ter halts, at different places, the Duke his side to execute an important enterof Cumberland having his army incamp- prise. They tell us, that there is a ed below Verden, he received advice on great stir in Austrian and French Flanthe 24th, that the French had laid two ders, occasioned by the British secret exbridges, the preceding night, over the pedition ; that the march of the EmAller, and passed that river with a large preis.Queen's troops intended for Gerbody of troops ; upon which, left the e- inany is conntermanded ; that the garnemy should attempt to pass round on rison of Dunkirk is reinforced with lehis left, he ordered his army to march veral battalions ; and that all the priin order to secure the important poft and



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vateers in that and the other French borders on East Friesland, had written ports along the coast, are ordered to a letter to the States-General, expressbe disarmed, in order to man M. de ing the greatest uneasiness at their new Confans's feet.

neighbours , and some restless fpirits One Ricard, a soldier in the guards, made a handle thereof, to communicate has been condemned to be broken on the same apprehenfions to the people in the wheel, as being an accomplice with general, and to force the regency to Damien. It is said, that he would have augment their troops. It is with a view taken away the lives of fome innocent to prevent the effects of this ferment, people, whom he falsely accused of of- and to avoid giving any cause of disconfering him 300 louisd’ors to assassinate tent to l'rance, that certain libels against the King ; but that, upon further in- the Roman Catholic religion, and aquiry, it appeared, that his only aim gainst some respectable potentates, have was to prolong his own life.

been ordered to be suppressed, as well His Most Christian Majesty having as fome papers that appeared here conlearned, that a number of his Protestant cerning Damien. The French minister subjects have, within these three years here hath obtained another passport for past, sold their effects, and retired out 100,000 rations of hay, with an order of the kingdom, and that many others from the admiralty of the Meuse, to are daily doing the same, he has pu. have the money restored, which was deblished an edict, forbidding all persons posited for the toll at one of the offices professiog the reformed religion to a- on that river." —Notwithstanding lienate or transfer any of their effe&ts those strong assurances, which were gifor three years to comé, on pain of the ven about the middle of July, the states forfeiture of such effects; and declaring, of Groninguen were extraordinarily althat whether they are sold for money, sembled about the 12th of August, on delivered in payment, given gratuitous- occafion of arresting the Dutch effects ly, or disposed of on any other conlide- and estates in East Friesland, by orders ration, the deeds transferring them are of the Empress-Queen. It is assured, void and of none effe&.

that the Dutch are not at all pleased Late advices from the Hague, by with the taking of Embden, and Atill the way of Brussels, run to this purpose. less fo with the setting up of French “ The courier which the Count d'Affry Hags on the ramparts of Ostend and received lately from Compeigne, brought Nieuport; and that even the city of him dispatches touching the taking of Amsterdam, which was always antiEmbden, the orders given to deliver upstadtholderian, and warmly opposed the that conquest to the Empress-Queen's augmentation of the republic's land. commissary, and a declaration to be forces, and the taking of any part in made to their High Mightinesses, to the present broils, has now very diffeprevent their being uneasy at their new rent' sentiments. If the managers of neighbours. Accordingly the Count that city have really changed their send'Affry has had a conference with the timents on these subjects, they seem to ministers of state, to whom he repeated be a little unlucky, by being much too the strongest assurances, that the troops late. of his Most Christian Majesty will reli- As to PLANTATION affairs : The Earl giously observe the laws of good neigh- of Loudon, with the transports from bourhood and friendship which subfilt be. New York, arrived at Halifax in Nova, tween him and this state ; that they will Scotia, on the zoth of June; and Vicerespect the territory of their High Migh- Adm. Holburne, with the men of war tinesses, and even protect it, in cafe any and transports from Corke, arrived one should, in resentment of their peu- there the gth of July. By this junction trality, attempt to molest it.- -This the army in Nova Scotia is composed of declaration comes the more feasonably, fifteen battalions, viz. Royal Scots, 2d as the province of Groninguen, which batt. Forbes's, Whitmore's (late OffarVol. XIX.


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rell's), Blakeney's, Bragg's, Hopson's, there in ambuh, came from behind the Lord John Murray's (highlanders), Ken- point in boats, surrounded the British nedy's, Abercromby's, Warburton's, entirely, and cut off every one that was Lascelles's, Webb's, Perry's, and two in the circle ; that Capt' Maginis and battalions of the Royal Americans, be. Shaw, Lieut Campbell and Cotes, and fides 500 rangers, and 300 of the royal a captain of the New Jersey regiment, reg. nent of artillery. The fleet under were killed ; that Capt. Woodward be. Adn. Holburne conlists of nineteen ships ing terribly wounded, jumped overof the line, nine floops and frigates, two board, and was drowned ; that Col. bomb-ketches, and a firelhip. The Parker and Capt. Ogden, the latter French are said to have in Louisburg har. much wounded, with about 70 men, bour leventeen or nineteen men of war. escaped alive ; all the rest, to the numA contagious distemper, called the black ber of 280, being either killed or taken. womit, has broke out among them, It is added, that a letter had been rewhich has unmanned many of their ships. ceived from a terjeant of Capt. Maginis’s It has got into the town, and cut off company, bearing, that, in the hottest many of the inhabitants, and a confi- of the fire, they had forced their battoe derable number of the garrison. The through the enemy's line, favoured with British troops are represented to be in the smoke and fog, and that he, with high spirits, and to be full of hopes of fix or seven more, escaped, and landed soon being masters of Cape Breton. Last on the east side, where he luckily met letters bear, that Lord Loudon was pre- with Capt. West from Fort Edward, paring with all speed to set out on the then out on the head of a scouting par. intended expedition ; which is conjec. ty. Letters from New York of the ist tured to be an attack on Louisburg by of August, say, that 60 of the men emland, while Adm. Holburne is to block ployed in this expedition, who were fupit up by fea.

posed to have been killed, were return. Letters from New York bear, that ed, and that five others had joined Capt. M. de Montcalm, the French general Putman near south bays fo that they in Canada, was advancing, at the head hoped the loss was not so great as it of 9900 inen, towards Albany ; and was at first imagined to be. that Gen. Webb, who commands there, A number of troops have been sent has only 4000 men to oppose him. from Virginia and Penfylvania, to South

A letter fro.n Fort William-Henry Carolina, where an invasion by the on Lake George, dated July 26. bears, French from Cape François has been for That Col. John Parker, with three of some time dreaded. Mean time the his captains, and six or seven fubalterns, French and hostile Indians continue to Capt' Maginis and Ogden, and Lieuts commit dreadful ravages and murders Campbell and Cotes, of the New York on the frontiers of both these provinces. regiment, and 350 men, went out on -In Pensylvania disputes run high bethe 21st, in whale and bay boats, to tween William Denny, Esq; the new attack the French advanced guard at governor, and the assembly. These dif Ticonderoga ; that landing that night putes chiefly relate to money and mion an island, they sent, before break of litia bills, about which the governor day, three battoes to the main land; and the assembly have different views. and the rest followed early in the morn- But by these unhappy contests, the proing; that the French getting notice of vince is left in a defenceless state, expothe expedition, waglaid and took the fed to the depredations of their barbathree battoes, and, as a decoy, contri

rous enemies. - As to Virginia, letved to have three battoes making for ters from Winchester, near the north the fame landing-place ; which the Bri- frontier of that province, advise, that, tih inigining to be those fent the even- toward the end of June, about 2000 ing before, eagerly put to the land; French and their confederated Indians zliat about zco of the enemy's lying marched from Fort du Quesne on the

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Ohio, taking the road to Fort Cum

EN G'L A N D. berland ; that the troops in those parts were above 250, and so friendly In- The King has lately been pleased to dians; and that Col. Stanwix, of the present to the British mufæum that fine Royal Americans, had marched some collection of books and manuscripts com, time before, with about 500 of his bat- monly known by the name of the King's talion, and was to be joined by the pro- library, consisting of about 10,200 vovincials of Pensylvania and Maryland, to lumes, and about 1800 manuscripts, protect the places west from Fort Cum- This library was founded by Henry berland.

This march of the French Prince of Wales, eldest son of James I, spread a general alarm, Lt-Gov. Din- It was kept in the same house with the widdie of Virginia, issued an order, da- Cotton library, till the fire, O&t. 3. ted at Williamsburgh, June 23. repre- 1731, and suffered little by that fire, senting, that he had received undoubted It was afterwards kept in the Old Dor, intelligence, that a large body of French mitory, Westminster. and Indians, with a train of artillery, An hospital erected on the south side were actually marched from Fort du of Westminster bridge, for the relief of Quelne, with a design of invading that indigent people afflicted with ruptures, province ; and requiring the county- was opened about the beginning of lieutenants, and chief officers of the August, for the reception of patients, militia, to have their men well die under the direction of Mr Lee of Arundel sciplined and armed, and ready to march street, furgeon. on a minute's warning, or the first no- Two boys went into the Thames near tice of the enemy's approach ; to ap- Hampton, July 26. and soon after one point proper places of rendezvous ; to of them ran up the beach, and said his send him immediate advice of the ene companion was drowned. On which my's appearance, and to alarm the one Ruff, a fisherman, took his punt, neighbouring counties.

and moved to him immediately; and The French have a considerable squa. seeing him lay in a hole about lix feet dron collected at Martinico, composed deep, he pulled him up with his bitcher, chiefly of those ships that have so much and carried him upon the beach : where distressed the British trade on the coast he was rolled and blooded ; but it was of Africa; and several storeships with twenty minutes before any life appeared troops have lately arrived there. The in him. He then came to himself, and British in the Leeward islands are un- was carried to the Red Lion in Hampder terrible apprehensions from this ton, where being put to bed, he foon squadron; and particularly those in Șt recovered. (xi. 404.] Christopher's.

Our navigators employed in the Letters from the EAST INDIES, by Greenland fishery, about midnight on the company's ships the Clinton and the Friday June 3. in 77° 30' N. lat. the Hector, lately arrived from Bombay at weather being clear, observed the sun Corke, bear, that, in the beginning of to be very bright, and incompassed with January last, the Arabs attacked the a luminous circle, coloured like theraincompany's factory in the gulf of Persia, bow, at the distance of 10 deg, from in the dead of the night, drove the Bri. his body. After this they had dark close tish out, and entirely destroyed it; and weather; and at four in the morning that the inhabitants who escaped, arri- the appearance of a bright fun broke ved at Bombay on the 22d of that out to the eastward, about 60 deg. anionth, just before the Clinton and Hec bove the horison, accompanied with a for failed. By the same letters, there broken halo, or semicircle, distant from is advice, that in the retaking of the it li deg. the back of which was turned British fettlements in Bengal, the Moors toward the true fun, and from this halost at least 10,000 men, while the Bri- lo issued a tail, or stream of light, extilh had not lost above 150,

tending so deg. in length towards the

3 Q2 north

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