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with the obedience of the officers of the first dressing, it was even judged that the
grand chamber of my parliament, and I cure would be speedy. That night the
exhort them to continue in ir ; but I can. King slept an hour and a quarter. The
not grant them what they request, be. villain who committed this attempt, is
cause I still look upon as vacant the offi- named Damien, and is a native of Arras.
ces of the inquests and requests, who The weapon he made use of was found
have given me their demission.” Those upon him, and proves to be a common
gentlemen having immediately repaired clasp-knife with two blades. At first it
to Paris, assembled to deliberate on this was feared it might have been poisoned,
answer; and it is assured, that the majo- but he assured the contrary; and the ex-
rity of them resolved to resign their em- periments that have since been made
ployments also, if the King Thould per- with it on several animals, have made
lift in refusing to grant the reunion of all good his assertion. Another French
the members of the parliament. They courier arrived here on Sunday night,
write from Paris, that four princes of with an account, that the wound was so
the blood have been laid under arreit, flight, that his Majesty had been able to
for their remonftrances againit the step ailiit, on Saturday morning, at a council
taken by his Majetty in the late bed of that was held at Versailles."

Bruffels, Jan. 14. All the advices A wicked and daring attempt has received from Paris confirm, that the been made on the life of his Molt Chri. French King is past all manner of danftian Majesty. We give three articles ger from the wound that was given him concerning it from the London ga- on the 5th inftant. Upon searching the zette, viz.

villain who perpetrated this horrid fact, Brusels, Jan. 11. On Saturday e- there were found in his pockets, a copy vening a courier arrived here from Paris, of the New Testament, and twenty louis with the account of an attempt made, on d'or, nineteen of which were in gold, the 5th instant, on the French King's life; and the other in filver. So considerable the particulars of which are as follow. On a fum, for a man who had no other trade the above-mentioned day, the King went but that of selling powders to take spots from Trianon to Versailles, to visit Ma. out of cloaths, gives some reason to fudame Victoire. About fix in the even spect, that there are other accomplices ing, as his Majesty was just stepping in. concerned in the plot. The parliament to his coach to return to Trianon, a man (who since the last bed of justice had cea. who had concealed himself between the fed all functions) has met again upon hind wheels, rushed forward, with his this occasion: but a particular commise hat on, made his way to the King's per- fion has been appointed by the King, for fon, through the guards, (one of whom inquiring into this affair, and trying the he even shoved against the Dauphin), assassin.' and struck his Majesty in the right side; Brussels, Jan. 18. The French King of which, however, the King only com is said to be very near perfectly recoverplained, by saying, " That man has gi. ed of his wound. But the letters from ven' me a violent blow; he must be ei- Paris inform us, that they were still enther mad, or drurk." But having per- tirely in the dark as to the motives that ceived that his hand, which he clapped could induce the assassin to commit so to his fide, was bloody, he said, “ I am execrable an attempt upon his Majesty's wounded; seize that fellow, but do not life.” kill him.” His Majesty was immediate The following further particulars rely carried to his apartment. The wound lating to that wicked affair we have ta(which from the very first was not thought ken from the other public papers. The dangerous) was given with a sharp-point. Dauphin being charged with the admi. ed knife, which glanced upwards be- nistration of the kingdom, and presiding tween the fourth and fifth rib, and is not in the council of state during the King's of any confiderable depth. And, at the illness, on the 7th of January the first


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prefident of the parliament of Paris de.

ENGLAND. manded of him the reassembling of the The King gave the royal assent to the chambers of inquests and requeits, pur. following bills, Jan. 19. fuant to the desire of the members of

An a&t for granting an aid to his Majesty by those chambers. But his Royal High- a land-tax (4 s. in the pound) to be raised in G. ness made answer, that the matter was Britain, for the fervice of the year 1757; and of too much importance for him to de- for discharging certain arrears of land taxes in

curred before ihe time therein mentioned; and cide it, and on the other hand the King for the more efic&tual collecting of arrears for "was in such a condition as did not ad- the íuture. mit of troubling him with any business, An act for continuing and granting to his MaSome days after, the Dauphin wrote to jesty, certain dušies upon malt, mum, cyder,

and the first president; who immediately re.


for the service of the year 1757; and paired to Versailles, with several other be borrowed, as well on the credit of this act,

concerning the interest to be paid for moneys to presidents ard counsellors. Next day all

as on the credit of an act of this fellion of parthe prelidents and counsellors of the par- tiament, for granting an aid to his Majesty by a liament, as well those who had resigned, land tax. as those of the two suppressed chambers,

To two name-bills, and two naturalization-bills. assembled, and deliberated on the events

Adm. Hawke, in the Ramillies, with that had happened, and in the evening part of his squadron from Gibraltar, ar. carried their deliberations to Versailles. rived at Spithead, Jan. 15. The Ad. It was the grand chamber of the parlia. miral was much indisposed, and came to ment to whom the trial of the affaffin was his house in London on the zoth. committed. He was put to the torture,

Adm. West failed from Spichead, Jan. in order to force a discovery of his ac

16. with eleven men of war of the line, complices. Whatever he said, a good and was to be joined by four more off many persons were foon taken up, and Plymouth. This squadron was put back committed to the Baitile. His wife and once or twice, and sailed again on the daughter were also fecured, in hopes 30th. that through their means some discove.

The Commons resolved, Jan. 24. that ries might be made. A letter from Pa. towards raising the supplies, a fum not sis, dated Jan 14. fays, the King was exceeding 1,050,005 1. 5 s. be raised by then so well recovered, that he had re- way of lottery, the tickets to be a guinea sumed the reins of government.

each, and one half of the amount of the It would seem the account in our last value of them to be divided into prizes, of two French squadrons having failed for the benefit of the proprietors of the from Breft was premature; for according fortunate tickets, and paid on or at any to later advices they were still in that time after Jan. 20. 1758, without any port. M. Perrier de Salvert is returned deduction whatsoever. So the other half to Brest from the West Indies, with his goes to the public. squadron, confifting of four ships of the

By an advertisement, dated, Admiraltyline and two frigates.

ofice, Jan. 12. fuch navy lieutenants as Private advices from HOLLAND say, were then unemployed, were required that M. d'Afry, minifter from France to forth with to tranimit to that office their the States-General, has publicly decla. respective places of abode, with their red, that the King his master has found realons for not offering to serve at this it necessary to have an army of obferva. time. Whoever did not comply on or tion on foot next summer, which will af. before the zift, were to be itruck off the semble on the frontiers of the republic.

list. We have had no other news of im.

Adm. Byng's trial [xviii. 618.] is now portance from any of the PLANTATIONS, finished, but no authentic copy of it is than that at length both Lord Loudon yet published. The following is said to and the French in North America went be an exact copy of the sentence. into winter-quarters, without any action A Tocard his Majetty's Mip St George

T a martial, having happened between them.

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in Portsmouth harbour, upon the 28th of which it was his duty to have affifted; December 1756; and held every day af. and do therefore unanimously agree, terwards (Sundays excepted) till the 27th that he falls under part of the 12th arof January 1757, inclusive.

ticle of an act of parliament of the 22d P R E SEN T,

year of his present Majefty, for amend. Thomas Smith, Esq; Vice-Admiral of the Red, ing, explaining, and reducing into one President,

act of parliament, the laws relating to Francis Holburne, Esq; Rear-Admiral of the Red, the government of his Majesty's hips, Harry Norris, Etq; Rear-Admiral of the White, vessels, and forces by fea; and as that Thomas Broderick, Efq; Rear-Admiral of the article positively prescribes death, withBlue, Captains,

out any alternative left to the discretion Charles Holmes, Francis Geary,

of the court, under any variation of cirWilliam Boys, John Moore,

cumstances, the court do therefore here. John Simcoe, James Douglas, and by unanimously adjudge the said Admi. John Bentley, The Hon. Aug. Keppel. · ral John Byng to be shot to death, at Peter Denis,

such time, and on board such fhip, as the The coort, purfuant to an order from Lords Commissioners of the Admiralty the Lords Commissioners of the Admi- fhall direct. salty, to Vice-Admiral Smith, dated

But as it appears, by the evidence of Dec. 14. 1756, proceeded to inquire in- Lord Robert Bertie, Lt-Col. Smith, to the conduct of the Hon. John Byng, Capt. Gardiner, and other officers of the Admiral of the Blue squadron of his ship, who were near the perfon of the Majesty's fleet, and to try him, upon a Admiral, that they did not perceive any charge, That, during the engagement backwardness in him during the action, between his Majesty's fleet, under his or any marks of fear, or confufion, either

command, and the fleet of the French from his countenance, or behaviour, but : King, on the 20th of May laft, he did that he seemed to give his orders coolly

withdraw or keep back, and did not do and diftinctly, and did not seem wanting his utmost to take, seize, and destroy the in personal courage, and from other cirships of the French King, which it was cumstances, the court do not believe that his duty to have engaged; and to affift his misconduct arose either from cowarsuch of his Majesty's ships as were en- dice or disaffection; and do therefore gaged in fight with the French ships, unanimously think it their duty, moft which it was his duty to have affifted; earnestly to recommend him as a proper and for that he did not do his utmost to object of mercy. relieve St Philip's castle in his Majesty's island of Minorca, then besieged by the

The above sentence was accompanied forces of the French King; but acted with the following representation. contrary to, and in breach of his Maje. To the Right Hon. the Lords Commissioners fty's command: And having heard the for executing the office of Lord High Ad

evidence, and the prisoner's defence, miral of G. Britain, &c. 3

con E the ,

and members of the court-martial of opinion, That he did not do his ut. assembled for the trial of Adm. Byng, most to relieve St Philip's castle; and believe it unnecessary to inform your also, that, during the engagement be- Lordships, that, in the whole course of tween his Majesty's fleet under his com• this long trial, we have done our utmost mand, and the fleet of the French King, endeavours to come at truths, and to do on the 20th of May last, he did not do the strictest justice to our country and his utmost to take, seize, and destroy the the prisoner; but we cannot help laying fhips of the French King, which it was the distresses of our minds before your his duty to have engaged; and to alift Lordships on this occasion, in finding such of his Majesty's ships as were en- ourselves under a necessity of condemngaged in fight with the French ships, ing a man to death, from the great seveVOL. XIX.


lidered the fame, they are on animoomi WEnthe

under-written, the president


rity of the 12th article of war, part of Aux delices pres de Geneve. which he falls under, and which admits


Jan. 2. 1757: of no mitigation, even if the crime should be committed by an error in judgment THough I am almoft unknown to only; and therefore, for our own con

you, I think it is my duty to send sciences sakes, as well as in justice to the you the copy of the letter which I have prisoner, we pray your Lordlips, in the jaft received from the Marshal Duke of moft earnest manner, to recommend him

Richlieu. Honour, humanity, and eto his Majesty's clemency. We are, &c. quity, order me to convey it into your

hands. This noble and unexpected testiSt George, in Portsmouth barbour, J an. mony from one of the most candid, as 27. 1757

well as the most generous of my countryTwelfth article of war, 13° Car. II.


me presume your judges will "Every captain, and all other officers, do you the same jaftice. - I am, &c. mariners, and soldiers, of every ship, fri- To the Hon. John Byng, Esq;

VOLTAIRE. gate, or vessel of war, that shall, in time of any fight or engagement, withdraw SIR, Paris, Dec. 26. 1756. an keep back of 10 hi me nof the figke: I am very fenfibly concerned for Admi fire, kill, and endamage the enemy, pi. have seen or heard of him, does him ho. rate, or rebels, and alist and relieve all

After having done all that man and every of his Majesty's fhips, fhall, could reasonably expect from him, he for such Offence of cowardice or disaffec- ought not to be censured for suffering a tion, be tried, and suffer pains of death, defeat. When two commanders con. or other punishment, as the circumstances of tend for victory, though both are equally the offence fall deserve, and the court-mar men of honour, yet one must necessarily tial Jhall judge fit.'

be worsted; and there is nothing against Twelfth article of war, 22° Geo. II. Mr Byng but his being worsted; for his

Every person in the fleet, who, whole condu&t was that of an able seathrough cowardice, negligence, or disaffec man, and is justly worthy of admiration. tion, Thall, in time of action, withdraw The ftrength of the two fleets was at or keep back, or not come into the fight least equal; the English had thirteen or engagement, or shall not do his utmost ships, and we twelve, much better equipped to take or destroy every ship which it and much cleaner. Fortune, that presides Shall be his duty to engage, and to aslift over all battles, and especially those that and relieve all and every of his Majesty's are fought at sea, was more favourable fhips, or those of his allies, which it shall to us than to our adversaries, by making be his duty to assist and relieve; every our balls take place in the tackling of such person fo offending, and being con their ships. I am persuaded, and it is the victed thereof, by the sentence of a court- generally received opinion, that if the martial, shall suffer DEATH.” English had obstinately continued the

The omission of the words in Italics in engagement, their whole feet would the former, and the addition of the word

have been destroyed. in Italic in the latter, seem to have been

In short, there can be no higher act the occasion of the distresses of mind

of injustice than what is now attempted presented in the letter above.

against Adm. Byng; and all men of ho. According to a letter from Portf. nour, and all gendlemen of the army, mouth, of Jan. 25. Adm. Smith recei.

are particularly interested in the event.

RICHLIEU. ved two letters from one of the secreta. ries of state, two days before the date, I received this original letter from for Mr Byng; which were delivered to Marshal Duke de Richlieu, the 1st of Jahim. The letters follow, taken from nuary 1757. In witness of which I have the Gentleman's Magazine. The firft is figned my name.

VOLTAIRE. an original, the last a translation.



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On the 12th of January, Mr White

minister of Liberton was called before .

The presbytery of Edinburgh being the presbytery of Edinburgh, of which

credibly informed, that Mr Home, mi. he is a member, accused likewise of ha. d

nister at Athelftonford, had composed, ving been in the playhouse. He owned and brought upon the theatre in Edin. the charge ; but pleaded, by way of alburgh, a tragedy called Douglas; and leviation, that he had gone to the playthat he, and some of his brethren, viz. house only once, and endeavoured to Meff. Carlyle at Inveresk, Home at Pole' conceal himself in a corner, to avoid gi. warth, Scot at Westruther, Dyfart at ving offence; expressing his deep forrow Eccles, Cupples at Swinton, and Steel for what he had done, and firm resoluat Stair, were present when it was acted; tion to be more circumspect for the fu. the presbytery ordered letters to be wrote ture. Some members moved, that the to the presbyteries of which those gen presbytery, in respect of these alleviating tlemen are members, acquainting them circumstances, should go no further than of the above facts, and of the bad ten a solemn rebuke, to be given in open dency of a playhouse in this place ; lea- presbytery. But others being of opinion,

ving it to them to take such measures as that these circumstances notwithstand| they fhould think proper, for fupporting ing, it was necessary, for supporting the

the credit and promoting the usefulness credit and promoting the usefulness of

of the holy ministry. [xviji. 623.]. The the holy ministry, and to deter others be presbytery of Haddington took the let- from such practices, to faspend Mr

ter directed to them under consideration White; a vote was stated, Rebuke or Jan. 4. Some members alledged, that Suspend? and carried Suspend by a great this step taken by the presbytery of Edin- majority. Mr White acquiesced; but burgh was irregular and unprecedented, requested that the suspension might be and that therefore the affair ought to be limited to a certain time. Agreeable to dismissed. But others were of opinion, which request, the presbytery suspended that the presbytery of Edinburgh, as the him only till the ad of February. The offence was given within their bounds, sentence was intimated from Liberton might have tried the matter themselves, pulpit by Mr Warden, the moderator and consequently had a right, a fortiori, of the presbytery; and it has been obto lay it before the presbytery where Mr temperated. Home of Athelstonford resided; that in While the presbytery of Edinburgh so doing they had shewn, not only due were thus employed, to restrain persons attention to the interests of religion, but of the sacred order from giving any respect to the presbytery of Haddington; countenance to dramatic entertainments, and therefore moved, that the charge they were equally careful of their own should be entered into their records, and flocks in this respect. They drew up the whole affair delayed till next meet- an admonition and exhortation on the ing of presbytery, in respect of Mr subject [18.], which was published soon Home's absence : which was agreed to after its date, and read from the pulpits without a vote.

P.S. The presby- Jan. 30. tery of Dalkeith met Feb. 1. Mr Car P. S. On the ad of February, the pres. lyle being absent, they caused write to bytery of Glasgow came to the followhim to attend their next meeting; and ing resolution, and it was published in they sent a letter to the presbytery of E. the new-papers, viz. “ The presbytery dinburgh, approving of their conduct, having seen a printed paper, intitled, and assuring them they would follow out An admonition and exhortation of the Resuch measures as were necessary for fup- verend presbytery of Edinburgh, which, aporting the interests of religion. mong other evils prevailing, laments None of the other presbyteries who had the extraordinary and unprecedented been wrote to on this subject, had met, countenance given of late to the playwhen we received these accounts, house in that city; and having good rea.

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