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north. This strange phenomenon the Between five and fix in the evening, failors thought to be the comet soon ex- Aug. 15. a ball of fire was seen to fall pected [xviii. 550.], but it seems only on a house near Woodbury hill, Dorto have been a perihelion, many of setshire, which broke through the roof which are described by Descartes, Ha. and chamber-floor, and burst by the velius, and others.
woman of the house on the bricks of the Letters from Cornwall bear, That under-floor. It foon fet fire to the inbetween one and two o'clock, Aug. 2. fide of the house, and in tefs than two: as James Tillie, Efq; with his neigh. hours consumed it. The fame day, bours and servants, were lying aground great part of Lady Petre's house near on a fand-bank in the river Thamar, Brentwood, ip Effes, was burnt down waiting to throw the net to catch fal. by lightning. Thís tempeft was fo termon, a sudden clap of thunder broke o- rible at Lewis in Sussex, that a whole ver their heads, with a large ball of fire farm belonging to Mr Venn, in that ip a direct line from the larboard bow neighbourhood, was in a manner deto the stern: That James Widear, Mr ftroyed by it. Tillie's servant, had a violent blow on Another letter in the Gentleman's Ma. his right shoulder and head; Mr Sam- gazine (372.], figned C. D. and dated, ble, who fat next to him in the bow, Penzance, Aug. 24. gives the following was struck deaf for some time ; and Mr account of an American aloe, now acTillie had a violent blow on his head, tually in full bud near that town. “This and the corner of his hat singed : That aloe has stood about forty years in a Mr Pethen, a tenant of Mr Tillie's, gentleman's garden at Moufe-hole, (but who was standing up on the seat in the is supposed much older), and for more stern, was struck on the left temple by than thirty years past hath been entire• the fire-ball, and fell overboard, but ly neglected, and exposed to all the inwas immediately taken up by three of clemency of the weather, both winter Mr Tillie's servants then on shore; and and summer; and in that time frequently Robert Atkins, in the stern near Mr removed to make room for other things Pethen, was ftruck on his back, and thought more valuable. The height, speechless : That one' of the three on diameter, and circumference of the plant, the sand was violently struck on the are rather less than thofe of the Leyhead, another had his eye finged, and den 'aloe ; but it is equally vigorous. A. the ball fell between the legs of the bout the latter end of last May it began third in the fand, whence he only per- to rife, and continued rising, at the rate ceived a fudden warmth : and, That Mr of eight or 'nine inches a-day, till the Pethen was immediately carried to Pen- ftalk was about fourteen feet high ; du. tittie key, and put into a warm bed, ring all which time it nearly resembled and all possible means were used to re- an asparagus. Its brapches then began store him ; but in vain. His hat was to shoot, at about seven feet from the rent three inches broad, the lining only top of the plant, and continued gra. ripped ; his peruke had a hole burnt as dually increasing in fize and length, large as a crown-piece, but the wound and bending upwards at the extremities in his head not more visible than the as far as the apex, (not altogether unpuncture of a pin ; and on viewing the like a fconce), and forming a kind of corpfe next morning, his hips : nd thighs cone. On each of these branches, of appeared very black, in spots, as if gun- which there are forty-three, stand a powder had been blown into them, and great number of buds. On the lower his peruke and cloaths Imelt like gun- Branches, where they are most numepowder newly discharged. Robert At, rous, I reckoned more than 220. The kins was immediately put to bed, and extreme height from the ground is now was thought out of danger, but violent about twenty-three feet; the diameter pains and numbness in his limbs conti. of' the stalk at bottom is about fix incbnued next day.
es. It promises to flower foon, and will
then, in all probability, make an ele- Two remarkable trials came on begant appearance.
fore Mr Baron Adams, at Bristol alfizes, About the middle of August a head Aug. 24. One was an action against Mr of oats was plucked in a field near New. Greaves, a regulating captain, for illecastle, which had upwards of 340 grains gally impreffing Mr Dennison, a tradelupon it; and other two stalks came up man, housekeeper, and free burgess of with it, all sprung from one corn, which Bristol; in which the jury gave Mr Denhad each near as many grains : fo that nison a verdict with 200 1. damages. the increafe was a thoufand fold.
The other was an etion against Felix The quantity of foreign corn import- Farley, printer of the Bristol journal, for ed into the port of London, from A. printing in his paper a paragraph relapril 9. to Aug. 13. inclusively, amounts ting to the election of Jarrit Smith, Esq; to 56,199 quarters.
one of the present representatives of that By an aslize of bread fet forth at Lon- city, which the prosecutor pleaded was don, Aug. 16. and to take place the a libel : but the jury unanimously ac18th, the price, and the weight, if quitted the defendant. The jury was weighed before a magistrate within fpecial in both cafes. twenty-four hours after baking, or ex- The tickets of the state-lottery were pofing to fale, was fixed as follows, viz. first delivered at the bank, and the adthe penny.loaf, white bread, 8 oz. vertisement bore that no tickets would i dr.; wheaten, 1202. i dr.; houfehold, be delivered after the 31st of July ; but, 1 lb. 2 dr. : and the half-peck loaf, to by an order of the Lords of the Trea weigh 8 lb. il oz. dr.; and to be fury, of Aug. 4. & 11. notice was given fold, the wheaten, for ir d. 2 f. and in the gazette, that the tickets not difthe houfehold, for 8 d. 2 f. At the posed of would be distributed at the exend of the month the price was higher. chequer, at one guinea each, every day
The judge of the sheriff's court, Lon- from the i 2th to the gift of August indon, gave his opinion, July 30. in rela- clusively. The drawing begins Sept. 5. tion to a dispute about differters ferving By another advertisement notice was githe office offheriff, by which it appears ven, that their Lordships being informa that they are no way excused by any ed, that printed fchemes had been pulaw whatever.
blished in Dublin and in England, for an Matthew Snatt, a baker, was brought Irifh lottery, to be determined by the to the bar at Chelmsford, July 29. to drawing of the present state-lottery, had be tried for robbing the Norwich mail; given directions to their folicitor for proand would not, for a considerable time, Tecuting all persons that had beeii or plead to the indi&ment, till Lord Chief should be concerned in it. Justice Mansfield, who was on the bench, Notice was given at the general postwas obliged to give orders to the gaoler office, London, Aug. 12. that from to take him away, and let him be press thenceforth the mails between England ed gradually with weights till he agreed and Flanders were to go to and fro beto plead, otherwife in that manner to tween Harwich and Flushing. press him to death, which is the punish- One of the princes of the blood of ment the English law appoints for thofe Portugal landed at Portsmouth, Aug.4. that will not plead; but upon the a. from that court. He was received there bove order being given, he pleaded Not by the Portuguese ambassador, and had guilty, and put hiinself upon his trial. all the honours due to his high birth, He was found guilty, and fentenced to paid him, by the commanding officer of be hanged, and his body hung in chains the garrison, and by the town. at Laytonstone, where he committed Before the middle of Auguft the mathe robbery ; and was hanged accor. rine fociety had, since its institucion, dingly. He behaved with great auda- completely clothed, and fitted out for ciouliefs, throwing apples and pears a- the navy, 2251 men, and 1750 boys. mong the populace in his way to the By a return maden Aug, 17. to the gallows.
lord lieutenant of the west riding of the the Shoreham and Rye men of war, alcounty of York, of the men able, and so without the loss of a ship.- The within the description of the late act, to safe arrival of two such fleets, says the serve in the militia, the numbers were Gentleman's Magazine very justly, in time 56,130, besides 1989 deemed incapa- of a vigorous war, is a proof of great ble ; so that in that riding one man in knowledge in those who have the direcforty-five makes up the
allotted tion of our marine affairs, and of pruby the act. [346.]
dence in those who are intrusted with A letter from Stowe in Lincolnshire, the execution of their orders.- -Adm. of Aug. 26. gives the following account. Coates, before he would permit the .“ We are here in the greatest confter. Jamaica fleet to depart, failed with his nation. The constables having taken own squadron to Hispaniola, to reconthe names of all perfons eligible to ferve noitre the fituation of the enemy; and in the militia, the mob role, and forced finding the feas clear, fent the Sphinx the lists from them. On Tuesday last down to Jamaica, with orders for the the mob proceeded to the house of Mr fleet's failing on the day appointed, and Hall, an aged clergyman at Washin- that, for their better security, the brook, and demanded half a guinea and Sphinx should accompany them through a barrel of ale ; which not being com- the Gulf, and the Allistance and. Lynn plied with, they broke all his windows, should join them off Cape Antonio, and and did him other considerable damage. see them safe to the mouth of the Gulf; After this, gathering strength in every which was accordingly dope, town through which they passed, they Vice-Adm. Knowles arrived at Portiproceeded to Lincoln. The mayor met mouth, Aug. 4. from London, and imthem in the street coming into the mediately hoisted his flag on board the town; and asked what was their busi: Neptune. Sir Edward Hawke, com, ness. The answer was, I be several lifts mander in chief on the expedition, arto be returned which the constables have rived there on the 7th, and hoisted his brought in, and a guinea from each consta- fag on board the Ramillies at Spithead. ble. This, to prevent further trouble, In a few days after, Sir John Mordaunt, was complied with. They declared, one commander in chief of the land forces and all, they were willing to facrifice on the expedition, was at Portsmouth, their lives in defence of their king and and had a conference with the three adcountry, but would not be obliged to mirals. quit home for six pence a-day to serve i About the middle of August the three in the militia.” - According to ano- regiments of guards received orders to ther letter, of the 28th, the people had prepare their field-equipages, that they gone home, and all was quiet, might be ready to march at a moment's
In the end of July arrived at the re- warning. They had been exercising spective places of their destination, the some time before, and were very dexfleet of merchantmen from the Leeward trous in the Hessian discipline.. A great islands. When they came from the number of scaling-ladders of a new conWest Indies, they amounted to 175 fail, Itruction has been put on board trans. including those bound for different ports ports, designed to carry troops for some in America, and not a single ship of important expedition. These ladders them was miffing. This fleet was com- may be instantly fixed, and thirty men puted to be worth at least two millions may mount abreast together upon them. Sterling. There was not above 150,000l. In this expedition Adm. Knowles, it is insured, occasioned by a French priva- faid, is to act as chief engineer ; and it teer's taking a ship in which there were is added, that he solicited the allistance orders to insure for a much larger sum. of some officers in the artillery, and And on the 24th of August arrived in of some experienced gunners in the na. the Downs the Jamaica fleet, consisting vy, that his orders may be properly ex, of 140 merchantmen, under convoy of ecuted.
SCOIL A N D.
mount of near 800 l. on the 19th of Au
gust; and tea, &c. to the amount of Alexander Macfarlane, Efq; of Ja- about 100 l. on the 23d. Silks, &c.fo maica, brother to Walter Macfarlane seized, to the value of about
1. have of that Ilk, having left, by his will been claimed, and are still in the cu[xvii. 514.], to the university of Glas- stomhouse. gow, his noble apparatus of astronomi. On the 12th of August was tried, becal instruments, which they lately re- fore the high court of justiciary at Edinceived ; and the university having, a burgh, Angus Macintosh, officer of exlittle before, purchased fome excellent cise at Cumnock, for stealing about 301. instruments of the fame kind, made by in bank-notes, in January last. Before the best bands, to a considerable value ; taking the proof, the Lord Advocate being now well furnished for observa- restricted the libel to an arbitrary punishtion, they extended their garden to ment. Next day the jury returned their the east of the city and college, fo as verdict, finding, by a plurality of voito inclose the fummit of the Dove-bill, ces, the pannel not guiltys and he was on which to build an observatory; and thereupon dismissed from the bar. on Wednesday, Aug. 17. the professors, A court-martial having sentenced Benaccompanied by the magistrates, laid jamin Diamond and Samuel Bennet, the foundation, extending fixty feet in foldiers, to be shot for defertion, the front, and named it, The Macfarlane former having deserted three times, and Observatory, in honour of their generous the latter having deserted when standbenefactor. In each of the four corners, ing sentry, they were carried from Eunder the foundation, they deposited a dinburgh castle to Leith links, Aug. 23. medal, having on one side an inscription, their coffins borne before them; where viz. Observatorii Macfarlanei fundamen- the former was shot accordingly, and ta jecit alma mater Glasguenfis xvii. Aug. the latter was pardoned. MDCCLVII. ; and on the other side a Capt. Ferguson, formerly of the Sole portion of a convex celestial sphere, with bay man of war, who has been regula. the constellations, and round it these ting captain at Edinburgh since the bewords, Felices animæ quibus hæc cognofcere ginning of 1755, failed from Leith,
Aug. 21. for Chatham, on board the Two King's plates, value gol. each, St Anne armed fhip, to take the comwere run for on the sands of Leith, mand of the Prince of Orange, of 70 Aug. 17. & 18. Six horses started on guns, to which he was lately promoted. the 17th; and the Princess of Zama, a On the 6th of August a whale, about bay mare belonging to Joseph Dacre of fifty feet long, was cast alhore near BorKirklinton, Efg; won the plate. Five rowstoupness. horses started on the 18th ; and the Letters from Aberdeen bear, that Border-laddie, a gray stoned horse be- two soldiers at Ellon, having gathered longing to John Hodgson of Easton, some mushrooms for dinner, Aug. 16. Efq; won the plate. On the fame unluckily picked up among them fome course, a purse of 20 guineas was run fungi of a poifonous quality; of which for on the 19th ; and was won by Spot, they had no sooner eaten, than both of a gray stoned horse belonging to Sir them went mad. One of them died in William Middleton : and a purse of 15 a few hours in great agonies; and it guineas was run for on the 20th ; and was thought the other could hardly rewas won by Cripple Dick, a bay horse cover. The poison was so strong, that belonging to James Boyd ftabler in E- a cat who but tasted the mess, was seidinburgh
zed with madness, to such a degree, that Goods smuggled from on board the she was put to death, to prevent the India Tips while in Leith road, and effects of her rage. Ceized and condemned, have been fold According to accounts from all plain exchequer ; china ware, to the a- ces, the prices of victual fall.
P.S. By an'advertisement in the E. rules of the Lord's word and sound readinburgh papers of Sept. 8. notice is fon: given to the inhabitants of the city and And whereas the fynod, in their county of Edinburgh, liable in payment meeting at Edinburgh, on the 6th of of the window-tax, that unless all ar- March 1755, when a particular cause rears of that tax due by them fince about the Mason-OATH was before Whitfunday 1753, be paid on or before thein,- did appoint all the sessions unthe 25th, the deficients will be prose- der their inspection, to require all percuted for treble the duty, conformable fons in their respective congregations who to an order of the Barons of Exchequer, are presumed or fufpected to have been by which every collector who does not engaged in that oath, to make a plain get this direction of the law complied acknowledgment, whether or not they with, is to be proceeded against for have ever been so ; and to require that neglect of duty.
such as they may find to have been en
gaged therein, should give ingenuous anda of the Asociate fynod concerning the fwers to what further inquiry the fefMASON-OATH.
fions may fee cause to make, concerning
the tenor and administration of the said Edinburgh, August 25. 1757 oath to them ;- and that the sessions
an folemn acts of religious worship, scandal they may thus find those persons which ought to be taken only upon im- convicted of, according to the directions portant and necessary occasions ; and to of the above-mentioned act of fynod in be sworn in truth, in judgment, and in September 1745 : righteoufness - without any mixture of
And whereas the generality of the finful, profane, or superstitious devices : feflions have, since the aforementioned
And whereas the synod had laid be- periods, dealt with several perfons unfore them, in their meeting at Stirling, der their inspection about the Masonon the 7th of March 1745, an overture OaTh*; in the courfe of which proconcerning the Mason-OATH; bearing, cedure, by the confessions made to them, That there were very strong presump- they have found others, beside those of tions, that
among MASONs an oath of the mason-craft, to be involved in that fecrecy is administered to intrants into oath : 'And the fynod finding it proper their fociety, even under a capital pe- ane necessary to give more particular nalty, and before any of those things directions to the several feflions, for ha. which they swear to keep secret be re- ving the hainous profanation of the vealed to them, and that they pretend Lord's name by that oath purged out to take some of thele secrets from the of all the congregations under their in. BIBLE ; beside other things, which are spection : ground of scruple, in the inanper of Therefore the fynod did, and here. fwearing the said oath: and therefore by do appoint, that the several sessions overturing, that the synod would con- subordinate to them, in dealing with lider the whole affair, and gite direc- persons about the Mason-OATH, shall tions with respect to the admillion of particularly interrogate them,- If they perfons engaged in that oath to fealing bave taken that oath, and when and ordinances :
where they did so? If they have taken And whereas the synod, in their the said oath, or declared their approbameeting at Stirliog, on the 26th of Sep- tion of it, oftener than once, upon being tember 1745, remitted the overture con- admitted to a higher degree in a ma• cerning the MasoN-OATH to the leve- fon-lodge? If that oath was not admi. ral fellions fubordinate to them., for their nistered to them, without letting them proceeding therein, as far as they should
* [We are told, that, by this inquiry, Mr lind practicable, according to our recei- D. B.'s discovery of the secrets of masonry ved and known principles, and the plain (xvii
. 133-) is fully confirmed.).