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the utmost fimplicity, put on a fancti him, opened the door, without speak. monious look, and peremptorily afferted ing a word. He told me she had been that there was no other way to the tem. his nurse, and that her name was Soli. ple of Virtue but through his cell, I was tude. We had no sooner entered than induced to follow him. But the road we saw a woman of incomparable beauhe led me was so rough and stony, his ty. Her countenance was open, her discourse was so forbidding, and his de. eyes were bright and penetrating, and portment fo fierce, that I foon deserted her whole form seemed to radiate with him.

light. My guide having informed her The next who addressed me, was a who I was, and whence I came, se itately personage, with a plaufible coun- commended me to her care, and told tenance, and an air of grandeur, in me I might safely travel onward under which however there appeared some her directions, who was his favourite thing starched and haughty. He gave daughter, and whose name was Truth. me to know that he was by profesfion à He then left us, and immediately we Philosopher ; spoke much of his disinter• fet forward on our journey. elted zeal, his unconfined benevolence, Now' and then certain phantoms, of his inflexible probity, his perfect com- an odd figure and fantastic drefs, would mand over all his passions, his fovereig make up to me, and try by

variety of contempt both of Pain and Pleasure; and arts to entice me from my new guide. boldly affirmed, that none but he knew These were partisans of Pleasure, fent the road to the temple of Virtue. His to the frontiers of Virtue, to imbarrafs name, he said, was Stoicism, though his and decoy young travellers. Some of enemies through spite often miscalled their names, as I remember, were Vainhim Pride. Imposed upon by a name glory, Popular Applause, False Shame, fo celebrated, and such lofty preten. Derifion, Detraction, Novelty, Fashion. I tions, 'I readily accepted his conduct. felt some curiosity to enter into discourse But he led me sometimes through bogs, with them. But my guide pulling out and sometimes over precipices, and yet a mirror in which all things are repre. I could not perceive that we gained any sented as they are, presented it to the ground. So that being quite disheartened spectres: upon which some of them to. by so many onsuccessful experiments, I tally disappeared, and others shrunk indetermined to adhere to my old guide, to the most diminutive and despicable who had never loft fight of me. Seeing figures imaginable. me now alone, he came up, and on my As we travelled forward, my guide confeffing my error in leaving him, for anointed my eyes with a clear and sparkgave me.

ling liquor, from a cup of cryftal which We had not proceeded far, when I the carried in her hand, and immediate. was accosted by some other persons, ly I saw objects at a greater distance, who were not without allorements. All and more distinctly than before. My were clad in the livery of Virtue, and all guide desired me to look back on the papretended to be of her family; my guide lace of Pleasure. And how was I ftruck however assured me they were counter to see all its magnifience vanished, itfelf feits. Cunning, notwithstanding his suspended, with a tremulous notion in squint eyes and short sight, endeavoured the air, and the adjacent fields which to pass for Prudence ; Severity for Justice ; had before seemed to be so fruitful and Weakness for Good- mature ; and Profufion well watered, all transformed into a for Liberality.

frighful waste! The goddess herself My guide conducted me, ' by a path was shrivelled into an ugly hag, firting with which he alone was acquainted, to in a darksome corner, pale and trema green fequeftered bower, at the door bling, accompanied only by a few of of which sat a venerable old woman of her wretched attendants and votaries, a mild and fedate appearance. She who appeared as so many furies, reknew my guide, and smiling at fight of proaching her and one another, and tear

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ing themselves with anguish and despair. wards, she pretended to open or fut I curned away with horror and disgust, the temple of Virtue, and the abode of and intreated my guide to lead on. Happiness. Her name was Bigotry. On

As we advanced, we were accosted by sight of this shocking pair, I was seized a youth, who seemed to be remarkably with a dreadful panic. But Resolution vigorous and robuft. His complexion inftantly fell upon the monster with his was of that kind which is acquired by club, and dealt his blows with great toil. He had a steady look, not with. force, calling to me in the mean time out some mixture of steroness. He grasp. not to be afraid. Yet I could not help ed in his hand a club, and walked with trembling for the event. Indeed my great composure and firmness. “This companion was pressed so hard by the youth,” said my guide,” is a near ally monster, that he must foon have fallen of my family: he is the child of Con a prey to his rage, had not our provitemplation by Liberty. He is called Re- dent guide brought to our aid a seasonfolution, and has a temper compound- able reinforcement. ed of the fire of the mother, and the In the appearance of the power that coolness of the father,” His presence in- interposed there was somewhat more spired me with new spirit, and I pressed majestic and divine than any thing I on with frelh alacrity.

had ever seen. Her eyes effused inefIndeed. I quickly found I lould want fable mildness, mingled with modeft triit all. For I observed, at some distance umph. They were mostly fixed on hea. a vast milhapen rock, which I under- ven, with fuch a spirit of unaffected, but ftood I must necessarily climb. It pro- fublime devotion, as almost lifted the ved so exceeding arduous and flippery, beholder thither. Her garment, which that I fell back almost as faft as I a. hung loose from her ihoulders, and scended. There lodged too, as my reached down to her feet, was white as guide informed me, in one of its cavi- snow. All her motions were at once ties, a monster, whom we must needs serene and awful. The name of this fubdue before we could reach the cop. radiant' power, was Religion ;, and BiScarce had the done speaking, when a gotry vanished at her approach. In her creature of a molt hideous form rushed hand the carried a box of frankincense; out upon us.

He had indeed the face and having cast some of it on a little alof a man : but it was more fierce and tar thac food by, it raised a cloud of terrible than that of a lion. His eyes smoke, which so affrighted the monster darted fire. Out of his nostrils issued that he ran bellowing away, The a baleful stream that poisoned the air ; smoke was succeeded by a celestial oand his roaring was like the sound of dour, that foon dispersed the noisome many waters. Не.

- was armed with vapour which he had caused. scales almost impenetrable, and instead The confternation I was in, and the of hands had sharp claws, which tore fplendor of Religion, had hitherto prewhatever came in their way. His name vented me from taking notice of three was Self-will. He was attended by a blooming figures that attended her. She figure of a pale and fallow visage, whose told me they were her daughters, Faith, eyes were junk in her head, and rolled Humility, and Hope. The first had her round with wildness and fury. Her head invested with a circle of rays, which tresses hung loose about her thoulders, threw a chearful light on all around her. and she had in all her looks and geitures Her eyes were chiefly turned towards an air of distraction. In one hand she her parent, who beheld her with reci. carried a string of beads, which the procal and superior delight. She carfeemed to tell with great earneftness; ried before her a shield of divine workand in the other a bloody scourge. She manship, and went foremost. Humility, muttered an unintelligible fort of jargon, clothed in a vetture of a dark sober hue, and had a key hung at her girdle, with which trailed on the ground, walked which, as my guide told me after: lowly with a downçait look. Hope had

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in her hand an opening bud, fresh and and delighted the eyes. The manner fragrant as the morning rofe. She heed- of the whole was fimple and folemn. fully marked the motions of her eldest There was no need of adventitious de. Hister, and wore in her countenance a corations, and there were none. pleasant tranquillity, which seemed a At the upper end of the temple, on a mixture of gravity and chearfulness, bor- throne of state, appeared the goddess

. dering upon rapture.

Her complexion was clear, healthful, As we walked onwards, we were join- and animated; her features were regu. ed by an elderly personage, who ap- lar, and well proportioned; but had a peared still fiel and vigorous. He was kind of masculine air. Her eyes were clad in a plain russer cloak, had a meek blue, beautiful, and piercing. In all her and contented aspect, and carried in his mien there was a happy mixture of dighand a staff, on which he sometimes "nity and modesty. A sprig of laurel was leaned. He was provided with a box wreathed round her temples." She wore of ointment, to dress the wounds of a robe of the purest purple, which was those travellers who had been hurt by girt with a zone about her waist; the the asperities of the road. His name held in her hand an imperial fword, the was Patience. This gracious power go- emblem of power and authority. . Be. ing before, lent me his hand; and by fore the throne, which was of alabaster, his afliftance I climbed to the top of the were placed various ensigns of dominion, tock with ease. I perceived indeed, and the several symbols of the polite arts, after he joined us, that the way became The presence of the goddess over. -more smooth, and more agreeable in all whelmed me with veneration and raprespects. We still ascended, but the a. ture, and I stood for some time immove. fcent diminished. The fun, but lately able. When I was a little recovered sisen, gilded the horizon, and illumina. from iny ecstasy, my guide pointing to ted the faireft country I ever beheld. the throne, faid, " There fits the Di. Beauteous prospects opened on everyvinity of the place, the daughter of Wif. fide. To the barren wilds apd fright. dom and Love. She was brought forth fiil precipices we had passed, fucceeded at a birth with Happiness, her fifter, and green meadows, flowery lawns, and inseparable companion ; and sent down translucent streams of living water. from above, as the best friend of men,

The temple, in full fight of which we and the foreft directress of life; the were now come, stood on the summit of guardian of youth, the glory of man. the hill. It was built of a transparent hood, and the comforter of old age. By ftone, thať admitted light from every her instructions and laws human society quarter. It was of a quadrangular form, is formed and maintained ; and human and had at top a magnificent dome. Its nature, by converse with her, grows portal was supported by a double row of truly godlike.' pillars of the Doric order. The entry T'he votaries, as they approached, was guarded by two eentinels, who had were introduced to the presence by a something in their looks so awful, that young virgin of the most lovely appearseveral travellers recoiled at fight of ance, who could not perform her talk them Their names were, Temperance without blushing. Her name was Modefiy. and Fortitude. The former held a bri. The goddess ordered her recorder, who dle, and the latter a spear. Though fat on a bench below her, to read their their first appearance was rather stern several stories. The recorder's name and forbidding, it softened on us, as was Conscience. There was spread besoon as they observed the company we fore him a huge volume, in which were were in. The gates stood wide open. registered the actions of men, as well the Afcending by ealy steps, we entered. I molt disguised and secret, as the moftowas transported with the beauty and pen and avowed. Nor did any ever con: greatness of the place. The height and tradi&t the teftimony of Conscience, with circumference of the dome both filled out being self-condemned.

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This description of the temple and its tion of the Coldengham plants, printed inhabitants, is followed by an account in the acts of the academy of Upfal, of several candidates for admittance; 1750. A fpecies of this, with scarlet which seems to be nothing more than an flowers, is commonly known in your encomium on particular persons; among gardens by the name of the Cardinal whom are the Rev. Dr Stephen Hales, flower, and I suspect they do not differ the Rt Hon. Mr Pitt, the late most ex. in their virtues. cellent Archbishop of Canterbury, Dr This plant, the first year of its growth, Herring, and a Lord Chancellor, who shoots only leaves, and the fecond year is distinguished by his ability as a fratel shoots up a stalk, with a spike of flowers man, by eloquence, by liberality, and the on the top, about three feet high. They name of Talbot. Gent. Mag.

use the root of this of the first year only,

and such are always found among them Extract of a letter from an eminent phyfi. which bear flowers. The root is boil.

cian of the province of New York, con. ed in water, and they give a quantity cerning an Indian remedy for the vene. Of the decoction (I know not how much) real disease.

at first only once a-day, afterwards twice FR Peter Kalm, a Swedish gentle and is requisite. They wash the ulcers

a-day, and oftener as the cure goes on, man, sent from thence at the

likewife with the same decoction. The public expence, to examine the natural productions of North America, was fe- woman who shewed the plant had lately veral times with me in passing through distemper, that he was become infup

cured one who was so far gone in the this province to and from Canada, and to and from Oniagara ; and from him, fores. If I can,'I shall send some of

portable to others, from the smell of his the last time I saw him, in Nov. 1750, the roots, and likewise some of the feed, I had the following account.

While he was in Canada, M. Galif- by one of the ships in the fall. G. M. sonniere, then governor of Canada, a gentleman of more knowledge and li. Some account of the Auction, as it has terature than he expected in one of his

been afted several nights, with great apa profeffion, told Mr Kalm, that the plause, Mr Cibber auctioneer. Indians of the Six Nations (Iroquois) HE names of the bidders at the had a secret for curing the venereal dif auction, are Lady Toothless, Col. ease in its worst state, of which they Thunder, Miss Lefiant, Sir Gilbert Gouty, had given repeated proofs; but that the Mrs Opposite, Billy Thoughtless, Sir Caput French had never been able by any Mortuum. The first lot put up to fale is means to obtain the secret. Mr Kalm, a chest of charity, which, not being bid in either going to or coming from 0. for, Mr Cibber, the auctioneer, orders niagara, was at Col. Johnson's (now his servant to put it up on the old helf, Sir William Johnson's) house, and told where the bottles of tincture of humanihim what he had heard from the French ty are placed, with a caution not to governor. Col. Johnson confirmed the reach them; but adds, “ Though now truth of it; and while Mr Kalm was

COR. Monowith him, prevailed on two Indians, fe- gustis

, acutis, omnibus reflexis.

petala, ringens, et cærulea -Limbi lacinia lanparately, and without the one knowing ccolatæ, omnes reflexæ. -STAM. Tubus cywhat the other had done, to thew him lindricus, pofteriori latere convexus, anteriori the plant. Mr Kalm told me, that it concavus: inferias quadrifidus, amplior; superius is the Lobelia ferotina, caule famplici, florie integer, angustior; Anthera prominentiæ quædam bus cæruleis, N° 206. * of the descrip- Germen, pyramidale, angulatum. Stylus unicus,

in ore tubi. PIST. Tubo flamineo inclusum. * The description of this important plant here : tubo staminco longior, apice, curvato versus anreferred to, is as follows.

theras. Stigma ovale.---- PER. Capsula ovala, LOBELIA serotina, Aoribus cæruleis. superius plana, calycis laciniis coronata. Caulis CAL. Perianthium monophyllum, campanulatum, ereétus, limplex, ad altitudinem tripedalem et ulo ftriatum, femiquinquefidum : laciniis longis, an tra assurgens. FOL. ovata,


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I think on't, 'tis all in stone bottles, Among the rest of the lots are, a Swiss So there is no great danger." The fe- porter and valet, bought by Billy cond lot is a box of Venetian tooth. Thoughtless at 2500l.-_English hofpi. picks, which are knocked down to La- tality, purchased by Billy Thoughtless dy Toothless at 301. Lot. 3. A pair for the sake of being talked of.—A of dancing pumps, made of the skins of collection of sermons, no bidders.A frogs, originally designed for Monf. le Cremona fiddle, Lady Toothless carries Dauphin: these Sir Gilbert Gouty be off at 2000 guineas.--A young modern comes proprietor of for 12 guineas. beau, by the same lady.--Goodnature, Lot. 4. Three grains of common sense. fincerity, and honour, no bidders. Lot. 5. A small box of reflection. Nei. The auction clofes with a subscription in ther of which two lots is bid for. Lot. 6. favour of Signora Mincotti, and Myn. Honesty in different parcels, of which heer Van Poop Broomstickado for the Lady Toothless buys two lots, one as a opera; and the auctioneer concludes present for her fteward, the other for with a reflection on the foppery and folher waiting-woman, but not for herself; ly of the several people he had had to observing, that it is not material whe- deal with, in acting dire&tly opposite to ther persons of fortune have it or no. nature and reason. Lit. Mag.

Thr. L.



METEOROLOGICAL JOURNALS of the WEATHER. [435.] In Ludgate ftreet, Londong by Ja. Ayscough.

Near Carlisle in Cumberland.


meter Wind. WEATHER.

A. 2229,77 58 59 SW cloudy and rain aft. 22 29,

55 SW rain from 10 till 1 23/29,665458 SW cloudy and rain

2329, 1531 SW fair all day 2429,6654581 SW cloudy and rain

2429,10|63 SW fair all day 35 29,92159501

m. rain, sunsh. aft.

25|29,30152 S w morn. fair, aft. rain
59155 SW
m. fair, rain aft.

26 29,4055 SW rain fr. 1 n. till 11 night 27129,70160156 SW cloudy and small rain 27/29,

158 SW rainy day 28|29,2015554) SW morn. fm. ra. fair aft. 23128,6552 rain from im. till 8 ev 29129,62 5953 SW m. fair, rain aft.

29129, 155 SW showery all day 30 29,501551521 SW m. rain, fair aft.

3029,15 44 SW ditto 330,6 574 DW fair day

31|29,6052 SW ditto S.

S. 230,2757153


1|29,7060 S

rain at 9 evening 2130,23160551 SW ditto

2/29,8055 SW fair all day 330,3716460 NW ditto

$ 29,9562 E 130,3016460 NE ditto

429,85511 S W gentle frost $130,28 59153 SW m. fair, rain & clo. aft.

529,90 591 W fair all day, shower in nie 6130,296055 NW m. fair, cloudy aft. 6|29,8565 w 730,23611501

7 29,95 55 NE Jitto 830,8 6257 NE ditto

8|29,7561 N ditto cf29,90 58 581 SW cloudy and rain

9/29,5051 W ditto 70/30,5 161466 NW m.clo. fair aft.

10|29,7057 NE morning much rain 1130,13 56153 SW fair all day

11 29,60401 S 12/30,2561156 NW ditto

12/29,701631 S Jrain between 5 and 7 m. 7330,31159:57 NW ditto

1329,75 58 S 1430,25 6057 SW ditto

1429,7062 SW ditto 8530,21611571 NE ditto

15129,80 58 SW ditto 3030,6 165591 NE foggy, fair aft.

10|29,65691 E m. frost, fair all day 17129,976560 NE

17|29,60155 E

fair all day 3830,5 164151 NE ditto

1829,62115 E

ditto 3930,21164161 NE ditto

19129,801571 E ditto 2030,30 6357 N ditto

20/29,9553 E ditto 21130,296155 NE m. fair. clo. & fm. f. a. 21129,8652 E

ditto 221399,266250! NE morn. clo. fair after. 2229,855 E ditto


fair all day

NE fair day

fair all day

fair all day


fair all day

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