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the utmost fimplicity, put on a fancti. him, opened the door, without speak. monious look, and peremptorily afferted ing a word. He told me she had been that there was no other way to the tem. his nurse, and that her name was Soli. ple of Virtue but through his cell, I was tude. We had no sooner entered than induced to follow him." "But the road

we saw a woman of incomparable beau. he led me was fo rough and ftony, his ty. Her countenance was open, her discourse was so forbidding, and his de. eyes were bright and penetrating, and portment fo fierce, that I soon deserted her whole form seemed to radiate with him.

light. My guide having informed her The next who addressed me, was a who I was, and whence I came, seitately personage, with a plaufible coun- commended me to her care, and told tenance, and an air of grandeur, in me I might safely travel onward under' which however there appeared fomes her directions, who was his favourite thing starched and haughty. He gave daughter, and whose name was Truth. me to know that he was by profesfion à He then left us, and immediately we Philosopher ; spoke much of his disinter• fet forward on our journey. 93 ested zeal, his unconfined benevolence, Now and then certain phantoms, of his inflexible probity, his perfect com- an odd figure and fantastic drefs, would mand over all his passions, his sovereign make up to me, and try by a variety of contempt both of Pain and Pleasure; and arts to entice me from my new guide. boldly affirmed, that none but he knew These were partisans of Pleasure, fent the road to the temple of Virtue. His to the frontiers of Virtue, to imbarrafs name, he said, was Stoicism, though his and decoy young travellers. Some of enemies through spite often miscalled their names, as I remember, were. Vainhim Pride. Impofed upon by a name glory, Popular Applause, Falfe Shame, To celebrated, and such lofty preten. Derifon, Detraction, Novelty, Fashion. I lions, I readily accepted his conduct. felt some curiosity to enter into discourse But he led me sometimes through bogs, with them. But my guide pulling out and fometimes over precipices, and yet a mirror in which all things are repreI could not perceive that we gained any sented as they are, presented it to the ground. So that being quite disheartened spectres: upon which some of them toby so many ensuccessful experiments, I tally disappeared, and others fhrunk indetermined to adhere to my old guide, to the most diminutive and despicable who had never loft fight of me. Seeing figures imaginable. me now alone, he came up, and on my As we travelled forward, my guide confefling my error in leaving him, for anointed my eyes with a clear and sparkgave me.

ling liquor, from a cup of cryftal which We had not proceeded far, when I the carried in her hand, and immediate was accosted by some other persons, ly I saw objects at a greater distance, who were not without allorements. All and more distinctly than before. My were clad in the livery of Virtue, and all guide desired me to look back on the papretended to be of her family; my guide lace of Pleasure. And how was I ftruck however assured me they were counter- to see all its magnifience vanished, itself feits. Cunning, notwithstanding his suspended, with a tremulous motion in squint eyes and short sight, endeavoured the air, and the adjacent fields which to pass for Prudence ; Severity for Justice ; had before seemed to be so fruitful and Weakness for Good-nature; and Profufion well watered, all transformed into a for Liberality.

frighful waste! The goddess herself My guide conducted me, ' by a path was fhrivelled into an ugly hag. fitting with which he alone was acquainted, to in darksome corner, pale and trema green sequeftered bower, at the door bling, accompanied only by a few of of which sat a venerable old woman of her wretched attendants and votaries, a mild and fedate appearance.

She who appeared as so many furies, reknew my guide, and smiling at light of proaching her and one another, and tear.

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ing themselves with anguish and despair. wards, she pretended to open or shut I turned away with horror and disguft, the temple of Virtue, and the abode of and intreated my guide to lead on. Happiness. Her name was Bigotry. On

As we advanced, we were accosted by fight of this shocking pais, I was seized a youth, who seemed to be remarkably with a dreadful panic. But Resolution vigorous and robuft. His complexion instantly fell upon the monster with his was of that kind which is acquired by club, and dealt his blows with great toil. He had a steady look, not with force, calling to me in the mean time out fome mixture of steroness. He grasp. not to be afraid. Yet I could not help ed in his hand a club, and walked with trembling for the event. Indeed my great composure and firmness.

This companion was pressed so hard by the youth,” said my guide, " is a near ally monster, that he must foon have fallen of my family: he is the child of Con

a prey to his rage, had not our provitemplation by Liberty. He is called Re- dent guide brought to our aid a seasonfolution, and has a temper compound- able reinforcement. ed of the fire of the mother, and the In the appearance of the power that coolness of the father,His presence in- interposed there was somewhat more {pired me with new spirit, and I pressed majestic and divine than any thing I on with fresh alacrity.

had ever seen. Her eyes effused inefIndeed. I quickly found I should want fable mildness, mingled with modest triit all. For I observed at some distance umph. They were moftly fixed on hea. a vaft milhapen rock, which I under- ven, with such a spirit of unaffected, but stood I must necessarily climb. It pro- fublime devotion, as almost lifted the ved so exceeding arduous and flippery, beholder thither. Her garment, which that I fell back almost as faft as I a. hung loose from her ihoulders, and scended. There lodged too, as my reached down to her feet, was white as guide informed me, in one of its cavi. snow. All her motions were at once ties, a monster, whom we must needs ferene and awful. The name of this fubdue before we could reach the top. radiant power, was Religion; and Bj. Scarce had the done speaking, when a gotry vanished at her approach. In her creature of a most hideous form rushed , hand the carried a box of frankincense; out upon us. He had indeed the face and having cast some of it on a little alof a man : but it was more fierce and tar that stood by, it saised a cloud of terrible than that of a lion. His eyes smoke, which so affrighted the moniter darted fire. Out of his noftrils issued that he ran bellowing away, The a baleful fream that poisoned the air ; smoke was succeeded by a celestial oand his roaring was like the sound of dour, that foon dispersed the noisome many waters. He was armed with vapour which he had caused. scales almost impenetrable, and instead The confternation I was in, and the of hands had sharp claws, which tore splendor of Religion, had hitherto prewhatever came in their


vented me from taking notice of three was Self-will

. He was attended by a blooming figures that attended her. She figure of a pale and failow visage, whose told me they were her daughters, Faith, eyes were lunk in her head, and rolled Humility, and Hope. The firit had her round with wildness and fury. Her head invested with a circle of rays, which treffes hung loose about her shoulders, threw a chearful light on all around her. and she had in all her looks and gestures Her eyes were chiefly turned towards an air of distraction. In one hand the her parent, who beheld her with reci. carried a string of beads, which the procal and superior delight. She carfeemed to tell with great earnestness; ried before her a field of divine workand in the other a bloody scourge. She manship, and went foremost. Humility, muttered an unintelligible fort of jargon, clothed in a vetture of a dark fober hue, and had a key hung at her girdle, with which trailed on the ground, walked which, as my guide told me after lowly with a downçant look. Hope had

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His name

in her hand an opening bud, fresh and and delighted the eyes. The manner fragrant as the morning rose. She heed of the whole was fimple and folemn. fully marked the motions of her eldest There was no need of adventitious de. fifter, and wore in her countenance a corations, and there were none. pleasant tranquillity, which seemed a At the upper end of the temple, on a mixture of gravity and chearfulness, bor- throne of state, appeared the goddess. dering upon rapture.

Her complexion was clear, healthful, As we walked onwards, we were join- and animated; her features were regu. ed by an elderly personage, who ap- lar, and well proportioned; but had a peared fill fielh and vigorous. He was kind of masculine air. Her eyes were clad in a plain russet cloak, had a meek blue, beautiful, and piercing. In all her and contented aspect, and carried in his mien there was a happy mixture of dighand a staff, on which he sometimes •nity and modely. A sprig of laurel was Jeaned. He was provided with a box wreathed round her temples." She wore of ointment, to dress the wounds of a robe of the purest purple, which was those travellers who had been hurt by girt with a zone about her waist; the the afperities of the road. His name held in her hand an imperial sword, the was Patience. This gracious power go- emblem of power and authority. Be. ing before, lent me his hand; and by fore the throne, which was of alabaster, his affiftance I climbed to the top of the were placed various enfigns of dominion, rock with ease. I perceived indeed, and the several symbols of the polite arts. after he joined us, that the way became The presence of the goddess over. more smooth, and more agreeable in all whelmed me with veneration and raprespects. We still ascended, but the a- ture, and I stood for some time immove. fcent diminished. The fun, but lately able. When I was a little recovered risen, gilded the horizon, and ¡llumina. from iny ecstasy, my guide pointing to ted the faireft country I ever beheld. the throne, faid, " There fits the DiBeauteous prospects opened on every vinity of the place, the daughter of Wif. fide. To the barren wilds and fright down and Love. She was brought forth ful precipices we had passed, fucceeded at a birth with Happiness, her fifter, and green meadows, howery lawns, and inseparable companion ; and sent down translucent streams of living water. from above, as the best friend of men,

The temple, in full fight of which we and the foreft directress of life; the were now come, stood on the summit of guardian of youth, the glory of man. the hill. It was built of a transparent hood, and the comforter of old age. By ftone, thať admitted light from every her instructions and laws human society quarter. It was of a quadrangular form, is formed and maintained ; and human and had at top a magnificent dome. Its nature, by converse with her, grows portal was supported by a double row of truly godlike." pillars of the Doric order. The entry The votaries, as they approached, was guarded by two eentinels, who had were introduced to the presence by a something in their looks so awful, that young virgin of the most lovely appearseveral travellers recoiled at sight of ance, who could not perform her talk them Their names were, Temperance - without blushing. Her name was Modefity. and Fortitude, The former held a bri. The goddess ordered her recorder, who dle, and the latter a spear. Though fat on a bench below her, to read their their first appearance was rather stern feveral stories. The recorder's name and forbidding, it softened on us, as was Conscience. There was spread be. foon as they observed the company we fore him a huge volume, in which were were in. The gates stood wide open. registered the actions of men, as well che Ascending by ealy steps, we entered. I molt disguised and secret, as the moftowas transported with the beauty and pen-and avowed. Nor did any ever con, greatness of the place. The height and tradict the teftimony of Conscience, with, circumference of the dome both filled out being self-condemned,

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This description of the temple and its tion of the Coldengham plants, printed inhabitants, is followed by an account in the acts of the academy of Upfal, of feveral candidates for admittance ; 1750. A fpecies of this, with scarlet which seems to be nothing more than an flowers, is commonly known in your encomium on particular persons; among gardens by the name of the Cardinal whom are the Rev. Dr Stephen Hales, flower, and I suspect they do not differ the Rt Hon. Mr Pitt, the late most ex. in their virtues. cellent Archbishop of Canterbury, Dr This plant, the first year of its growth; Herring, and a Lord Chancellor, who shoots only leaves, and the second year is distinguished by his ability as a fatef shoots up a stalk, with a spike of flowers man, by eloquence, by liberality, and the on the top, about three feet high. They name of Talbot. Gent. Mag.

use the root of this of the first year only,

and such are always found among them Extrait of a letter from an eminent physi- which bear fowers. The root is boil.

cian of the province of New York, con- ed in water, and they give a quantity cerning an Indian remedy for the vene of the deco&tion (I know not how much) real diseafe.

at first only once a-day, afterwards twice R Peter Kalm, a Swedish gentle and is requisite. They wash the ulcers

aoday, and oftener as the cure goes on, public expence, to examine the natural productions of North America, was fe- woman who shewed the plant had lately veral times with me in passing through distemper, that he was become infup

cured one who was so far gone in the this province to and from Canada, and to and from Oniagara; and from him, fores. If I can, I shall send some of

portable to others, from the smell of his the last time I saw him, in Nov. 1750, the roots, and likewise some of the seed, I had the following account.

While he was in Canada, M. Galif. by one of the ships in the fall. G. M. sonniere, then governor of Canada, a gentleman of more knowledge and li. Some account of the Auction, as it bar terature than he expected in one of his

been afted several nights, with great apo profeffion, told Mr Kalm, that the plause, Mr Cibber auctioneer. Indians of the Six Nations (Iroquois)

HE names of the bidders at the secret venereal dis- auctionToothlefs, Col. ease in its worst state, of which they Thunder, Miss Lefiant, Sir Gilbert Gouty, had given repeated proofs; but that the Mrs Opposite, Billy Thoughtless

, Sir Caput French had never been able by any Mortuum. The first lot put up to fale is means to obtain the secret. Mr Kalm, a chest of charity, which, not being bid in either going to or coming from 0. for, Mr Cibber, the auctioneer, orders, niagara, was at Col. Johnson's (now his servant to put it up on the old helf, Sir William Johnson's) house, and told where the bottles of tincture of humanihim what he had heard from the French ty are placed, with a caution not to governor. Col. Johnson confirmed the reach them; but adds, “ Though now truth of it; and while Mr Kalm was with him, prevailed on two Indians, fe- gultis

, acutis, omnibus reflexis.- COR. Mono

petala, ringens, et cærulea Limbi lacinia lanparately, and without the one knowing ceolatæ, omnes reflexæ. -STAM. Tubus cywhat the other had done, to thew him lindricus, posteriori latere convexus, anteriori the plant. Mr Kalm told me, that it concavus: inferias quadrindus, amplior; superius is the Lobelia ferotina, caule femplici, flori- integer, angustior; Anthere prominentiæ quædam bus cæruleis, N° 206.* of the descrip- Germen, pyramidale, angulatum. Stylus unicus,

* The description of this important plant here : tubo ftaminco longior, apice, curvato versus anreferred to, is as follows.

theras. Stigma ovale. PER. Capsula ovata, LOBELIA serotina, Aoribus cæruleis. fuperius plana, calycis laciniis coronata. Caulis CAL. Perianthium monophyllum, campanulatum, erectus, limplex, ad altitudinem tripedalem et ulAtriatum, femiquinquefidum : laciniis longis, an- tra affurgens. FOL. ovata,

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I think on't, 'tis all in stone bottles, Among the rest of the lots are, a Swiss So there is no great danger." The fe- porter and valet, bought by Billy cond lot is a box of Venetian tooth- Thoughtless at 25001.- Englith hospi. picks, which are knocked down to La- tality, purchased by Billy Thoughtless dy Toothless at 301. Lot. 3. A pair for the sake of being talked of.—A ef dancing pumps, made of the skins of collection of sermons, no bidders.--A frogs, originally designed for Mons. le Cremona fiddle, Lady Toothless carries Dauphin: these Sir Gilbert Gouty be off at zooo guineas. ----A young modern comés proprietor of for 12 guineas. beau, by the same lady.--Goodnature, Lot.

4: Three grains of common sense. fincerity, and honour, no bidders. Lot. 5: A small box of reflection. Nei. The auction closes with a subscription in ther of which two lots is bid for. Lot. 6. favour of Signora Mincotti, and Myn. Honefty in different parcels, of which heer Van Poop Broomstickado for the Lady Toothless buys two lots, one as a opera; and the auctioneer concludes present for her steward, the other for with a refleEtion on the foppery and fol. her waiting-woman, but not for herself; ly of the several people he had had to observing, that it is not material whe- deal with, in acting directly opposite to ther persons of fortune have it or no.- nature and reason. Lit. Mag.

METEOROLOGICAL JOURNALS of the WEATHER. [435.] In Ludgate Street, London, by Ja. Ayfcough.

Near Carlife in Cumberland.




Thr. L.



NE ditto

22/29,77 58 59)

SW cloudy and rain aft. 2329,665458) SW cloudy and rain 24|29,66 54:58 SW

cloudy and rain 35 29,92159501 SW

m. rain, sunsh. aft. 2030,


m. fair, rain aft. 27129,7060150 SW

cloudy and fmall rain 28129,26155541


morn. sm. sa. fair aft. 29129,62 5853


m. fair, rain aft. 3029,501551581 SW m. rain, fair aft. 3130,6 1574 N W fair day S. 130,2757153

SW ditto a 30,23601551

SW ditto 330,3756460 NW ditto 30,3064601 330,28 5953

SW m. fair, rain & clo. aft. 630,291601551 NW m. fair, cloudy aft. 730,2361150

NE 830,8 6257

NE ditto 9129,90 58581 SW

cloudy and rain 70/30,5 161166 NW

m.clo. fair aft. 7130,13 56153

SW 12/30,2561156

NW ditto 1330,31 59157

fair day

22 29,

55 sw rain from 10 till 1
2329, 153 SW fair all day
24/29,1063 SW fair all day
25|29,30/52 S W morn. fair, aft. rain
2629,4055 S W rain fr. i n. till 11 night
27 29, 158 SW rainy day
2328,65521 S rain from im. till 8 ev
29129, 55 SW howery all day
3029,1544 SW ditto
31|29,00 52 SW ditto
129,70 60

rain at 9 evening
2 29,8055 S W fair all day
3 29,9562 E Jitto
429,85511 S W gentle front
5 29,90 59

W fair all day, shower in ni. 29,8565

W fair all day
7|29,95 55 NE Vitto
8|29,7561 N ditto
9/29,50 51 W ditto
1029,70 57 NE morning much rain
1129,60401 S


Irain between 5 and 7 m. 13/29,7558 S

fair all day

fair all day

NW ditto 1430,2561157 SW

ditto 35130,2161157 NE ditto 3030,6 165591 NE

m. foggy, fair aft.
17129,97,8560 NE
3830,5 164151 NE ditto
3930,2 1164161 NE ditto
2030,3016357 N ditto
21130,296155 NE m. fair. clo. & fm. r. a.
22130,20'62'56' NE morn. clo. fair after.

fair all day
14/29,7062 SW ditto
IS129,80158 SW ditto
10/29,6569 E m. frost, fair all day
17129,60 55 E

fair all day
18/29,625 E ditto
19129,8057 E ditto
2029,9553 E dicto

22 29,855 E



fair all day

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