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warm cardiac medicines frequently re- not long before he perceived her to be peated. On the eighth day she had all asleep. In about half a minute her the appearances of a person in the last pulse stopped, and she could not be heard extremity: the blisters, which had the to breathe. The Doctor immediately night before been laid above her ancles, awaked her; and was agreeably surprihad not risen at all, nor given her any sed to hear her say, that she had had a pain, the fubfultus tendinum was conftant, refreshing sleep, and to find the was not and sometimes so violent that she ap. sensible how fhort it had been. He ad. peared to be quite convulsed; her coun- vised her, as soon as she had recovered tenance was pale and funk; he had a her breath, to compose herself again ; risus cynicus, and a livid stroke on each which she did. Her second fleep was fide of her nose ; and her fweats had about twice as long as her first.

When that earthy smell which is frequently her breath and pulse failed, the was perceived when death is near. On the again waked, and again expressed the evening of this day she awaked from a 'fame satisfaction. This pra&ice being Thort fleep, in fach agonies that she said continued, her feeps became every time she should not be able to farvive if they longer, her pulse grew fenfibly stronger fhould be repeated, and therefore re. and fuller, and her fubfultus tendinum less quested the Doctor to watch her the rest frequent. It was about midnight when of the night, and prevent her going to the began to sleep; and between two Aleep. He accordingly placed bimtelf and three in the morning the complainby her, with an intention to comply with ed that her blisters were very painful. her requeft; and while he was in this Between four and five her. krength was fituation, he could not help reasoning up- so much increased that she could feep on the nature and cause of this fymptom. without danger; which she could not

He thought it probable, that in great do some time after the experiment had debility the muscles which ferve to re- been begun : for the Doctor happening fpiration, by an involuntary motion, himself to drop alleep, fuffered her to might be too weak to perform their of. Aeep too long before he awaked her ; fice without the askstance of those that and she was so sensible of the neglect move the thorax, at the command of the from what she felt, that the intreated will; for, in the last agony, when the him to be more attentive. The next vis vite is quite exhausted, the heaving day her blisters had risen well, her fever of the breast becomes quite voluntary: left her, and the recovered her health he therefore concluded, that the volun- and ftrength in less time than could have tary muscles not acting during fleep, and been expected. the involuntary muscles being too weak to carry on respiration alone, a person Art. VI. An uncommon crisis of the gout under fuch circumstances would cease to

By Dr Samuel Pye. breathe, and confequently be in a state The patient, Mr Rook, a surgeon and of suffocation, the pain of which would apothecary in Shadwell, was a tempefoon awake him, struggling for breath, rate man, of about forty-five, subject to and almost fpent. It then came into his no disease but the gout. After a severe thoughts, that he might venture to let fit in June 1752, Dr Pye told him he this fifter go to sleep, provided he should knew a gentleman who by a total abftiall the while attend diligently to her 'nence from all food, except cow's milk, breath, and her pelse, and if they fail. even without bread, had cured himself ed, awake her before she could suffer of the gout, having had no fic during much by the fuffocation that would fel. thirteen years, and Itill persisting in his low.

diet. Mr Rook, encouraged by this He proposed the experiment to the account, entered upon a vegetable diet, Jady, and the consented that it should be and continued it very strictly for eleven made. Accordingly, he kept his hand weeks ; but being then attacked by a conftan:ly upon her pulfe, and it was flight fit, which lasted forty-eight hours,

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he returned to animal food. In March In April 1755 another fit.came on, 1753, he had a severe. fit in both feet, and after about a month went off withthe pains in his heels and ancles gradual. out the critical discharges by vomiting, ly increased twelve days, till it became urine, or sweat, but left three fingers more violent than he had ever felt, and on one hand, and two on the other, load. almost drove him mad. In the height ed with chalk-Itones.: of this excruciating torment, he felt the Soon after this fit a large quantity of pain in his heels and ancles rife in an in- chalk-ftones was extracted from the bot. Itant to the calves of his legs; in half a tom of the left foot, at different times minute it rose from thence to his thighs; during four months. On Jan. 19. 1756, in about one minute more from his thighs he was seized with a fever, which on to the abdomen; and after giving the the third day went off with the fame cripatient one severe twitch in the bowels, tical discharge, by fweat and urine, that they ascended to the stomach, upon had attended the critical-vomitings in which he instantly threw up about a pint the gout. On the fourth day a fit of the and a half of a green aqueous liquor, so gout came on in both feet, and concicorrosive that he compared it to the nued a week, with frequent retchings, Atrongest mineral acid; and here the pain but without bringing up more than the and the fit ended. During the time it common contents of the stomach.: At lafted, a profuse sweat came on every this time an uncommon itching in the morning, which together with his breath bottom of the foot whence the chalkwas fo fætid, that neither himself, nor a. ftones had been extracted, tormented ny of those about him, had ever smelt him for about fix hours and upon presthe like. His linen was tinged as with ing the part, about a tea-cup full of a faffron, and his urine was almost as liquid chalky matter was discharged ; high-coloured as claret; but upon the and the next morning having made a diicharge from his stomach, these symp- large opening with an impofthume-knife, toms, with the res, totally disappeared. about half a pint of a bloody serous mal

In February 1754 the next fit seized ter, full of chalk-stones, was discharhim. It was less violent than the for- ged; which proved as truly critical as mer, but continued about fix weeks; the vomitings; for the wound foon heal. during which time he had three increa- ed kindly, and the patient bas continued sed paroxysms, which held him about ever since in perfect health. two hours each, and in the laft he had

[To be continued.]. the same critical discharge, by vomiting. Some account of a pamphlet, intitled, the fame corrosive matter, preceded by the same uncommon symptoms, as in

A full answer to an infamous libel, in1753: : but mending every hour, he was

titled, A letter to the Ri Hon. Ld Boc--y. able next day to go about his business. HE substance of the charge con.

He was seized Dec. 9. 1755 with a tained in theletter to Ld Blakeney, third fit, which went off in the same we have already laid before the public manner with the other two, though the in distinct articles; we shall therefore quantity of corrosive matter which he follow the same order in the defence ; discharged was not more than might and, to avoid repetition, refer oor readhave been contained in a tea spoon. ers to the charge in our Mag. for June,

During the first fit in 1752, a hard p. 299. tumour had appeared on the side of the Answer to Article 1.) Ld Blakeney did metatarsus, near the middle of the right not keep himself, Jaut up in his own house foot, which continued till the third cri- giving directions about things which he tical vomiting in 1755; and then a vis never went to see. He chote the castle Icid matter, like the white of an egg, for his residence, and went frequently with a few small chalk-ftones, were disc to the top of it; from whence, as from charged from the end of the middle toe the centre of the place, he could belt of the same foot; on which the tumour and almost instantaneously view all the urlop feared.

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works, and posts under his command, there was not one colonel to take the chief
and the operations, batteries, movements, command if an accident had happened
and approaches of the enemy, fo chat no to the governor, nor any oficer between
alteration could escape the observation him and a lieutenant-colonel; there
of his own eye. Upon this place there were besides one and forty captains and
were several batteries, both of cannon subaltern officers belonging to these four
and mortars, in the employment of regiments abfent. The circumference
which, as well as of all other batteries, of the works is about a mile, and they
he gave directions to the officers of the were invested on every side by sea and
artillery himself; and in this place he land; so that if the governor had been
was much exposed to the fire of the ene- in one part of the fortifications while
my's cannon and mortars, their shot and another remote part of them was fudden-
Mells being in a particular. manner ly attacked, or had met with an acci-
levelled against the body of the castle, dent, the consequence would probably
and several fhells: fell on the top of have been fatal.
it. His Lordship went cross part of It was therefore fit for Ld Blakeney
the square to all councils of war, which to be near the centre, where his own
were frequent; for though he might observations from the castle might be
with great propriety have held those corroborated by proper intelligence. He
councils in his own house, yet he chose knew every part of the fortifications mi-
to hold them at Lt-Col. Jefferys's; be- nutely well, and he kept two lieutenant-
cause he thought it more private, and colonels and an aid-de.camp constantly
better accommodated for the purpose. He going the rounds; and that they might
also exercised the ferjeants and soldiers perform this service with greater dili-
himself on the public parade, in the man- gence and exactness, they were excused
ner of defending fortifications and sub- all other duty. A report was also made
terraneans againft an attack, till the to Ld Blakeney every morning, by the

fhot and shells of the enemy made it im- field-officer of the day, of every parti-
proper to expose the men there any long- cular incident within his twenty-four
er. So that, unless crossing the square hours of duty, with an account of the
to Col. Jefferys's, furveying the works shot and shells fired during that time,
from the top of the castle, and exerci. describing their particular directions.
sing the men on the public parade, was Besides, the captains ac every post had
Mutting himself up in his own house, orders to inform the governor, by a fab-
he did not shut himself up. To this let altern officer, immediately, of every
it be added, that, during the whole fiege proceeding or accident that happened
of feventy days, he never went into a under their respective commands; and
bed, or undressed himself; that every the fort-major and fort-adjutant attend.
one had access to him at all hours of the ed as often as they could, besides the
day and night; and when the parade governor's own aid-de-camp, to carry
became too much exposed to exercise his orders when and where they were
the men, he still exercised them himself required. Such intelligence was recei-
in his

own apartment, attended by ma. ved from others, and luch intelligence ny officers.

it was proper to receive from others, for Thus did Ld Blakeney, at the age of the reasons here alledged. And thus eighty-two, perform himself every thing the declaration which LdBlakeney made that could not effectually be performed with a view to his own particular case, by others; and all that could be per. that it is the duty of a governor to remain formed by others, he took care to have in one fixed place to receive intelligence, is effectually performed: he exposed him- true; though it does not imply that it self whenever it was necessary; and to was his duty to remain inactive, much have exposed himselfunnecessarily, would less to shut himself up in his own house. have been betraying the service. His - As to the examples that are brought garrison consisted of four regiments: to condemn the conduct and opinion of

Ld

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La Blakeney, they relate to fituations Anf. to Art, II.] It is true, that for different, that they will not at all when a fiege is apprehended, the counferve the purpose. Barcelona and Gib. try ought to be laid open to the cannon Taltar tvere attacked only at one part, of the ramparts; but Ld Blakeney had and that very small with respect to the not fufficient ground for fuch apprehenwhole circumferencea Gibraltar was son time enough to take that measure. attacked only at the itthmus facing the He was shut up in an island, and all the continent of Spain, and Barcelona on intelligence he could gain was, that Xy from the foot of Montjuick Hill; fo great preparacions were making in the that the same reason which made it pro- south of France, which at one time were per for Ld Blakeney to continue near faid to be against Gibraltar, at another the centre of Fort St Philip, which was againf Corsica ; and fometimes againk completely inverted, made it neceffary Great Britain or Ireland. The French for the governors of Gibraltar and Bar. indeed gave out that they were against celona, which were but partly invefted, Minoica : bet for that very reason they to be near the outworks, which alone were fuppofed to be intended against could be attacked. Every part of St fome other place; for it was reasonable Philip's was liable to be attacked, and to conclude, that they would rather cothe governor

chofe a ftation that was e ver than avow their real debgn, by what qually near to them all. A particular they faid publicly concerning it. And part only of Barcelona and Gibraltar this, after all, was probably the cafe: was liable to an attack, and the govers for there is great reason to believe, that nors therefore gave particular attention they did not refolve to attack Minorca, to that part.

till long after they had given out that to Anf. to Art. II.] Ld Blakeney did an attack of it was intended ; and that mot declare in court, “That he took no they were induced to take that resolution minutes," but he said he had not been al. merely by the backwardness which the Torced to make use of minutes; and fo he ministry discovered in England. appears to have said in the trial of Adm. If Ld Blakeney, upon these vague and Byng which was published by authority, uncertain rumours, had pulled down the ander the care of Mr Fearne the judge- houfes of St Philip's town, and the advocate, which must be of greater au- place had not been attacked, the consethority than that which was published quence would have been bad in the high by Mr Cook, who was employed on the est degree. The murmurs and compart of Mr Byng, and was not under plaints of the natives might have been che fame oath, by which Mr Fearne carried to very disagreeable lengths, and was bound to a minute regard to truth their known disaffection to his Majesty's in every particular, and might therefore service and government might have been be less attentive in matters apparently of fo increafed, under colour of injury, as Jittle moment. But Lord Blakeney can. to produce very disadvantageous effects. not be fupposed to declare he kept no The time between the landing of the minutes, because the fact is not true'; French and their taking possession of the and if he had been capable of making town, was so short, that the whole garfuch a declaration, he had not the leatt rison could not have pulled down all

the motive that could tempt him to do it. houses in that interval if they had done Befides, that he kept not minutes only, nothing else. What could be done, but a regular journal, was well known; however, was done. Ld Blakeney sent for having long had a tremor on his to the chief engineer, deliring his opi. nerves, which prevents him from using nion, which and how many houses should a pen, he employed an amanuensis to be demolished; and the engineer gave write his journal, which he di&tated for answer, that the pulling down his himself, and which is now in his pof- own house, which was a fine building ferion, and open to the inspection of all that had been erected but a few years *who have any pretentions to see it. before, and a windmill, would be fuffi

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cient: this house and windmill there ?' Anf. to Art. VI.] The garrison was fore were immediately demolished, and not suffered to be without wine; on the the rubbish cleared away, together with contrary, each man was allowed a pint three other windmills, which the author a-day during the first fixty days of the of the charge modestly affirms to have fiege, and half a pint during the laft been standing during the fiege. He also ten days. Nor was the reduction from affirms, that these houses covered che a pint to half a pint caused by immediate French from all the fire of the fort; necessity; it was a cautionary meafure, though the French themselves acknow. taken with the consent of the whole boledged that they suffered greatly by the dy, that their wine might noz be ex houses that were beaten down by the hausted if the garrison should have held mortars and cannons that were fired from out confiderably longer. When this re.

duction was made, every man was in Anf. to Art. IV.] It was not in Ld dulged with two glasses of brandy a Blakeney's power to compel the Spa- day, as an equivalent, one when he pith pealants or labourers to break up went on duty, and one when he return. the roads; for over this class the priettsed: and materials and necessaries for had foch influence, that their averfion distilling spirits had been provided if the to the English, whom they were taught wine had failed ; which did not happen; to regard as enemies to their religion, for a confiderable quantity was left when was exceffive to the last. If they had the place surrendered. That many casks been set to work in the day, they would of wine in the town of St Philip's were have deserted in the night, unless a guard staved, is true; but it is also true, that could have been spared sufficient to pre- they were staved upon the representation vent'it, which is is well known could of Col. Jefferys, that this meafure was not be done, It is, beside, no eafy absolutely necessary, as well to pravent matter to spoil roads in a country which, the garrison froin getting drunk, as to the author of the charge has observed, prevent the wine from falling into the was almost a bare rock, fo that 16,000 hands of the enemy. ment could not sink an intrenchment Anf. to Art. VII.] The taking the sound the castle. However, notwith- Queen's redoubt put the enemy into pof: standing all these disadvantages, not femtion of one of the communications of withstanding the small number of the the fubterraneans, into which they poora garrison, and the other indispensable ed a great number of men, who proceeded work and duty that was upon their to the communications under the Kane, hands, the roads were spoiled as much and might have proceeded to all the relt as the time and circumstances would this redoubt therefore could not be re. permit, and the only bridge upon the entered by any effort the garrison could road was destroyed. The mine also was make. fired by Lord Blakeney's order, (though [It does not appear in this answer that by fome accident it did not cake effect), any notice is taken of article VII.] which the author of the charge positively Anf. to Art. IX.] It is not true that afferts was not fired, and from which one whole regiment stood inactive for he also asserts the Minorquins ftole ab want of a commander ; for no one regiway the powder,

ment was upon service together; and Anf. to Art. V.] A fufficient number though where the enemy made no imof cattle to ferve the castle was driven presion, the body of relerve itood ftill; into it: the whole stock of the island yet they stood stiil for no other realon, therefore was not left to the enemy; and than becayse it was not proper for them the soldiers did not complain, nor had to act. seafon to complain, that they were in Anf. to Art. X] Though the loss of waot of fresh provisions; for several the garrison of St Phịlip was small, pet head of the catde chat had been driven if no necessary service of offence or deinto the castle for their use, were alive fence was negiceted, the finallness of the when the place was furrendered,

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