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warm cardiac medicines frequently re- 'not long before he perceived her to be peated. On the eighth day she had all asleep. In about half a minute her the appearances of a person in the last pulse stopped, and the could not be heard extremity: the blisters, which had the to breathe. The Doctor immediately night before been laid above her ancles, awaked her; and was agreeably surprihad not risen at all, nor given her aby sed to hear her say, that she had had a pain; the fubfultus tendinum was conftant, refreshing sleep, and to find the was not and sometimes fo violent that fhe ap. sensible how fhort it had been. He ado peared to be quite convulsed; her coun. vised her, as soon as she had recovered tenance was pale and funk; the had a her breath, to compose herself again ; risus cynicus, and a livid stroke on each which she did. Her second fleep was fide of her nose ; and her fweats had about twice as long as her first. When that earthy smell which is frequently her breath and pulse failed, she was perceived when death is near. On the again waked, and again expressed the evening of this day she awaked from a 'fame fatisfaction. This pra&tice being Thort fleep, in fach agonies that she said continued, her sleeps became every time she should not be able to farvive if they longer, her pulse grew fenfibly stronger fhould be repeated, and therefore re. and fuller, and her fubfultus tendinum less quested the Doctor to watch her the rest frequent. It was about midnight when of the night, and prevent her going to the began to fleep; and between two Keep. ' He accordingly placed himself and three in the morning he complainby her, with an intention to comply with ed that her blifters were very painful. her requeft; and while he was in this Between four and five her, krength was situation, he could not help reasoning up. so much increased that she could Necp on the nature and cause of this fymptom. without danger; which she could not

He thought it probable, that in great do fome time after the experiment had debility the muscles which ferve to re- been begun : for the Doctor happening fpiration, by an involuntary motion, himself to drop alleep, fuffered her to "might be too weak to perform their of. Peep too long before he awaked her ; fice without the afhftance of those that and she was fo sensible of the neglect move the thorax, at the command of the from what she felt, that the intreated will; for, in the last agony, when the him to be more attentive.

The next vis vite is quite exhaufted, the heaving day her blisters had risen well, her fever of the breast becomes quite voluntary: left her, and the recovered her health he therefore concluded, that the volun. and trength in less time than could have tary muscles not acting during fleep, and been expected. the involuntary muscles being too weak to carry on respiration alone, a person Art. VI. An uncommon crisis of the gout under such circumstances would cease to

By Dr Samuel Pye. breathe, and confequently be in a state The patient, Mr Rook, a surgeon and of fuffocation, the pain of which would apothecary in Shadwell, was a tempefoon awake him, ftruggling for breath, rate man, of about forty-five, subject to and almost spent. It then came into his no disease but the gout. After a severe thoughts, that he might venture to let fit in June 1752, Dr Pye told him he his filter go to sleep, provided he should knew a gentleman who by a total abftiall the while attend diligently to her 'nence from all food, except cow's milk, breath, and her pulse, and if they fail- even without bread, had cured himself ed, awake her before she could suffer of the gout, having had no fit during much by the fuffocation that would fel. thirteen years, and fill persisting in his low.

diet. Mr Rook, encouraged by this He proposed the experiment to the account, entered upon a vegetable diet, Jady, and the consented that it should be and continued it very strictly for eleven made. Accordingly, he kept his hand weeks; but being then attacked by a constan:ly upon her pulse, and it was flight fit, which lasted forty-eight hours,


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he returned to animal food. In March In April 1755 another fit came on, 1753, he had a severe fit in both feet, and after about a month went off with the pains in his heels and ancles gradual. "out the critical discharges by vomiting, dy increased twelve days, till it became urine, or fweat, but left three fingers more violent than he had ever felt, and on one hand, and two on the other, load. almoft drove him mad. In the height ed with chalk-stones. of this excruciating torment, he felt the Soon after this fit a large quantity of pain in his heels and ancles rise in an in- chalk-stones was extracted from the bot. Itant to the calves of his legs ; in half a tom of the left foot, at different times minute it rose from thence to his thighs; during four months. On Jan. 19. 1756, in about one minute more from his thighs he was seized with a fever, which on to the abdomen; and after giving che the third day went off with the fame cripatient one severe twitch in the bowels, tical discharge, by sweat and urine, that they ascended to the stomach s upon had attended the critical -vomitings in which he instantly threw up about a pint the gout. On the fourth day a fit of the and a half of a green aqueous liquor, so gout came on in both feet, and conticorrosive that he compared it to the nued a week, with frequentiretchings, strongest mineral acid; and here the pain but without bringing up more than the and the fit ended. During the time it common contents of the stomach.. At lafted, a profuse sweat came on every this time an uncommon itching in the morning, which together with his breath bottom of the foot whence the chalkwas fo fætid, that neither himself, nor a. ftones had been extracted, tormented ny of those about him, had ever smelt him for about fix hours, and upon pressthe like. His linen was tinged as with ing the part, about a teá-cup full of a faffron, and his urine was almost as liquid chalky matter was discharged; high-coloured as claret; but upon the and the next morning having made a diicharge from his stomach, these symp- large opening with an impofthume-knife, toms, with the rest, totally disappeared. about half a pint of a bloody serous mal

In February 1754 the next fit seized ter, full of chalk-stones, was discharhim. It was less violent than the for- ged; which proved as truly critical as mer, but continued about fix weeks; the vomitings; for the wound soon heal. during which time he had three increa- ed kindly, and the patient has continued sed paroxysms, which held him about ever since in perfect health. two hours each s and in the last he had

[To be continued.) the same critical discharge, by vomiting. Some account of a pamphlet, intitled, the same corroíive matter, preceded by the same uncommon symptoms, as in

A full answer to an infamous libel, in. 1753: but mending every hour, he was

titled, A leiter to the Ri Hon. Ld B-.--%. able next day to go about his business. HE substance of the charge con.

He was seized Dec. 9. 1755 with a tained in the letterto Ld Blakeney, third fit, which went off in the same we have already laid before the public manner with the other two, though the in distinct articles; we fhall therefore quantity of corrosive matter which he follow the same order in the defence ; discharged was not more than might and, to avoid repetition, refer oồr read. have been contained in a tea.fpoon. ers to the charge in our Mag. for June,

During the first fit in 1752, a hard p. 299. tumour had appeared on the side of the Answer to Article 1.) La Blakeney did metatarsus, near the middle of the right not keep himself, Jiaut up in his own house foot, which continued till the third crio giving directions about things which he tical vomiting in 1755; and then a via never went to see. He chose the castle scid matter, like the white of an egg, for his residence, and went frequently with a few small chalk-ftones, were dil to the top of it; from whence, as from charged from the end of the middle toe the centre of the place, he could best of the same foot; on which the tumour and almoit instantaneously view all the anar feared.



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works and pojis under his command, there was not one colonel to take the chief
and the operations, batteries, movements, command if an accident had happened
and approaches of the enemy, fo that no to the governor, nor any oficer between
alteration could escape the observation him and a licutenant-colonel; there
of his own eye. Upon this place there were besides one and forty captains and
were several batteries, both of cannon subaltern officers belonging to these four
and mortars, in the employment of regiments absent. The circumference
which, as well as of all other batteries, of the works is about a mile, and they
he gave directions to the officers of the were invested on every side by sea and
artillery himself; and in this place he land; so that if the governor had been
was much exposed to the fire of the ene- in one part of the fortifications while
my's cannon and mortars, their shot and another remote part of them was fudden-
thells being in a particular. manner ly attacked, or had met with an acci-
levelled against the body of the castle, dent, the consequence would probably
and several shells fell on the top of have been fatal.
it. His Lordship went cross part of It was therefore fit for Ld Blakeney
the square to all councils of war, which to be near the centre, where his own
were frequent; for though he might observations from the castle might be
witb great propriety have held those corroborated by proper intelligence. He
councils in his own house, yet he chose knew every part of the fortifications mi-
to hold them at Lt-Col. Jefferys's; be- nutely well, and he kept two lieutenant-
cause he thought it more private, and colonels and an aid-de-camp constantly
better accommodated for the purpose. He going the rounds; and that they might
also exercised the ferjeants and soldiers perform this service with greater dili-
himself on the public parade, in the man- gence and exactness, they were excused
ner of defending fortifications and fub- all other duty. A report was also made
terraneans, against an attack, till the to Ld Blakeney every morning, by the
fhot and shells of the enemy made it im- field-officer of the day, of every parti-
proper to expose the men there any long. cular incident within his twenty-four
er. So that, unless crossing the square hours of duty, with an account of the
to Col. Jefferys's, furveying the works shot and shells fired during that time,
from the top of the castle, and exerci. describing their particular directions.
sing the men on the public parade, was Besides, the captains at every post had
Mutting himself up in his own house, orders to inform the governor, by a fub-
he did not shut himself up. To this let altern officer, immediately, of every
it be added, that, during the whole fiege proceeding or accident that happened
of seventy days, he never went into a under their respective commands; and
bed, or undressed himself; that every the fort-major and fort-adjutant attend.
one had access to him at all hours of the ed as often as they could, besides the
day and night; and when the parade governor's own aid-de-camp, to carry
became too much exposed to exercise his orders when and where they were
the men, he still exercised them himself required. Such intelligence was recei-
in his own apartment, attended by ma. ved from others, and such intelligence

it was proper to receive from others, for Thus did Ld Blakeney, at the age of the reasons here alledged. And thus eighty-two, perform himself every thing the declaration which Ld Blakeney made that could not effe&ually be performed with a view to his own particular cafe, by others; and all that could be per. that it is the duty of a governor to remain . formed by others, he took care to have in one fixed place to receive intelligence, is effectually performed: he exposed him- true; though it does not imply that it self whenever it was necessary; and to was his duty to remain inactive, much haveexposed himself unnecessarily, would less to shut himself up in his own house. have been betraying the service. His - As to the examples that are brought garrison consisted of four regiments: to condemn the conduct and opinion of


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ny officers.

Ld Blakeney, they relate to fituations Anf. to Art, II.) It is true, that for different, that they will not at all when a fiege is apprehended, the counferve the purpose. Barcelona and Gib. try ought to be laid open to the cannon saltar sere attacked only at one part, of the ramparts ; but Ld Blakeney bad and that very {mall with respect to the not fufficient ground for fuch apprehen whole circumference. Gibraltar was fion time enough to take that measure. attacked only at the isthmus facing the He was shot up in an island, and all the continent of Spain, and Barcelona on intelligence he could gain was, that ly from the foot of Montjuick Hill; fo great preparations were making in the that the same reason which made it pro- fouth of France, which at one time were per for Ld Blakeney to continue near faid to be against Gibraltar, at another the centre of Fort St Philip, which was against Corsica; and sometimes against completely invested, made it neceffary Great Britain or Ireland. The French for the governors. of Gibraltar and Bare indeed gave out that they were againt celona, which were but partly invefted, Minoica : bet for that very reason they to be near the outworks, which alone were supposed to be intended againt could be attacked. Every part of St fome other place; for it was reasonable Philip's was liable to be attacked, and to conclude, that they would rather co. the governor chofe a station that was e ver than avow their real defign, by what qually near to them all. A particular they faid publicly concerning it. And part only of Barcelona and Gibraltar this, after all, was probably the cafe: was liable to an attack, and the govers for there is great reason to believe, that mors therefore gave particular attention they did not refolve to attack Minorca, to that part.

till long after they had given out that Anf. to Art. II.) Ld Blakeney did an attack of it was intended ; and that not declare in court, “That he took no they were induced to take that resolution minotes,” but he said he had not been al merely by the backwardness which the lowed to make use of minutes; and fo he ministry discovered in England. :;

!! appears to have said in the trial of Adm. If Ld Blakeney, upon these vague and Byng which was published by authority, uncertain rumours, had pulled down the under the care of Mr Fearne the judge- houfes of St Philip's town, and the advocate, which must be of greater au- place had not been attacked, the consethority than that which was published quence would have been bad in the highby Mr Cook, who was employed on the est degree. The murmurs and com. fart of Mr Byng, and was not under plaints of the natives might have been the fame oath, by which Mr Fearne carried to very disagreeable lengths, and was bound to a minute regard to truth their known difaffection to his Majesty's in every particular, and might therefore service and government might have been be less attentive in matters apparently of fo increafed, under colour of injury, as little moment. But Lord Blakeney can to produce very disadvantageous effects. not be fupposed to declare he kept no The time between the landing of the minutes, because the fact is not true; French and their taking possession of the and if he had been capable of making town, was so short, that the whole garfuch a declaration, he had not the leatt rison could not have pulled down all the motive that could tempt him to do it. houses in that interval if they had done Befides, that he kept not minutes only, nothing else. What could be done, but a regular journal, was well known; however, was done. Ld Blakeney sent for having long had a tremor on his to the chief engineer, deliring his opi. nerves, which prevents him from using nion, which and how many houfes should a pen, he employed an amanuensis to be demolished; and the engineer gave write fris journal, which he dictated for answer, that the pulling down his himself, and which is now in his pof- own house, which was a fine building feffion, and open to the inípection of all that had been erected but a few years who have any pretentions to see it. before, and a windmill, would be fufit

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cient: Sthis house and windmill there Anfo to Art. VI.) The garrison was fore were: immediately demolished, and not suffered to be without wine ; on the the rubbish cleared away, together with contrary, each man was allowed a pint three other windmills, wbich the author a-day during the firft fixty days of the of the charge modestly affirms to have fiege, and half a pint during the laft been standing during the fiege. He also ten days. Nor was the reduction from affirms, that these houses covered the a pint to half a pint caused by immediate French from all the fire of the fort; necefficy ; it was a cautionary measure, though the French themselves acknow, taken with the consent of the whole boledged that they suffered greatly by the dy, that their :wine might noz be ex houses that were beaten down by the haufted if the garrison should have held mortars and cannons that were fired from out confiderably longer. When this re. it.

duction was made, every man was inAnf. to Art. IV.] It was not in Ld dulged with two glasses of brandy aBlakeney's power to compel the Spa- day, as an equivalent, one when he nish peasants or labourers to break up went on duty, and one when he returne the roads ; for over this class the prieits ed: and materials and necessaries for had fuch influence, that their averfion distilling spirits had been provided if the to the English, whom they were taught wine had failed; which did not happen; to regard as enemies to their religion, for a confiderable quantity was left when was exceffive to the last. If they had the place surrendered. That many casks been set to work in the day, they would of wine in the town of St Philip's were have deserted in the night, unless a guard itaved, is true ; but it is also true, that could have been spared fufficient to pre- they were stayed upon the representation vent it, which ie is well known could of Col. Jefferys, that this meafure was not be done. It is, beside, .no eafy absolutely neceffary, as well to prevent matter to spoil roads in a country which, she garrison froin getting drunk, as to the author of the charge has observed, prevent the wine from falling into the was almoft a bare-rock, fo that 16,000 hands of the enemy. 1 ment could not fink an intrenchment Anf. to Art. VII.] The taking the round the castle. However, notwith- Queen's redoubt put the enemy into pofstanding all these disadvantages, not- feßion of one of the communications of withstanding the small number of the the fubterraneans, into which they poora garrison, and the other indispensable ed a great number of men, who proceeded work and duty that was upon their to the communications under the Kane, hands, the roads were spoiled as much and might have proceeded to all the retti as the time and circumstances would this redoubt therefore could not be re. permit, and the only bridge upon the entered by any effort the garrison could road was destroyed. The mine also was make. fired by Lord Blakeney's order, (though [It does not appear in this anfwer that by some accidenc it did not cake effect), any notice is taken of article VIII.] which the author of the charge positively Anf. ro Art. IX.] It is not true that afferts was not fired, and from which one whole regiment stood inactive for he also afferts the Minorquins ftole a. want of a commander ; for no one regiway the powder,

ment was upon service together; and Anf. to. Art. V.] A fufficient number though where the enemy made no im: of cattle to ferve the castle was driven presion, the body of reserve itood fill; into it: the whole ftock of the island yet they ftood stiil for no other reason, therefore was not left to the enemy; and than becayle it was not proper for them the soldiers did not complain, nor had to act. seafon to complain, that they were in Anf. to Art. X.] Though the loss of want of fresh provisions; for several the garrison of Si Philip was small, pet head of the catele that had been driven if no necessary service of offence or de into the castle for their use, were alive fence was neglceted, the {maliness of the when the place was surrendered,


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