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Sir Isaac Newton has not said a word fcarcely lose all its heat in an hour's about the effects of comets on the earth time; but a greater globe would retain or planets; and what little he has ad. its heat longer, in the proportion of its vanced in his last edition concerning diameter, because the surface (in protheir periodical returns, is chiefly after portion to which it is cooled by the amDr Halley, as appears by the following bient air) is in that proportion lefs in requotation.

spect of the quantity of the included hot “ If comets are revolved in orbits re. matter : and therefore a globe of redturning into themselves, those orbits will hot iron equal to our earth, that is, abe ellipses."

bout 40,000,000 feet in diameter, would Again, “ Dr Halley observing that a scarcely cool in 50,000 years." remarkable comet had appeared four Again, “ As to the transverse diame. times, at equal intervals of 575 years; ters of the orbits of comets, and the pe. that is, in the month of September, af. riodic times of their revolutions, I leave ter Julius Cæfar was killed ;' ann. Cbr. them to be determined by comparing 531, in the consulate of Lampadius and comets together, which, after long in. Orestes ; ann. Chr. 1106, in the month tervals of time, return again in the same of February; and at the end of 1680; orbit." and that with a long and remarkable And lastly, “Because of the great tail, fexcept when it was feen after Cæ. number of comets, of the great distance far's death, at which time, by reason of of their aphelions from the sun, and the inconvenient situation of the earth, from the flowness of their motions in the tail was not fo conspicuous); set their aphelions, they will, by their muhimself to find out an elliptic orbit, tual gravitations, disturb each other ; whose greater axe should be 1382957 therefore we are not to expect that the parts, the mean distance of the earth fame comet will return exactly in the from the fun containing rocoo fuch ; fame orbit, and in the same periodic in which orbit a comet might revolve in time. 575 years : and placing the ascending “ The comet of 1680 was in its peri. node in 2 d. 2 m. the inclination of helion less distant from the sun than by the plane of the orbit to the plane of the a fixth part of the sun's diameter; and ecliptic in an angle of 61 d. 6m. 48 f. because of its extreme velocity in that the perihelion of the comet in this plane proximity to the sun, and some density

22 d. 44 m. 45 f. the equal tiine of of the sun's atmosphere, it' must have the perihelion December 7 d. 23 h. suffered some resistance and retardation ; gm. the distance of the perihelion from and therefore being attracted something the ascending node in the plane of the nearer to the fun in every revolution, ecliptic gd. 17 m. 35 f. and its conju• will at laft fall down upon the body of gate axe 18481,2 ; he compated the the sun." mocions of the comet in this elliptic or- Thus far these great men: from bit; with which the observations from whence it may appear, how grossly the the beginning to the end do agree as gloomy pamphleteer * has misrepresentperfectly as the motions of the planets do with the theories from whence they * [Mr John Wesley, the Methodist miniser, are calculated ; and by this agreement published a pamphler in the end of 1755, intiplainly evince, that it was one and the led, Serious thoughts occasioned by the late earthu fame comet that appeared all those quakes at Lisbon, in which he says, that Dr Haltimes; and also that the orbit of that and observes, that in this revolution it will move,

ley fixes the return of the great comet in 1758; comet is rightly defined.

not only in the same line, but in the same part of « This comet must have received an the line, in which the ear:h moves round the sun; immense heat from the sun, and retains and that the consequence of this occurrence muft ed that heat for an exceeding long time. be, that in 1758 the earth will be burnt to a For a globe of iron of an inch diameter; Magazine, answers, that Mr Welley has con

-To this Graticola, in the Gentleman's exposed red-hot to the open air, will founded the comet of 1682, whose period is 75

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ed them, the comet of 1682, foretold Hiftory supplies us with innamerable to return in 1758, being in no fenfe to instances, where potentates have waged, be fufpected of any of the dreadful con. if I may be allowed the expression, an a. sequences which that enthufiaft would micable war, at the expence of their fub. charge it with. To speak the trath, if jects blood, with no other view than to we look backwards, we shall no where deceive their allies, and gain a plausible find any footsteps of difrangement or pretext of deserting them in the hour of ruin brought about by any comet, on necessity. any of the planets of our fyftem, at any Why was so inconsiderable a force time; and the very ancient observacions raised by the confederates in the empire? of them all, recorded in Prolemy, being a force indeed properly called an ar. exactly enough represented by our mo- my of obfervation? For what could they dern tables, is an unanswerable proof be expected to do more than observe the that no such thing has happened for at enemy; and run away at the sight of Jeast 2000 years 'paft.

them ? Could it be fupposed, that M. de Maupertuis, the illustrious pre. 40,000 men could defend themselves a. fident of the royal academy of sciences gainit more than double the number, at Berlin, closes his ingenious treatise of equal, or rather superior discipline? Jur les diferentes figures des affres, in the Might not Hanover alone, (had the Following manner, having in the course been in earnest), instead of sending 14 of that work proved his assertions on ma. or 15,000 men, have furnished double thematical principles of gravity. “Meff. the number herself? And was not che Halley and Whitton have fancied, that elector rich enough to have hired as ma. comets and their tails may affect the ny more? planets with most tremendous altera- But perhaps it may not be improbable, tions, as deluges, conflagrations, &c.; that the prudent electorate chose to but we have shewn that they may be make a double treaty ; one with the King productive of new and wonderful bene- of Prussia, to keep him out, left he should fits' unto them, such as producing the over-run Hanover as he has done Saxoring * of Saturn and his satellites, the ny; and when they found the tide run fatellites of Jupiter," &c.

against him, another with France, to

let her in peaceably; for we find, by the The PATRIOT, N° 4. Sept. 27. terms of convention, that the electorate Otwithstanding your incredulity is to be put in Aatu quo, and all dama.

with respect to the neutrality, I ges, &c. to be made good. mean to say the capitulation, of Hano- What honourable construction can be ver, there is too much reason to believe put on such a proceeding? The superioris that it is fatally and irrecoverably con- ty of the enemy might have been a reason cluded; and that, by the terms of con- againit assembling the army, but it can vention, the French are keep pof- be no excuse for dilbanding it before it fefiion of the electoral dominions till a can be said to have tried the hazard of reconciliation hall take place.

the field. Were so many Germans years, with tl:at of 1680, whose period is 575 armed, only to expose their broad backs years; and has, totidem verlis, applied what the to the French, and disperle at the elor says of the latter, which will not appear critical time when they might have been sijil 2255, to the former, which was expected in of service? When the King of Pruffia, 7758.-G. Witchell, another writer' in that Alagazine, gives a calculation of the course of after the French had made so large a the comet ubich was expected in 1758; and detachment to reinforce Soubise, fent thence corchides, that if that comet should pass to the general of the confederate army, she plane of the ecliptic at the very time the

to acquaint him, that he had now a carth is in the point the nearest to jt poflible, it

fair would be difiant from it fouthward 20 lets than how great must have been his surprise,

opportunity of extricating himself, four millions of miles.]

ut the great advantage of which to that when, in return to his message, he replanct, fuc Dr Gregory's Alt on. vol.

ceived the news of 2 neutrality--if

that

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that may be called a neutrality, which who advised it. But we may safely releaves the French in poffeffion of the ly on the kill and probity of our mininew-fashioned neutral dominions, sterial patriots, and trust that they will

When the inconsiderate force they use, their honeit endeavours, that this raised, and their languid defence, is extraordinary convention may not check considered, will not all Europe suspect the fury of our arms, or force us to a that they originally intended to play a dishonourable peace. double game; in order, if the King of All our hopes depend on their virtue. Prussia succeeded, to intitle themselves It is incumbent on them to oppose the to the merit of baving been instrumental dark designs in agitation, though their to his success; and at the same time but removal should be the consequence of to make France irreconcileable, by of their opposition. Though out of office, fending her with their over-zeal and ac“, they will not be deprived of authority; tivity in the cause of Prussia ?

and the wife and good will unite in Does not this convention, which a- their support.-How great will be bandons that hero to his distress, tend the glory of preserving their honesty, ac to confirm these fufpicions ? And does it a time that all Europe seems to be sunk not afford fpecious grounds of jealoufy, in corruption, when venality is refident likewise sufficient to alarm the penetra- at every council-table, when all sense ting Briton? Will it not be suspected, of public honour and justice is extinthat Hanover is to remain as a pledge guished, and when nations prove them. for our condescension to future terms of selves as abandoned as individuals ! peace, when we are told that the French are to possess it till the two sovereigns are reconciled ?

The LARK and the REDBREAST. A falla
Will not this be deemed a new' expe•

By Mr HACKETT.
dient for facrificing British to foreign
interests? Instead of pursuing the old A

T dawn of day the farmer rose;

The deadly snares were set; and open way, of exhausting our blood

A lark, with piercing cries and throes, and treasure in fighting for the defence

Was struggling in the net. of continental territories, will not this

The trembling pris'ner begg'd his life: subtle clause be considered as a substitute,

O pity me,

he faid; contrived to make us insurers of the Ger- 'Twould kill my children, and my wife, man dominions, by way of secret ne

To hear that I was dead.
gotiation ?

I hurt no creature; I, the whole
If this should be the case, what will

Wood round would vouch for me;
all our armaments avail ? what end will

I, nor thy gold nor silver stole;

Let innocence be free.
our fuccess serve? This convention

Oxe grain, indeed, this fatal morn
might lead one to apprehend, that the I took ;-'twas all I did:
two sovereigns, tired of the war, are -To die for one poor grain of corn!
upon the point of accommodation; that Alas! kind heav'n forbid !
future hostilities will be continued for a

A redbreast from a neighb'ring tree,
while as a blind ; that the two powers

Beheld his hapless ftate; will give and take ; that England must

Ah! cease thy piteous plaints, said he,

Nor think to shun thy fate.
buy a peace; and the King of Prussia
fall the victim of Europe?

Poor bird! be sure thy death's decreed;

No eloquence will do; The only chearing circumstance, Since he, the wretch to whom you plead, which ferves to diffipate these gloomy Is judge and party too. apprehenfions, is the integrity of the

On a BAD DANCER 0 BAD MUSIC. present ministry. It is not their duty to councel the Elector of Hanover ; and When or place sa fiddled, that the brutes adconcluded on behalf of the electorate, i fancy'd fiction, till amaz’d to see

And

groves responding to the numbers danc'd, the shame and disgrace will fall on those So vile a fiddler move a ág like thee.

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The SCHOOL-Bor. A poetical effay.

Where-e'er it spreads, it polishes the rude,

Extracts the finer from the grosser part ; o fortunatos nimium, sua si bona norint !

The brutish paflions gently charms away,
to
To fcenes ere childhood ripen’d into man;

And levigates the marble of the heart.

The mind, that beauteous spark of heav'nly flama When school-day sports employ'd the busy hours,

How by degrees it rifes to a blaze ! And ev’ning finish'd what the morn began.

Its fury spent, as gradual it expires, In those gay meads how gladfome have I play'd, Nor leaves one glimpse of its diminish'd rays

Thole meads incircled with meand'ring streams, So Shoots a flower-bud from day to day Where lavish Flora spreads her chequera sweets,

Slowly, til all expanded it appears; And Phobus darts his lustre-adding beams!

Then fade its colours, wither all its leaves, Oft, as the pale-ey'd regent of the night

And time cfraces wisat the florist rears. Held fortb her lamp, and lighten'd all the green,

Yet e'en amidst the school-boy's happy hours, Have I exulting frolic’d with my mates,

(So sure at Pleasure's side Pain takes her stand), And baild the brightness of che silver scene.

Oft have I fear'd Lorenzo's angry frown, Yon floping lawns, where skips the frisky lamb, And the rod quiv'ring in his nervous haud. Yon herbag'd vales, and intertwisted bow'rs,

One look from him, if anger swells his eyes, Yon velvet plains, and daily-plaited hills,

My claffic-searching fpirits has depress?d; Can sweetly testify my playful hours.

One look from him, if Imiles seren'd his brow, Beside that pebbled spring I oft have far,

Again callid forth the sunshine of my breaft. And liften'd to each vernal warbler there ; Asoft well pleas'd l’ve puff’d the clay-form'd'eabe, But fight is all the terror of the school

,

Match'd with the tumult of a bustling world, And viewd the bubbles mount and burst in air. Where intermingling passions rack the soul, Can I forget how oft the race I've run,

From vice to vice in restless motion burl'd. While hope of conqueft beat in ev'ry vein ?

Here feated in her filver-axld car Pomona's prize has crown'd my valt success,

Proud Fortune rides wah indiscreet command, And all have hail'd me hero of the plain.

Spurns lowly Worth, who courts her to be kind, Ne'er triumph'd more a warrior in the field,

Yet spreads unask'd her wealth to Folly's hand. When he had vanquish'd his high-daring foe, Than I, when, in my little fights engag'd,

Here Envy pours her snakes on Merit's head,

And low-born Pride extends her ample reigo ;, My tłubborn rival fell beneath my blow.

Here under Ny Religion's double veil, Then was the day (1) jocund was 'my life) Lurks dark Deceit with Flatt'ry's fervile train. When I could smile at ev'ry feather'd toy;

Bear me from these to where Contentment dwells: When each vain trine that might Mame the man,

There all each prospect harmonize each Delighted, nor disgrac'd the laughing boy.

There shall I moralize in perfe&t cafe, (thought; Where now are all those festive days of eafe! And Nature's works contemplate as I ought.

Alas! falt bound in Time's all-girting roll: Yet as iu thought each sport I fondly trace,

Oh! pure Content! descending from above,

Parent of smiles, with sweets eternal fraught, The lov'd idea warms my panting soul.

Beam on thy poet's breast thy kindling blaze, When years increasing swell the age of man, Thou guide to peace, and source of tranquil How pieafing's then the recollective pow'r!,

thought. Remembrance of past joys play'd o'er in youth

Administer thy balm, or else in vain Gives a fresh relith to the present hour.

The plodding merchant forms his airy schemes, Adieo that happy transit! for no more

In vain each head grows big with embryo thought, Thoic moments pleasure-wing'd shall I behold; In vain the nodding politician dreams. Reality no more can give them birth,

Fair Painting's vivid art, sweet Music's pow's, Though airy Fancy may the shade infold.

The gorgeous edifice, the rural cot,
Let not proud man, buoy'd up by self-conceit, The fanning gales that cool the fev'rish air,

Contemn the various frolics of the child, The tent umbrageous, and the shelly grot; Nor Wildom seated on her aged throne,

The soft delights of Pleasure's fairy land, Deem yoathful sports romantic all and wild.

And all that rolls from Fortune's ample tide, The title-bearing star, the garter'd badge, Without thy aid remove us from our bliss,

The coat emblazon'd, and the flowing gown, Without thy prefence vainly footh our pride, Is little more than emblematic farce ;

Thro’ thee the mind in flights excursive roves, One half of man is childhood overgrown. Confinement's welcome to the willing Nave; Qft now with curious retrospective cye

On rapid pinions Fancy mounts the wind,
The itcaling progress of the mind I view, And Poverty sleeps eafy in her cave.
I mark how Aow it to perfection tends,

With thee, O let me dwell, celestial maid,
Guided by pliant education's clue.

Or in the vale, or on the mountain's brow; Bless'd education ! a!! who feel its fire,

There will we two, the envy of the world, The genial comfort it imparts, must own, Die, as we liv'd, in friendfhip's boly vow. This great distinction elevates the foul,

[Lond. Chron.)

JUVENIS. And adds the richert jewel to a crown.

T

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To the author of the Scots MAGAZINE. My burthen is too great to bear:

Thefe double shackles that I wear,
SIR,
Edin. Sept. 9. 1757.

Cramp all my finews with their weight;
A
Particular delight which i have Yet add no income to the state.

Take then, Opatron of the muse!
in the tune Great George, &c. This heavy fetter off the news,
led me to compofe the following Latin Nor let this double pressure ftain
73
shymes for it. (vii. 522.)---I am, &c. The annals of Apollo's reign.

The Press shall in return repay IMPIO GRAVE. PIO LEVAMEN. Thy virtues with eternal day. Triste! vir, fæmina, Lætum! vir, fæmina,

Marble will moulder into dust,
Mors quidem gemina VITÆ vis gemina

And brass into oblivion rust;
Te manet jam : Te manet jam:

But know, Opatriot statesman, I
Quicquid nunc te beat Mundus non te beat; Can make thy virtues never die;
Requiem præbeat, Adhuc nec præbeat

Can fix them in so firm a line,
Ultra quod debeat; Quod tibi debeat ; That Envy at the light shall pine;
Infert se clam.
Infert se clam. And Time itself in vain shall try

To rob thee of éternity,
Tu licet foreas, Quamvis, cum floreas,

The honours which the Press can give,
Affilat cum Boreas; Amabit Boreas;

Secure from Time and Envy live;
Te manet jam

Te manet jam:

And as fuccessive ages flow, Etsi non jaculis, Etsi mors jaculis

The trump of fame Ihall louder blow : Et fine baculis; Petat, vel baculis,

And when the world itself thall die,
Sic fine faculis, Irruat faculis;

No flames those honours shall destroy,
Infert se clam.

Infert fe clam.

Thou'lt rise thyself, and bear them thro' the sky. Fingat vel cor tuum Terreas cor tuum,

L. E. P. m. Nunquam, te mortuum ; Fingens te mortuum; Te manet jam : Te manet jam:

The BEAR and the MULTITUDE. Nil nocens inditur, Cum nocens inditur,

By Mr HACKETT.

. Nec vena fcinditur, Cum vena scinditur, Igh in his one-horse chair, expos'd to view, Ofque non finditur; Olque cum finditur; İnfert fe clam. Infert se clam.

drew : trên Quamtumvis acrior Ergo fit acrior And, “ Who,” he cry'd, " would aches or pains Mens, et alacrior; Mens, et alacrior;

endure, Te manet jam : Te manet jam :

When R-ck for sixpence will the patient cure." Quamvis par Hectori, Major ac Hectori,

It chanc'd, a fellow led a bear that way, In sit vis pectori; Inlit vis pectori;

Ty'd by the nose ; so bears are led, they fay. Tormenta nec tori; Formidans nec tori;

The mob foon left che learn'd licentiate's care, Infert se clam.

Infert le clam. And, laughing loud, with thouts purlu'd the bears,

The beait, though bears indeed but seldom joke, Bustum det varius Bustum nec varius

Turn’d to his followers, and thus he spoke. Íum lapis Parius; Det lapis Parius;

My friends, it not at all displeales me
Quid pote jam? Quid curés jam?

To hear your mirth; yet the Imall diff'rence fee Cælum non fcandere, Cælum fed fcandere, Betwixt us: Till I came, yon wretched quack, Orcum non pandere, Abdita pandere,

Had got ye crouding on each other's back: Sulphur nec mandere: Mellea mandere:

O! how on all he laid your wisdoms hung! Iroh! animam.

Euge! animam.

To catch the nonsense trickling from his tongue! ; To the Rt Hon. WILLIAM PITT, Ela;

Your laughing then at me but poorly shows, The humble petition of the PRESS

You're led by th’ears, as I am by the nose." T For friend thip and for liberty;

,

The LOTTER 7. Because the press must ever be,

What strange anxiety we feel! A friend to virtue, and to thee.

Each thinks to win--but ah! how vain; From me the good have nought to fear,

You'll find at laft they all complain. The lath for vice alone I rear.

Reason will not their rage abate; Didit thou one fav’rite vice retain,

They curse their luck, and blame their fate The Peess to thee would ne'er complain. Nay, though a ten-pound prize they get, For 'tis my duty and delight,

Alike they tume, and vex, and fret; To censure vice though cloth'd with might; For they've on thoufands set their mind, And set true virtue in the fairest light.

And think no blanks at all ta find: Hear then with favour, and redress

But those whose fesses are not gone, The cruel hardships of the PRESS.

Allow there's eighty-seven to one.-These bloody stamps, these double chains, Then cease to vex-hus say the wise, Sweep all the profits of my pains;

“ Content makes any lot a prize." Vol. XIX

3 Z HISTORIA

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