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whole disimbarkation is completed, and When these orders were issued, the till the provisions, tents, baggage, & c. are fleet was four miles from the ihore, the landed, accordingtothe orders of Sept.15. whole length of which was now lined

When the first part of every regiment with cannon, and crouded with troops. is imbarked, it is to proceed silently and The party first ordered to land, which quietly to the place of rendezvous ap- did not amount to more than 1200 men, pointed for the division, and there the must have maintained their ground fix whole division receives their orders from or seven hours before they could have a captain of a ship of war, which orders been supported by a fecond disimbarkathey are in every particular strictly to o- tion; and that without a posibility of bey.

retreat, as the boats were immediately The troops have had a great example to row back to fetch the rest of the troops. before their eyes, and the General is However, desperate as the undertaking confident that they will endeavour to i. seemed to be, every one prepared to exmitate the coolness and determined va. ecute these orders without the least aplour that appeared in the attack of the pearance either of fear or discontent. isle of Aix.

The men were in the boats an hour be No soldier is to fire from the boats fore the time appointed; and continued upon any account, but to wait for the in them thumping each other, and beatmoment to join the enemy with their ing against the fides of the ships, for bayonets.

four hours. Then they were ordered to Eight mantlets per regiment will be return to their ships till further orders. distributed, and the commanding officers The two following days were spent in will dispose of them, so as to cover the blowing up some unñnished fortifications landing boats and rowers from the mús- on the isle of Aix. On the iit of Ocquetry, in case it be necessary.

tober the fleet set sail for England, and The troops are to land silently, and arrived safe at Spithead on the 6th. in the best order the nature of the thing Hitherto we have for the most part allows of.

followed a pamphlet which was publisha The companies to form, and be ready ed at London a few days after the return to attack whoever appears before them. of the fleet, intitled, Å genuine account,

The chief engineer, the quarterma. by a volunteer in the expedition.-Two fter-general, and his deputies, are to go days before this pamphlet appeared, the on sore with the first body that lands. following account was published in the

All the intrenching tools are to be London gazette. landed immediately after the second im Whitehall, Oet. 8. Yesterday an acbarkation.

count was received, that the fleet, and Mr Boyd, the comptroller of the ar- transports, under the command of Sir tillery, is appointed to carry orders to Edward Hawke, were arrived at St Hethe chief engineer, captain of the artil. len's, having failed from Basque road lery, and to every branch of the orde on the ift inftant. On the 23d of Sep. nance, and is to be obeyed.

tember Sir Edward Hawke ordered the Each regiment to send a return imme- Vice-Admiral, with his division, comdiately of the number of tents they have posed of the Magnanime, Barfleur, Nepremaining after the calculating a tent for iune, Torbay, and Royal William, frie eight men, as ordered on the 15th. gates, bomb-vesels, fire-thips, and cut

Col. Kingsley to be ready to march ters, to attack the ille of Aix, between with the grenadiers upon their landing; the islands of Rhe and Oleron. The with two field officers, Major Farquhar, Magnanime led; and about twelve the and Lt. Col. Sir William Boothby. fire began from the fort, with theils and

The regiments are each of them to re- great guns, and continued while our ceive from the storekceper of the ord- ihips approached, till about ten mi. nance, ten chevaux-de-frize, and to nutes after one, when the Magnanime fend for them forth with."

brought up within less than forty yards VOL. XIX,

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of the fort ; where she kept an incel 1757, dispatched by the Viper floop, and fant fire for about thirty-five minutes, as received by them on board the Ramilies did the Barfleur, which brought up a the 22d day of September. bout five minutes after her, abreast of the fort. About three quarters after one the firing ceased, the garrifon ha- His Majesty

, by his secret infractions,

dated the 5th day of August last, ving struck their colours, and furrender. having directed the return of the feet éd. They had in the fort eight mortars under your command, together with the of about fourteen inches diameter, and land-forces on board, «<fo as to be in thirty guns, fixteen of which were eigh- England at, or about, as near as may teen, and the remainder about fourteen be, the end of September, unless the pounders. The Magnanime, though circumstances of the ships and forces damaged in her rigging, yards, and fhall neceffarily require their return foonmalts, yet had only two soldiers killed, er;" I am now to fignify to you the and eleven men wounded. Of the gar- King's pleasure, that you do not conrison, which confifted of near 600 lea. fider the above-mentioned cime, limitmen and foldiers, only one was killed, ed for your return, as intended, in any and feven or eight wounded. The works manner, to affect, or interfere with the of this fort have been fince blown up. full execution of the firit and principal

On the 29th of September the reso. obje&t of the expedition ; namely, "At. kution was taken to return to England tempting, as far as fhall be found pracwith the troops, no attempt having been ticable, a defeent on the French coaft, made to land on the coatt of France.

at or near Rochefort, in order to attack, Great things had been expected of if practicable, and, by a vigorous imthis armament, and the disappointment presion, force that place, and to bura occasioned fuch a general outery as that and defroy, to the utmost of your power, in the case of Adm. Byng. But it does all shipping, docks, magazines, and are not appear that the commanders are fenals, that shall be found there, and considered by the government as delin- exert fach other efforts as shall be judquents, no public cenfure having passed ged most proper for annoying the eneon them, and no intimation having been my.” And with regard to any other given that they will be judicially accu. particular attempt, which, agreeably to fed, as was done in the other case

your orders, you shall have commenced, [xviii

. 301,57.). On the contrary, Adm. and in the execution whereof you fhali Hawke was sent out soon after, with an be actually engaged, it is also his Ma. other great feet under his command ; jefty's pleafure, that you do not defist and we were told that a court-martial from, or break up the fame, merely and would soon be called to inquire into the solely on account of the time limited for affair, at the request of the commander your return, by the instructions above. in chief of the land forces.

mentioned ; but that, notwitstanding the It was furmised that the feet had fame, you do continue, with the fleet, been ordered home in confequence of a during such a farther number of days, fecret article in the Hanover convention

as may afford a competent time for the (483.]; and this farmife was the more completion of any operation under the easily believed, because a floop had been above circumstances. After which you fent express to the fleet foon after that

are to take care to return, with the feet convention was concluded, and it was under your command, and the forces on probably to remove this suspicion, that board, in the manner directed by your forihe following was pablished in the Lon- ther instructions. I am, &c.

W. Pitt." don gazette of Od. 15. " Whitehall, October 15: 1757

In a third edition of the aforemention. Copy of a letter from Mr Secretary Pitt; to ed Genuine Account, what here follows Sir Edward Hawke, and to Sir John is added. Mordaunt, dated, Whitehall, Sept. 15. " That I may entirely remove all su


{picion of the expedition having been from the place, so as to have stormed it originally intended only as a sham ar at the same instant that the ships began mament, or that we were influenced by to fire ? Is it not almost certain, that in Hanoverian confiderations, it may not the surprise they would have surrenderbe amiss to inform the public upon what ed? I own it would have appeared a

ounds the expedition was founded. daring enterprise. So much the better, Know then, that some three years ago, so much greater the astonishment, and, the gentleman who accompanied us in consequently, so much greater our prothe capacity of chief engineer, had, in spect of fucceeding. How many inhis travels through France, an oppor- tances have we not in hiftory, of great tunity, by the complaisance of the go. attempts fucceeding, merely because they vernor of Rochefort, of taking a deli- were thought impracticable by the eneberate view of that place. He saw se- my? - Thos much I know, at least, that veral ships then upon the stocks, and a desperate fituation, like ours, requires considerable quantity of naval stores; desperate means of relief. And let not he likewise observed the fortifications any one imagine, from what he hall to be extremely weak, and in many read in this pamphlet, that we have no places unfinished. This he lately come feeds of true valour left among us; on municated to the ministry; and gave it the contrary, I am convinced from what as his opinion, that Rochefort was in no I have seen, even upon this expedition, condition of defence; that it might ea. that our army in general is equal to any fily be taken by assault; and the ship- undertaking; nor am I less certain, that ping and stores as easily destroyed. He there might be found commanders that confessed, that for fear his papers might would answer our mof sanguine expecbe fearched, he had not dared to take a tations, plan of the works ; but that he could I should be glad to ak the generals fufficiently depend upon his memory, to upon this expedition, whether, when affert pofitively the trath of what he had they come to reflect coolly upon what faid. There needs no extraordinary fill palled, they do not recollect their having in politics, to conceive how much our imprudently admitted a certain gentlefuccess in such an enterprise would have man into their councils (I do not say he distressed our enemy. The ministry gave is an Englishman), who had no comear to his design, and the neceflary pre- mand ? Are they now satisfied with haparations were accordingly made; which, ving listened to him?" though they were undoubtedly expen According to advices from Bath, of live, yet, if we had done our duty, I am O&. 26. the following letter was then convinced the design would have been banded about there. * Dear Sir, I have found sufficiently adequate.

this morning a letter from Mr P-t, I have indeed so great an opinion of which he begins with saying that his our naval power, that I have often been heart was broke. It appears that the surprised we do not more frequently em. confternation in France, upon the apploy it in this manner. I am sure, at proach of our fleet, was not to be imaleaft, we might keep their armies at gined ; that, notwithfanding the boalt home to guard their coafts, if we did of the French, there were only 4000 but use our strength so as to make them regular troops upon the whole coast, more afraid of our fleets. We have, in whereas the number we fent was 10,000 ;. general, too dreadful an opinion of forts that, upon the arrival of the feet off and batteries ; --- I scarce believe there Rochefort, the King's owo guards were is a sea-port in the world that might not fent away by forced marches, who howbe taken by naval force. Suppole, for ever could not have arrived till the ioth instance, instead of sailing down to the of this month at the very soonest, which bottom of the bay, we had dared to, at- would have been fixteen days after our tack Breft ; might not the land-forces men ought to have landed; that the ter-have been disumbar ked at a diktance ror was so great among the French, that:


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the fort we took defended itself only on the road) have received fresh orders
for thirty-four minutes, though but two to continue their march to Rochelle.
Thips, Capt. Howe and Capt. Greaves, The second company of musqueteers
attacked it, the complements of which went henee last Friday; and the gen.
were not above a third more than the darmes, light horse, and grenadiers,
garrison; that notwithstanding the fure are setting out successively; as the court
prising success which happened on the cannot yet be persuaded that the Eng-
23d, they all agreed to come back on the lith have entirely given over the enter-
29th, without so much as attempting to prise they had formed against our coaft.”
land, or to execute the orders they were
fent with."

From the PATRIOT, (à writer under that
We shall conclude this account with

charader in the Ev. Advertiser), 08.13, two or three articles from France, viz. T length our great expectations

" Paris, Ox. 12. If the English had from the secret expedition are all pushed their enterprise with that celerity evaporated in fumo, and our tremendous and valour which are the principal fleet, after having frightened all the old means of success in attempts of this women and children upon the coast of kind, they had infallibly fucceeded in France, now rides harmless at Spithead. gnining and burning our docks and The reason of their returning wichout magazines at Rochefort. Two of the having even attempted any act of hostiKing's ships, the Prudent, of 74 guns, lity proportioned to their force, is likely and the Capricious, of 64, which now' to afford as much matter of conwere in the road, and could not come jecture, as the place of destination did up the river, were on the very point of before they set fail. being set on fire by their respective The reasons hitherto made public, crews, as the only means of preventing are certainly by no means fatisfactory, their falling into the enemy's hands, We are told, that the land-forces were when that enemy was graciously pleased prepared to debark, and required the to render that meafure unnecessary, by navy to cover their debarkation ; but quitting the coait.”

that the wind was so contrary, and the " Paris, Oft. IfAn officer who water so shallow, the thips could not was made prisoner by the English in the advance : wherefore the prudent gentleifle of Aix, and released upon his pa- men in the land-service, lecing the shore role, is arrived here, and reports, that, covered with regular troops, held a excepting the demolition of the fort on council of war, in which it was adjudged that island, they did no damage to the impracticable to land the forces. inhabitants; that, on the contrary, they But they must hope to find us at home, indemnified those whose houses were de- as shallow as they found the water upon Itroyed by their cannon; and that they the coast of France, to think that reaobserved the greatest order during the fons as contrary to common sense, as thort time of their stay. This officer the wind could be to the fleet, will adds, that the English did not expect to check us from attempting to fathoın into meet with so much difficulty as they the mystery of their inactivity. found in the execution of their project It would be doing great injustice to of landing near Rochefort and Rochelle; the managers of the expedition, to fup. that the officers they fent to reconnoitre pofe that they had not fathomed the the shore reported, that a landing could water, to see how far the ships could go, not be attempted without great hazard, before they sent them; and it would be as well on account of the rocks and doing us manifest wrong, to imagine currents, as of the measures taken by that we will not endeavour to dive into the French to defeat any descent that the cause of their tame return, and judge might be attempted."

of what they might have done, before Paris, 081.10. The King's house. we acquitthem of the crime of nonaction. hold troops (who were ordered to stop It certainly could not be supposed,


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that the wind would always blow fáir rations; and the tremendous fleet now
for the fleet; neither could the land- rocking at Spithead, will be compared
gentlemen imagine, that the French to the ridiculus mus, which crept out of
government would order their coasts to the groaning mountain.
be laid into gravel walks, and plant The ministry, who have been so high.
their soldiers on the shore with birch ly extolled on account of this equipe
brooms in their hands, to sweep the ment, will now, it is to be feared, be
way clean, for the more commodious condemned for its miscarriage. But if
landing of the troops.

it is owing to any failure of duty in the They must neceffarily have expected commanders, the m----y are not reall the oppofition which could be met sponsible for their misbehaviour; for as with from an active and skilful enemy, they employed the most valiant and exprepared for their coming; and there. perienced men upon this occafion, they fore they ought to have been no more so far acquitted themselves with honour, surprised at the fight of the French fol. and are justified by their choice. diers along the coast, than at the foam Where the fault lies, it is folly at of the waves upon the fea-beach. present to conjecture; but the cause of . If the wind blew contrary, sure there so extraordinary an event, cannot long could have been no danger in staying a be concealed from a free people. It few days at least, in hopes of its chan- would be offering a precipitate injury to ging. They might be certain that Roche- the reputation of our patriot mummo fort would not run away from them; suppose that they would countenance a and why they should run away from mock expedition. If the intent of this Rochefort, seems inconceivable. vast armament had been only for parade,

I never yet heard of Cæsar, Alexan- and designed as an inoffensive prelude der, or any other heroes, holding coun to a destructive peace, we may be assu. cils of war in fight of an enemy. All red that their resignation would have this reasoning and deliberation only forerun the deceitful equipment. ferves to check the ardour of an army We may conclude from their eftawhich is to act offensively, by presenting blished skill and integrity, that they will dangers and difficulties to the minds of be able to justify their conduct; let us many who would never have discovered therefore suspend our judgments, and them: and had the brave Capt. Clive accuse no one, till we have fome authen-: called a council of war, he had never tic facts, upon which we may ground reduced the nabob by his amazing in- our accusations. trepidity. But it would be unpardonable to im

From the MONITOR, Oet, 22. pute the return of our fleet to the want


HE character of a free people is of courage in our commanders either by to use such means as they are inti. fea or land. They were men of expe- tled to, by the constitution and laws of rienced valour ; and there are, no doubt, their country, to maintain their liberties some latent causes which preserved the and property; and not to bewail their enemy from feeling the effects of their misfortunes with effeminate fighs and prowess.

tears, till despair, which destroys reaHowever, it is some consolation, to fon and courage, makes them careless of reflect, that we have lojt nothing. As their real interest, and easy to be fetterto the money which has been spent in ed by the instruments of tyranny and equipping this terrible armada, it has corruption. been expended among ourselves, and Is it enough for Britons to be permit.' still circulates in the kingdom.

ted to bewail disgrace upon disgrace, The most humiliating circumstance and loss upon loss? Is it not time to foris, that we shall become the laughing- bear those daftardly complaints, which stock of Europe. Their derision will echo from every corner of these domibe in proportion to our mighty prepa. nions, and breathe nothing but fear and


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