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FC? Is could not miscarry without

weakness? Such a resentment, or ree ment; and the laws of a free people venge upon ourselves, if it smothers it. prescribe the method both to detect and felf in despair, will never produce an to punish the authors of their misfor amendment in public measures, but en- tunes and disquietudes. courage the authors of our prefent fur Are we to caft the blame on the mi. prise and forrow to complete our ruia. nifter? Did he not provide a sufficient

This would not be acting up to the strength of hips and soldiers ? Did he wisdom and resolution of our forefathers. not deliver the instructions for the expe. They, when the parliament was com. dition in the most explicit and positive posed of none but men of large fortunes, terms; to attempt a descent on the who were to contribute the greatest pra. coast of France, at or near Rochefort, ir portion to the supplies demanded by the order to attack, and by a vigorous ima crown, paid no regard to the artifices preffion to force that place," &c.? Did of the King's servants, invented to draw he not dispatch them to the seat of acthe people's money into the royal exche- tion with so much fecrecy, that the quer, nor were afraid, when it was French had no opportunity to cover misapplied, to fop their hands, and to their coafts; and at a time when they upbraid majelty itself. “ We are ama- could not muster above four battalions zed, O King,” said they to' Henry III. in all Britany? Had this armament

have funk the immense been retarded and conducted like that fums of money, raised under various ordered for the relief of Minorca ; or pretences without doing the leaf ser. had these instructions been as defective vice to our country, and we will not and contradi&ory as those fent to Gib. tamely be thus Heeced for the time to raltar ; or had the enemy been prepacome,

red to receive our imbarkation with a It now remains for us to exert that superior force; reason, humanity, and {pirit, which only is able to convince justice, would acquit the commanders ; the world, that Britons are still as and our resentment would neceffarily fall powerful and free as in those days of li. on the minister. But since they have berty, and to bring to light the secret no such plea, let them answer, why they Springs of our miscarriages, It is a did not attempt a descent on the French great misfortune for any kingdom, when' coaft. it rings with complaints of oppression This is what the people have a right and corruption, without ever seeing a to ask, and to have answered in the single example of punishment; and most explicit manner. Upon the resosvhen all the weight of the public au- lution of this question depends our prethority falls only on the people, and nę. sent contentment; and from the mea. Her opon those who ruin them.

fuses to be taken thereon, we may de The nation was never more disap- termine upon our future safety and lipointed, nor, if we are to judge from herty. For if the avenues to truth and contingencies, lo exposed to the con- justice sould be so obstructed by power tempt of our enemies, as by the inactic and corruption, that there is no detectvity and miscarriage of the late expe- ing or coming at the cause of our comdition. And fall they who were in- plaints, dissatisfaction will disturbo any trusted with the hopes of the nation, a heart that wilhes well to his country'; measure on which the honour and safety and thould they escape with imponity of these kingdoms chiefly depended, be who have done us this dishonour, what Cuffered to retire in peace? hall we not expectations can we entertain of success endeavour to find out the cause of this upon qur arms hereafter ?

Was the descent impracticable? This caule; is answerable for all impracticability must either appear from our disgrace and loss. Our own prefer- an impossibility of landing the forces, vation calls upon us to inquire, where occasioned by the contrariety of the we are to fix the object of our resent winds, the inclemency of the sea or


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weather, the want of boats and other fred by the resolutions of a council of conveniencies to carry and cover the war, composed of those men, who, by foldiers from the hazards of an hoftile their inactivity, might feek an excuse More ; or it must be imputed to the su- not to expose themselves' to dangers perior strength of the enemy; for it can. Councils of war are to confider of the not be presumed, that an invader can moft effectual means to execute orders : appear on a coaft without some appear. but if ever it be allowed for good docance of a resistance. Bat on this expe- trine in politics, that a council of offdition, the winds, weather, and fea, cers, ordered upon a service of any hawere favourable; neither boats nor 0. zardous danger to their lives, shall have ther conveniencies were wanting; and power to vote that service, or their orthe coast was naked without batteries, and ders, impracticable, before they have covered only with an undisciplined mili. made a vigorous attempt, or done the tia, and croads of frightened spectators. utmost in their power, both in regard to

Why then did our commanders delay time and strength, we can expect very their instructions ? Was it not practicable little success in our fleets and armies, to land in these circumstances ? Did where commißions are not the frequens they, by alarming the whole coast a rewards of merit, and whole bones and bout Rochefort, for eight days together, full

pay are the chief objects of their care. without making one attempt to land at Can the city of London forget how or near it, do ta the utmost of their power to warmly they addressed his Majesty and force the place with a vigorous impreffion, inftracted their representatives for an inand to burn and deftroy,

&c. ? Did not quiry into the lofs of Minorca, and the this misconduct give the French an op. neglect of our American territories ? Do portunity to erect batteries, and to not they recollect the weight their rema strengthen and fortify themselves on the monstrances had with our sovereign, coaft; while our terrible fleet lost its and the guardians of our liberties, to fierceness, and was content to take up bring the object of their resentment to 600 half-itarved Frenchmen from the justice, and many hidden things to light, little garrison of Aix, to transport them before the house of Commons? Did not into the rich meadows of G. Britain the whole nation expect this from the If these things be fo, ought not the citizens of the metropolis ? And can it council of war which let lip the time be fuppofed that they will be wanting at when it was practicable to execute their this important conjuncture, to exert commisfion, and founded the impracti- themselves in their country's cause, or cability of their orders upon the conse. fuffer any private schemes to delay their quences of their own delays and omif- addrefs to the throne of justice, for a deLions, be answerable to the public, and tection of those whose conduct in the rewarded according to their deserts? late expedition has blasted the well-con

Was it a capital crime in the unfor. certed measures of the ministry, and tunate commander in the Mediterra. given the enemy the greatest advantage? nean, for not attempting to relieve Mi This has always been the practice of norca; for not trying, or not doing the that freedom which preserved' the Briwimoff of his power, to land the forces tish conftitution from the injuries that for that garrison, when the fhore was have inflaved its neighbooring states; covered by a powerful army, and in which has maintained the crown in its fight of the enemy's fleet of fuperior prerogative, and guarded the fubjects force ? and shall there be no imputation from incroachments apon their rights of treachery, cowardice, or negligence; and privileges; and which, in all times shall the i zth article of war be forgotten, of public calamity, has been found fufin this case, where every circumstance ficient to assuage the murmurings of the conspired to the fuccess of a well-con- people, to 'unite them in the love of certed and well-appointed expedition their country, and to fecure them from Is the nation to be quieted and satis. open and secret enemies.


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lefs joy.

From the Citizen, O&t. II.

An O DE to HOP E. THE 'HE campaign may now be looked

Nil defperandum. upon as over. The troops must


"Hou blesting sent us from above, into winter-quarters; and a million of money has been scattered only to raise a

Fair Hope! thy presence let me hail,

When grief intrudes, when pais affail, laugh among our risible enemies, and, O'er life's rough seas, amid the tempest's roar, perhaps, among ourselves too. I wish Pilot my rolling bark, and set me fáfe on shore it may not.

'Tis thine, włren troubles rack the heart,
Every year produces fresh hopes. Thy lenient balsam to impart.
Thus in the spring, Lord Loudon and This load of life, oh! who could bear,
Adm. Holburne were to have done

Didnt thou not 'suage each galling care? wonders-Kill them, as Capt. Bobadil Thy frowns all human happiness destroy;

Thy smiles 'dawn peace upon the soul, and endfays. The Corsican expedition was to have been successful too-Kill them also.

The wretch, of ev'ry friend bereft, But this secret expedition was to have By kindred scorn'd, by fortune left, secretly destroyed the whole power of The orphan plungd in feas of care, France-Kill them also; while only two

The widow'd wife, the injur'd heir, sailors of our fide have been killed, and Thro’ the dark cloud that intercepts thy blaze,

Perceive thy glimm'ting light, and own thy one of our enemies, though we were

chearing rays. all fack Giant-killers a month ago.

Repentants gasping otit their breath, The dignity of the plan, laid by a And struggling with convulsive death, ministry in vogue with a fickle people, Faiptly lift up their dying eyes, the great opinion of the chief command While Nature tells her pangs in fighs;

To thee their ardent, genuide wishes fend, er, and the immensity of the arma. ment, to the supply of which the ord. Implore thy healing aid, and in thee find a friend. nance - stores were , almost exhausted,

Sapported by thy kindly hand,

The patriot in a stoking land, made every true Briton rejoice. Many Anxious to prop a falling state, an extraordinary bottle has been con. Smiles at fatigue, serenely great;

sumed in additional bumpers, through- Retorts the date of Malice, truly brave, out this tippling island: but Providence, And boldly ftems the force of Faction's rapid I believe, would have been better plea

The Law's delay, the Lover's pain, fed with private prayers than such Bac

Oppression's whip, Confinement's chain, chanalian rites.

The scorn of Pride, and Guilt's keen smart, We are either the most pious or pro Would foon lubdue the lab'ring heart : Higate of all people. True piety is not, But thou stepp't in, the drooping foul to raise, like that of the Pharisees, to be seen of And giv't a future prospect of more pleasing days. men. Perhaps we have such. If not,

Why may not Britain, then, once more there is no other name left for us but

Strike terror to proud France's shore?

Hence, fell Despair !-Go, fix thy throne what I have just mentioned.

In Gallic breasts; there reign alone. The French, the Lutherans, fing Te Hope still in Britain lives; nor will she die, Deum, , and pray as publicly in their Till GEORGE, and GEORGE's race, ascend the camp, as they exercise. A chaplain of greeting sky. an Englih regiment is a finecure of 55.

The LOVER'S RELIEF. a-day subfifience, and 1 s. 8 d. arrears ; and is to be bought every week in the Lowelcin foresta in mighty, bleffing,

When the fair one ; year at brokers shops. A fine institution

But tormenting is the pain, to a cure of the souls of above icoo peo When the proud one icorns the fwaina ple, as most regiments have two batta. What at first was meant to bless us, Jions. As we are not heartily with the By fond fools, does but distress us! God of hosts and armies, he of course To figh and Tob, and to be fad, is not with us. It is he, and he only,

Is not to love, but to be mad! that can snap the bow, and break the

Though Ny Cupid fires my breast,

He shall never break my reft; pear in sunder. Let us no longer trust to

For, dear Kitty, should you grieve me; ourselves, but trust in him, and him only, Honest Bacchus will relieve me, Sion College

Tours, B. B.


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An account of the ancient city of Hercula- spent the remainder of his life in some

obscure neum, destroyed by an eruption of Mount The court, however, made no use of the

of the German dominions.

part Vesuvius many ages ago.,

In a letter from a gentleman at Naples in 1744.

discovery, but the thing slept till the year

1738; when many hands were employHis great catastrophe was occa- ed, and have been ever since, to pene

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Vesuvius, fo early as in the days of the treasures; the greatest of which are the
Emperor Ticus, in which the city of paintings; which, however, are with dif-
Herculaneum perished [ix. 386.], and ficulty preserved, being not done in the
was overwhelmed with the ashes, sul- modern way in frames, but on the plai-
phur, and other matter, thrown out of iter on the walls.
that mountain, to the depth of eighty They have lately funk a new passage
feet, and in some places of more than into the higher part of the city, which is
one hundred. It has been the general fufficiently broad and convenient. They
opinion, that this city sunk into the before descended by some brick steps,
carth at that time ; but by what I have arched over the top; but having cleared a-
feen of it, and by what I can judge from way all that that part of the town afford-
the face of the country all round, there ed, till they came to a large circular wall,
has been no such thing: for the whole fo thick that they could not get through
earth now thereabout has been plainly it, they have now begun in a new place.

up of the disgorgings of the mount The fteps they descended by, were at to a great depth; and the city, many first supposed by the virtuofi and antiparts of which I have within these few quarians here, to be the work of the indays feen, has all its buildings standing habitants, to get away their treasure afperfe&tly upright: which could not have ter the loss of the place. But this was been the case had they funk; for they foon found to be a groundless notion, would then necessarily have leaned, and this work having never penetrated into many of them would have fallen by the the city, and the bricks being not at all fault of their foundation; as we cannot like those in the buildings of it; besides fuppose so great an extent of earth, and that there is no fand in the mortar they that so irregularly loaded, to have sunk are joined with, which determines the perfectly even.

date to be of not more than 300 years; Be this as it will, however, we are and the cement of all the buildings of very certain that it is so long ago that the city itself being harder than the the city perished; and at different times, bricks, and all composed of lime and in several ages since, there have been yellow sand. This new passage is very attempts to dig and penetrate into it, broad, and less steep than the former, and one thing or other has often been and is propped at intervals with wood discovered. There are in many of the work. neighbouring places, remains of Roman The substance through which it is cut Itatues, which have been taken out, fome is truly wonderful. In one place are vast 100, some 200, fome, as they fay, 600 beds of yellow, blue, and green fulphur, years ago. But about 80 years since, which take fire at carrying a candle by a bold attempt was made for the pene. them; in others, the sides are crammed trating a great way into it; a private with such fort of stuff as you make the gentleman having secretly caused to be rough work of the grottoes with in Engraken ap as much treasure of one sort or land; in others, it seems all cut through other, as he sold for 18,000 l. Sterling; a bed of alhes, like the beds of loose but one of his labourers at length be- fand in the heavy roads in some places, Craying him, and the thing getting air, and here it is forced to be propped up the government became apprised of it, all the way, and faced with boards ; and leized on the effects of the person in another place you shall see vast lumps concerned, who was forced to fly, and of glass of all colours, made by the VOL. XIX.


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heat of the fire ; in some there are blocks rior to any thing we have ever seen, of pure metal, and not a little, that, and, in my judgment, even to the painte where it is fresh broken, seems very full ings themselves. There is a Jung all of gold and filver ; so that I ain apt to carved in a bluish-white marble, the foldthink this will one time or other be ings of whose robes would deceive you found to be the most valuable part of the into the thinking they were linen, ever treasure. These pieces all look very full at two feet distance; the expreflion in of different colours, and itrike fire with the face is so much beyond all we know the tools, smelling like brimstone. It of ftatuary, that we want words even to is remarkable, that in the whole pal- convey our ideas of its excellence in. {age there has not been discovered so But the paintings are what chiefly, amuch as a single lump of natural mould, maze and delight every body. There nor a pebble, but all sulphur and melt. are very many which are broken or da. ed matter: and as we go lower toward maged by the workmen, .or defaced by the bottom, we fometimes may observe accident; but the few that are unhurt, whole ftreams, that seem to have been are proofs that there have once been ma. rivers of melted iron, which have allo sters which probably will never be efallen in some places into the town, and qualled. . Among those I saw here, was filled whole ftreets; and very likely this a Tityus chained to a rock, with his may have been the case, where the breast laid open, and a large bird feedworkmen at the other entrance could ing upon his liver. There are buc few make no further way, When we are colours in this piece ; yet the majesty of here got to the level of the town, we the whole, and the ideas it conveys, are are received in a broad and open square, fcarce to be expressed The rock is of a partly natural, partly owing to the work. deep brown, cracked and torn in feve, mens having pulled down and removed sal places, and appearing fo rugged, that the walls; and all round this they have you fweat for pain for the naked figure broken into several fine apartments, and that lies on it. This is perhaps one of in one place into a whole ftreet. But the greatest muscular figures that ever two of the workmen were lately crushed was or ever will be executed. The Gize to death, and buried in the ruins of a adds to the terror of it; it is more than wall that fell on them, and two others eight feet long; and the drawing up narrowly escaped the same fate, In this the left leg, and at the same time chruftsquare are deposited the treasures they ing out the other to its utmost extent, in have lately found; and on a view of the agony of the pain, gives an opporthis, and of the magnificence of the tunity of displaying fuch muscles as will rooms they have broken into, one can never be seen elsewhere. The fingers nor but admire the magnificence and e- of the right hand are bent almost to legance of the ancients. One room I breaking, in trying, as it were, to tear went into, was lined with the most beau- up the rock, and the other hand is ftrang. titul purple and white marble, ie regu. ly clenched. In both these the promi. lar pannels, each pannel being edged nence of the joints and the diftention with a black and gold marble, and sure of the veffels, is beyond all idea of any rounded with a broad division of ano. who have not feen it. The whole body ther of blue, green, white, and purple. fnews its various muscles at work in a. Several others were in this tafte, though gony. The wound in the breaft is turn. in a leffer way.

You may think these ed artfully away, as a sight too shock. very magnificent : but, alas, Sir, these ing; but over it ftands the bird of hell, were the meanest of their aparıments ; in the act of itriking its head toward his ihe finer were all covered with paintings, breast. The whole plumage of the bird which are still fo fine and perfect, that ftands loofe and trembling, with expec. they rob all the late painters of their gio- cation of its banquet; and the fierceness ry. In the several niches of these, there of its eye, at once looking down into the are also fatues of a workmanship fupe. wound, and gazing allant, as if to fes

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