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racy between France, Auftria, and Ruf to give their affittance without some felf.
fend their numerous armies into Germain
This treaty, how. Upon this occasion, I fall not enter in Ever, fo far as appeared, was an alli- to that nice distinction he has made beance merely defensive; and consequent- tween the first aggression and the firft oly could have produced no effect, if no pen act of hostility [xviii..493.]; for attack had been made in Europe upon this is a distinction which no party in a any of the allied powers: nay, it would defensive alliance is ever obliged to not have warranted France's making an make, otherwise it would always be in attack upon Hanover ; and I doubt much, the power of any one party in a defenjf either Auftria or Ruffia would have five alliance, to involve the rest in a war agreed to France's making any such at- whenever it pleased. The first open act tack, if the King of Pruffia had made no of hostility is what must always conftitute attack upon Saxony or Auftria. I shall the cafus fæderis ; and if any one of the not pretend to inquire into what right parties in a defenfive alliance commits the King of Prussia had, or what necessity the first open act of hostility, it frees the he was under, to attack Saxony or Au- rest from any obligation they are under, ftria;
this I will fay, that he could by that alliance, to aflit him, even not have done a kinder office to France, though he should be afterwards attackthan to attack them at the time and in ed in his own territory, by those whom the manner he did ; because it gave effi- he had first attacked. From whence we cacy to the alliance which that crown mutt conclude, that this nation is onder bad juft entered into with the courts of no obligation to aflift the King of PrusVienna and Petersburg, and laid the fia in the present war, either from the Queen of Hungary under a neceffity to last treaty we made with him, or from acall for the afliftance of France; and ny former treaty of alliance or guarante perhaps to make such concessions to that ty, provided we, upon this occafion, crown, as may hereafter appear to be gave him no countenance or encourageinconsistent with the interest of this na ment to begin the attack: which I hope tion in particular, as well as of Europe we were so far from doing, that we dein general ; for the French have feldom, clared positively againit it, as we cerif ever, appeared to be fo generous, as tainly ought to have done.
But now let us examine, what we are dent's happening, or our being able to obliged to do from generosity, from make the proper advantage of it when friendship, and from our regard for the it does happen. From all which I must Protestant caufe in Germany. In all conclude, that our giving 200,000 I. for these respects, I thall most readily admit, either of these purposes, is so far from that we are under the highest obligation being necessary or prudent, that it may to prote& and support the King of Pruso be attended with consequences 'pernifia in defence of his juft rights, if it were cious to the true interest of this nation, in our power to do so. But can this be and to that of Europe in general, espe. fupposed to be in our power, confider- cially the electorate of Hanover, which ing the circumstances which Europe has' I heartily wish it were in our power to been thrown into, fisit by our treaty with protect from any insult or invasion." him, and next by his attack upon
Sa To this is was answered in general, xony and Austria? If it was not in our That some of the other princes of Ger power, in conjunction with Russia and many might perhaps join with the King Austria, to protect Hanover against of Pruffia, or at least afist him privately France, it cannot surely be in our power with a large sum of money, which, with to protect either Hanover or Prosla a- the addition of this 200,000 I. might gainst France, Austria, and Russia. And enable him to prolong the war ; and in a faint and fruitless attempt to do so, the mean time some accident might hapwould be like throwing up a weak pen for diffolving the powerful alliance aound against a mighty inundation, now formed against him : and as the which only makes it rush in with great- grant of such a small fum could no way er impetuofity, and spread wider its de- affect the prosecution of our war by sea vastation,
and in America, we ought to make him .. What then are we to do in the present such a small compliment, even though unfortunate conjuncture ? Certainly, to we were under no obligation by treaty give ourselves no concern, much less to to alift him. put ourselves to any expence, about the The first resolution of March 10. present war upon the continent of Ea- art. 5. was occasioned by the vote of sope; but to pursue, with the utmost vi. credit, as it is called, agreed to the pregour, our own just and necessary war a. ceding seffion; and Mews how much his gainst France, at sea and in America ; Majelty deserves such confidence from and to wait till some future accident gives his parliament : for though that vote of a turn to the present system of affairs in credit was for a million [xviii, 437.), Europe : for every one must allow, that yet, by this resolution, it appears, that the present system is far from being na- his Majesty raised but 700,000 l. upon cusal, and therefore it is not probable that credit ; and of what was so raised that it will long continue. The three and employed, an exact account was laid great powers now in alliance may pro- before parliament in this feflion, every bably fall out among themselves, either article of which appeared to be so juk about the conduct of the war, or the and necessary, that no objection was terms of
any future treaty of peace; and made to any of them. any such accident, which we ought di And this prevented any opposition ligendy to watch for, may furnih us being made to the firft resolution of with an opportunity to interpose again, May 19. art. 32. which was founded upin the afairs of Europe, with advantage on the King's message presented May 17. so ourselves, as well as to the common [255, 6.]. - A like message was at cause: but our putting ourselves to any the same time sent to the Lords. Their expence, either about forming an army Lordships voted a most loyal address to of observation, (which I am afraid will the King upon the occasion, and agreed be made an army of vain opposition), to this article, when it came before them or about a filling the King of Piuilia, by way of a clause of appropriation, will only tend io prevent any such acci- without any oppofitione
With regard to the resolutions of the to the subscribers ; and a subscriber upe ways and means committee, we have on the fifth class, had he lived till he occafion to make remarks only on two was 85, might have had such a princeof them, those of Jan. 24. and March 14. ly revenue coming in yearly, during the
That of Jan. 24. art. 3. met with rest of his life, that I wonder the chance little or no opposition within doors, be- did not tempt numbers to subscribe into cause of the necefűty we were under: that class. A man of so years of
age but by many without doors' it was has not, it is true, an equal chance to thought one of the worst ways we could live above 17 years; but if a million had take for raising of money ; because e. been subscribed into that class, and one very sort of lottery must give to every only of the subscribers had lived till he one who is able to purchase a ticket, had been 85, though he was not perthe hopes of adding to his fortune with haps a subscriber for above 1oo l. yet, out either industry or frugality, and con- from that time, he would have had an Sequently must diminish the industry of annuity of 50,000 l. coming in yearly, those who incline to be idle, and increase during the rest of his life ; and if five of the luxury of those who incline to be them had arrived at that age, they would extravagant; and as such inclinations have had each an annuity of 10,000 l. are but too general among the people coming in yearly during the rest of their of every society, no wise government respective lives. will ever voluntarily promote any scheme
[To be continued.] that may furnish the people, especially those of the poorer fort, with any ground Anecdotes concerning Marechal Keitb. for entertaining such hopes. This Taken from a letter, dated Sept. 24. 1757, from * was the objection made to the lottery it gentleman in the country to his friend at Edieself; and when the scheme of the lot. burgh, first publifined in the Edinburgh Magazine. tery appeared in public, a multitude of
[The memoirs of this great man which ous objections were presently made to it, readers have in their hands [405.), were writica which it would be too tedious to give an by Andrew Henderson, A. M. sometime a proaccount of : but in general it may be bationer in the presbytery of Edinburgh, who in observed, that if our lotteries could be 1746 wrote what he called The history of the re
bellion. He went foon after to London, and has drawn at a less expence to the public, a written several pieces there, probably for breado much better scheme might certainly be As we made some corrections in the mecontrived; for the reason of having so moirs, in which we are jultified by the gente many classes, and all of them to be de. man who writes this letter, and expressed an aptermined by the drawing of one, was to by persons who knew all the facts
, we now rez
prehension that more corrections might be made leffen the public expence, by shorten. dily insert these anecdotes, by which some more ing the time of drawing; whereas it mistakes are corrected, and some defékts are might, it is thought, be leffened by lef. fupplied.] sening the number of commissioners: That the Velt Mareschal and but this we shall leave to those who have his brother (says this gentleman) were now the conduct of our public affairs, for some time, in their childhood, onand who seem resolved to carry them on, der the care of Mr Thomas Ruddiman, not only with vigour, but with as niuch is true; but the praise of their educaparfimony as is consistent with that vi. tion, or even of their learning the La. gour.
tin tongue, must not be ascribed to him, As to the resolution of March 14. Bp Keith, a blood-relation of tke fa[515.), it is surprising there was not a mily, was cutor to the Earl from his bemuch greater sum subscribed upon it, ginning the grammar, and read with considering how soon the subscription him the history of Titus Livius from beproposed by the resolution of April 28. ginning to end. The Velt-Mareschal was filled: for every one of the clasies was three years younger; he having for life - annuities with survivorships, been born June 14. 1696, 0. S. and therein proposed, was very advantageous the Earl, April 2. 1693. His educa
tion was but going on apace when the the family of Stewart, the Earl and his
However, though at a diftance from
3 that leg, and I will not part with it fo ask the succession to the estate of Kin
easily; at least not till I have the best tore, his request would be granted ;
advice in Europe.” He therefore tranf- but that he answered, with a conscious & ported him to Paris, in a machine (which dignity, " That if the favour was refu. NA
the Earl] contrived for that purpose. fed to his royal mistress, it did not beBut the wound baffled the skill of the come him to ask it." He had before French phyficians, as it had before done this time given fignal proofs of his skill that of the Russians. However, by and conduct, and deserved to be ranktheir advice, he went to drink the wa. ed among the first generals in Europe ; ters of Barege, by the help of which his no man is less under the influence of cure was happily completed *.
riches, which he esteems only to give I wish I could with certainty satisfy away; and therefore to obtain them, your curiosity about the Turkish lady would not submit to what he reckoned you mention. It is said she was dug out derogatory to his own merit, or to ask
of the rains of her father's house at Oc. what had been refused the Czarina. til zakow, being the only surviving person He is now engaged in one of the most
of the whole family ; but with what difficult and dangerous enterprises that can truth, I cannot tell. However, it is perhaps ever fell to his lot; where he en certain, that she was then a child of not will probably have occasion to exert all
above fix or seven years of age; a ciró those military talents which his natural el cumftance that bids defiance to the ftrength of genius, improved by a long
loosest imagination to have the least in- course of experience, has rendered hinz decent thought upon that subject. The master of: and it is not to be doubted, first appearance of the young innocent but that, whateyer be his fate, he will
pleaded for protection ; and the Gene. endeavour to acquit himself, fo as not W ral resolved to afford it. But he was
But he was to disappoint the expectations and conof perplexed how to dispose of her, so as fidence of his royal malter, nor deroWill to procure her an education suitable to gate from the renown acquired by his
her high birth : for her father was a former atchievements. Turkish grandee of eminence and power.
At length he resolved to put her into the Translation of a letter writ by the King of i hands of his brother; who has been
Prusia to the Earl Marischal after the e careful to give her the best education,
battle of the 18th of June lafi. india and has all along treated her as his own My LORD, the daughter. As such she does the ho. HE Imperial grenadiers are ada indien nours of his table, and demeans herself
mirable troops ;
one hundred Kahit like a dutiful child to a tender and af. companies defended a rising ground lelet fe&tionate parent.
thať my best infantry could not carry. The author of the memoirs says, Ferdinand, who commanded them, re“ That he offered his service as a fol. turned seven times to the charge, but chelde dier in the British army, provided he to no purpose. At first he mastered a
might be allowed to enjoy the eftate and battery, but could not hold it. The ehonours of his coofin the Earl of Kin- nemy had the advantage of a numerous
tore.” I have been assured the contrary and well-served artillery. It did honour tên was true; and that it was suggested to to Lichtenstein, who had the direction ; lo him by those in power, that if he would the Pruffian alone can dispute it with
[We are informed by the gentleman who fa him. My infantry were too few. All diy youred us with the corrections which we made in my cavalry were present, and idle spec
the meinoirs, that the French physicians caused tators, except one bold push by my lay open the General's knee, which it would seem household troops and some dragoons. those of Russia had neglected to do, and found Ferdinand attacked without powder ; fome of the lining of his coat in the wound; the enemy, in return, were not sparing that they cleaned the wound, and then completed
of theirs. the cure; that it was to recover his strength he
They had the advantage of went to drink the waters; and that they had the 2 rising ground, of intrenchments, and dcfired effcet.