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jesty purposes to take, and that which was this over when Gen. Landon arri-
my enemies, after having brought court: but this appointment was broupon me all the powers of Europe. I ken; for at noon the first divifion of the expe&t that your Majesty will remember Pruflian troops appeared about a league yoor engagements, renewed on the 26th off. At one in the afternoon a regio past, and that you will not liften to any ment of their husfars came on, fall galengagements in which I am not com- lop, to attack the outermoit picquets of prehended."
the Austrians; who recired in good orSeveral difficulties arose in regard to der towards their corps, which was on the convention; but at length they were the march to Eisenach, and there was all got over, and the Hanoverian troops, no bood spilt. At half an hour after instead of passing the Elbe, are all co be two the King of Prusia, attended only quartered on the left of that river, in by Prince Henry, a regiment of haffars the duchjes of Bremen and Verden. and a regiment of dragoons, arrived at
By our last the French under the the city.gates, and sent word by a genPrince de Soobise, and the execution- tleman that he came to dine with the army of the empire, commanded by the Duke. He was inftantly admitted ; Prince of Saxe-Hildburghausen, had re- and taking his feat, insisted that Madam treated, upon the approach of the King de Bushwald should dine with him, all of Pruffia, to Langen-Saltza and Ei- the time entertaining the company with fenach, and his Pruflian Majesty had ta- much discourse and great chearfulness. ken possession of Erfarth. In the re- At five o'clock he departed with his attreat the Prince de Soubise took up his tendants only, on his way to Erfurth, quarters at Gotha, and defired the Duke leaving behind him his dragoons and to lend him four mortars and five pieces husfars, under the command of Maj.of cannon, promising to return them Gen. Seydelitz. when he had no further occasion for On the 18th at noon, Prince Henry them; and without more ceremony the made a visit to the Duchess of SaxeFrench gunners drew them out of the Gotha ; and on the igià a rencounter arsenal. On the 13th of September, at happened between Gen. Seydelitz and ten in the evening, a detachment of the a very considerable part of what is now train of artillery returned to Gotha, in called the combined army, which has order to take with them ten more pieces been set in very different lights by the of cannon, and to render the reit un- two opposite fides. The Pruffians ferviceable; which they did. The 14th represent it as follows: “ The combined the inhabitants were greatly alarmed by army was assembled near Eisenach, and a number of French foldiers gathering intrenched in the defiles of the mounin the treets, and saying they had per- tains, to wait the attack of the Proflians, million to pillage the city before their who still continued near Erfurth ; but departure. This appeared the more in the mean time the commanders came credible, as the regiment of volontaires to a resolution of making an attempt to de Nassau, in conjunction with their of. carry off Seydelitz's party, which was ficers, taking advantage of the confu- at Gotha, and confised of about 1200 fion, and finding the doors of the ar For this purpose they marched fenal open, stripped it of every thing all night, with almost all their cavalry, that might be of service to them, as pic and twenty-three companies of grenafols, fusées, bandeliers, &c. Scarcely diers, amounting in the whole to be.
ween and 8000 men, and arrived a- nemy unawares, beat them, and took bout eight in the morning. But Sey- elevea pieces of cannon, feven of which delitz, though surprised, made a good he brought away, and nailed up the retreat, not losing twenty men. The rest. M. de Eisenberg, aid-de-campPrinces Hildburghaufen and Soubise, general of the circle of Franconia, and and all the French generals, came up to Baron Grittenberg, in the fervice of the court at eleven o'clock; the infantry Prince Bishop of Bamberg, were made poffefled themselves of the town, and it prisoners." was expected they would have remained His Pruffian Majefty having waited a here. But Seydelitz perceiving a fog to considerable time in the neighboarhood arise, determined to improve it; he of Erfurth for the combined army, and therefore retired behind the hills about not judging it proper to attack a force a league off, towards Erfurth; where, so superior in intrenchments, he march. he caused 100 dragoons to dismount, to ed towards Naumburg, and on the 2d represent infantry, and divided the rest of October fixed his head quarters at of the troops into twenty-two small bo. Buttlestadt.' Upon this, the combined dies, which extended themselves very army returned to Gotha, Erfurth, and far, and, by the favour of the fog, ap. Weimar, where it halted, in order to peared like so many squadrons. At one wait for the arrival of the reinforcement in the afternoon he attacked the French which M. Richlieu was sending to it. with his hussars only; and news was According to advices from Cologa, immediately carried to the French gene- dated Oct. 14. the army of the empire, rals, that the whole Prussian army was as well as the French, complained that advancing ; that they lay behind the the cold already killed their men and hills, and that they were extending to- horses, filled their hospitals, and inwards the left, in order to surround creased the defertion, so that it was them: whereupon they made all possible thought they would soon take winter. hafte to retreat, and after having march- quarters ; that of the empire in Francoed all night, were obliged to return the nia; those of France in the conquered way they came, without having any re- countries, as they term them. It is freihment; so that in two hours time added, that the diffenfions between the there was not a Frenchman left. M. troops of the empire, and those of France de Seydelitz pursued them, made forty under the Prince de Soubise, are so aug. prisoners, killed about the same num. mented by the infolence and injustice of ber, took a great deal of baggage, and the French, that the generals are afraid was very near taking several general of- of their turning their arms against each o. ficers, who had staid too long in the ther. The French have plundered several town. This action, though of no great villages in the duchy of Eisenach, cut .consequence in itself, does great honour down the forest-trees, taken the forage to the general. The King, however, from the troops of the empire, and com. did not think proper to let him remain mitted all sorts of disorders. On the at Gotha any longer. The 21st he re. 7th of October, they opposed the guard turned to Erfurth, and the same even at the head quarters of the army of the ing the vanguard of the French army empire, and run the officer through the again repoflefled themselves of Gotha.
arm; on which, orders were given to The Brussels gazette relates the fire on them, if they attempted the like affair thus. “ Bamberg, Sept. 23. An again. In short, it is affared, that they express who pafied through here yester- live together more like enemies than day, told us, that the Prince of Saxe- friends. Hildburghausen having received infor By late accounts we are informed, mation that gooo Prussians were advan- that, on the oth of October, the King cing to attack some of his posts, put of Prussia had his head quarters at Nahimself at the head of 15,000 men, and, umburg, his army consisting of about under favour of a fog, fell upon the e: 24,000 men. Prince Maurice of Anbalo
Deffau had a corps of about 10,000 in- ward retired in the utmost haste, and the camped near Leipfic. The people of vanguard of the corps commanded by that city-not having paid the contribu- Prince Maurice of Anhalt Dessau, which
tion of 300,000 crowns demanded of had left Leipfic upon the first notice of h! them, they were laid under military ex this irruption, entered Berlin in the e^ ecution. On the roth of October their vening of the 18th. 1 houses were occupied by officers, attend Not long after the action between the
ed by soldiers, who immediately took Austrians and Prussians in Lusatia, on up the beft rooms for themselves, and the 7th of September, Prince Charles
lived at discretion. Even this not ha. of Lorrain and M. Daun on the one e), ving produced the intended effect, his fide, and the Prince of Bevern on the oat Pruslián Majesty arrived at that place on ther, marched their troops into Silesia.
the 15th ; which put the inhabitants in The former having greatly superior of the utmost consternation, as they expect. numbers, the latter has found it very teed no less than to be immediately deli- difficult to make head against them. ali vered up to be plundered. But his Ma- Lignitz, with a considerable part of the
jesty declared, that he would spare the country, foon fell into the hands of the pod city, opon condition that half the sum Auftrians. There was a brisk cannonreal required should be paid without delay. ade between the two armies, on the 26th i All that could be done was to raise a of September, near the village of ParchCali mong the merchants 50,000 crowns; witz, in which the Prussians said their
bills of exchange were given upon Am. lofs amounted to 100 men, and that of sterdam and London for 70,000 crowns; their enemies to a confiderable number and the remaining 30,000 were engaged more. Great afsiduity has been used
to be paid as soon as the hostages were by the Prince of Bevern to put the forti# returned from Magdeburg. In conse. fications of the strong places in a proper
quence of this agreement, the merchants state of defence, particularly those of Pri recovered their books of accounts, which Schweidnitz and Breslau. Letters from had been fequeftered.
the Austrian army bear, that the princiM. Richlieu entered the Brandenburg pal object of their operations was the taen dominions, with his army, faid to con- king of those two places before winter. Pe fiit of about 80,000 men, on the 27th, The Generals Petezzi and Nadafti had, W 28th, and 29th of September ; upon with a considerable body of troops, in
which Prince Ferdinand of Brunswick vested Schweidnitz, the garrison of # retired with his army of near 10,000 which made frequent and vigorous fal
men towards Magdeburg. The French lies; but they hoped to reduce the place head quarters were fixed at Halberstadt, by a bombardment. On the ift of Oce
and according to very late accounts they tober the Prince of Bevern took an adfach
had neither advanced farther forward vantageous camp on the right of the rinor retired. This inaction gives ground ver Oder near Breslau. Prince Charles for several surmises, the justness of which and M. Daun appeared determined to: we leave to be determined by time. attack him ; but it is assured that they They write from Berlin, that Gen. had not yet done any thing on the roth.. Haddick had entered Brandenburg with lean while the Prince of Bevern's fitua a corps of 15. or 16,000 Austrians, and tion was thought to be somewhat critia on the 15th of October arrived before cal, because if he would preserve the that city, of which he demanded a con- post he had taken, and continue to cotribution of 600,000 crowns, but con. ver Breslau, he would expose himself tented himself with 210,000. While to the danger of being cut off behind; this was negotiating, the suburbs Cope- and of losing his communication with nick, and Strahlace, were pillaged, and Glogau and Brandenburg: the privy-counsellor Storch, whom they Liitle thing or consequence concernfound in his garden, so ill used that he ing the operations of the Swedes in Podied the 18th. The Autisiaus altero merania has come to hand for a month Vol. XIX.
paft. Their general indeed published a As it is usual for the King's enemies declaration requiring the inhabitants to to represent all his Majesty's actions and day their taxes to his Swedish Majesty ; undertakings in the most odious colours, and the Count de Manteuffel published it has been judged neceffary to publish a counter one, injoining them to conti. this correspondence from the originals
, nue faithful to the King of Pruffia their that the public may judge what reason lawful sovereign, on pain of incurring there was for the measures taken by the his indignation, and absolutely forbid. King with regard to the court of Dres. ding their conforming to the declaration den, which were nevertheless as gentie of the Swedes. They also write from and moderate as possible; and wheth Straelsund, that the Swedes had taken he could avoid reftraining that liberty a confiderable magazine in the Marche. which this court has abused. Ukraine, and were advancing some far The pieces annexed will fhew, that ther into the country.
the court of Saxony suggested to the The following piece was published, Austrian generals the project of surpri
. at Berlin, by authority, about the noth fing Meissen and Dresden, and that the of September.
enemy's spies have been conducted into
the last-mentioned town, even in the A correspondence carried on by some persons court's livery, to inform the enemy of
belonging to the court of Dresden, with the dispositions there made.
Schönberg, in particular, has been judice, laid open.
guilty of a high crime, by instigating SO Ome of the King's forces having late. Count Frachenberg, the King's officer,
ly carried off Count Nadafti's bag- vasfal, and subject born, to desert, and gage, in it were found several original by causing him to be conducted by his papers, which clearly shew, that not. servant to the Austrian army. This withstanding the repeated afforances gi- conduct, which her Majesty the Queen ven by the court of Dresden, that their of Poland cannot furely have authorised domestics should hold no correspondence by her orders, is the more criminal, as with the King's enemies, some persons the ediêts which were published last win. of that court have carried on a corre. ter at divers times in Saxony, express. fpondence highly prejudicial to his Ma- ly import, that every person, of what.
jesty's interests. Every impartial person ever condition or rank they may be, will easily judge, that, in the present fi. who shall favour the desertion of the tuation of things in Saxony, such a cor. Prufian troops, shall be punished with respondence is utterly unlawful : the death, King's enemies themselves have prohi. N° 1. Letter from M. de Schønberg, Gentleman bited the subjects of those provinces of of the Bedchan.ber ta his Polish Majesiy, to the his Majesty which they have seized, from Auftrian Colonel de Laudon, dated at Wefenfteist holding the least correspondence with Airgujt 6. 1757. those of his other dominions upon pain The Queen's Majesty haih sept me this day, of death.
to give the Chancellor de Euneau, who will deThe King has therefore been obliged, mission to you. I fhould be glad, sir, that the
liver you this, instructions relating to his comsince this discovery was made, to order fituation of affairs allowed me to pay my reone Schønberg, a Saxon gentleman of spects to you in person, and to cultivate the ac, the bedchamber, to be taken into cu. quaintance I had the honour to make with you: stody; and to give instructions to the but I hope to do it soon at Dresden. The bearcommanding officer at Meissen, to break dicularised in the 'annexed piece. Her Majefty
er will inform you, Sir, of whatever is not par. down a part of the bridge over the Elbe has expressly ordered me to thank you in her at that place. This officer, indeed, not name, for the good dispoßtions you have made, rightly understanding his orders, instead and for the discipline observed by your troops ; of breaking dos the bridge, set fire to and to assure you that the hopes to give you hereit, and the flames spread to two houses;
after real marks of her sentiments on this bead. but they were foon extinguished.
A project has been sent to Duke Charles of Lorrain for seizing the town of Meitien, and the
bridge over the Elbe at that place, which the litz, Noffen, Augustburg, Chemnitz, Zwickau, Prullians are going to break down. There are Annaberg, and Freiberg, I have sent Capt. Hoonly about 200 of the Prussian guards in that mensbach, and a lieutenant of huslars, with fortown. The execution of this project will cut off iy-four horse, to execute this enterprise with as the King of Prussia's passage over the Elbe, and much precaution as is possible; and I doubt not facilitate the communication of the two armies. but that in answering the Queen of Poland's inI doubt not, Sir, but you will be consulted on this tentions I fall comply with my instructions. I head.
have the honour to be, 6 c. Bratenau, Aug. 7. A young Silesian, called the Count de Fraken- 1757.
LAUDON, Colonel. berg, who has been brought to Dresden to serve among the Pruni will set out the day after No 4. Letter from Pr. Charles of Lorrain, is to-morrow, to avoid being forced to inlitt among
Count Nadasti. them, and one of my people will conduct him This morning at seven o'clock I received
I beg of you, Sir, to receive him, and to your Excellency's letter dated yesterday ; and I ufe him the better, because he looks upon him immediately thewed to the two Saxon princes iho felf already as a vallal of her Majesty the Em- passports produced by the butcher who was stopt press. Queen.
with the drove of 218 oxen. They have under Time will not permit me, Sir, to write to taken to write to Dresden, to get information ayou more at large. I refer you therefore to what bout this man, and to know whether that great M. de Buneau will tell you by word of mouth; number of oxen was really for the Queen's court. and repeat my hearty withes to see
They affure me that they shall have an answer Dresden, that I may assure you of the elteem in two days; the butcher will in the mean time wherewith I have the honour to be, 6c.
be kept in culłody.
These princes have begged of me to give direcNo 2. The piece referred to in this letter was tions, that the expresses fent them by the Queen the following.
of Poland may not be stopped by our advanced When any corps of the Imperial troops ar posts, but be escorted by a party of light horse to rive in a Saxon town, where there is a receiver the head quarters. They told me, at the same general, either of the excise
, or any other, they time, that among these expresies there is one may take what money he hall have, and keep it named Rum, who comes most frequently, and in their poffeffion, on giving a receipt for it. that it will be chiefly necessary that the advanced
We know that there is a very conliderable fum posts know his name. Your Excellency will in the customhoufe at Freiberg; but no time iherefore be so good as to give orders accordingly, must be lost in going thither.
and take care that they be executed. We would recomniend to spare in Sixch cases I am sorry for the fire that happened yclers the farmers of the chamber, who would other day at Rumburg ; but I am surprised that your wise be exposed to be great fufferers, because they Excellency had not received yesterday, at eight in are personally bound for the money they have the evening, the letter which I wrote to you the promised. [The rest of this paper contains the day before at ten o'clock at night, wherein I names of the receivers-general in fifteen different gave you advice of the Te Deum of yefterday, Saxon towns.]
It appears that this letter' lay at the poft-office; N° 3. Letter from Col. Laudon to Count Nadaffi. but I have given express orders to the postmaller,
to send for ihe future my letters to your ExYour Excellency will have already received cellency by an express. It would not be amiss, if my report of yesterday. I am just now going your Excellency would order your clerk to find with my detachment to Hollendorf to harass the a way.bill with the reports you send to me. enemy, who are well intrenched at Gotileben The enemy had fome days ago the good for with 16 picces of cannon, or to facilitate their tune to repulse, with loss on our side, a detachdesertion. I have also the honour to acquaintment of 30 horse, between Goerlitz and Weishenyour Excellency, that at present it seems very berg; and Gen. Haddick informs
Capt. certain that the enemy are felling off their ma Count Czaracky, with the 120 horse under his gazine at Pirna, and that Prince Maurice's corps command, were attacked and dispersed at fome is going to decamp from Cotta, and to take post distance from Keith's army. Though these little near Dresden, to cover that capital. If that skirmishes are of small moment in themselves should happen, I shall expect to hear from your they are not so in their consequences. It should Excellency, whether I must continue to observe feem that the detachments and parties (traggle too the motions of the enemy, or cross the Elbe to far from the corps to which they belong, and are rejoin you.
not perhaps sufficiently upon their guard. These 1 herewith send your Excellency the copy of checks given us render the enemy more daring. a letter which I have received from M. de Schæn- and make an impreslion on our troops. This berg by the Chamberlain de Buneall
. As her will oblige me to cause Count Czaracky, when Majesty the Queen of Poland has also proposed to he returns, to be tried by a court-martial; and I me, by verbal instructions given to M. de Buneau, have given orders to Gen. Haddick, Moracz, to take into my custody, on giving a receipt, all Beck, and the other officers posted near the ene she public money which shall be found at Koch- ny, to be not only upon their guard themselves,