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bup likewise to give the like instructions to the de- that they continue the intrenchments and mines tachmerits they shall send out, that any furprise at Schwartzthor ; that there are only thirty hus. and affront, how small foever, may be avoidedi. fars with a lieutenant employed to reconnoitre;
As for your Excellency, I am so well perfua- and that there are fix of thele hussars and a corded, that you will cause this to be observed in poral in the village of Lussuitz, on the other the army you command, that I have nothing to
side of the water; that all the generals and the add, but to assure you of the eftcem with which King's baggage are in the Old Town, near the I am, &c.
fourteen cannon; and that, notwithstanding all Head Quarters at Klein Schenau,
these dispoätions, the Prussians held themselves Aug. 8. 1757 CHARLES DE LORRAIN. ready to march on the first notice; and that there P. S. What is said above of one called Rum, were about twenty empty barges on the Elbe, is a mistake. This name serves to diftinguish all but that it was not known whetlier they were in: the Saxon expresses that come bere from Dreiden, tended to carry off any thing, or not or who go from hence to that city. of this your Excellency will take care to inform the ad- the Britith fleet landed no men on Cor
Advices from Leghorn affure, that vanced posts.
SICA, because they did not think that iNo 5. Letter from Maj.-Gen. Count Palfi to Gensland worth the trouble of being con. Count Nadajti, dated at Stolpen, Aug. 12. 1757.
cerned in it, otherwise they might have The day before yesterday I sent my courier ko Dresden, and last night he returned. He told easily made a descent, and maintained me that he got safe into the town in the dress
of their ground. They were invited to it a courier belonging to the court, which the by the malecontents, who had fent one Queen’s courier brought to him out of the city; of their principal men on board, to enand that he had the honour to talk for two hours deavour to prevad on Adm. Osborne to with the Queen and Electoral Prince, who in- make a descent. Their proposals to the formed then felves exactly of every thing that related to us, and seemed highly latisfied with our
Admiral appeared fo fingular and full of troops. The Queen told him, that there were enthusiasm, that, without entering into indeed about 8000 of the enemy's forces at Dief- any further eclaircissements, he content. den; but that soco of them were Miroders, and ed himself with well regaling him, and prisoners were lodged in the Manege ; that the then sent him on fhore, wishing him Prullians continued to throw up intrenchments, and his party good luck in the prosecu. to place palisades, and make ditches and mines tion of their designs. Mr Osborne, duîn different places round Dresden ; and that the ring the short stay he made on the coast apprehended, that if our troops approached fill of Corfica, had opportunities of fàtisfy, and fet fire to it, as they had publicly declared ing himself that it is a very wretched they would; and that sie begged your Excel. country, fit only for its present inhabi. kency to take measures that there might be no tants, and that other nations would find toom to be afraid of that disaster.
difficult to accustom themselves The Queen said further, that the greatest part to it. Signier Paoli, it is allured, was of the townsmen were favourably inclined towards the Pruffians; and that there were even several but as the ceremonial to be observed at
to have come on board the Admiral; perfons belonging to the court who were not to be trusted; that ihere was a double guard in the his reception required fome preliminary cafle and round it; that there were about 20,000 explications, the visit was laid alide. tuns of meal and 50,000 measures of oats in the ma- Others write, that, upon a closer acgazine; and that the exen which were lately ta- quaintance with the malecontents, the ken, were not for her, but for the garrison. The Queen allo defires, that if any thing new
British admiral discovered that they were and important fliould happen, she may be imme- in no condition to execute the project | diately informed of it, by sending a truity per- they had formed of befieging Bastia ; Son with a letter to her, which may be casily and that it was very doubtful what use done. She also caused my courier to be carried they might have made of cannon and round the town, that he might be able to inform me of the polition of the enemy, and their dif- ftores if they had been supplied with pulitions. He tells me, that the greateft part of them, as they expressed great backward. the enemy is in the Old Town, on the other side ness towards acting against the French of the water, and that they have planted fourteen troops, notwithstanding they formed the iron camon on the side of the river; that on this garrison of that city. From Genoa shey fide of the water, in the tuburins, and cliefly in write, that the rebels who lay before the garilens, there are about fourteen redoubts, ali palisadocd, and filled with four guns casi; San Pelegrino, finding they were not
fupported by the British in the manner chancellor to restore to their employes they expected, had left it in the greatest ments thofe counsellors of the parliament confternation, several of them being cut who refigned, but without fixing a time to pieces, particularly four of their chiefs. for recalling those who were banished.
There is advice from Rome, that the A letter from Paris, dated Sept. 53 Pope, who continues in good health, gives a further account of the affair, as has given his consent to the apostolic follows. “ Last Wednesday every memchamber's purchafing, for the sum of ber of the parliament received a letter 900,000 crowns, of the
Duke of Mode- of the fignet, ordering them to be at na, that prince's poffeffions in the ec- the palais at ten o'clock next morning. olefiaftical state.
The several chambers having accora They write from NAPLE6, that the dingly met in the grand chamber, the first G report of 12,000 persons having been president read to them an order from the
killed at Syracuse on the 6th of August, King, importing, That, previous to by an earthquake, was entirely false; their deliberating, his Majesty's will that some shocks were indeed felt there was, that forty-two members should re. on that day, but not one person was pair to Versailles the same day, by way killed, nor any damage done, except of deputation, to receive his orders. the throwing down some old houses. The deputies accordingly went thither,
Some private letters from Spain af. and returned at eight in the evening, sert, that a certain day is appointed for bringing with them an harangue made
che sale of the Antigallican privateer, if by the Chancellor in the King's prei damages and cofts of fuit in the late trial sence, which differs but little from his
are not made good to the French consul Majesty's former anfwer, except that in behalf of his nation.
the declaration concerning the bull UniThey write from Paris, that the genitus, hall be executed according to commerce of France in general, which the received canons, and pursuant to has been long flagging, is on the point the laws and ordinances of the kingdom. of falling to the ground; insurance at The chambers assembled on Friday. 50 per cent. at the loweft, and up to 80 The King's answer, the Chancellor's per cent. from the West Indies, being be- speech, and the declaration that explains
yond the power of merchants to bear, the edie, were read; after which they Heipecially as the high intereft given by resolved to resume their employments
the government renders it simply impor. and usual functions, and to obey the fible for them to make any use of their King. They also resolved that a depucredii.
tation should be made to the King in The deputies of the parliament of Pa, the usual form, in order to return him ris went, on the 25th of August, to the most humble thanks for the instances of King; who told them, That he had laid kindness he has been pleased to shew to their last remonftrances before his coun- his parliament; to give him assurances cil, and that it had been resolved to a. of their respect, zeal, fidelity, and sub. bide invariably by his declaration of mission; and also to intreat him to recall Dec. 13. 1756 [xviii. 614.], with re their brethren from exile, gard to ecclesiastical affairs, in as much The deputies having repaired to Veras that declaration tended to promote failles on the zd, the King gave them the the peace of the kingdom; that this be- following answer. “ I receive with faing his Majesty's principal object, it was tisfaction the testimonies you have just his intention that the members of his given me of your zeal, fidelity, and subparliament should use with moderation mission to my will. Enjoy the happi. the authority he had intrusted them ness of pleasing a master who loves you, with, and keep within the bounds pre- and of the advantage of contributing to fcribed to them by the laws and confti. the good of my subjects, in discharging Rutions of the itate; declaring at the your duties. Complete the correspond same time, that he had charged his ing to the views and intentions which I VOL. XIX.
have intimated to you, for the restora- could the King suspect the fidelity of a tion of peace, and I will soon realize the princess whom he knew to possess true hopes I have given you in regard to greatness of soul, and has always esteemthose members of your body whose re- ed, even when the circumstances of the turn you solicit. Rely entirely on my times obliged him to take up arms akindness and good-will towards you : gainst her? if you can doubt thereof, you will “ It becomes these two great souls to cease to deserve them." -Thus this conquer ancient prejudices, to despise grand affair is terminated. The ba- false politics; to draw the attention of nished and profecuted ecclefiaftics may Europe, and make it fenfible of its true return whenever they think fit.” interests. For us, ministers of the God
On the 5th of September the parlia of peace, we cannot but acknowledge, ment issued an arret, by which they con. in the union of these two crowns, the demned to the galleys several printers finger of a Providence attentive to the who were printing libels in a subterra• good of the people. Soon will this u. neous printing-house, in the Fauxbourg nion produce an universal peace, to St Germain. Two or three abbés and the confufion of governments without some others, the anthors of those libels, faith, and without principle. Who will were also sentenced to fhare the same attempt any usurpations or opprettians, fate.
while France and Auftria guard the puFrom the many curious paffages in blic tranquillity ? the Archbishop of Paris's mandate, il Obliged by the faith of treaties to sued Aug. 11. for singing Te Deum in all march an army to the relief of Ger. the churches throughout his diocese, the many, the King desired the King of following have been selected.
England, as Elector of Hanover, to “How has heaven bleffed the efforts of keep within the limits of an exact neu. our arms! at the very time that France is trality., By accepting this ofter, the etying the knot of an alliance the most rare lectorate had been, like all the ftates of and lovely, with the heiress of the power the peaceable powers, free from the dan. of the Cæsars. O age of Francis I. and gers of war, and ia a ftate of perfe& fe. Charles V. that you had but seen this licity. But the Elector, in league with precious union! From what groans and the King of Profia, caused a confideradiftreffes had the state and the church ble army to be assembled to dispute the béen relieved, if the candour and gene. passage with the French and Aafrian rofity which now unite the descendents troops. It was the son of the same E. of those two great princes, could have lector who commanded the Hanove. dilipated their mutual jealoufies ? riáns. He has neglected nothing to .co.
This inestimable advantage was ver the electorate. But the valour of reserved for our days. By the treaty con: our troops and those of the Empresscluded between his Majesty and the Em. Queen surmounted all obstacles. They press.Queen, all ancient rivalship is ex. have forced intrenchments almo: inac. tinguished; the animofities of three ar cessible; they have routed those who deges are disipated; the violences insepa. fended them. And what are the conse. rable from the heat of barcle are buried 'quences of an action so important? The in oblivion; enmities are changed into electorate is open; the enemy no longer protestations of friendship, into assuran“ in a condition to hazard the face of batces of services ; and these protestations, eles; the Prussian arımies, deprived of these asurances, are the effect of reci. this fupport, more and more expofed to procal fincerity and esteem. How could the redoubtable efforts of the Empressthe Emprets-Queen entertain any mif- Queen. This great princess, fustained gruft in treating with a King who never by French arms, is now able to root out broke his word; and who has never difcor and defiroy, to draw the sword from the suured tive leasi defise to aggrandize himself foabbard, and co-whet is for
vengeance ! the expence of his neighbours! How. But, O! rather les us with for the re
tarn of peace: let us befeech the Lord 18 ships of the line, and fix frigates, to change these murdering weapons into carrying in all 1474 guns. Upon this, inftruments of husbandry. Let us this in a council of war held at Halifax, day thank him for his mercies, and fup. Aug. 4. it was unanimously agreed, plicate him to fill up the measure of his without a dissenting voice but one, that kindness, by placing in the hearts of all the attempt was impracticable ; and so his people the candour, fincerity, and the expedition was laid aside. Adm. fidelity, with which he has inspired the Holburne’s - squadron consisted but of Empress and our august monarch." 17 fhips of the line, five frigates, and
An armament is said to be carrying fix floops, carrying only 1.262 guns, on at Toulon with the greatest diligence, besides the Windfor, which joined him the failors being taken from the priva- Aug 4. Lord Loudon, after garrisoning teers and merchantmen to man the Halifax with three battalions, and send. King's fhips, the deftination of which is ing two more up the bay of Fundy, failed not known. They also told us lately, with the rest of the troops for New that fifteen ships of the line were ready York, on the 16th of August. The · to put to fea from Brest with the first fair fame day Adm. Holburne, resolved wind. The British secret expedition cau. himself to see the strength of the French, fed a great alarm on the coaft of France failed for Louisburg, with 15 ships of for a few days, but their fears were soon the line, a 50 gun fhip, three frigates, over. [4973-508.]
and one fireship. The 20th he appeare The military operations in NORTH A. ed off the harbour, and approached MERICA on the part of the British, appear' within two leagues of the batteries, and to be quite suspended. It was the general found the aforementioned account of opinion, that Lord London, after his the enemy's ftrength to be too true. junction with Adm. Holburne, would When he came nigh, the French adhave made a descent on Cape Breton, miral made the fignal to unmoor; but and carried the war into the French Mr Holburne, not thinking it proper territories ; while Gen. Webb, with to hazard a battle, failed back to Ha. the forces under his command, would lifax. This, fays a letter from on board have secured the forts on Lake George. the Hunter floop, was the most prudent The troops that came with Lord Lou- 'thing he could do; as, in all human don from New York, and the seven bat. probability, he must have been beaten ; talions from England, were, immediately which would not only bave proved the upon their arrival, landed to refresh loss of the feet, but have laid our co. them; and afterwards several small lonies all open to the enemy. On the craft being fent to look into Louisburg, 11th of September, Adm. Holburne, to learn the Arength of the French, being joined by two 70 and two 60 gun his Lordship being made to believe that ships, failed again for Louisburg. On the enemy were inferior to him in ships the 17th the Hunter floop was ordered and land forces, on the ist and ad of clofe in to the shore, to reconnoitre. She Auguft imbarked the troops, to the num. food so nigh, that the enemy's shot ber of 12,000, in order to make the in- went over her, and the found none of tended descent, even though, from what the enemy's ships gone. The next day he had learned of the French force, he she was dispatched to England, and ar. forefaw that his men would be much rived at Plymouth O&. 12. The Adexposed on their landing. Just when miral ordered the fleet to take great he was ready to fail, Capt. Edwards, care of their water ; whence it was bewho was ftationed at Newfoundland, lieved he would cruise off Louisburg as having taken an advice-boat from Louif. long as posible; and he seemed to be burg for France, sent his Lordship an eager to come to blows with the French account, by express, that the French fleet. He several times offered them bad at Louisburg 6000 regular troops, battle, but in vain. Once he dared 3000 natives, and 1500 Indians, with them to action with 16 fail of the line,
4 1 2
and went as near them as possible. On in a very sensible manner. M. Montwhich they made a signal for weighing, calm the French General, knowing that and the British fleet formed a line ; but Lord London, with the greatest part of the French, on further thought, took in the regular troops, was at Halifax, took their signal, and lay quiet. Adm. Hol- that opportunity to march from Canada burne, with his squadron, continued to towards Lake George, about the mid: cruise off Louisburg till Sept. 24. when, dle of July, at the head of 10 or 11,000 being ten leagues Coath of that port, to men, as letters from New York gave wards the evening it began to blow very out. On the ad of Auguft he arrived hard at eaft; but the wind veering at Fort William-Henry, which is fitua. sound to the southward, it blew a per. ted on the hithermost point of the lake, fed hurricane, and continued violent till in a direct line from Albany to Crownnear eleven next day. Ten ships of the point, and about forty miles from the line were dismarted; of which the fol. latter. This fort was garrisoned by alowing eight, with Rear- Adm. Sir bout 2500 men, commanded by Le Charles Hardy, and Com. Holmes, ar. Cols Monro and Young, Montcalm o. rived at Spithead and Portsmouth about pened the trenches before it on the 3d, the beginning of November, viz. the and sent Cel. Monro the following letter, Invincible, Grafton, Devonshire, Cap. of that date. "Sir, I have this morn. tain, Nassau, Sunderland, Windsor, and ing invested your place with a numerous Eagle. The other two difmasted lips, army, a superior artillery, and all the with the rest of the squadron, except the favages from the higher parts of the Tilbury, which is thought to be loft, country; the cruelty of whom a detach: got into Halifax, with Adm. Holburne ment of your garrison have lately too in the Newark. 'Tis said, that if the much experienced (426.]. I am obliged in storm had continued three hours longer, humanity to defire you to surrender your and the wind not changed, the whole fort. I have it yet in my power to reBritish squadron muft have perished. Atrain the favages, and to oblige them
A letter from Fort Edward on Lake to observe a capitulation, as hitherto George, of July 12. bears, that in the none of them are killed; which will not afternoon of that day came in eleven of a þe in my power in other circumstances
, s party of thirty men who had been sent and your infiiting on defending your out on a scout near the narrows,'under fort, can only retard the loss of it a the command of Lieut. Vanaght of the few days, and must of neceffity expose provincials; the lieutenant and the rest an unhappy garrison, who can receive of the party having been killed and scalp- no succours, considering the precautions ed by the enemy:
And letters from I have taken. 1.demand a decisive anAlbany, dated July 25. bear, that, on swer immediately; for which purpose ! the morning of the 23d, the advanced have sent you the Sieur Funebrune, one guards at Fort Edward were attacked of my aids.de.camp. You may credit by a party of Indians armed with bows what he will inform you as from me. and arrows, who killed eight of the I am, &C.-What answer Col. Mon. guards before they were discovered ; that ro returned to this letter, we have not afistance being sent to them, the In. heard. Gen. Webb was then at Fors dians retreated to the woods; but that Edward ; and Col. Monro sent several eleven of the British were killed, eight expresses, earnestly dekring him to march, of which were scalped, and several much with all the force he could collect, to his wounded.
affiftance. In answer, he received the folu The ftrength of the French in Cana. lowing letter, dated, Fort Edward, Aug.4. da this year has been variously talked twelve at noon, and which contribue of; fome accounts computing them at ted not a little to the surrender of Fort 10 or 12,000 ; others at 3000, and those William-Henry. " Sir, I am directed Very fickly, and in want of provisions. by Gen, Webb to acknowledge the te But the British have felt their frength ceipt of three of your letters, two bean.