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Majesty's ships and vessels employed in ments, and every thing that belongs to the East Indies; and of the marine force the church, shall be given them, and of the united company of merchants trading also their effects, to, and in these parts: With the AN. Ans. The Admiral cannot agree to a. SWERS made by the said Vice- Adm. ny Europeans residing here, but that Watson.
the French Jesuits may go to Pondicher. Article I. The lives of all the desertry, with all the ornaments of their church, ers shall be saved,
or where ever they please. Answer. The deserters to be absolute. VII. All the inhabitants, of what na. ly given up.
tion or quality soever, as Europeans, II. All the officers of this garri. Mustees, Christians, Blacks, Gentils, son shall be prisoners on their parole of Moors, and others, shall be put in pos. honour; that they shall have liberty to session of their houses, and all in genecarry with them all their effects, and go ral as shall be found belonging to them, where they please, on promising they will either in the fort, or on their estates. not ferve against his Britannic Majesty Ans. In regard to this article, to be during the present war.
left to the Admiral, who will do justice. Ant. The Admiral agrees to,
VIII, The factories of Caffem buzar, III. The soldiers of the garrison shall Dacca, Patna, Jeuda, and of Ballafore, be prisoners of war, so long as the pre. shall remain at the command of the sent war continues; and when peace is chiefs who direct them, made between the King of France and Ans. To bę settled between the Na. the King of England, they shall be sent bob and the Admiral. to Pondicherry, and till then be enter IX. The director, counsellors, and tained at the expence of the English those employed under them, shall have company.
leave to go where they please, with their Ans. The Admiral likewise agrees, cloaths and linen. with this difference only, that instead of Anf. The Admiral agrees to. fending the soldiers to Pondicherry, they
“ The Admiral expects an answer by Thall be sent to Madrass or to England, as
“ three o'clock this afternoon, and the Admiral shall hereafter think pro
“ that the British forces may take pose per; and that such foreigners who are “ feffion of the fort by four," not of the French nation, and chuse The above-mentioned propositions have voluntarily to enter into the English ser- been accepted of by the council; in con'vice, shall have liberty.
sequence of which we have delivered up IV. The Seapoys of the garrison shall the fortress of Chandernagore to Adm. not be prisoners of war, they shall have Watson. Chandernagore, March 23. 1757. leave, on the contrary, to return on the LAPORTIERE,
P. RENAULT coast in their country,
M. FOURNIER. Anf. The Admiral agrees to.
A. CAILLOTT, V. The officers and men of the com
This affair has occasioned the followpany's European ship Se Contest, shall ing reflections, dated, Paris, Oft. 21. be sent to Pondicherry in the first Eng.
“ It is not without surprise, that our lish ship which goes to the coast. East India company have learned by the
Anf. The officers and men of the Eu. London news papers, that the English ropean ship shall be upon the same foot, attacked, in the month of March laft, ing as the soldiers, and to be sent to with a feet and a land-army, the comMadrass or to England as soon as pos- pany's settlements at Chandernagore, fible,
and made themselves masters of it by VI. The French Jefuit fathers shall capitulation. This settlement, like all have liberty to exercise the functions of those of the European nations, was with. their religion in the house which has out defence; and the company had the been assigned them since the demolish. less reason to fear this act of hoftility ing of their church; the silver orna. from the English, because the neutrality
that had always been observed on the cations and maintaining forces there, if Ganges among all the European nations, they would not see themselves exposed was founded upon the constant oppo. for the future to be mutually driven from sition of the nabobs to the erection of the Ganges, on the first opportunity that any sort of fortification on the settle- a revolution, occafioned by a superioriments of these nations,
ty of forces, shall furnish; which must This neutrality hath been always ob. be prejudicial to the true interests of all served with the greatest exactness. When the European companies who trade to the Dutch possessed themselves of Pon- the Indies."
dicherry in the war of 1700, they did not About the beginning of August an acle carry their arms against the French on count was received by the court of Lis.
the Ganges. In the last war, after the bon, by the way of England, that the French defeated the English fleet, and King of Sunda, being informed, that took Madrass, it never came into their Count d’Alva, viceroy of Goa, intendheads to attack Calcutta, though their ed to seize upon Ponda, a town situated superior force put it in their power. The at Rama, resolved to give it to one of English themselves, a short time before, his favourites, and that the favourite were content to keep the entrance of the prevailed on the King of the Morattes Ganges blocked up by their ships of to give him troops to defend it; that, in
About the end of 1756, and be- June 1756, the viceroy marched with fore, and even since the news of the de- 260 men, and some cannon, and morclaration of war between France and tars, in order to besiege Ponda ; that England was received in the Indies, though his powder had been spoiled by when the nabob of Bengal wanted to be- rain in his march, and he had no sca. gin hostilities against the English; the ling-ladders, nor other things necessary French, though that prince promised to for attacking the town, yet he attempt. put them in possession of Calcutta, if they ed it; that he clambered up the wall, would affist him in taking it, and threat with a hatchet in his hand, followed by ened, in case of refusal, to treat them all his men; but that his courage did as English; they not only constantly re. not daunt the garrison, and his rashness fused to join the nabob, but gave shel. foon met with its reward ; he fell down ter and all manner of assistance to the to the foot of the wall, and expired un. English, their wives and children, who der a multiplicity of mortal blows; that came, after the taking of Calcutta, to most of his troops met with the same seek refuge at Chandernagore, and the fate ; and the rest, abandoning all their other houses of the French company. artillery, fled in the greatest disorder to Besides, the French had the greatelt rea. Goa: That the inhabitants of Goa fon to rely upon this neutrality, which greatly dreaded the resentment of an ehath been observed at all times, because nemy chat had been thus insulted in a the company have in their hands origi. time of profound peace; but three ships nal letters of the council at Madraís, fent froin Lisbon, arriving at Goa, the ordering the English - fupercargoes in offended Indian made the first step toChina to engage the mandarins to cause wards an accommodation, by sending the stricteft neutrality to be observed by an embassy to the Portuguese, to prothe European nations the river of pose an oblivion of what was past, and Canton.
a continuance of the peace; and that Upon the whole, if the English have the offers were immediately accepted thought themselves intitled to violate on with pleasure. the Ganges those laws of neutrality which they acknowledge, and claim the
ENGLAND. benefit of, on the river of Canton, they The fleet and land forces, under the have by this infraction set an example, command of Adm. Hawke and Gen. which will lay all the nations of Cü- Mordaunt, which failed upon a secret rope under a necessity of raising fortifi. expedition (488.), returned to St Helen's
4 K 2
O&. 6. and the Admiral and General formation had been given to his Lordwaited on the King on the 12th. We ship of an inquiry being intended to be have already given an account of this made, his Lordship informed the court, expedition, with reflections on it, poems, “ That on Monday evening, Oa. 31. &c. [497-508.528.]. On this oc- William Blair, Efq; (one of the clerks cafion we have got
of the privy council), came to the manPrior's thought a little altered. fion-house, and acquainted him, That We went, we saw, -- were seen, - like valiant he waited on the Lord Mayor, to let him
know his Majesty had given proper diSail'd up the bay, and then - sail'd back again.
rections for an inquiry to be forthwith It was for some time doubted if an made into the behaviour of the cominquiry would be made into the conduct manding officers in the late expedition of the commanders in this expedition. against France, and the cause of the There was a numerous meeting of the miscarriage of the said expedition; and gentlemen of the common council of that such inquiry would be carried on London at a tavern O&t. 19. in which and prosecuted with the utmost expediit was unanimously resolved to adjourn tion and vigour;" or to that effect. till that day fe'ennight, in order mature. Whereupon the motion was withdrawn. ly to consider of an application for such On the 22d of October failed from an inquiry. Having met accordingly Spithead, under the command of Admo on the 26th, twelve gentlemen were sent Hawke and Bofcawen, the Ramilies, to the Lord Mayor, to request that he Adm. Hawke, Royal George, Adm. would call a common council, to con. Boscawen, Royal William, Neptune, sider of addrefling his Majesty on the Namure, Barfieur, Princess Amelia, miscarriage of the late secret expedition : Dublin, Prince of Orange, and Al. and his Lordship promised to call a court cide. Next day they were joined off the week after. It was reported that Plymouth sound by some thips from interest was made to prevent the pre- that port, and by the Intrepide. The senting of such an address; and in the fleet was seen off Falmouth on the 25th London Chronicle of Oct. 29. we have steering S. W. and is faid to con. the following article. “Since it is now fist of twenty-three ships of the line, ebeyond a doubt, that, to whose charge leven frigates, and four cutters ; Adm. soever the inactivity of our forces in the Hawke to have twelve ships, and Adm. late expedition may be laid, an effec- Boscawen eleven. tual method will be taken to fift the
Notice is given by an advertisement, matter to the bottom, in the most unex. dated, Navy-ofice, Sept. 30. 1757, that ceptionable, impartial, and folemn man. by an order of council an increase is ner, and that the firong antipathy of good made in the pay of furgeons mates fer. to bad, will never suffer convicted knaves ving in the navy. Formerly the pay of or cowards to pass unpunished ; it is a first mate was 50 s. a-month, that of a earnestly wished by many, that a cer- second 40 s. and that of a third, fourth, tain intended address may, if not for or fifth, 30s. The addition now made the tranquillity of the nation, at least is 10 s. a-month to each ; so that a first for the honour of the body addressing, mate is to have 31. a second 50 s. and (the frequency of addresles having a di- a third, fourth, or fifth, 40 s.
. In the rect tendency to render them cheap), navy they reckon thirteen months in the be laid aside, and a prince who never year; and all persons are obliged to denied or delayed justice; not be teased serve some time as surgeons mates, be. at this juncture with an application fore they be promoted to the rank of wholly fuperfluous and unneceflary
surgeons. The pay of a surgeon of a P. S. 'A court was accordingly held man of war is 5 1. a-month, besides two Nov. 4. and a motion was made for ad
a-month for each man on board, drefling. After some debate, the Lord and other perquisites allowed by the goMayor being asked, whether any in- vernment.
Besides the bounty to the crews of the without Bootham bar, York; forced Suffolk, Godolphin, and Houghton In the lists from the conftables in attenda diamen, the company have settled an ance there ; and after drinking all the annuity on the man who lost his leg, liquors in the house, proceeded to pull said to be 90 1. a-year. [322.]
it down. Then they went
to Mr The Duke of Cumberland arrived at Bowes's house, within the suburbs, and Kensington from Germany O&. 11. at stripped and gutted it. The lord mayor fix o'clock in the evening; and on the of York, and the high seriff of the 15th his R. Highness resigned all his county, went in perfon among the riocommissions in the army.
ters; and having asked the reason of In some counties the militia-act has their assembling, they answered, " That begun to be put in execution quietly, the militia-act was a great hardship upbuť in others it has occasioned great on the country, by compelling the poor disturbances (430.).At Boston, Lin- to contribute equally with the rich; that colnshire, the populace committed great they were as willing to serve their king outrages, Sept. 3. broke Lord Vere and country as others, if matters were Bertie's windows, and designed to go to put upon an equal footing; but that Lincoln races, in order to attack fome they would not, at any rate, fubmit to of the nobility, who, they think, were the act as it now stood.” The mayor the occasion of passing this act. The and the sheriff used all possible arguments like happened at Northampton. At to convince the people, how wrong it Mansfield, Nottinghamshire, when the was to attempt relieving themselves from gentlemen were proceeding to business, any thing they thought a grievance, by Sept. 5. mob of about 500 came to such unlawful methods; and assured the house, and demanded the lists which them they would ufe all the means in the constables had given in ; and being their power to remove any juft occafion refused, took them by force, and care of complaint: upon which they difperried them in triumph through the town,' sed. After this the citizens of York Ld Robert S-y-le had like to have took up arms, formed themselves into been stified by the mob; but by civility four companies, headed by the lord and kind intreaty he at last prevailed on mayor and aldermen, and kept guard them to let him have a little air, that by turns, to prevent a repetition of such he might recover himself. Several of outrages. the mob collared Sir G. S. and threat One cause of these disturbances, parened to strike him. In short, none of ticularly in Nottinghamshire, is said to the gentlemen present escaped without be, that when recruits were raising in receiving marks of their resentment. that county for one of the new regio.
-On the 13th, the populace of about ments, the men who inlisted were prou forty townships in the weapontake of mised not to be sent abroad; notwithBuckrose, in the east riding of Yorkshire, standing which they were sent abroad armed with guns, fcythes, and clubs, [xviii. 388.), and many of them have went to Birdsall, the seat of Henry been killed by the enemy. This is mens Willoughby, Esq; the high sheriff, and tioned in a printed letter from Sir demanded a repeal of the militia-act. W.. deputy-lieutenant of the coun. After many hours parley, the sheriff ty of -, to his tenants and neighbours, promised to write to Lord Irwin, lord as follows.
“I must set you right as lieutenant of the riding, and that his to fome notions that I find are indu. Lordship's answer should be communi- ftriously spread among you by the enecated to them; which was done ac- mies of our country, as though the micordingly, printed copies of it having litia was to be carried out of the kingbeen sent to the chief constables, to be dom, and forced to serve abroad. But dispersed among the people. On the this is a wicked falsehood : for
fee 15th, the populace of upwards of thirty by the act itself (351,2.], that unless parishes, came to the Cockpit-house, there is an actual invaion, you are
not to march even out of your own coun. O&. 14. and it was relanded next day.
of coiners were examined be. fight your battles abroad: you are only fore Justice Fielding Sept 15. to defend yourselves, your wives, and cellar in one of their houses there was a your children, at home.--I have press fixed for triking off moidores, which heard indeed, that when some regiments weighed goo weight, and was in as were raised in the beginning of this war, good order as any at the mint. The fo. promises were made them that they licitor of the mint directed it to be carshould not serve abroad. But what ried to the tower, The date of these are such flying promises to the unshaken moidores is 1721, faith of an act of parliament! Besides, The drawing of the state lottery end. you all know, that those troops received ed O&t. 15. A poor woman who had lifting money; they were raised, paid, laid out her all in the purchase of a ticofficered, and were in all things exactly ket in this lottery, on inquiring at an oflike the rest of the regular forces. But fice on Sunday Oct. 2. found it had been in the militia you are not at all to be raie drawn a 100l. prize. The sudden news fed on the same principles, nor in the had such an effect upon her, the she fell fame manner. You receive no money senseless on the floor, and it was with at engaging, for you engage only by difficulty she was recovered by bleeding, the common duty of all Englishmen; C.- The Abbé de la Ville has wrote and you are not to be officered as others, a learned treatise on the passions, which but to be commanded by the gentlemen contains a curious disquisition on the of your own county; who, if what you consequences of sudden grief and joy, are wickedly told were the case, would in which he proves the laiter to be more think it as hard to be decoyed out of fatal to the human frame than the forthe kingdom, or to be laid under any mer. Amongst the many instances he unreasonable difficulties, as you poslibly brings to enforce his arguments, he re
lates a story of a lady in Languedoc, he camps in several places in the who was married to a gentleman, be. kingdom broke up about the beginning tween whom and herself there reigned of O&tober, and the troops went into a reciprocal and passionate fondness. One winter-quarters.
day at dinner the husband fell dead upAn advertisement, dated, Office for on the floor. The lady made a dread. fick and wounded seamen, and for exchan- ful shriek. The family were alarmed ; ging prisoners of war, Oct. 24. sets forth, they ran to know the cause; and found That escapes of prisoners of war in this them both seemingly in the same fituakingdom, as well from among those tion. All poslible means were used for confined in prison, as those permitted to their recovery. After many efforts the reside in towns upon their parole, have lady's senses returned, but the gentleof late been very frequent, but chiefly man was declared no more. She aban. ainong the latter; threatens a rigorous doned herself to the most pungent forprosecution of all persons who fhall be row: but whilst the necessary preparaany wise inftrumental in facilitating such tions were making for the husband's fu. escapes; and promises a reward for gi- neral, her relations and confeffor used ving proper information of offenders, or every means to persuade her to be re. apprehending prisoners who attempt to conciled to her fate. Their arguments escape.
at length alleviated her grief, and the Above 30,000 quarters of oats, and seemed resigned to the will of Heaven. 250 tuns of wheat, with upwards of 100 Three days were now paft, when a re. tuns of butter, having been shipped, at lation in the practice of physic, who rethe ports of London and Lynn, for fided at a considerable distance, arrived, Hamburg, an imbargo was laid thereon being sent for express the day the un