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16th, the bark was discontinued, and That mercury alone will in general the fight was still good. On the 17th, cure most venereal complaints. That the Doctor visited the patient, and found sarsaparilla will perhaps always cure what him reduced to a state of great weakness refifts the power of mercury. It is thereby his diarrhea, attended with a conti- fore probable, that in mercury and far. nual fever, but no blindness.

faparilla properly combined, a certain On the 18th, 19th, and zoth, the fe- cure may be found for every venereal ver increased, and the diarrhea conti- cafe that can happen. nued; for which it does not appear that The decoction is to be made in the any medicine was adminiftered. On the following manner. Put three ounces of 20th, he was delirious, but the fight the root into three quarts of river wa. was still perfect. On the 21st, the di- ter, and bring it to boil in an open velarrhæa still continued, but the fever was fel as soon as possible ; let it boil till somewhat abated. This day the patient the liquor is reduced to one quart, then began to be deaf. On the 22d, the fe- ftrain it, and give this quantity, either ver was more violent. On the 23d and warm or cold, at three dofes in twenty24th all the symptoms were aggravated : four hours. A little liquorice-root may and on the 25th, the patient expired, be added, to make it more palatable. without having any return of his blind. It must be made fresh every other day, ness.

and what is not used the first day, muk Upon this case the Doctor remarks, be kept in a cold cellar. tin that different opinions concerning the

[To be continued.] Nycalopes of the ancients, may be reEl conciled, by reducing the disease to the Observations on the HEMERALOPIA, class of intermittents. For then the

communicated by M. Fournier, physiciarz Nyctalopes may, according to Hippo of the Hotel Dieu, at Montpellier. crates, be those nothing in

"HE HEMERALOPIA *, which may day, fight by be rendered Latin vinight; and, according to Paulus Ægi- Jus diurnus, and in French we de jour,

neta, and others, may be those who is a disease very rare, and so little known, wa have their fight perfect in the day, and that when some patients complaining of

are blind by night; for the difference it came to the Hotel Dieu, I was obii. will consist only in the times of the ap- ged to form for myself a plan of its proach of the disease. That which treatment. The first were three folHippocrates observed came on in the diers of the regiment of Brigueville,

morning ; that which was observed by whom I did not see till evening; when, beri Ægineta came on at night.

after having examined them, without ada

Art. XVII. An attempt to discover the thinking of this complaint, I found they EU

virtues of the Sarsaparilla root in the had a fever, a great pain in the head,

venereal disease. By William Fordyce, tongue and mouth foul, ftomach full, Jurgeon.

and were tormented with inquietudes

and retchings. I was going immediateThis article contains an account of ly to follow these indications, when thirteen cases, and some general rules they told me they were otherwise unfit deduced from them, for using the farsa. for service ; for they could neither perparilla with a probability of success. ceive light, nor distinguish objects, in the

In these cales a strong decoction of evening, nor in the morning; hor could the root was given to the quantity of a

quartevery day, and the general remarks * Hemeralops, hepáawy, dicitur de affe&u oes resulting from the experiments are in culorum opposito sõ vuxidmat, et haud dubie nosubstance as follows.

tat illum morbum, quando aliquis interdiu salThat the farsaparilla is only to be de. poteft. Meminit Galer. in introduct. c. 15. in

tem videt, noctu vero, vel velperi nihil videre pended upon when mercury has failed, princ. fed in seqq. non exposuit fubftant. njespéc or at least preceded the use of the de. Awria. Caftellü Lexicon Medicum. codion,

Vol. XIX.


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they distinguish, then even when the and there was a surprising discharge fun hone clear, without some confusion, from the blisters.

I was much surprised at this account. Nevertheless they complained of their I made them approach the great win. head being heavy and disordered ; the dow of the ward, to see if I could dis- ftomach was indeed less oppressed, but cover any disorder in the globe of the still they felt a weight; and the retch, eye: but perceived nothing to which ings were not entirely gone; but neithe cause of this phenomenon could be ther so frequent, nor so violent as bereasonably imputed.

fore. In order, therefore, to relieve For I found, 1. That their eyes were both the head and stomach, I bled them blue. 2. The anterior portion was in the foot, repeated the vomit, and or. charged with humidity. 3. The cor. dered the blister behind the ears to be nea had loft nothing of its transparency, kept open. and remained in its natural state. 4. That By such means they were entirely the aqueous humour was limpid, as it freed from their complaints, and saw as Tould be, and thac it gave the proper well as ever; the blisters were suffered extension to the eye, without exceeding to heal; and they returned to their quarit in any point. 5. That the pupil was ters: where, as soon as they arrived, more dilated than common : { obser. they proclaimed the cure ; which induved besides, that the actions of contrac- ced eight others to apply to the Hotel tion and dilatation of the pupil were for relief in the same complaints. They performed more slowly than usual, that were cured by the same methods; as the iris was in its natural ttate and co. have, since that time, many more, to lour. 6. and lastly, The crystalline hu- the amount of seventy. mour was transparent, and of the fin An accident which happened to a solgure it ought to be.

dier of the first regiment, confirmed me From all these confiderations I jud. in an opinion I had formed, that the ged, that the cause of the disorder was antecedent cause of this disease was a not in the anterior part of the eye, but sudden stoppage of perspiration, caused in the posterior, which we cannot exa- by excesive cold. The soldier last men. mine by fight.

tioned having been cured of an heme. I imagined the state of the mem- ralopia, in the same manner as the o. branes of the eye to be such, that the thers, rejoined his company, which was jays of light could not make an impres- cantoned on the borders of Gardon ; sion strong enough on them, to produce and, as he was perfectly free from comVision; and I suspected a disorder of the plaint, he did not take so much care setina to be the cause of this defect. of himself as he ought to have done :

I believed, that either the fibres of the for, in playing with his comrades, be şetina must be clogged with a gross ing overheated, he threw off his hat lymph, which circulated through them and cloaths, the weather being cold with difficulty and too slowly, or that and windy; and in a few moments af. they were relaxed by serofities, which ter, could but weakly distinguish objects; had diminished their elasticity in such a nay, at last he could not see at all. A. manner as to render them less fufcep. larmed beyond expresion at this misr tible of the impression which the visual fortune, he went to Nismes, the next rays excite on them. For this reason I town; where they told him it was all oordered them to be blooded in the arm; yer with him, for he had two cataracts ; and for the other indications prescribed that he must quit the army, and under. a vomit, and a blister behind each ear. go an operation, doubtful in its event,

The next day I found them much which they proposed to perform upon better in all respects; they began to dif- him in a little time. Being greatly af tinguish objects which they had not ficted with this sentence, but not enbeen able to do before, since they were tirely discouraged, he hurried from taken ill: the vomit had worked well, Nilines to this hofpita!


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Here I examined his eyes with great Let it be recorded in history, to the attention, found the crystallines were not honour of their Holinesses the Afociare altered, and concluded they had mifta- Synod in Scotland, That, in the year 17579 ken his case; which I regarded as a re. they also chundered out their tremendous turn of his hemeralopia in a higher de- ball against Free MASONS: whereby all gree than formerly, but nevertheless ca. 'their votaries are injoined to reveal es pable of being cured by applying the very thing which under the sanction of same remedies. The success answered a folemn oath they are obliged to conmy expectation; for the young man, a ceal; they are thereafter to abstaini few days after, went out well

, enjoy- from fuch societies themselves; nor are ing all the advantages of vifion, and re- they to entice ochers to enter into them. joined his regiment. Crit. Rev.08.1757. The professed reasons which brought Extracts of a paper published in the Edin. the fraternity under the Papal displeaBURGH Magazine, intitled, An im- sons of all religions and fects, ander a

sure, were, That they confederated pere partial examination of the act of the thew of natural honesty, in a close and Associate fynod against the FREE MASONS, Aug. 25: 1757. Dated,

infcrutable bond, and under certain ce. Alloa, O&. 25. and figned, A Freć the Bible, they obliged them, by the

remonies, which, by an oath taken on Mason.

imprecation of heavy punishments, to [This writer disapproves of our inserting the preserve with inviolable secrecy. act which he examines (432.]; and possibly some

Those urged by the Seceders as the Seceders may disapprove of our inserting these

But the former ought to consider, that motive of their proceedings, are, That in so far as his Examination is a defence of the the Mafons administer their oath of craft, or may be a means of convincing the de- secrecy, under a capital penalty; withluded and deluding, in fo far he must approve of oat first declaring what the matters to onr publishing the act, because otherwise the bie concealed are ; and that some of world would not probably have been favoured with his Examination. Ảnd the Seceder, who these things are taken from the Bible. approves of our publishing the act, cannot con [The Examiner seems to be of opio Sistently object to our publibling the Free Mason's ' nion, that Papists and Seceders are indefence. If we should not, however, be so hap- fuenced by the same spirit in this matpy as obtain the approbation of either, our duty ter; he is at pains to prove, that no hu. obliges us to deal impartially by both. To a considerable number of persons the act is inter man power can difpenfe with oaths; and esting; and to others, a piece of its length, not observes, that in a dispute concerning a third of that of the Examination, will be thonght the justness of the matter of the masonworth its room as an article of history.--The ex- oath, the match between a Free Masort tracts follow.)

and a Seceder is very unequal; because N the year 1738 his Holiness at Rome the Free Mason, while he defends the

issued a declaration condemnatory of mysteries of the craft, is at every step the society of Free Masons ; with an under the awe of his oath; and thereabsolute prohibition to all the faithful fore cannot exhibit those mysteries to in Chrift, to enter into, promote, or fac view, or subject them to examination. vour chat fociety, under no less penal. He takes notice, that caths of fecrecy ty than an ipso facto excommunication; have become one of the necessary hinges and the help of the fecolar arm is com- of government. • To them," says he, manded to enforce the execution of this “6 niult be ascribed the success of the declaration. By an ediet consequent to greatest enterprises. Under their infiuthis declaration, informations are com ence, the noble, the generous plan of manded, under the severest corporal pu. British liberty was matured into exccunishments; and encouraged by an af- tion, and the purposes of Popish tyran. furance from the Infallible Chair, "That ny rendered abortive by the revolution.”) Oaths of secrecy in matters already con. But it seems, [adds he], che Seceders demned, are thereby rendered void, and hold it a crime to exact an oath of lelose their obligation."

crecy, before the things required to be 4 P 2


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kept secret are revealed. Can any thing gospels : and not only so, but every be more ridiculous than this objection private society, every court of justice, The purposes of such oaths would there. have forms of administering oaths pecuby be disappointed: for the secret would liar to themselves. Shall not then the be communicated without any security fociety of Free Masons be allowed that or obligation to preserve it ; and it would privilege, without the imputation of futhen become optional to grant it or not. perftition and idolatry?

As to the ceremonies pretended to be The Mason's confession of the oath, adhibited to this oath, they appear to be word, and other secrets of bis craft [xvii. innocent in themselves; and if the Ma- 133.]. contains a variety of matters infons use any such, instead of ascribing fignificant, and ridiculous in themselves, these to a superstitious regard, charity and only fit for the amusement of such would conclude they were not without persons as the ignorance and incohe. an emphatic and allegorical meaning. rence of the author display him to be.

Oaths have almost universally had The Free Maion does not think him. some rite or ceremony annexed, which, self at all concerned to defend and fup. however insignificant in themselves, were port whatever nonsense shall be fathered originally exprefive of fomething that upon the craft by the ignorant and matended to increase the awe and respect levolent. The honour of the fraternity due to that folemn act. The casuifts is not in the least tarnished by it. all agree, that though the oath is equal. The whole narrative, particularly the ly obligatory without them, the perjus method of discovering a Mason, the ry is however increased by the folemnity. prentice's fhirt, and the Monday's leffon, All nations have adopted them : the cannot fail to move laughter even in Hebrews, by putting their hand below gravity itself.the thigh of the person to whom they The Free Masons have been tradu

i the Pagans, by taking hold' ced as Atheils, and blafphemers, brand. of the altar f; and both, by protend- ed as idolaters, and ridiculed as the ing their hands to heaven I: in which dupes of nonsense. The hard names lilalt, they have been followed by all berally bestowed on their secrets by the Christian nations; some of whom, par- Seceders [xvii. 137.), partake of all ticularly our filter kingdom, when they these. take an oath, touch or kiss if the holy To remove such prejudices, and in Gen. xxiv. 2. xlvii. 29.

fome degree to satisfy the world and in+ Et, ut mos Græcorum est, jurandi causa, quisitive cavillers, Masons have conde. ad aras accederet. Cic. pro Balbo..

fcended to publish what opinions they Gen. xiv. 22.

maintained, with respect to the great Suípiciens cælum, tenditque ad fidera dextram ; Hæc eadem, Ænea, terram, mare, fidera juro.

principles of human action. Their be. Virg. An. 12. 196. lief in God is founded upon the justest || [This form is observed in our exchequer- notion of his being and attributes, court at Edinburgh.And in confittorial caufes drawn from the light

of nature, allifted in our commiflary-court

, persons who make oath by revelation. They never enter into do it kneeling, with the right hand on the holy evangel, as the deposition bears ; - the words of

the speculative regions, so much culcithe oath are, “I. do hereby renounce all vated by divines : what cannot be com. the bleilings contained in this holy book, and prehended in his nature, they leave as with that all the curses therein contained may be incomprehensible. They adore his in. my lot and portion, if I do not tell the truth; finite being, and reckon is the perfecthe whole truth, and nothing but the truth; and I hereby swear, by God almighty, and as I Mall tion of mankind to imitate his answer to God at the great day of judgment, nicable perfections. Their duty to their that I will tell the whole truth, and nothing but fuperiors, to their neighbours, and to the truth, in as far as I know and shall be ask themselves, are all expreffed in a maned at nie;"— and the deponent, while he is re

ner the moft agreeable to the foundert peating these words, is on his knees, and has his right hand on some part of the gospels, the book

morality. And when their aciions and łying open before him for that purpose.' Women behaviour, which alone are subject to atu iwon in the lame form and manner.]


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human observation, and affect human

fociety, are conformable to such prin. GENTLE MAN’, MAGAZINE. * ciples, no power on earth has a right to Mr URBAN,

The Free Miafon profelles a partica. A the most inferimelige parts of this lar regard to the liberal arts; and he story, and are more read, perhaps, than makes no scruple to own, that many of any other compofitions ; so there are his secrets have a reference to them. very few pieces that are more justly cenFrom these, juft notions of order and sured for partiality; for the

are geneproportion are attained, and a true taste rally the works of persons interested in of symmetry and beauty is formed. And the praise or censure of the heroes of as the transition from the beauties of the their history. Wisely therefore have natural to those of the moral species are the fovereign pontiffs decreed, that no fo easy and apparent; if there is any person shall receive the honour of being virtue, if there is any praise, infead of sainted before the expiration of a comflander and defamation, protection and plete century after their decease ; in or. encouragement ought to be his reward. der to take off, by length of time, all

Men of the greatest power and dignie sense of favour, or resentment, in such ty, the divine and the philosopher, have parties as might have connections with

not been ashamed, in all ages, to own the friends or enemies of the future of their relation to this fociety, and to en- faint, which might otherwise have in

courage and protect it by their power and Auenced their evidence in the examina

influence [xvi. 612.]. But should this tion which always precedes the making ta? combination terminate in nothing but a new saint.

wickedness and folly, can it be imagined, These reflections naturally occur uptrain either that men of honour, wisdom, and on reading any of our modern lives tra integrity, would lend their countenance and they occurred to me, on my read.

to fraud, and encourage folly, merely to ing, a few days fince, the life of Dean so make the world ftare; or that an associ- Swift, in one of the London Magazines nation, resting on so unstable a foundation, for 1755 *, extracted from Lord Orrery, dii could so long have fubfiited, without the the critic upon bis Lordihip, and the

cement of mutual trust and confidence, memoirs published by Dean Swift, Esq; and which result from virtue and confiften, in which, though very concise, the wri

ter has inserted most of the errors of the The Free Mason, conscious of his in- preceding works: and as the Dean's tegrity, and persuaded of the good ten- charity, his tenderness, and even his huhoudency of his principles to promote the manity, have been impeached, in con

purposes of virtue and human happiness, sequence of his hitherto unaccountable beholds with contempt the impotent ef. behaviour to his Stella, and of his long fects of envy and ignorance, however refentment fhewn to his sister; and as fanétified the garb, or dignified the title no person has yet thought proper to rethey may affume. In his louige, which deem that extraordinary genius from he confiders as the school of justice, these imputations of cruelty and pride, love, and benevolence, he is taught to by shewing his connections with Stella oppose truth to misrepresentation, good in their true light; although I think that humour and innocent mirth to fourneis there are some living, who have it in and grimace, the certain figns of malice their power, from authentic materials, and impofture.--To attend the impor. I fatter myself that I shall not be contunate calls of his enemies, would be to sused for endeavouring to do this justice interrupt his tranquillity; and therefore, to his memory myself wrapt in his own innocence, he defpises It is said, that Swift made an actheir impotent attacks, and for the fu.

[The following anecdotes apply equally to ture will disdain to enter the lists with

our account of the Dean (xiii 613.), taken from i champions fo weak and ignorant, so de- Lord Ouery, as to that in the London Vagazime.] luded and deluding.


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