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behind which his troops retired. There “ In this situation, the Queen, the he capitulated the next day, and at princes, and princeffes, and all their acnoon the whole garrison iurrendered tendants, escorted by the garrison, set themselves priloners of war. It is said, our for Spandau, a fort fituated about that besides near 6000 men made pri- two miles from tais city. foners of war, the Austrians have got “ All that could be done to oppose in this place, 355,576 florins in money, the enemy, who were making their ut164 pieces of cannon, of which 135 most efforts to advance, was to detach were brass, 14 large brass mortars, 145 400 men to the gates of which the Ausmall' mortars, 158,183 cannon-balls, ftrians had made themselyes masters"; an immense quantity of musket-balls, where they behaved so well, that they 4500 quintals of powder, 13,000 bombs, wounded and killed many of the ene

8900 mortar - grenades, upwards of my. The Austrian general Baboczay, LAR

600,000 musket-cartridges, 400,000 who was wounded, died here a few mi. carabines ditro, a great number of sad. nutes after the action. There were tifdles and other kinds of horse furniture, ty of our men killed, and fome were ta. 400,000 rations of hay, a very confider. ken prisoners. The rest, who could no able quantity of oats, peale, &c. a longer withstand the superior number of number of, and a pro- the enemy, who attacked them with digious quantity of lead, &c. &c. their infantry and cavalry, and a tere

According to letters from Berlin, of rible fire of cartridge-shot, retired into O&. 24. the court hath published the the city. following account of the late unwelcome " When the royal family were gone, visit paid to that city [533.).

the magiftrates, at the request of the A large body of Austrian troops burghers, fent deputies to General Hadwhich had incamped near Gorlitz ever dick to treat with him. That general since the King's army and that of the sent on his part two officers to the townenemy marched into Silelia, took an house; and it was agreed that we should opportunity, when the King was at pay a contribution of two hundred thou

Naumburg, and the Prince of Anhalt fand crowns. On the 17th, at five in # Deffau was gone to Torgau, to make the morning, that is, as soon as he re

an incursion into the Marche. On the ceived the lum, he precipitately march16th instant General Haddick appeared ed away with his troops, having probabefore the gates of this city. The troops bly received intelligence of the approach he commanded consisted of regular foot, of Prince Maurice. The Austrians did

cuirassiers, and husfars; and amounted, not enter into the body of the town, in according to the reports of deserters and but only the suburbs, the bridges of the

prisoners, to 8000 men, who had with river, as well as those of the canals, chat ther Them a large train of artillery. About separate the body of the town from the

eleven o'clock he summoned the city to fuburbs, being drawn up. They did surrender. At the same cime he at. not pass the night in the houses of the

tacked the Silesia and Corbus gates; inhabitants, but in the open air. They in which he forced after a weak refiftance, committed great disorders both before y having demolished with his cannon the and after the capitulation, pillaging ma

palitadoes which joined to the Silesia ny houses, and maffacring several inno. gate. It is well known that Berlin has cent persons; among whom was privyno rampart, and that only a mall part coun'ellor Scosch, an old man about of the city is definded, and that by a eighey years of age. The King was no weak wall, the rest being surrounded sooner informed of the march of this with palisadoes only. Besides, it was body, than he ordered Prince Maurice impossible to defend to large a city, to go directly with the troops under his open on all tijes, with a garrison of five command to the assistance of the capital, weak battalions, partly militia, which This prince did ail that was in his were properly designed only for guards power to arrive in time, Yetting out from to the royal family,

4 Q 2 Torgau

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Torgau on the 15th, and arriving at French were at Erfurth ; and a reinBerlin on the 18th ; but it was not pos- forcement of twenty battalions and eighfible to get before, or to come up with teen squadrons, sent by M. Richliea, the enemy, who had gained three marche under the Duke de Broglio, was arrived es upon him.

at Mulhausen. Being actually joined by “Within these three days several be, that reinforcement, the combined army longing to Haddick's corps have been marched the 21st, and reached the Sala made prisoners; and a cart laden with on the 23d. On the first advice that the part of our contribution hath also been Imperial and French troops had arrived retaken."

at the Sala, and were passing that river, Though the presence of the troops M. Keith sent orders to the Prussian de brought by Prince Maurice of Anhalt tachments left on the side of Naumburg Deffau restored tranquillity to the minds and Merseburg to fall back into Leipfic. of the inhabitants of Berlin, it was ne. The combined army advanced through vertheless judged, that the court would Naumburg, Zeitz, and Weissenfels ; be more quiet, and in greater safety, at and the Prince of Saxe-Hildburghausen Magdeburg, it being a fortified town, sent M. Keith a summons to surrender and also covered by a body of troops Leipfic. To this the Marshal is said under the Prince of Brunswick, who to have returned the following spirited were incamped in its neighbourhood. answer. Sir, Let your master know, Accordingly the Queen and royal fami- that I am by birth a Scotsman; by inly went thither on the 23d of October, clination, as well as duty, a Prussian; accompanied by the foreign ministers. and shall defend the town in such a manM. Richlieu, having sent off a rein- ner, that neither the country which gave forcement for the Prince de Soubise, re me birth, nor that which has adopted mained quiet at Halberstadt, without me, shall be ashamed of me. The attempting to attack the Prince of Bruns- King my master has ordered me to de. wick; and at length removed his head- fend it to the last extremity, and he shall quarters to the city of Brunswick, in- be obeyed.” On the 25th in the tending to put his troops into winter- morning, M. Keith having ordered the quarters.

principal members of the magistracy to By our last, the King of Prussia had attend him, thus addressed them. “I marched back to Naumburg and But- sent for you, Gentlemen, to inform you, tlestadt, upon which part of the combi- that the Prince of Saxe-Hildburghausen ned army had again taken possession of has sent me a summons to deliver up Erfurth (532.]. A letter from that are the city to him; to which I am not at my, dated Oat. 16. says, the weather all disposed. He threatens, in case of was become so severe and the roads so refusal, to come to extremities. He bad, that they were forced to suspend will then set me an example to act in their operations, and go into quarters of the same manner; and to him you most cantonment for some days, to give the impute all the calamities to which your men time to recover of their fatigue, and city will be exposed. If you would what they had suffered by the rigour of prevent them, I would advise you to go the season. Mean while the King of to him, and engage him to spare the ciPrussia having made a feint of marching ty, out of regard to you and the inhabithe greatest part of his army towards Ber- tants; because on the first advice I re. lin, to protect that city against the Au. ceive that the troops of the empire are ftrians, leaving M. Keith to defend advancing to attack me, I will begin to Leipsic with about 8000 men, the gene. set fire to the suburbs; and if that be rals of the combined army advanced a not sufficient to oblige the enemy to degain, hoping to make good their win- fift from their enterprise, I will go farter-quarters in Saxony. By the 20th of ther, and not spare even the city itself. October the army of the empire had got I shall be extremely sorry to proceed to Weimar; the head.quarters of the that length; necessity alone can force

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me to it.” A deputation immediately fought in the plains of Lutzen. On the set out for the combined army. In the 30th, the King drew nigh that place ; mean time another trumpet arrived from and, on the 31st, in going through the Prince of Saxe-Hildburghausen, with Weissenfels and Merseburg, 500 men a fresh summons. It is said, that in or were made prisoners of war. der to render it more acceptable, that The enemy had repassed the Sala, prince offered to let the Prussian troops and burnt down the bridges at Weis

march out without moleftation. M. fenfels, Merseburg, and Halle ; but “? Keith was as little disposed to comply they were soon repaired ; and the whole

with this summons as the former, and army having passed the river through so rejected it. We are told, that the these three towns, joined again the 3d 'Prince of Saxe-Hildburghausen was fo of November in the evening overagainst greatly provoked with M. Keith’s refu- the enemy. fal and speech, as to declare openly, The King was going to engage them

that if the Prussians executed their threat on the 4th, but deferred it, and the pin of burning the suburbs or the city, he whole day was spent in a cannonade;

would take revenge on the towns of to which our cavalry, being most addi Brandenburg, and that Berlin or Potz. vanced, were exposed, and by which gf dam should pay for Leipfic.

the French killed them nine men, There was not, however, occasion On the 5th intelligence was brought, ;h for coming to extremities. His Prus- at nine o'clock in the morning, that the Pri fian Majelty, with the troops under his enemy were every where in motion.

own command, unexpectedly returned We heard their drums beating the march to Leipfic on the 26th. By the gift, the whole morning; and we could very

he was joined by one detachment from plainly perceive, from our camp, that el Magdeburg, and another from Lusatia. their whole infantry, which had drawn

All the troops that could be spared from nearer upon the rising grounds overaother places being now assembled, he gainst us, was filing off towards their marched next day in order to attack the right. No certain judgment, however, French and Imperialists in their canton- could yet be formed of the enemy's ments. Upon this they again retreated, real design; and as they were in want and his Majesty advanced. Soon after of bread,şit was thought probable, that a battle ensued, of which we have re- they intended to repass the Unstrut, ceived several accounts, considerably But it was soon perceived, that their different from one another, and some several motions were contradictory to of them from what we have just related each other. At the same time that some

preceding it. The three following were of their infantry was filing off towards at published in the London Gazette. their right, a large body of cavalry

marched towards their left, directing Extrait of a letter from the Pruffian army its march all along to the rising grounds, upon the Unstrut, in Thuringen, Nov. 7. with which our whole camp, which lay

On the 24th of October, the King's in the bottom between the villages Our

army happened to be divided in several of Rederow and Rosbach, was surcorps, some of them at the distance of rounded, within the reach of large cane twenty leagues asunder. Upon advice non. Soon after, that body of cavalry that the Princes of Saxe. Hildburghausen was seen to halt, and afterwards to fall and Soubise were marching up directly, back to the right. Some of this corps to M. Keith, who was then in Leipfic remained, however, whilst the rest was with seven battalions, the King refol. marching back. About two in the af. ved that the army should join again; ternoon our doubts were cleared up; which was executed the 27th of O&o- and it plainly appeared, that the enemy ber. The whole army remained at intended to attack us ; and that their Leipfic the 28th and 29th ; and every difpofitions were made with a view to body thought, thag the battle would be surround us, and to open the action by


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attacking us in the rear. In case we did in great' confufion. As the left had been defeated, the corps posted on wing advanced, the right changed its veragainst Rederow was to have fallen position; and having foon met with a opon our routed troops, and to have small rising ground, they availed them. prevented their retiring to Merseburg, felves of it, by planting fixteen pieces the only retreat which would then have of heavy artillery on it. The fire from been left us.

thence was partly pointed at the ene. The King took the refolution to march my's right, to increase the disorder up to the enemy, and to attack them. there, and took their left wing in front,

His Majesty had determined to make which was exceflively galled thereby. the attack with one wing only ; and the At five, the victory was decided, the disposition of the enemy made it neces. cannon ceased, and the enemy fled on fary that it should be the left wing: all fides. They were purfued as long The very instant the battle was going as there was any light to distinguish to begin, his Majesty ordered the gene- them by; and it may be faid, that ral who commanded the right wing, to the night alone was the preservation of decline it, to take a proper position in this army, which was so formidable in consequence thereof, and, above all, to the morning. They took the benefit of prevent our being furrounded. All the the darkness to hurry on to Freyburg, cavalry of our right wing, except two and there to repass the Unstrut, which or three fquadrons, had already march- they did on the morning of the 6th, afed to the left, which was done at full ter a whole night's march. The King gallop; and being arrived at the place set out early in the morning to pursue assigned them, they formed overagainst them with all his cavalry, supported by that of the enemy. Our cavalry moved four battalions of grenadiers; the whole on immediately; the enemy's advan. infantry following them in two columns ced to meet them; and the charge The enemy had passed the Unftrut at was very fierce, several regiments of Freyburg, when we arrived on its the French coming on with great reso. banks; and as they had burnt the lution. The advantage, however, was bridge, it became necessary to make entirely on our side. The enemy's ca. another; which, however, was soon valry being rooted, were pursued, for a done. The cavalry passed first, but considerable time, with the greatest could not come up with the enemy, till fpirit. But having afterwards reached an five in the evening, upon the hills of eminence, which gave

them an opportu.

Eckersberg. It was too late to force nity of rallying, our cavalry fell upon them there; and the King therefore them afresh, and gave them so thorough thought proper to canton his army in a defeat, that they betook themselves to the nearest villages, and to be satisfied flight in the utmost disorder. This hap- with the success our husfars had, in ta pened at four in the afternoon. Whilft king near 300 baggage.waggons, and the cavalry charged, our infantry open- every thing in them. This to glorious ed themselves. The enemy cannona. victory must be more agreeable to his ded them very briskly during this inter. Majesty than any one he has ever gain. val, and did some execution ; but our ed, as it was at the price of so little artillery was behind hand with blood, our whole lofs not exceeding them. This cannonade having conti- 500 in killed and wounded. Among Dued on both sides a full quarter of an the former is Gen. Meincke. His R. hour, without the least intermission, the Highness Prince Henry, and Gen. fire of the infantry began. The enemy Zeidlitz, are both slightly wounded. could not stand it, nor resist the va If we consider the disposition of both lour of our foot, who gallantly marched armies, as to their numbers, it must be up to their batteries. These batteries acknowledged, that the hand of Heaven were carried one after another, and the has been on

our fide. egegy forced to give way, which they boalted that they were 70,000 frong;


The enemy

The I believe they were not quite so many; ordered to assemble: but Prince Hild.

but, from the ground which they co- burghausen's quarters being at half a vered, it may be inferred, that they league's distance from the city, Prince

were not less than 50,000 fighting men. George of d'Armstadt commanded in 22 After the King had got together at his absence, and took every possible

Leipfic all the several corps of his ar- method to make resistance. But it my, he had 33 battalions, and 43, fqua- was too late: they were obliged to res drons, leaving a garrison of five batta- tire; and that noble bridge, which had lions at Leipfic. He marched with cost above 100,000 crowns, was burnt

the rest to Lutzen; and having crossed to secure our retreat. The Prussian arin the Sala at Weissenfels, Merseburg, tillery made a terrible fire, whilst the

and Halle, and left a battalion in each two regiments were paffing the bridge. of those three places, the whole army, The regiment of Deux Ponts lost four which joined, after this passage, on the officers and 100 private men, upon this

3d of November, overagainst the ene- occasion. The Captains Muncherode med my, confifted only of 25 battalions and and Dames, with two lieutenants, were

44 squadrons. During the battle, the among the former. The loss of Rechte regiment of Winterfeld

covered the bag. man's regiment amounted to 200 men, Fim gage ; so that the whole weight of the of whom fix were officers. The whole

action fell upon the cavalry, and 23 army continued before the town, and

battalions drawn up in two lines ; and the Feldt-Marshal in his quarters at BuTH even of this infantry there were but fix gerau. In the night 300 of the Wurtz

battalions that had recourse to the fire burg Imperial regiment were detached to

of their musquetry, viz. four batca. to the place where the bridge had been, lions of grenadiers, and the regiment in order to observe the enemy. of Old Brunswick, which did wonders, During the whole night, a noise was That regiment lost its colonel, with a. heard in the city, occafioned by the bout 100 men killed and wounded. strokes of mallets ; but it was not dis

The loss of the enemy cannot yet be covered till break of day, chat two ascertained. It is supposed they left 3000 houses had been turned into batteries. As men upon

the field of battle. The pri- they were not yet finished, we easily disa foners exceed 4000 men, and there is a- mounted them with our fix pieces of cane mongst them a great number of officers non, which were sent thither; and killand generals. We took 50 pieces of ed them four soldiers and one workman. cannon, and a great many standards and The ift of November, the fire from colours. We have this day taken four the artillery continued on both sides till

more pieces of large cannon, and made ten o'clock; when we began to march i 4 or 500 prisoners.

towards Merseburg.

having gone before as far as Camburg, , From an officer in the army of the empire, we were forced to lie on the ground dated from Erfurib, Nov. 7.

without wood or Atraw. In the mean At one in the morning of the goth while the French were reinforced by 20 paft, we left our quarters at Stollen, battalions and 18 squadrons, commandand received orders to repair to Weis- ed by the Duke de Broglio. senfels. The regiment of Varell march The 3d of November, we put oured through the city, and over the bridge, selves in a posture to wait the enemy. and was cantoned at Petra ; two regi. At one in the afternoon we retreated a ments, viz. those of Nassau and Deux league towards Freyburg, where we haltPonts, and Rechman's of Bavaria, ed; at five we were drawn up in order of with two companies of French grena- battle ; and thus we advanced flowly, diers, remained at Weissenfels,

towards the enemy, all night. We On the 31st, at five in the morning, were posted in a wood on the right, the Pruffians came and attacked the ci. where we covered ourselves by felling ty. Upon this, the whole army was trees; and batteries were placed by the


The baggage

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