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made by Mr Harrison, in the elabo. the poor have risen on account of the rate machine invented by him [xi. 598.), high price of corn. and in part already approved by them, Monf. Rene Brisson, second captain and for which a certain sum has been of the Prince de Soubise privateer, who adjudged to him.
had his liberty at Waltham, Hampshire, About the end of October, as some on parole, and on a bond of 80 l. gi. labourers were digging up the roots of ven by a gentleman of Portsmouth that a parcel of large trees which had been he should duly observe it, ran away, felled in Eaton coppice, near Leomina Sept. 11. and got to Dunkirk. But fter, Herefordshire, one of the men dif- upon a remonftrance made to the minicovered a small earthen pot, covered on fter of the marine in France, an orthe top with a plate of lead, in which der was immediately given, figned by were about 160 pieces of gold and file the King's own hand, to send him back ver coin, some of them King John's. to England ; which was accordingly
As some colliers were lately finking done, and he was committed to Porche. a new pit on Gateshead moor, near New- fter castle, Nov. 28. [550.] castle, they found the entire skeleton of Major Grant, aid.de-camp to the a man of a gigantic fize, in a bed of King of Pruffia, arrived at St James's, ftiff clay, about seven feet from the sur. Nov. 28. from the Prussian army in Saface. Near the skeleton were found xony, with letters to
King, which three small pieces of very ancient coin, he had the honour to deliver to his MaThe person, when living, must have jefty in a private audience. Gaz. been near eight feet high. The bones, P.S. An advertisement, dated Whitea laid compact, measured seven feet eight ball, Treasury-chambers, Dec. 1. is puinches ; and they must have lain there blished in the gazette, bearing, That many
whereas adhering to the King's enemies, A great mob afsembled at Manchester, by giving them aid or comfort, within Nov. 13. and pulled down two mills in his realm or elsewhere, is high treason, the neighbourhood. The soldiers fired; and the concealment thereof is mispriand four of the mob were killed, and se- fion of treason; and whereas the Lords veral wounded ; upon which the rest re of the Treasury have received informa. tired precipitately. Also at Newcastle, tion, that a loan for that purpofe is at Staffordshire, Liverpool, and other places, this time negotiating in this kingdom;
their Lordships therefore promise a reBy the acts 12° Anne, sell. 2. cap. 15. and ward of 200 l. to any person, by whose 26° Geo. II
. 25. several persons are appoint discovery any fubje&t of his Majesty, or ed commissioners for the discovery of the longitude at sea, and for judging of all proposals and any person residing within this realm, improvements relating to it. In case any mé.
fhall be convicted of lending or procuthod proposed for making such discovery shall ap- ring to be lent, or of subscribing, soli. pear to them feasible, they are impowered to citing, or contracting for, or remitting, direct experiments to be made of it, and to order in coin or bullion, or by bill of exchange, any sum not exceeding 2000 I. to be paid for making them. The first discoverer of any such or any other means whatsoever, any sum method is to get a reward, greater or less, accor- of money for the purpose aforesaid ; to ding to the nearness to which it determines the be paid on the conviction of every such longitude; if to one degree, or fixty geographical offender, their Lordships having given miles, 10,000 1.; if to two thirds of that distance, directions for the immediate prosecution 15,0001. and if to a half of it, 20,000! the of offenders. same reward which is offered for discovering a north-west passage through Hudson's streights to The parliament was, by proclamathe western and southern ocean of America tion, summoned to meet on Tuesday (vii. 215.]. Any proposal for discovering the lon- Nov. 15.; but, by an order of council gitude, which the commissioners Thall think of of Nov. g. it was prorogued to Thursconsiderable use to the public, though not of so great use as is aforementioned, will intitle the au. day Dec. 1. - P.S. It met accord. thor to such less reward as they shall think realon- ingly on the ist of December. · The able. (X. 379. xviii. 217.]
King's speech and the addrefles follow.
The KING's Speech, Dec. I.
cessary for the public service; and, to
that end, have ordered the proper estiMy Lords, and Gentlemen,
mates to be laid before you. You may E IT would have given me the greatest depend upon it
, that the best and most pleasure, to have acquainted you, at faithful economy shall be used. the opening of this session, that our suc
My Lords, and Gentlemen, cess in carrying on the war had been e.
I have had such ample experience of qual to the justice of our cause, and the the loyalty and good affections of my extent and vigour of the measures form
faithful subjects toward me, my family, ed for that purpose. I have the firmest confidence, that I am confident they are not to be shaken.
and government, in all circumstances, that the spirit and bravery of this nation, so But I cannot avoid taking notice of that renowned in all times, and which have spirit of disorder, which has shewn itformerly surmounted so
self amongst the common people, in ah ties, are not to be abated by some dif
some appointments. These, I truft
, by the recommend it to you to do your part ir
parts of the kingdom. Let me blesing of God, and your zeal and af. discouraging and suppressing such ab, Ela
dour for my honour, and the welfare uses, and for maintaining the laws, and 291
of your country, may be retrieved. It lawful authority. If any thing shall be is my fixed resolution, to apply my utmost found wanting, to explain or enforce efforts for the security of my kingdoms, what may have been misunderstood, or and for the recovery and protection of misrepresented, I am persuaded it will the possessions and rights of my crown
not escape your attention. and subjects in America, and elsewhere; as well by the strongest exertion of our defence of all that is dear to us, as well
Nothing can be so conducive to the naval force, as by all other methods. Another great object which I have at as union and harmony amongst ourselves,
as for reducing our enemies to reason, heart, is the preservation of the Proteftant religion, and the liberties of Eu. The LORDS Address, Dec. 2. rope ; and, in that view, to adhere to,
Moft Gracious Sovereign, and encourage my allies. For this cause, I shall decline no in- WE your Majesty's moff dutiful and
loyal subjects, the Lords Spiritual conveniencies; and in this cause, I ear. and Temporal in parliament assembled,
nestly desire your hearty concurrence, beg leave to return your Majesty our bre and vigorous assistance. The late fig. humble thanks for your most gracious
nal success in Germany has given a hap. speech from the throne.
The concern which you are pleased to upon us to improve; and, in this critical express for the disappointments that have conjuncture, the eyes of all Europe are unhappily attended some of the measures upon you. In particular, I must recom- formed by your Majesty, this year, for mend it to you, that my good brother carrying on the just war in which we and ally, the King of Pruffia, may be are engaged, is a fresh mark of your pasupported in such a manner, as his mag. ternal regard for the welfare of your peonanimity and active zeal for the com- ple, and for the glory of this kingdom. mon cause deserve.
The testimony which your Majesty Gentlemen of the house of Commons, has, at the same time, given to the spiIt gives me the utmost concern, that rit and bravery of this nation, and to the the large supplies which you have al. ardent zeal of your parliament to retrieve ready granted for carrying on the war, these misfortunes, is a proof of the ju. have not produced all the good effects ftice done by your royal mind to our we had reason to hope for : But I have principles and sentiments, and the greatfo great a reliance on your wisdom, as eft encouragement to persevere in them. not to doubt of your perseverance. I Affected, therefore, as we are with only desire fuch supplies as shall be ne. these events, we are not discouraged ;
but we sincerely promise your Majesty haveit before our eyes. And we give your our hearty concurrence, and most vigo- Majesty the strongest assurances, that our vous affistance, in accomplishing, under loyalty and good affections to your Mathe protection of the divine providence, jesty, and your royal family, of which your wise and gracious intentions for our we have on all occasions given real defence and safety at home, and for re- proofs, are never to be shaken or dimi. covering and securing the rights and pof- nished. The preservation of your fafeffions of your crown and subjects in A. cred person, the stability of your gomerica, and elsewhere; particularly by vernment, and the continuance of the the utmost exertion of that effential part Protestant succession in your illustrious of our strength, your naval force. house, will ever be most dear to us, and
The preservation of the Proteftant re- effential to the happiness of all your peoligion, and the liberties of Europe, are ple. objects never to be forgotten by us. Of The KING's Answer. this pure religion, and these invaluable
My Lords, Nothing could possibly give liberties, Great Britain has, in all times, me greater satisfaction than this very du. been a principal bulwark ; and cannot tiful and affectionate address. I hearti. fail to continue so under your Majesty's ly thank you for it ; and make no doubt, auspicious reign.
but the zeal and vigour which you so As the late signal success in Ger- feasonably express in this critical con. many fills us with unfeigned joy, so juncture, will have the best effects both it animates our hopes to see this glorious at home and abroad. cause revive; and we do with equal thankfulness and satisfaction acknow- The COMMONS Address, Dec. 3. ledge your Majesty's generous declara Mof Gracious Sovereign, tion, that for the sake of it you will de- WE your
Majesty's most dutiful and cline no inconveniencies.
loyal subjects, the Commons of To defend your Majesty against all G. Britain in parliament assembled, re. your enemies, to support your honour turn your Majesty our humble thanks and real interests, and to strengthen your for your most gracious speech from the hands, are our indispensable duty. It throne. fhall also be our endeavour, to improve We beg leave to assure your Majesty, this success to the most useful purposes; that this house sees, with the deepest and to exert ourselves in supporting your concern, the success of your Majesty's good ally the King of Pruffia, whose arms so unequal to the justice of your magnanimity and unexampled firmness cause, and to the extent and vigour of the are so evident to all the world, and of measures formed for that purpose. such great utility to the common cause. Your faithful Commons firmly rely,
We have seen, with the utmost ab. that as your Majesty, in your royal juhorrence, that spirit of disorder and riot fticé, has endeavoured to trace the cau. which has shewn itself of late' amongft ses of paft disappointments, your Maje. the common people. We are sensible fty will also, in your high wisdom, othat it is inconsistent with all govern pen better hopes of future prosperities, ment, and necessary to be reformed and by invigorating our enterprises, and ani. suppressed. Nothing shall be wanting on macing the attempts of the British arms : our part for this falutary purpose, and And in chis confidence, they will chearto enforce and add strength to the laws fully support your Majesty in the utmost and lawful authority, on which the li. efforts for the security of your kingdoms, berty and property of the meanest as well and for the recovery and protection of as of the chief of your subjects depend. the poffeffions and rights of your crown
Your Majesty's kind admonition of the and subjects in America, and elsewhere; fecessity of union and harmony among as well by the strongest exertion of your ourselves, is highly worthy the common Majesty's naval force, as by all other father of your people. We will always adequate methods.
Permit us to assure your Majesty, that committee, Thatthe several pensions and your faithful Commons, excited by zeal salaries placed upon the civil establishfor the Proteftant cause and the liberties ment of this kingdom fince the 23d of of Europe, do, with most unfeigned March 1755, amount to the annual sum joy, humbly offer their congratulations of 28,103 1. to your Majesty on the late signal suc. That several of the said pensions cels in Germany; and that they will are granted to persons who do not reside vigorously and effe&tually enable your in this kingdom. Majesty to improve the happy turn of That several of the said pensions affairs there, and in particular to support are granted for long and unusual terms. your good ally the King of Prussia, in - That the list of pensions returned
such a manner as the magnanimity and as a charge upon this establishment (exyou
unexampled efforts of that great, prince, clusive of the military pensions) for two in defence of the religious and civil li years, from March 25. 1755, to March berties of Europe, deserve and require. 25: 1757, exceed the whole charges of We should be wanting to ourselves,
the rest of the civil lift 22,258 1. 4 s. se and to those we represent, not to ac- 71 d. I knowledge, with all dutiful gratitude, - That an improvident disposition of make your Majesty's paternal and feasonable the revenue is an injury to the crown by care for the interior tranquillity and and the public. tid safety of your subjects, in having been
To which resolutions the question bethe graciously pleased to recommend to us, ing severally put, the house did agree,
to do our part for maintaining the laws
and lawful authority, against that spirit of Resolved, nem. con. That the granting &
disorder which has shewn itself amongst of pensions upon the civil establishment
the lower people in some parts of the of this kingdom, to persons who do not - kingdom; and we will not fail, in due refide in it, is a prejudice to it.
time, to take into our most serious con That the increase of civil pensions ardei fideration the properest methods for dis- for many years paft, is a grievance to id couraging and suppressing fuch abuses, the nation, and demands redress. ime and for preventing the causes of the like That the granting of pensions for mischiefs hereafter.
a long term of years, is an alienation The KING's Answer.
of so much of the public revenue, and
an injury to the crown, and to this kingGentlemen, I return you my thanks for.
dom. your dutiful and affectionate address; and for this unanimous mark of your zeal for the public revenue in pensions, is an im
- That the granting of so much of the honour of my crown, and the sup- provident disposition of the revenue, cle
port of the common cause, and particu- an injury to the crown, and detrimental larly of my good brother and ally the King of Prussia.
You may depend
to the public. on my constant endeavours for the safety do attend his Grace the Lord Lieutenant
- s'hat the house, with its speaker, and welfare of my kingdoms, and for with the said resolutions, and desire his the preservation of the liberties of Eu. Grace will be pleased to lay the same rope.
before his Majesty, as the sense of this IR EL A N D.
house. The votes of the Commons of Ireland bear, that, on the ist of November, Mr
SCOTLAND. John Bourke, from the committee ap The commission of the general assempointed to inspect the public accounts of bly met at Edinburgh, Nov. 16. the nation, reported to the house the re- Upon an overture from the synod of Lo
solutions of that committee, which were thian and Tweeddale, That in regard di read, and are as follows.
the late tax on windows bears hard upResolved, That it is the opinion of this on many ministers of this church, the VOL. XIX,
4 T commiflion
commission would take this matter into Our readers will remember, that when confideration, and take such steps as to Jedburgh parish became vacant, in Sep them should seem moft proper, in order tember 1755, the elders entered into an to obtain relief; a committee of twenty. association to stand by one another in the fix ministers and three ruling elders were election of a minister, and that there was named, to take the most prudent mea anumerous subscription of the parishionfures, and make fuch applications as ers in favour of Mr Thomas Boston mimay be most proper and expedient, in nister of Oxnam to be their minister ; order, by an explanation of the law, tó that a presentation to that benefice was obtain the relief defired; provided that granted by the King in favour of Mr no expence in making such application John Bonar minister of Cockpen, but be laid upon the public funds of the that this gentleman chose rather to go church, without the authority of a sub- to Perth, upon getting a call from that sequent meeting of the commission, or borough; and that soon after a royal of the general affembly. (377.] presentation was given to Mr Douglas Next day, upon a motion from the (xviii. 247, 8. 567.).
After the fensame fynod, the commission unanimous- tence of last assembly (265.), the callers ly agreed, that, in respect of the present of Mr Boston, despairing of success be. fituation of affairs in this nation, a day fore the judicatures, set on foot a subof folemn fasting, humiliation, and pray. fcription for building a meeting-house. er, should be observed in all the church. The house is now built, and Mr Boston es in Scotland, upon fuch day as the has got, and has accepted a call to be King hall be pleased to appoint; and minifter there. remitted to the Moderator to write to P. S. On this fubject the following the secretary of state and Lord Cathcart, letter appeared in the Edinburgh Journal that they may represent to his Majesty of Dec. 8. dated, Jedburgh, Dec. 7.the commission's humble and earneft de • This day Mr Thomas Bolton gave fire of having the royal authority inter- in to the prefbytery of Jedburgh, a de: posed, for the observance of any day mission of his charge as minister of Oxhis Majesty shall think fit to name. nam: and though the presbytery reject. P. S. By a royal proclamation, dated ed his demission, it is affured, that on Dec. 6. Thursday the 16th of February Friday next he is to be admitted miniis to be observed in Scotland, and Frie ster to the town and parish of Jedburgh, day the 17th in England and Ireland, in the diffenting way, by Mr Roderick as a faft.
Mackenzie, who it is reported is Shortly to • The same day, Nov. 17. upon a com- be settled in the fame way, in a diffentplaint by the callers of Mr John Douglas ing congregation at Nigg (xviii. 245.] at Kenmore, to be minister of Jedburgh, in Rossłhire. What this novelty in the against the presbytery of Jedburgh, for church of Scotland will issue in, God not executing the sentence of the last af- only knows. But that the presbytery fembly (265.), parties were heard, and of jedburgh are no wise accessory there. a representation from that. presbytery, to, no more need be offered in their containing their reasons for not execu- vindication, than the following excerp: ting the sentence, was read. After rea. from a petition and representation by soning, the commission, without a vote, them to the commission in November concurred with the call to Mr Douglas, laft, reclaiming against a fentence of the and authorised the callers to profecute former commission, appointing them to the call in the commission's name, as admit Mr Douglas minister of Jedwell as their own, before the presbytery burgh. The commission haveorderof Dunkeld, and other judicatures com- éd the presbytery to proceed in the transpetent. The members from the pref. portation of Mr Douglas, according to bytery of Jedburgh protested for liberty the rules of the church ; when all the to complain of this sentence to the en- rules of the church forbid it. They must fuing affembly.
transmit the presentation, and the few