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NE W BOOK S. Preservatives against the plague. By F. HerDIVINITY and MORALITY.

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THE
SCOTS MAGAZIN

D E CE M B E R,

1 7 57.

с Ο Ν Τ E N T S. History of the last session of PARLIAMENT. Of || MEDICAL OBSERVATIONS. Colden on the

the militia-bill 6 17. A great omission in that throat-dilteinper 632. Pye on the ipecacuanha bill 620. Of the bill for quartering foreigo in small doses 634. Brady on a sleepy wotroops 621.

man ib. Lobb's cure for a catarrhous cough Extracts of the REPORT of the officers appoint 635

ed to inquire into the causes of the failure of Of true taste in MUSIC 636.
the late expedition. Col. Clerk's letter 622. HISTORY. Prussian accounts of the battle of
Number and disposition of the French land Rosbach 641. Austrian account of it 642.
forces 623. Sir John Ligonier's paper 624. Austrian accounts of the battle of Breslau 644.
Gen. Mordaunt's secret instructions 625. His Prussian accounts of that battle and other ope-
letters to Mr Pitt 626,7. Adm. Hawke's let rations 645. and of the battle of Lisla 648. M.
ter to Mr Pitt 626. Councils of war 627. Richlieu's letter to Pr. Ferdinand 650. Mani-
The report 628.

festo of the Elector of Brunswick-Lunenburg Experiments on the LUSCAR coal 629.

051. Motions of the Hanoverians 653. HaVoltaIRE's account of Sabbatei Levi, a pre noverian memorial to the diet of the empire 657. tended Messiah 631..

Acts passed 661.

An abstract of that to POETRY. Prologue to the Male Coquette 637. prohibit the exportation and distillation of grain Pr. Ferdinand to the Hanoverian and Heslian

662 Dr Smollet's character of Mr Pitt 663. troops ib. Cæfar and Frederick ib. To the Princess Caroline's funeral ib. Her will ib. King of Prussia, on his late success 63 8. Mr Proceedings of the Irish Commons 664. Cibber's intended new-year's ode ib. “To Mr Grants ib. F--d--e ib. An elegy on a schoolmaster ib. Sale of Langton estate 665. Settlement of On passing through the parliament-closc 'at Mr Boston at Jedburgh 666. midnight 639.

Lists, TABLES, GC. 668.672.

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The history of the last feffion continued. [568.] brace, Mt Gybbon, Sir John Philipps,

house, Sir John Turner, Sir Cordel FireF the important bills passed last Mr Martin, Mr Stanley, Mr Bacon, Mr session into laws, the next in Crowle, Mr Hanger, the Lord George order is the famous militia. Manners, Sir John Armitage, Sir John

bill. It was moved for, Dec. Cust, Mr Nicholson Calvert, Sir Henry 4. by the Hon. George Townshend; Erfkine, Mr Vyner, jun. Mr Bagot, and thereopon it was ordered, nem. con. Mr Wilmot Vaughan, Mr Hardinge, and that leave should be given to bring in a Mr Pryse Campbell, should prepare and bill, for the better ordering of the mili. bring in the bill. And to these gentletia forces in the several counties of that men were added, Jan. 10. Mr Chancel. part of G. Britain called England; and lor of the Exchequer, Mr Grenville, Mr that the said Mr Townshend, the Lord Charles Townshend, Mr Gilbert Elliot, Strange, Mr Edward Vernon, Mr Noro ·Mr Samuel Martin, Mr Wortley, Mr they, the Marquis of Granby, the Lord Rice, Mr Bourerie, Mr Colebrooke, and George Sackville, the Lord Pulteney, Mr Banks. the Earl of Egmont, Sir Armine Wood- ; The bill was presented, Jan. 25. by VOL. XIX.

Mr

4 U

Mr Townshend: it was read a first time, but not one more from any who called and ordered to be read a second time, themselves of the church of England. and to be printed. It was read a second And indeed it is surprising there should time, Feb. 1. and committed. The house have been one. It is not to be wonderwere in a committee on this bill, Feb.22. ed, that the fanatical pharisaical spirit 24. & 28. and March 2. and the amends of some of the diffenters, especially the ments were reported March 7: The most ignorant fort, should prevail with bill was recommitted with respect to the them to oppose exercising the militia afnumber of militia.men to be raised for ter divine service on Sunday; but it is the tower-hamlers and the rest of the to be hoped, that the members of the county of Middlesex; and the house im- church of England are generally of opimediately resolved itself into a committee nion, that the serving of mankind, or upon it. Theamendments were report our country, is a serving of God; and ed, and agreed to, all on the 7th. The that a man who spent one half of his further consideration of the reports was time on Sunday, in qualifying himfelf to then adjourned, and resumed on the defend his country in time of danger, 37th; when the bill was ordered to be would be a better Christian, than he who ingrossed, and leave was given to offer spent the whole of it, in attending praya clause on the third reading, with re ers, finging psalms, or hearing even the gard to the assembling of the parliament best sermons, and thereby neglecting that in case of actual invasion, or imminent other duty which he owes to mankind, danger thereof, and in case of rebellion. and his country, as well as to his creator*. It was read a third time on the 25th; a However, the house shewed such reclause was added by way of rider, seve• gard to these petitions, as not only to resal amendments were made by the house, fer every one of them to the committee and the bill was passed, and sent to the upon the bill, but also to appoint the Lords.

days for exercising the militia to be on On the 17th of February, before the the first and third Mondays of every Commons had gone into a committee month from March to October, both inon this bill, four petitions, – from se. clusive, and on Tuesday, Wednesday, veral Protestant diffenting ministers of Tharsday, and Friday, in Whitsun week, the three denominations, in and about yearly ; and as they were resolved that the cities of London and Westminster, no man should have a pretence, from in behalf of themselves and the rest what he called religion, to oppose or of their brethren ;-- from the Protestant object to the bill, proper clauses were indiflenters in Shrewsbury; from the serted for the relief of the Quakers. Protestant diffenting minifters in the In the house of Lords the bill itself met county of Devon ; and from the gen. with no opposition: but it underwent a tlemen, clergy, and other inhabitants, very material alteration ; for the number as well of the church of England, as of of militia-men to be provided was reduthe several denominations of Protestant ced one half by their Lordships. As this diffenters, being freeholders or burger- design would, of course, require many ses of the town and county of the town amendments in that clause, as well as of Nottingham, -- were severally pre. some of the subsequent clauses; as foon fented ; expressing the apprehensions of as the bill was read a first time, their the petitioners, that in the militia-bill Lordships ordered it to be printed ; and then depending, it might be proposed after a second reading, they spent seveto enact, that the militia forces Mould ral days in the committee, and upon the be exercised upon the Lord's day, com- report, in making the necessary amend. monly called Sunday ; and praying that

With these amendments the bill no clause for such purpose might pass in was at last, upon the third reading, ato a law. There were several more petitions presented from the Protestant

* [This argument we think carried a great deal

too far: for it would seem to justify the doing diflenters, and all to the same purpose ; almost every kind of work on the Lord's day.)

greed

ments.

May 9.

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greed to, and returned to the Commons, this liberty to married men, who should for their concurrence to the amendments, serve in the militia, when called out and

affembled, in case of actual invasion, or The Commons referred these amend- imminent danger chereof, or in case of ments to a select committee, May 17.; rebellion. (348.] and, on report, May 21. some of them Upon this there was, next day, a new were disagreed to; and the reft were, conference with the Lords ;. and their with amendments to feveral of them, Lordships having taken the amendments agreed to. The same committee were made by the Commons, to these two aordered to draw up reasons to be offer- mendments, into confideration, they a. ed to the Lords, at a conference, for greed to them, of which they acquaintdisagreeing to some of the amendments. ed the Commons the fame day by a mefThese reasons were reported on the fage ; and thus the bill was now at last 24th, and agreed to. A conference with made ready for the royal assent, which the Lords was desired, and held next it received at the end of the session. day; and the reasons were delivered Having finished the history of the bill, to them. The Lords, upon taking we shall observe, that there was from the reasons into consideration, resol- the beginning, as we have been informved to infift upon several of their ao ed, a design to provide cloaths, arms, mendments which had been disagreed and accoutrements, for the militia-men to by the Commons, and, on the 27th, at the public expence, and to allow egave their reasons for so doing at a new very one of them so much a.day, by conference; which being reported pre- way of pay or wages, for every day they sently to the Commons, they order. attended the militia exercise. But no ed the report to be taken into considera- provision could be made for this in the tion June 7, and at their rising adjourn. bill; because such a provision would ed to the 6th.

have made it a money-bill; and as the Accordingly, on the 7th, the reasons Commons have always infifted upon it, given by the Lords, for insisting upon that the Lords can make no amendment several of their amendments, were ta to a money-bill ;, in order to prevent aken into consideration; which occafion- ny difference between the two houses, ed long debates ; for upon every one of and to leave the Peers at full liberty to them, except two, the question was put make what amendments they might for their infisting upon their disagrée. think fit, it was resolved to leave the exment, which, if carried in the affirma. pence of the militia to be regulated and tive, would have occasioned the loss of provided for by a new bill to be passed the the bill; therefore the friends of the bill next following feffion, when it could, all united, and carried every one of these with more certainty, be computed, what questions in the negative. And as to sum would be necessary for these parthe two amendments on which no que poses. However, it would, we believe, stion was put, they were both agreed have been proper to have taken some to with amendments; the last of which public and solemn method to have noti. requires an explanation, being a clause fied this design to the people. Perhaps which was added by the Lords, for gi- it might have been properly enough ving all such as should serve for the ap- done, after the bill had passed both pointed time in the militia, a liberty to houses, by an address from the Comset up and exercise any trade they plea- mons to his Majesty, praying, that in fed in any town or place in G. Britain or case he should be pleased to give his afIreland: but the Commons thought that sent to the said bili, he would be grathis would be too great an incroachment ciously pleased to provide cloaths, arms, upon the rights and privileges of our ci- and accoutrements, for the militia, and ties and corporations; therefore they at to pay them so much a-day for every day first disagreed to the whole clause; and they should be out upon the militia-exa now, by their amendment, they confined ercise before a certain time, and that

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the house would in the next session take is to consist but of 1600 men, we could care to make good the expence. Such not, in a week's time, bring a sufficient an address might have been agreed to, force against them, even though we had and presented, with the more freedom, then a regiment of regular troops in the confidering what his Majesty had said, county; and what havock might they in his speech from the throne, at the not make in that city and its neighbeginning of the session: and such an bourhood, in a week's time? It is true, address appearing in the votes, and there. it may be said, that the act is designed by dispersed through the whole kingdom, to have all the men in England disciplia would have obviated one of the chief ned by rotation ; and that, upon such an objections made by ignorant people to occasion, all or most of those who had the act as it now stands.

been formerly of the militia, would voWe must likewise observe, that the a- luntarily enter again into actual service. mendments made by the Lords, by which But to this there are two very plain and the number of militia.men were re. strong objections, In the first place, As duced to 32,000 men, being but about every man is by the act allowed to serve one half of what had been proposed by by substitute, it is to be feared, chat no the Commons, was objected to both man will ever serve, who can spare to hire within doors and without; and would one to serve for him ; and it is not to be have been disagreed to, if the real friends questioned, but that there will always be to the bill had not been apprehensive, a multitude of the lowest and most abanthat such a disagreement, if infifted on, doned part of the people, who will be would have occafioned the loss of the ready to serve for a small hire. To bill; and confequently they thought that which we fhall add, that the reduction it was better to have too small a num- of the number of our militia-men will ber of regular disciplined militia, than very much contribute towards the lessento have none at all.

ing of this hire, and consequently toThere are two sorts of invasion which wards the lessening the number of chose ought to be provided against. One is, that will ever serve in person; and as with a great force, and with a design co the lieutenants will, it is believed, be al. conquer the kingdom; and the other is, ways

inclined to approve

of a substitute with a small force, and with a design who has, rather than of one who has only to land, and to plunder and lay never before served, it is to be feared, walte some part of our extensive coaft, that our militia-men, like our regular and then to reimbark, and escape with troops, will always consist of the same their plunder, before a fufficient force men, or very near the same men, and by sea or land can be sent to oppose or those che lowest and most idle fellows in intercept them. Of these two sorts, we the whole country.

Are these the men are certainly most exposed to the last ; in whom we are to put our trust for debecause it may be much more suddenly fending us against a French invasion, or prepared and carried into execution, and for preserving the liberties and privileges because none of our rich cities upon the of the people ? coaft have any fortifications to defend In the next place, it may be objected, them against an invading enemy. We That supposing the act should have the have nothing to defend us but the num, desired effect, and that most of our men ber, discipline, arms, and courage of fit to bear arms, both rich and poor, our men ; and the militia-act, as it now should at once be inspired with such a ftands, will not certainly furnish us with love for their country, and such a rea proper number for this purpose. gard for their own honour and future

Suppose, for example, the French fafety, as to serve in person, and make should, in the winter time, take advan- themselves acquainted with the use of tage of a westerly wind, and land 4 or arms, and with military discipline ; yet 5000 men near Exeter; as the militia of our lieutenants have, by the act, no that county, which is one of the largest, power to embody such volunteers as

may

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