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had upon her disorders. -And she still recommended justice, spoke like an ocontinues the use of the Luscar coal, as racle, and proclaimed, where-ever he an effectual security against smoke in her came, that the times were fulfilled. He apartment.

travelled at first into Greece and I. I have also been informed, that Mr taly. At Leghorn he ran away with a Henry Wardlaw, the original proprietor girl, and carried her to Jerusalem, where of Luscar, and the coal, used it constant. he began to preach to his brethren. A ly for above forty years in his family, disciple of his, named Nathan, offered even till his death; and he lived to above to act the part of Elijah, whilst Sabbaeighty years of age.

tei Levi played that of the Messiah. As to your laft query, viz. How much They both reformed the synagogue of longer a fire made with Luscar coal will Jerusalem. Nathan explained the procontinue burning before it is consumed, phecies, and demonstrated, that, at the than a fire made with the ordinary coal? expiration of the year, the sultan must - I can only say, that as the Luscar coal be dethroned, and Jerusalem become must be broken very fmall before it can mistress of the world. All the Jews of be properly set on fire, I judge a fire made Syria were convinced. The synagogue of che Luícar coal will burn about three resounded with ancient prophecies. They times longer than a fire made of the like grounded themselves on these words of quantity of our ordinary coal broken Isaiah, Awake, awake, put on thy firengib, down into equally small pieces. o Zion; put on thy beautiful garments, O I am, &c.

JAMES LIND. Jerusalem, the holy city : for benceforth N. B. The following direction is given for ma. there shall no more come into thee the unking a fire of the Luscar coal: “ Break the coal circumcised and the unclean. All the rabinto small pieces, and pile them in the grate, close, bies had the following passage in their upon their ents, leaving a hollow in the middle mouths, And they shall bring all your brefor a kindling of the embers of common coal;"similar to the direction for making a fire of the thren for an offering unto the Lord, out of Castle-Comber coal. [xviii. 39.]

all nations, upon horses, and in chariots,

and in litters, and upon mules, and upon From Voltaire's Universal History *. swift beasts, to my holy mountain JerusaUring the war of Candia, there lem. In short, their hopes were fed by

happened an affair among the these and a thousand other passages, Turks, that drew the attention of all Eu. which both women and children were rope and Asia. A general rumour was for ever repeating. There was not a spread at that time, founded on empty Jew but prepared lodgings for some of curiosity, that the year 1666 was to be the ten dispersed tribes. So strong was remarkable for some great revolution. their persuasion, that they left off trade The source of this opinion was the my, every where, and held themselves ready stic number of 666, found in the book for the voyage to Jerusalem. of Revelation. Never was the

expec. Nathan chose twelve men at Damatation of the antichrist so general. On scus, to preside over the twelve tribes. the other hand the Jews pretended that Sabbatei Levi went to shew himself to their Messiah was to come this year. his brethren at Smyrna; and Nathan

A Smyrna Jew, named Sabbatei Leo wrote to him thus, " King of kings. vi, who was a man of some learning, Lord of lords, when shall we be worand son of a rich broker belonging to thy to put ourselves under the shadow of the English factory, made advantage of your ass ? I proftrate myself to be trod this general opinion, and set up for the under the role of your feet.” Sabbatei Messiah. He had a fluent tongue, and deposed some doctors of the law at Smyra a graceful figure : be affected modesty, na, who did not acknowledge his au[So the book is intitled in the original; table. One of his most violent enemies,

thority, and established others more tracthough the translator has thought proper to alter and confine the title, rendering it, The general

named Samuel Pennia, was publicly cona history and state of Europe.]

verted, and proclaimed him to be the

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son of God. Sabbatei having present, diftant parts of Europe ; at the Dardaed himself one day before the cadi of nells he received deputations from the Smyrna, with a multitude of his follow- Jews of Poland, Germany, Leghorn, ers, they all declared they saw a column Venice, and Amsterdam: they paid veof fire betwixt him and the cadi. Some ry dear for kisfing his feet; and probaother miracles of this sort set his divine bly this is what preserved his life. The mission beyond all doubt. Numbers of distributions of the holy land were made Jews were impatient to lay their gold very quietly in the tower of the Dardanells. and their precious stones at his feet. At length the fame of his miracles was

The bashaw of Smyrna would have so great, that Sultan Mahomet had the arrested him; but he fet out for Constan- curiosity to see the man, and to examine tinople with his most zealous disciples. him himself. The king of the Jews The grand vizir Achmet Cuprogli, who was brought to the seraglio. The Sulwas getting ready for the fiege of Can. tan asked him in the Turkish language, dia, gave orders for him to be seized “ Whether he was the Mefliah ?" Sab. on board the vessel that brought him to batei modestly answered,

He was :" Conftantinople, and to be confined. The but as he expressed himself incorrectly in Jews easily obtained admittance into the this tongue; “ You speak very ill," said prison for money, as is usual in Turky; Mahomet to him, “ for a Messiah, who they came and prostrated themselves at ought to have the gift of languages. Do his feet, and kissed his chains. He you perform any miracles ?” « Somepreached to them, exhorted them, and times," answered the other. " Well gave them his blessing, but never com- then,” said the Sultan, “ let him be plained. The Jews of Constantinople, stripped stark naked; he will be a very believing that the coming of the Mesah good mark for the arrows of my Icol. would cancel all debts, refused to pay gans; and if he is invulnerable, we will their creditors. The English merchants acknowledge him to be the Meffiah.” at Galata waited upon Sabbatei in-jail, Sabbatei fung himself upon his knees, and told him, that, as king of the Jews, and confessed it to be a miracle above he ought to command all his subječts to his strength. It was proposed to him pay their debts. Sabbatei wrote the immediately, either to be impaled, or following words to the persons com to turn Muffulman, and go publicly to plained against, To you who expect the Turkish mosque. He did not bog. the salvation of Jerusalem, &c. dif- gle in the least, but embraced the Turk. charge your lawful debts: if you refuse ish religion direcily. Then he preachit, you shall not enter with us into our ed, that he had been sent to substitute joy, and into our empire."

the Turkish to the Jewish religion, pure Sabbatei, during his imprisonment, suant to the ancient prophecies. Yet was continually visited by his followers, the Jews of diftant countries believed in who began to raise some disturbances in him a long time. The affair, however, Conftantinople. At that time the peo. was not attended with bloodshed, but inple were greatly disfatisfied with Maho- creased the shame and confusion of the met IV. and it was apprehended that Jewish nation. the Jewish prophecy might occafion some disturbances. Under these circum

Medical observations continued. [581.] fances one would imagine that fuch a Art. XX. A letter from Cadwallader Cole fevere government as that of the Turks den, Esg; at New York, to Dr Fotbergill. would have put the person calling him- IN this letter, Mr Colden, who former. self king of Israel to death; yet they on ly practised phyfic, gives an account ly removed him to the castle of the Dar. of the fever and sore throat, which he danells. The Jews then cried out, that calls the threat-difemper, as it appeared it was not in the power of man to take at Kingston in New England, in 1735. a'vay his life.

Upon this throat-diftemper, Dr FotherHis fame had reached even the most gill has written a treatise, which was

well

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well received, and this account was pro. tom. The last complaints are commonbably addressed to him for that reason. ly an oppression on the upper part of the

The principal particulars related of chest, difficulty of breathing, and a deep the disease in this letter are the follow- hollow hoarse cough, with a livid stran. ing

gled-like countenance, and these symp1. Kingston being an inland town, toms are soon followed by death. and having no foreign trade, this dis 8. This disease is not attended with ease, which appeared there before it was that loss of strength common to other known in any other part of America, fevers, so that many patients have concould not be imported.

tinued up and walking about till with2. From Kingston it spread gradually in an hour of their death, when no imwestward, till it extended over all the minent danger has been suspected. Some British colonies on the continent. die on the fifth day, some on the fif

3. Though it was manifestly propa. teenth day, and sometimes the corrupgated by infection, yet children and tion of the humours is so great, before young people only were subject to it, a any remarkable symptoms appear, that, very few instances only excepted. It the patient dies suddenly by a general spread most among the poor, and was mortification without any sensible itruge more fatal in the country than in great gle for life. towns. Scorbutic habits, feeders on pork, 9. It does not appear upon diffection and inhabitants of wet low grounds, that the bowels are affected, but the were more subject to the infection than lungs look as in peripneumonic cases, others.

and the corruption of the humours is 4. It now breaks out in different fa- manifest from the stench. milies and places, without any visible 10. When the disease was treated cause, but does not spread so falt as at with the evacuations usual in a common firft.

quincy, few escaped ; and all fenfiblee5. Several have had it more than vacuations after the disease has contingonce.

ed some time are destructive, although 6. The principle of this disease seems bleeding, blistering, and lenient purga. to operate in the habit before any of its tives, may on some occasions be of use distinguishing symptoms appear. Chil. in the beginning. Cold air is extremedren languish some time, conftitutionally prejudicial even after the symptoms ails revive, and where there have been have disappeared ; so are flesh, fish, and issues, or any other fores, a corrofive hu- fpirituous liquors. mour has been generated.

11. The bark has been tried without 7. The symptoms of the disease, when fuccefs. it becomes known, are the same with 12. The cure was generally effected those of a fever, except a nausea. It is at- by confining the fick to bed, in a mo. tended with a most putrid heat, the kin derate warmth, so as to preserve a conbeing seldom parched; the tongue is stant and free perspiration, by gentle often much furred, even to the tonfils, diaphoretics given from time to time, on which white spots sometimes appear with warm fage tea, and continuing about one fourth of an inch in diame, this regimen till some time after all the ter, from which a tough cream-colour. fymptoms have disappeared. ed sough is thrown off, and an ulcer The serpentaria was in this case used remains. Some patients have had sores as the diaphoretic ; but care must be talike these on the tonfils, with a corro. ken not to use it so as to sweat the pafive humour behind their ears, and on tient, for sensible sweating was as prethe private parts, sometimes without any judicial as any other sensible evacuation. ulceration in the throat. When the fores This account of the throat-distemper appear red, there is danger; and when is followed by some remarks on the hublack, there is no hope ; an Itemorrhage mours of the body, which he supposes to on a Night scratch is also a fatal symp- be three. 1. The blood, which circu

lates

He fup.

lates in the larger ramifications of the lutary effects. Some patients were cu. vessels. 2. Another fluid, to which he red of a diarrhea, and others of a dygives no name, that circulates where the sentery of many months continuance; red globules cannot pass. 3. The fluid others were relieved from pains in the sometimes called lymph, which he sup- ftomach, and loss of appetite ; besides sea poses to circulate only in the finest ra veral other complaints in which emetics mifications of all, and to be the princi- are to be given, pal inftrument in all the vital and vege. Art. XXIII. An account of an extraordinatable functions of an animal. poses diseases to differ essentially as sub

ry fleepy woman. By Dr Brady, pbyfsfisting in these different fluids. Inflam

cian to Prince Charles of Lorrain. matory fevers he supposes to have their This woman, whose name was Elisa. seat in the blood, and therefore to be beth Orvin, was of a healthy robust conbeft cured by venesection ; fevers of dif- ftitution, and many years servant to the ferent symptoms he supposes may subfift parish-priest of St Gilain near Mons in in the second nameless Auid, and be best Hainault. In the beginning of the year cured by increasing one or more of the 1738, when she was about thirty-fix sensible secretions; and the fevers called years of age, she became suddenly un. nervous he supposes to subsist in the lymph, easy, sullen, and furly; and in the month and that they are best cured by infenfible of August fell into a sleep that lasted four perspiration only.

days, notwithstanding all possible enMr Colden also, in the conclusion of deavours to awaken her. At last she a. this letter, relates, that the practice of waked of herfelf, in a very bad humour ; inoculation, which has generally been but went about her business for the next believed an invention of the Circassians, fix or seven days as usual; when she fell to preserve the beauty of their women, asleep again, and slept eighteen hours. is much older, and came from Africa From that time till 1753, near fifteen with the distemper itself. This he dis- years, she continued to sleep every day covered by a conversation between two from about three in the morning till eight negroes, which was accidentally over or nine at night, except about four heard ; who, upon being examined se- months in the year 1745, when she had parately, gave the same account of the a natural sleep, and about twenty-one practice in their native country; which days in the year 1748, when she was was confirmed in every particular by ma. kept awake by a tertian ague. On the ny other negroes, who were also separa. 200h of February 1755, about five in tely examined for that purpose. the evening, Dr Brady went to see her, Art. XXII. Of the powers of ipecacuanba regiment. He felt her pulse, and found

with the surgeon-major of an Austrian in very small doses. By Dr Pye.

it natural. He raised her arm, and found This article contains an account of it heavy and rigid, so that he could not several cases in which vomiting being ne- bend it without difficulty. He then raicessary, but the violent strainings fome- fed her head; and her neck being as stiff times produced by the common dose as a board, her back and shoulders rose greatly to be dreaded; the Doctor admi. with it. Her legs were in the same nistered so small a dose of the ipecacuan- ftate. He put his mouth to her ear, ha as two grains with great success. The and called as loud as he could; and, to general result of his observations on this be sure there was no cheat, he thrust a subject during thirteen months is exhia pin through her flesh to the bone. He bited in a table, containing the patients kept the flame of burning paper to her name and age, the number of grains ad- cheek, till he burnt the scarf kin. He ministered, and the times of vomiting. thrust a piece of linen dipped in spirits By this table it appears, that two grains of wine up her noftril, and set it on fire of the ipecacuanha vomited from one to for a moment. But, notwithftanding eight times, and produced the most fa- this injurious and cruel treatment, the

poor

poor creature continued to sleep. At dy for the relief of people troubled with
half an hour after fix, her neck, arms, and coughs; a disorder very frequent, espe-
legs became more supple; about eight cially in the winter-season.
the turned in her bed, got up abruptly, It is a remedy which every one has,
and came to the fire. She soon after eat

or may easily have, in possession, at a
with an appetite, and then sat down to very low price; a remedy recommend-
spin. She seems to have been frequent- ed by reason, and found effectual in ex-
ly the subject of wanton cruelty, which perience ; which made me apprehend,
is too often indulged under the pretence that the communication of it would be
of gratifying a laudable curiosity, and acceptable and beneficial.
increasing useful knowledge. Before When I was making researches after
Brady's experiment with the pin, which the occasion of, and remedies in catarrh.
he thrust through her flesh to the bone, ous diseases, it occurred to my thoughts,
and the flaming paper with which he that one of the most frequent immediato
scorched her cheek, a surgeon had forced causes of coughs, was a defluxion of hu-
down her throat eighteen grains of eme. mours from the salival glands, chiefly
tic tartar, which, if it had waked her, on the aspera arteria, which produce
would probably have putanend to her life, tickling in the throat, and fits of cough-
four grains being a dole; she had been ing.
whipped till the blood ran down her Persons under this fymptom may be
shoulders; her back had been rubbed said to have a catarrhous cough. And
with honey, and then exposed in a hot the continuance of it brings another cause
day before a hive of bees, when she was of coughing into existence: for when
itung to such a degree that her back this humour glides down into the air-
and shoulders were covered with blotch- vessels of the lungs, it fills, in some
es and tumours ; pins had been thrust measure, their cavities, and it becomes,
under her nails; and she had suffered in some degree, inspiflated by the conti-
many other injuries, which Brady calls nual exhalation of its minutest parts in
odd experiments, and says he must pass respiration.
them over in silence on account of their This humour thus thickened (and call-
indecency. If a repetition of these expe. ed phlegm) by the action of the lungs,
riments have not destroyed this unhappy and of the air in breathing, is, at times,
wretch, it is probable that she is still in raised and brought into the mouth, and
the same state; for it does not appear excites a coughing as it passes to it, and is
that any measures were taken to cure another cauie of fits of coughing.
her by any of those humane and inge But the cause of such coughs, and
nious persons who gratified their curiofi. their remedies, is not the subject of my
ty by examining her case.

present confideration ; but the catarrhous [To be continued.]

cough, from an excess in the quantity

of the salival humour, the frequent conGENTLEMAN'S MAGAZINE.

sequence of what we call a catching cold, It is hoped that the publication of the following which diminishes the discharge by the royal society, though not yet printed in their insensible perspiration. This is the point memoirs, will prevent great inconvenience to many persons, who at this season of the year are In considering this kind of cough, I scarce ever free from that kind of cough particu- thought, that if the salival glands, from larly distinguished by the name of the Catarrhous time to time, could be emptied of the Cougl.

surplus of their contained humour, and To the Rt Hon. George Earl of Mac that surplus could be conveyed elsewhere,

CLESFIELD, &c. &c. President of the it might prevent its falling into the throat,
Royal Society of London.

and into the lungs, and its exciting fits
My LORD,
London, Nov. 5. 1755,

of coughing. And as a remedy for this thip, and the royal fociety, a remc- chewing any sort of dry aliment might

be

I am upon.

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