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The following letter from Stock- their march a skirmish with those of the HOLM, dated Nov. 26. seems to deserve enemy, and had greatly the advantage. notice.“ The Pruffian party are not with. The army passed the Sala at Naumburg, out uneasiness about the operations of and proceeded to Buttlestedt. At this the Swedish army in Pomerania. The time the convention between the French news of the march of a large body of and the Hanoverian army was signed at Pruffians hath occafioned the holding of Bremerwerde. The troops of the Duke several councils, in which it was resolde Richlieu penetrated into the princived, notwithstanding the warm oppofi. pality of Halberftadt, whither Prince tion of the King, and the friends of Ferdinand of Brunswick was detached. Pruffia, to send a reinforcement to that He scoured the country, and beat up the army. As his Pruffian Majesty's ene- quarters of the French at Egelen, where mies as yet prevail, the King of Sweden he made 20 officers and 400 soldiers priyielded to the times. But there is rea- foners. On the approach of the grand son to think that affairs may soon take a army of France, the Prince of Brunswick very different turn, especially if the took up his quarters at Wansleben, where Swedes should be unfuccessful. - Col. he could hinder their receiving provisions. Campbell, the British minister, takes in. The King's army advanced to Erfurth, finite pains to gain his point. His win- and the enemy retired. They were drining manner, and great abilities, give ven as far as the hills of Eysenach. We room to think that his negotiations will had an advanced post of hussars and dranot prove fruitless.
It appears that he goons at Gotha : the Prince of Hildburghath gained over Count Bond and some hausen marched with a large body to dirother leaders of the Anti-Prussian party, lodge it, and was forced to retire with who constantly represented the King of some loís. Prussia as the worst enemy of Sweden." The armies remained in this situation
The friendship and commerce between till the end of October, when a body of Denmark and Spain, which was bro- Hungarians entered through Lusatia inken off in 1753, by some misunderstand to the electorate of Brandenburg. It was ings which we then related, is restored ; imagined, that the army of Gen. Marshal as appears by an edict published at Co. was following this corps. The Prince of penhagen on the 12th of November. Anhalt was detached to oppose them, We now come to the important affairs attack them in the rear.
and the King advanced to Anneburg to of GERMANY, and shall begin with gi
This expedition of the enemy was conving a Prussian account of the battle of
fined to the raising of contributions, a Rosbach, fought on the 5th of November, with some of its antecedents and part of which the approach of the Prince
of Anhalt hindered them from collecting. consequences, and an account from one while one part of the army haftened to on the opposite side; both which seem the allistance of the electorate, M. Keith to be more particular and perspicuous retired with the rest to Leipfic. The ethan what we formerly had. [596.] -We begin with an account publish- for executing the project they had long
nemy judged this a favourable moment ed by authority, at Berlin, in eight meditated. They advanced by canton. pages 4°, supposed to be written by the ments through Naumburg, Zeitz, and King, viz.
Weissenfels, with a design to make themA Bout the beginning of September, felves masters of the whole course of the
the army of the empire (as it calls Sala, of Leipfic, and of our magazines itself), and the forces of the Prince de at Torgau. Our Army was ordered to Soubise, assembled at Erfurth, in order assemble at Leipfic. The troops in Luto penetrate into Saxony, and make fatia and from the county of Magdeburg themselves maiters of the Elbe, Where. all arrived there on the 26th of October, upon a part of the King's army marched On the 31st the whole army marched to to Naumburg. Qur light troops had in fall upon the enemy in their quarters.
We made fome prisoners, but could reach made fome discharges of cannon upon no farther than Lutzen. Next day, up- our horse; which had scarce any effect. on advice that the enemy were retiring On the 5th in the morning, we were on all sides, the King marched with the informed that the enemy were moving vanguard to Weissenfels. The city, which to their right; and our scouts brought was defended by Bavarians and troops of word that the whole army was upon their the circles, was immediately attacked and march. About noon we perceived the forced ; but the enemy, to cover their re- head of their columns upon the extremity treat, burnt the bridge on the Sala. We of our left. We would not take any itep made near 300 prisoners. It now ap- till we should be better assured of their peared that the enemy intended to dispute defigns. At two in the afternoon, we with us the passage of the Sala. The perceived that they intended to double troops of the empire incamped upon the our left, and that they directed their opposite side of this river overagainst march towards Merseburg. Upon which Weissenfels, and posted themselves be. our army drew up in order of battle ; and, hind inclosures of vineyards and in huts, by a half-turn to the left, marched paralin order to hinder us from repairing the lel with the enemy. We gained the ribridge that was burnt down. They drew fing grounds; of which our cavalry made a line along the left bank of the river ; a good use, by attacking the enemy's caand M. Keith, who advanced with the valry in flank, and, after some discharges, main body of the army to Merseburg, entirely routed them. The infantry found that fourteen French battalions had gained the village of Richardswerben, burnt the bridge at that place, and taken where it halted ; and as we saw that the poffeffion of the town, at the same time French infantry were forming in columns, that a French detachment burnt the and drawing up in line of battle to attack bridge on the Sala near Hall.
us, we marched up to them. The battle The Marshal marched with a detach- lafted but an hour and a half. Only fix ment to Hall, and repaired the bridge battalions of our left engaged ; and after there, which forced the enemy to eva. pursuing the runaways beyond Borgwerçuate all the posts they had on that river, ben, night hindered as from reaping the and retire to Michele. We soon repaired fruits of the victory. the bridges, and crossed the river at Hall, Next day the army marched to Frey. Merseburg, and Weissenfels. The three burg. columns joined the same day at the vil. On the 7th, a large detachment croff lage of Rosbach. The King went to re- ed the Sala, and advanced to Eckersberg. connoitre the enemy's camp; and finding On the 8th and gth, we pursued the that it might be attacked on the right, runaways as far as Erfurth. We have he determined to march to it next day. eight French generals, 250 officers of
On the 4th, he prepared for executing different rank, and 6000 common men this project. The cavalry led. Upon are prisoners ; and have taken 63 cannon, riving at the eminences from whence the 15 ftandards, two pair of kettle-drums, enemy had been reconnoitred the day and seven pair of colours. before, it was found that they had chan- On our side, Col. Prignitz is killed. ged the position of their camp. It not Prince Henry, Gen. Seidlitz and Meionly faced our army, but it was co- necke, slightly wounded; and our loss vered in front by a large hollow way, both of killed and wounded does not Its right was opon an eminence in a wood amount quite to 300 men. fortified with three redoubts, and barri. cades of trees. It was not thought pro- officer in the Imperial army, dated at
The other account, in a letter from an per to attack this post; the infantry ine camped, and the cavalry also retired in Coburg, Nov. 12. is as follows. to the camp. The enemy, finding that THE Prince de Soubise having re. they were not going to be attacked, fent ceived orders from his court, not out of their camp some detachments, and to lead the army of his Most Christian
Majesty Majesty beyond the Sala, but at the same view, they ranged their cavalry behind time not to omit any occasion that might it. A person of credit and diftinction offer of fighting the King of Prussia on came in the interim, and assured the Duke this side that river, it was judged proper, of Saxe-Hildburghausen, general of the that the combined army should provide combined army, that there was scarce a themselves with a good camp, and there handful of the enemy behind the said eresolutely wait for the enemy. In con- minence. But by and by we saw them sequence of which resolution they occu- advancing on a full gallop towards our pied that of Micheles the 4th of Novem. Aank. The Duke, however, gained ber, where they were posted so as to have time fufficient for forming the two Ima wood on the right, wherein the fifteen perial regiments of cavalry on the firs battalions of the troops of the empire line, and those of the empire on the se(the rest having been detached, by order cond, by disposing the flank in front. of the Margrave of Baden-Durlach, along Himself in person led on the two former the Sala, for the security of the interior regiments to the charge, and attacked circles) had orders to continue, and cover the enemy with so much bravery, that themselves by felling trees; and this we could see the two parties, for a conplace was fortified besides with some re. fiderable while, engaging hand to hand. doubts, being the only one against which At length the Imperial cavalry began to the enemy could form its attack, and the penetrate through them ; but the eneintervals were guarded by several pieces my’s cavalry, much superior in number of artillery. The Imperial cavalry and to oors, found means to surround them. that of the empire occupied a very ad. However, they recovered their order, vantageous fpot near this wood, and ex- and, in conjunction with the French catremely proper for their purpose. The valry, repulsed the enemy four times. French troops, whose left wing was de- The Marquis de Castres signalized himfended by an impracticable ravin, joined self on this occasion, and received two them; besides all which there was a corps wounds on the head from a sword. de reserve of eight battalions and fixteen The Prince of Saxony, in the mean squadrons, of the same auxiliary troops, to while, put himself at the head of the inbe employed as occasion might require. fantry; and the officers of the French
In this posture nothing could be more army having proposed to him to attack desirable than to be attacked. On the that of the enemy in columns, with baye 5th the enemy appeared, and reconnoi- onets fixed, his Serene Highness expreff. tred the camp from the eminences, but ed his satisfaction at so vigorous a resodiscovered no tokens or disposition to lution, and conducted in person the re. risk an action with the combined army giment of Piemont within 30 or 40 paces fo advantageously posted; but incamped of the enemy. But the terrible fire which near the village of Rosbach, where it they made at once of their artillery and was equally inaccessible both in front and musquetry, obliged that brave regiment flanks. This camp was on a ravin and to retreat; and inftantly such an univera small eminence. A brook, no wise fal panic poffeffed all the troops, that it considerable but for its steep banks, per- was impoffible to stop one fingle battafectly covered either army from the o- lion or squadron. Our general in chief, ther ; ånd the troops, posted in the man- as well as the Prince de Soubise, the ner of an amphitheatre, formed two lines French commandant, took all imagi. of infantry on the hanging of the hill, nable pains to rally the troops; but to no and the third of cavalry, in the plain be- purpole ; they were all quite overwhelmhind the two former.
ed with terror.
It was therefore con. It was three in the afternoon before cluded, to contrive how to secure a rethey quitted their camp, and made a new treat. The night favouring us, the comof retreating to Merleburg; but taking bined army profited of that circumstance, advantage of an eminence, which intero and retired to Freyburg, and afterwards. cepted them and their notions from our over the Unstrut."
Early in December, several persons and to abandon the village of Pilzenitz. who had enjoyed protection at Dresden Our right did not meet with so much under the late Queen of Poland, name- resistance as the left, where the fire bely, the Count de Loos, M. de Globig, gan; for the enemy, at the very beginthe Countess of Samour, and Father ning, drew the greatest part of their Herman her Majesty's confeffor, were troops towards the right, and there conby express orders from the King of Pruf- centered their force. The fire of the fia taken into custody. It is said, that small arms lasted till five o'clock in the the formidable league, dreading his Ma. evening, when the enemy began to rejesty's superior virtues, had employed tire towards Breslau. One part of the them to take away his life by poison. army threw themselves into the city, and
Our last left the King of Prussia the rest posted themselves under the can. marching diligently for Silesia, with a non. Night prevented any further propart of his troops which had beat the gress. combined army at Rosbach. He hoped We have lost a great number of men. to have relieved Schweidnitz ; but our The enemy rallied three different times, former accounts shewed he could not but and the defiles prevented our extending be greatly too late for that. Nay, it ourselves, and caused now and then some was not in his power to be present at an disorder ; of which the Prussians availed important action which happened ten themselves. Hitherto I have only seen days after its surrender. Gen. Nadasti 22 pieces of cannon, 3 mortars, and 4 having made himself master of Schweid. colours that we have taken, but it is said nitz, left in it a sufficient garrison, there are more. 1600 prisoners, incluand marched on the 16th of November, ding deserters, are brought to the head with the rest of the troops under his com- quarters. I do not mention the woundmand, to join the grand Austrian army ed, because I do not know the number near Breslau, and assist in its future o. of them; but I believe that, in this ar. perations. A battle foon ensued; of ticle, we have more than they. Our which the two following accounts were loss is by no means inconsiderable. Gen. published in the London gazette. Wurben is killed; Lt-Gen. Clerici, and Extract of a letter from the Imperial army gen, and Reichel, are wounded ; M.
Maj. Gen O'Kelli, Mayern, Gemmin. near Breslau, Nov, 25.
Keihl, master-general of the ordnance, Notwithstanding the different motions has had his arm shattered. The Prufof our army for several days, the Prince fian deserters say, that Prince Francis of of Bevern did not ftir. On the oth he Brunswick, the Prince of Wurtemberg, had already sent the baggage of his ar- and Gen. Schultz, are wounded.
The my into Breslau; at last, on the 22d, we body of the Pruffian general Kleist was attempted to dislodge him by force. found on the field of battle. The next
The cannonade, which was one of day the enemy passed the Oder, and are the most violent that ever was heard, (we marching towards Glogau, after having having made use of forty twenty-four left a garrison at Breslau. On the 24th pounders, besides other pieces of a smail. Te Deum was sung. The same day the er bore), began at half an hour past nine Prince of Bevern, commander in chief o'clock in the morning, and continued of the Prussian army, having been to retill one ; when the fire of the small arms connoitre us, had the misfortune to fall began, which was the sharpest I ever into the hands of a body of Croats, who saw. At last we carried our point, by were in Gen. Beck's advanced posts. clearing the redoubts, defiles, mo- He is made prisoner of war, and carried raffes, and whatever other opposition art to Stablowitz, where M. Daun's quar
nature had thought fit to oppose to ters formerly were, and is guarded by a
The resistance of the enemy was lieutenant and 30 men. He is treated most obstinate; but at last they found with every mark of distinction that his themselves obliged to yield to numbers, birth, character, and eminent qualities,
deserve. You may easily imagine, we letters even assure, that the Prince of Be. are not sorry for this accident; for he vern only retreated to spare his men. cuts us out a great deal of work. Last night The following account, among others, the city of Breslau desired to capitulare. was also published at Brussels.
6 Brea The garrison, which is said to be 3000 Nau, Nov. 27. In our account of the men strong, under the orders of Gen. lait battle, we set down the loss of the Leswitz, governor of Breslau, is to march Pruslians at no more than 9000 men; out this day with all military honours. because we chose to make it racher less It is not to serve against the Empress or than more, as we could not then have her allies for two years. All the maga. an exact knowledge of things.
The zines, chests, artillery, &c. remain in Pruffian officers themselves confess, that our hands. This is all I know at present the barde of the 22d cost them 10,000 of the capitulation of Breslau.
men; and their teftimony, which is not Extract of a letter from Vieuna, Nov. 26. dering that there has been fo great a de
suspicious, is further confirmed, confie Several couriers, dispatched by Prince sertion among the enemy, that we recCharles, have brought the news of his kon already so odeferters who are come R. Highness's having attacked the Prince over to our army." of Bevern on the 22d inftant; and for. If the Prince of Bevern's army was so ced his intrenchments: This news at strong before the bat:le, that it could first occasioned great joy a court; but lose 15,000, killed, wounded, and dewas much allayed by the particulars of ferters, and yet have as many fighting the action, the most bloody that historymen can furnich an instance of. People whi: Auftrians will now gladly acknowledge,
as afterwards appeared, and the sper each other, that, with such another it must then have been more numerous vietory, there would be an end of the chan the generality of people imagined. Austrian army.
It has cost the lives of 20,000 Austrians. The court endea- battle has hitherto appeared in the pu
Scarcely any thing in relation to that vours, in vain, to palliate this lots: for
blic it is easy to be seen, that they repent what has been intermixed with relations
papers on the Pruffian lide, but having given orders to attack the Prufa
of other events - We had the followsians; who have made such a relistance as was not expected, notwithstanding London gazette of Dec. 20.
ing articles, of Dec. 2. and ro. in the the many proofs they have already given of their spirit and bravery. In short, Extract of a letter from a Prufian officer several generals of the army have wrote, in Silesia, dated Dec. 2. that the number of the slain was equal You already know, that the Austrians, to the whole Prussian army before the having penetrated into Silesia with su. battle. This will not be difficult to be perior forces to those of the Prince of believed, when it is known, that the Bevern, that prince, who was obliged heat of the action latted from about ele- to weaken his army by the detachments ven o'clock, to fix in the evening: and with which he augmented the neighthat four inaccesible intrenchments were bouring garrisons, had no other course to be forced, planted thick with can. to take, than to poft himielf in an adnon, which fired cartridge-shot from near vantageous camp before Breslau, and nine in the morning, till the evening. there wait for the enemy. But instead The Pruffians were never put into con- of attacking him, they undertook the fufion, and retreated in good order. fiege of Schweidniiz with a part of the Their loss is not computed at above 3 army, and the troops of Bavaria and or 4000 men, in killed, woanded, and Wurtemberg. The fiege was pushed prisoners. Thise are the only particu from the 27th of Očiober, when i delars as yet come to hand of this bloody gan, with so much the more vigour, as battle, which does as much honour to the Austrians carried it on by foreign the Prusians as to che Aufrians. Some troops, the prelervation of whom they VOL. XIX.