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were not very anxious about, for which corps under Nadasti ; and the enemy, season it has cost them about 8000 men. who gave the battle up for loft, thought
On the 11th of November, they made only of a retreat. But some regiments a general affault; but the garrison made in our right having suffered greatly, the so vigorous a resistance, that the Au. Duke of Bevern judged it fit to return to ftrians loft a great number of men in it, his camp, and to pass the Oder at Breand only carried two redoubts, without flad the following night. The Austrians making any considerable breach in the not seeing any thing to oppose them but ramparts of the town. The generals that city, returned to the field of battle, who commanded at Schweidnitz judged which we had quitted to their great furit proper, however, to capitulate the prise. Our loss is small; that of the enext day, and to give themfelves up nemy, on the contrary, according to prisoners of war, with the garrison, the best accounts, and by the interceptwhich consisted of about 4000 men. It ed letters of their own officers, amount must be acknowledged that the Austrians in the whole to 20,000 men. found in this place a great quantity of On the 23d we remained behind Breprovisions, ammunition, and money. flau.
The garrison, who had seen the ca On the 24th, at four in the morning, pitulation with the greatest discontent, the Duke of Bevern going to reconnoitre and who had more than once offered without escort, and accompanied only to force their way through the besiegers, by a groom, was taken by an advanced learned by chance, while they were party of Croats, a small body of which conducting them into Bohemia, the had passed the Oder under the command great victory which the King had ob- of Gen. Beck. tained near Rosbach ; which news ani. After we had in vain expected the remated them so far, that the greatest part turn of the Prince on the 24th, Lt-Gen. forced the escort, which was but weak, Kian took the command, by virtue of and escaped, and rejoined his Majesty's his seniority. Lt-Gen. Leftwitz, whom troops ; so that the Austrians have scarce the King had ordered to take, the com. kept 200 men of the prisoners they made mand at Breslau, not being able to at Schweidnitz.
maintain himself in a place so extensive, When that place was taken, the corps and so ill fortified, capitulated, on conwhich had besieged it, rejoined the dition that the garrison and wounded main army near Liffa, and the enemy should have free leave to march out, resolved to attack the Prince of Bevern but that they should not act against the without delay, and before the King Empress-Queen during the course of (who they knew was marching, and had this war. passed Lusatia, in spite of the corps un The King, who could not have any der the Generals Marshal and Had news of all these events, as the enemy dick) could come to his affiftance. It were between him and the army in Si. was on the 22d, at nine o'clock in the lefia, arrived in this interval on the 24th morning, that the Austrians attacked at Naumburg on the Quiefs, and the the Prince of Bevern, with a force three 29th at Parchwitz. times fuperior to his; a fuperiority of Our corps, commanded at present by which they themselves boasted in their Lt.Gen. Zeithen, has repassed the O. journals, and in all the gazettes which der, and happily joined the army of the copied them. Gen. Nadasti had even King at Parchwitz, on the ift of this placed himself with a separate body on month ; and by this junction his Majesty the flank of our right wing. The at- has again affembled a most respectable tack was not advantageous to the Au army. ftrians. Their right wing was entirely We are but two marches from the ebeat, and forced to retire towards Newe nemy, who at present occupy the ad. marck. Lt-Gen. Zeithen, who com- vantageous camp we had before Bremanded our left wing, beat also the flau. These misfortunes, considerable
as they are, ought not to be attributed express set out, they reckoned above to our troops, (whose spirit and activity 40 pieces of cannon taken from the ehave never slackened), but to causes nemy. Our loss is computed at 2000 which time will not fail to discover. killed and wounded. There is no geHowever it be, the whole army is full neral killed on our fide. The battle of ardour to march against the enemy began about one, and lasted four hours. under the King's immediate command, The King, after the battle, took up his and to restore things to their former state. quarters at Liffa, intending to march
Magdeburg, Dec. 10. The day before next day towards Breslau. The day yesterday in the evening, Lieut. Baron before this great event, our troops feized de Purlitz arrived here, and brought to at Newmarck a considerable magazine, her Majesty, the Queen, the agreeable with the enemy's ovens, and two pieces news of a complete victory, which the of cannon, On that occafion, 300 King gained, on the 5th inftant, be. Croats were killed, and 600 taken pritween Newmarck and Lifla in Silesia, soners. over the Austrian army, commanded by And in a London gazette" extraordi. Prince Charles of Lorrain, and the nary, dated Dec. 30. we have the folMarshals Daun and Nadali. As it lowing, dated, Berlin, Dec. 10. is not possible yet to give a circumftan. stial account of this great event, the ex
An authentic relation * of the march of the press having come away from the field Prusian corps, since the battle of Weissenof battle, it will now suffice to relate fels, out of Saxony, into Silesia, till after some previous particulars of it. The
the battle of Lifa, which the King gainKing had begun to march, on the 5th, ed, on the 5th of December 1757, over in order to go and attack the enemy in
the grand Austrian army, commanded by their strong camp between Liffa and
Prince Charles of Lorrain, and Marshal Breslau, the very fame which the Prince
Count Daun. of Bevern had lately occupied. But A Fter our troops had purfued the arafter having advanced a little way, it my of the empire as far as Erfurth, was found that the enemy was coming and that of the French to Querfurth, it to meet our army, the Saxon general was resolved to march to the relief of Nostitz forming the vanguard with three Schweidnitz, which was besieged by Saxon regiments of dragoons, in order Gen. Nadafti. The King set out from to conceal the march of the Austrians. Leipfic on the 12th of November, with
Those three regiments were instantly 19 battalions, and 28 squadrons. Whilft broke by the Prusian hussars, and almost this corps was marching towards Lusaall cut to pieces or made prisoners. Our tia, M. Keith got into Bohemia through army then attacked the enemy with so the defile of Passberg. He took at Leutmuch vigour, that, notwithstanding meritz a considerable magazine, which they rallied four times, presenting a the enemy had there, set fire to the new line each time, by means of the bridge over the Elbe, and marched on great number of troops of which it con
towards Prague. We continued our lifted, they were nevertheless forced at march with great diligence. Upon our laft to fly; and the rout was fo general, coming to Groffen-Hayn, we received that the two wings, being separated and the disagreeable news of the surrender dispersed, one retired towards Breslau, of Schweidnitz. Gen. Marshal was eathe other towards the town of Kant in fily drove out of Lusatia ; and the corps the way to Schweidnitz.
which the King commanded, got, on The loss of the enemy, in killed and the 24th, to Naumburg upon the Quiess. prisoners, is very great. Three entire We heard there, that, on the 22d, regiments of infantry laid down their there had been an action between M. arms; and the infantry of Wirtemberg Daun, and the Prince of Bevern, which, fuffered extremely, by our cavalry break it was said, bad ended to our advan. ing through that corps. At the time the • Said also to be written by the King.
5 A 2
tage; but, the next day, it was known, forced them. Then the cavalry of our that Bevern's army had been forced in righe charged that of the enemy, and its intrenchments, and had retired to the beat them ; but were checked by the other side of the Oder ; and, soon after, enemy's cannon furing upon them with that the town of Breslau had surrender cartridge.Thoi. Our cavalry, however, ed: We made forced marches, and, recovered themselves presently, fell upon the 28th, got to Parchwitz near the on the enemy's infantry, and made a Oder; where our vanguard urprised a great number of prisoners. During all detachment of 1100 Auftrians, 50 of these different attacks, the right of the which were killed, and 150 made pri- Austrian cavalry and infantry came up. Soners. The Prince of Bevern's army Our left of cavalry charged that of the had crossed the Oder at Glogau, and enemy, and broke them ; after which joined us the ad of December. On the the regiment of Bareu took the Austrian 3d the troops rested, having been great- infantry, which was posted on an emily fatigued with he toilíonne marches nence, in the rear, at the same time they had made. On the 4th we marcha that the left of our infantry attacked ed to Neumarck, where we made 6.0 them in front. The whole of this corps prisoners, most of them pandours or hus- of the enemy was entirely broke, and fars. We heard that Pr. Charles had the King pursued them as far as Lissa. left Brell zu with his army, that he had The action began at one o'clock in the advanced beyond Liffa, that his right afternoon, and ended at four. It daywing was covered by the village of Nei. lig hi had lasted another hour, their des pern, and his left by that of Golau, with feat would itill have been greater. the rivulei of Schweidnitz in his rear.
On the 6th we pursued the Imperia. The
army marched on the 5th very ear. lists as far as Breslau. ly in the morning Our vanguard met The 7th we invested the town, and the enemy's near the village of Born, all the necessary dispositions have been confitting of two regiments of huffars, made to beliege it. The fame day Gen. and the Saxon dragnons ; attacked Zeithen was detached with a large bothem, drove them back to their own dy of cavalry and infantry in pursuit of camp, and took fix officers and about the enemy. He soon after took above 500 men prisoners As soon as our 300 o waggons of their baggage and proarmy had got to the high grounds, it vifions, tome cannon, and a prodigious was resolved to attack the left of the number of prisoners. He is ftill at their enemy.
We extended ourselves to the heels. The Austrians are marching right as far as the rivulet of Schweid- towards Grosburg, without its being yet nitz. The attack began in a wood, poslīble to know whether they are taking where the enemy had posted some in the road to Schweidnitz or to Moravia. fantry, and which holiever we foon We have taken in this battle 291 offiforced
The enemy, who found them. cers, amongst whom are the Lieuteselves turned, were obliged to change nant-Generals Odonel and Noftitz, the their position. They had lost the post Colonel Count Brown, and ochers, of that covered them ; which put them un. which a list will be given as soon as time der the neceflity of taking precipitately permits *. The number of prisoners the first posts that came in their way, in taken in the battle, and in the pursuit, order to prevent our raking their whole amounts to 21,500 men.
We have bearmy from one wing to the other. They fides taken 116 pieces of cannon, 51 potted fome brigades of foor on an emin colours and standards, and 4000 wag. nence that lay behind the wood; which * [P. S. This lift is in the London Gazette of was attacked by our right, and carried Jan. 3. The numbers are, i lieutenant-general, after an obftinate resistance. The ene- ral, Count Odonel, an Auttrian officer ; 7 colo
Coupt de Nostitz, a Sason officer; 1 major-genemy formed a new line near the village nels
, 9 lieutenant-colonels
, 6 majors, 67 cap. of Leuten, where they defe ded them- tains of foot and horse, 159 lieutenants, 56 enselves with great bravery, but where we ligns and cornets, 1 ofácer of stores; in all 307.]
gons of ammunition and baggage. We order of battle, to the enemy that folreckon on our side 500 killed, and lowed them. The first time, which was 2300 wounded.
We have not lost any on the 6th, our troops cannonaded them general except Maj. Gen. Krokow of from the camp near Breslau, where they the dragoons, who was wounded and ta- waited for them some hours, and after. ken when our cavalry were first repul- wards retired in good order, at mid-day, sed. The officers, and even the com and in the face of the enemy; which mon soldiers, have behaved to admira- seems to contradict their exaggerated retion in this battle.
lations of the affair of the preceding day. Very superficial and improbable ac According to the advices from counts of this affai' and its contequences Prague, the desertion continues so great arrived from the Austrians. Such as we among the Prullians, that they arrive have got run thus.
there to the amount of fifty at a time.” “Vienna, Dec. 10. The King of Prus Vienna, Dec. 14. By a courier just sia in person having with his army join. arrived from Silesia, the court has great ed that commandeù by the Prince of Be. hopes of foon repairing the disadvan. vern, and thereby increased his forces tages our troops sustained in the battle so as to equal ours in number, that mo of the gih. The enemy have not forces narch marched dire&ty to face the as.
sufficient to undertake the fiege of Bremy of the empire, which was likewise slau, and at the same time make heada. marching to attack the enemy. On the gainst the troops who may attack them 4th the two asmes were near one ano. during that operation : and besides the ther, so that a bartle was thoughi to be numerous garrison which that capital unavoidable; which accordin ly happen. contains, her Imperial Majesty reckons, ed on the sth, about one o'clock, be. that the hearts of the greatest part of tween Nypern and Lieren. The eneiny
the inhabitants are attached to her. А made their chief attack upon our left reinforcement of 5000 Croats is expected wing, a great part of which being com at our army in 15 days. posed of foreign troops, gave way from Prague, Dec. 14. According to an the beginning of the engagement, and account received from Gen. Clerici, the this unhappy event having occasioned lois of our troops at the battle of the 5th some disorder among the other troops,
inítant amounts to 6000 ,men killed, more than was expected, and though they wounded, prisoners, and milling ; but were rallied several times, and behaved all the private letters make that of the with great bravery, it was in poflible to Pruilians much more confiderable.” recover this misfortune.
The following letter, from Andrew ment lafted till night, when our ariny Mitchell, Esq; his Britannic Majesty's retired under Schweidnitz and Lob We minister to the King of Prussia, addressare in expectation of the particulars of ed to the Earl of Holderneffe, and daa this event, our loss, as well as that of ted, Leipsic, Dec. 24. makes a fubfe. the enemy, being at present unknown. quent London gazette extraordinary,
“ Vienna, Dec. 13. Since the battle viz. “ My Lord, I have the satisfacof the 5th inftant the Imperial army tion to acquaint your Lordship, that marched towards Schweidnitz, in or. last night an officer arrived from the der to preserve a communication with King of Prussia's army, with the news, Bohemia, from whence they draw their that Breslau surrendered on the 20th in subsistence, and at the same time cover the morning ; that the garrison, confift. the heavy artillery which was employed ing of thirteen or fourteen * general offi. at the siege of that place, and likewise the field-artillery and baggage.
[According to a subsequent gazette their my obtained the ends proposed, “having names are, Lt-Gen. Sprecher, Major-Generals fixed its head quarters the och instant at Stahrenberg, Beck, Wölffersdorff, and Brown ; Bogendorff behind Schweidnitz.. Du
and, wounded, General of Artillery Keil, and
Major-Generals Breisach, Haller, Wolff, Noftitz, ring their march they drew up twice in Gemming, Meyer, Dutia, and Ruchlin.)
iland of Rugen.
cérs, and 10,000 men, bearing arms, that the vanguard of the Pruffians under besides between 3 and 4000 fick and M. Lehwald was entered Pomerania, wounded, were made prisoners of war. than they thought proper to retreat.
As the officer set out before the Wollin was retaken from them by force, King made his entry into Breslau, he and in it 210 men were made prisoners does not know the names of the generals of war. According to late advices, the that are made prisoners, but he tells Prussians were masters of a great part of me, the Prussians lost only twenty men Pomerania belonging to Sweden, where in the approaches they made to Breslau; they had raised a contribution of 160,000 and that, on the night of the 14th, a ma crowns; all the Swedish troops had regazine of powder was set on fire by a tired as far as Anclam; and it was bomb, which occafioned great confusion thought they would also soon evacuate among the besieged, and greatly dama- that place, as they had begun to send ged one of the bastions. I have the their fick and heavy baggage over to the honour to be," &c. Upon notice of M. Keith's irruption
According to our last, the Hanove. into Bohemia, formerly taken notice of in the Prussian accounts relating to that sians,
Hefians, and Wolfenbuttlers, who the corps under the Generals Marshal, vention concluded in September, had quarter, the Autrian generals ordered had for some time been posted at and a. Haddick, and Campitelli, which had vention concluded in September, had been in and near Lufatia, to march to begun to be again in motion, and Prince wards Prague with all diligence. The Ferdinand of Brunswick Wolfenbuttle Prusuan account of that expedition is as
was arrived to take the command of Kollows. “ Berlin, Dec. 25. After ha. them. On this event, M. Richlieu, the ving dislodged the Austrians from the
commander of the French army, sent his tircle of the mountains of Saxony, M. Serene Highness the following letter. . Keith entered Bohemia the 25th ult. and SIR, eftablished his bead quarters at
. Poftels Although, for some days paft, I have
perceived the Hanoverian troops in whence he sent detachments, who laid motion, in order to form themselves in. under contribution all the neighbouring to a body, I could not imagine the ob cantons so within a very little distance ject of these movements was to break of Prague. Gen. Itzenplitz was detach- the convention of neutrality, figned the ed with three battalions to Leitmeritz, 8th and 10th of September, between from whence he chased the garrison, his R. Highness the Duke of Cumber. burnt the bridge on the Elbe, and de- land and me. The good faith, which froyed a very cosiderable magazine at I naturally supposed on the part of the chat place : after which he rejoined M. King of England, Elector of Hanover, Keith.
The Auflrian general Marshal and of his son, who signed the said conmade forced marches, with fix regiments vention, blinded me so far as to make of infantry and fix of cavalry, to save me believe, that the afsembling of these the magazine of Leitmeritz; but was troops had no other design than to go too late ; so he retired to Prague; where into the winter-quarters that had been the alarm was very great. But as the assigned them. The repeated advices, season was too far advanced to under- which came to me from every quarter, take any enterprise against that place, of the bad intentions of the Hanove. and as it was necessary to quit Bohemia rians, at length opened my eyes, and before the passes 0:1 the mountains were at present one may see very clearly, that blocked up with snow, the Marshal be. there is a plan formed to break the argan his march the ift of this month, and ticles of convention, which ought to be arrived the 5th at Chemnitz, without sacred and inviolable. having lost a single man."
The King my matter having been in. No sooner were the Swedes informed, formed of these dangerous movements.