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P R E FER MEN T S.
Edinburgh, Jan. 13. 1758. Oat-meal 11d. Peasca Taken from the London Gazette. meal and Bear-meal 7 d. halfpenny and 8 d. The King has been pleased,
Haddington Prices, Jan. 6. 1758. Dec. 10.--to grant unto the Right Hon. Sir
Beft. Second. Third. John Ligonier, and his heirs-male, the dignity Wheat, 11!. 6s. 10!. gl. os. of a Viscount of Ireland, by the title of Viscount
71. os. Ligonier, of Enneskillen.
61. os. 20.--to grant unto Major-Gen. Lord George
Within the Males 39
city Fem. 27 Francis Barnard, Esq; Governor and CaptainGeneral of New Jersey, in the room of Jonathan
In the West- Males 7}
kirk-yard Fem. 193 DISEASES.N. Belcher, Esq; deceased.
James Townshend Oswald, Esq; Secretary and Increased this month 6.
No. Althma 6 Martial of the King's ftables, in the room of Mr Under
Childbed Blomberg, deceased.
r 2 & S 11 Chincough Mr David Stephenson, Clerk of tbe works in 5
4 Consumption 20 the tower of London, in the room of Dougal Camp
Dropsy bell, Esq; deceased. [614.]
Fever 19 William Eustace, Major of the 5th regiment of
Gravel foot, Lord George Bentinck’s.
50 Capt. Brereton, First Major, and the Hon.
Suddenly ned for the East Indies, under the command of Col.
୨ Teething 9 Draper.
90 5 Lord Newbattle, a Captain in Molesworth's dragoons.
The London bill from Nov. 22. to Dec. 27. William Whitehead, Esq; late of Clare-hall,
Females Cambridge, Poet Laureat to his Majesiy, in the
1321 room of Colley Cibber, Esq; deceased. Appoint
974 ed Dec. 19. by the Duke of Devonshire, Lord
833 Chamberlain. New Members: George Delaval, for Nor
Prices of stocks, &c. at London, fan. 5. 1758. thumberland; William Staunton, for lpswich; Bank-stock 117 a 3 4ths. India ditto shut. Thomas Yorke, for Richmond; Capt. Digby, South-sea stock shut. Ditto old annuities, ilt lubfor Wells; George Venables Vernon junior, for script. 90 3 8ths. Ditto, ad fubfcript. ga i 4th. Weobly, in the room of Sir William Middlea Ditto new annuities, ift subscript. fut. Ditto, ton, Adm. Vernon, John Yorke, Lord Digby, 2d subscript. Thut. Three i half bank-annuities, and Adm. Moltyn, all deceased.
in subscript. 90 3 8ths. a 1 half. Ditto, ad lubo John Finch, for Maidstone, in the room script. 20 i 4th a 3 8ths. Three per cent. bankof Lord Guernsey, now Earl of Aylesford. annuities shut. Ditto 1726, shut. Three per cent.
Commanders of men of war : Capt. Matthew bank-annuities 1757, thut. Ditto South-sea anBuckle, of the Royal George, of 100 guns; Capt. nuities 1751, shut. Ditto India-annuities 89 5 Peter Denis, of the Dorsetshire, of 74 guns, a new
8ths. Three 1 half bank-annuities 1756, Thut. Thip; Capt. Porter, of the Alcide, of 60 guns; Bank-circulation 2 l. prem. India bonds 2 l. 12 . Lieut. Lobb, (of the Royal George), of the Crui- a 13 s. prem. Navy and victualling bills 2 per Jer noop.
9 II 16
Prices of cora.
50 to so s. quar. 20 to 27 S. 19 to 20 s. 6 d.
20 to 30 S. 19 to 22 s.
19 to 23 s. 16 to 19 s. 6 d. Warminster, 42 to 51 s. quar.
26 to 30 s.
18 to 23 s.
22 to 30 S. 17 to 24 S.
3 s. 9 d.
2 s. 4 d. 10 3 S. Birmingham, 8 s.
2 s. od.
12 I. 12 I.
3 S, 6.
45. 8 d.
N E W BOOK S. expedition. Published by authority. 1 s. 6 d.
Millar. (622.] DIVINITY and CONTROVERSY.
A letter from a porter in the city to the Lords St Mark. By T. Spooner. . An authentic journal of the Doddington IndiaThe Christianity of the New Testament. By man. Kinnersey. [316.] Peter Whitfield. 6 s. Hitch.
An essay on criticism, bo. By T. Kirby. A short explication of the Apocalypse of St 6 d. Owen. John, &c. Owen.
The lover's instructor. Cooke. A discourse on the nature and end of the A letier from the Bishop of Winchester to Lord's supper. 6 d. Payne.
Clement Chevalier, Esq; I s. 6 d. Payne. A new explanation of that great mystery of The nature of bread honestly and dishonestly the Revelation. 4 s. 6 d. Osborne.
made. By James Manning, M. D. I S. Cooper. The Christian minister. By C. Bulkley, 256 Abubeker to Zelim. od. Sandby. Noon.
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take up arms. Cooper. PHYSIC and SURGERY.
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and grain. 6 d. Dodseya Observations on a medicine against loosenesses. Ways and means to man the navy, By Mr La Touch. Lewis.
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SCOTS MAGAZIN E.
Α Ρ Ρ Ε Ν DI X,
1 7 57
C ο Ν Τ Ε Ν T S.
Character of the late King 673. His severity for the fast of Feb. 17. 1758 699.
ENNA on the PRUSSIAN declarations, circu. | INDEX to the Debates, Essays, History, br.
to the Poetry, GC. Further corrections of and additions to the me- to the Marriages, Deaths,Preferments, bo. memoirs of M. KEITH 698.
to the Books,
MEMOIRS of FREDERICK III. the reigning King of Prussia.
[These memoirs appeared in the Literary Magazine about the end of the year 1756 ; and about the fame time came abroad copies of the papers seized by his Pruffian Majesty at Dresden, and publifbed by him, to cvince the necessity he was under of beginning hostilities
. As we had not then soom for both, we preferred the latter [xviii. 651.]: for by those papers the grounds of the war were laid open; and as the interest one takes in a cause, and his wishes of success to it, ought al. ways to be proportioned to his knowledge of its justness, we give our readers all the information we çan in such cales. Nor could we have lince interted the memoirs, without many interruptions,
This writer's impartiality, in not concealing the faults of his hero, will be approved by the lovers of truth. Even good men are apt to ascribe too much to the instruments by whom great things are atchieved, and consequently too little to a higher hand.
We have made a few corrections and additions, and have directed to parts of our collection where some of the affairs are more fully related.]
VHARLES-FREDERICK, the pre. nothing remarkable has been transmitted
sent King of Prussia, whose ac. As he advanced towards mantions and designs now keep hood, he became remarkable by his dis
Europe in attention, is the el. agreement with his father. dest son of Frederick-William, by So- The late King of Prussia was of a disphia Dorothea, daughter of George 1. position violent and arbitrary, of narrow King of G. Britain. He was born Ja. views and vehement passions, earnestly nuary 24.1711-12. Of his early years engaged in little pursuits, or in schemes VOL. XIX.
terminating in some speedy consequence, whose form and sprightliness promised a without any plan of lasting advantage future soldier, he ordered a kind of badge to himself or his subjects, or any pro- to be put about his neck, by which he spect of distant events. He was there was marked out for the service, like the fore always busy, though no effects of fons of Chriftian captives in Turky, and his activity ever appeared ; and always his parents were forbidden to deftine him eager, though he had nothing to gain. to any other mode of life. His behaviour was to the last degree rough This was sufficiently oppreffive, bat and favage. The least provocation, whe- this was not the utmost of his tyranny, ther designed or accidental, was return. He had learned, though otherwise pered by blows, which he did not always haps no very great politician, that to be forbear to the Queen and Princesses. rich was to be powerful : but that the
From such a king and such a father ic riches of a king ought to be seen in the was not any enormous violation of duty, opulence of his subjects, he wanted ei. in the imniediate heir of a kingdom, ther ability or benevolence to understand. sometimes to differ in opinion, and to Hetherefore raised exorbitant taxes from maintain that difference with decent per. every kind of commodity and poffefsion, tinacity. A prince of a quick fagacity and piled up the money in his treasury, and comprehensive knowledge, must from which it issued no more. How the find many practices in the conduct of af. 'land which had paid taxes once, was to fairs which he could not approve, and pay them a second time; how impofts some which he could scarcely forbear to could be levied without commerce, or oppose.
commerce continued without money, it The chief pride of the old King was to was not his caftom to inquire. Eager be master of the tallest regiment in Eu- to snatch at money, and delighted to rope. He therefore brought together count it, he felt new joy at every receipt, from all parts men above the common and thought himself enriched by the immilitary ftandard. To exceed the height poverishment of his dominions. of fix feet, was a certain recommenda- By which of these freaks of royalty the tion to notice ; and to approach that of Prince was offended, or whether, as perseven, a claim to distinction. Men will haps more frequently happens, the of. readily go where they are sure to be ca. fences of which he complained were of retsed, and he had therefore such a col. a domestic and personal kind, it is not lection of giants as perhaps was never easy to discover. But his resentment, seen in the world before.
whatever was its cause, rose so high, that To review this towering regiment was he resolved not only to leave his father's his daily pleasure ; and to perpetuate it court, but his territories, and to seek a was so much his care, that when he met refuge among the neighbouring or kina tall woman, he immediately command- dred princes. It is generally believed ed one of his Titanian retinue to marry that his intention was to come to Eng. her, that they might propagate proce- land, and live under the protection of his rity, and produce heirs to the fathers uncle, till his father's death or change habilements
of conduct should give him liberty to reIn all this there was apparent folly, turn. but there was no crime. The tall re- His design, whatever it was, he congimene made a fine Thew, at an expence certed with an officer of the army
whose not much greater, when once it was col. name was Kat, a man in whom he pla. lected, than would have been bestowed ced great confidence, and whom, haupon common men. But the King's mi. ving chosen him for the companion of his litary paftimes were sometimes more per. flight, he necessarily trusted with the nicious He maintained a numerous ar- preparatory measures. A prince cannot my, of which he made no other use leave his country with the speed of a than to review and so talk of it; and when meaner fugitive. Something was to be he, or perhaps his emillaries, saw a boy, provided, and something to be adjusted.
And whether Kat found the agency of against his will, to the Princess Elisaothers necessary, and therefore was betha Christina of Brunswick-Lunenconstrained to admit some partners of burg-Bevern. He married her indeed the secret ; whether levity or vanity at his father's command, but without incited him to disburden himself of a professing for her either efteem or affectrust that swelled in his bofom, or to tion; and considering the claim of pa. shew to a friend or mistress his own im- rental authority fully satisfied by the exportance; or whether it be in itself diffi- ternal ceremony, obstinately and perpecult for princes to transact any thing in tually, during the life of his father, resecret, so it was that the King was in- frained from her bed. The poor prinformed of the intended flight, and the cess lived about seven years in the court Prince and his favourite, a little before of Berlin, in a state which the world has. the time settled for their departure, were not often seen; a wife without a husband, arrested, and confined in different places. married so far as to engage her person
The life of princes is seldom in dan. to a man who did not delire her affecger; the hazard of their irregularities tion, and of whom it was doubtful whefalls only on those whom ambition or af. ther he thought himself restrained from fection combines with them. The King, the power of repudiation, by an act per. after an imprisonment of some time, set formed under evident compalfion. his fon at liberty ; but poor Kat was or. Thus he lived, secluded from public dered to be tried for a capital crime. business, in contention with his father, The court examined the cause, and ac. in alienation from his wife. This state quitted him; the King remanded him of uneasiness he found the only means of to a second trial, and obliged his judges softening. He diverted his mind from to condemn him. In consequence of the the scenes about him, by studies and li. sentence thus tyrannically extorted, he beralamusements. The studies of princes was publicly beheaded, in the beginning feldom produce great effects ; for princes of November 1730, in sight of the Prince; draw with meaner mortals the lot of unwho could not help shedding tears at this derstanding: and since, of many students, young gentleman's untimely fate. Kat not more than one can be hoped to ad. left behind him some papers of reflec- vance far towards perfection, it is scarce. tions made in the prison, which were ly to be expected that we should find afterwards printed, and among others that one a prince; that the desire of an admonition to the prince for whose science Mould overpower in any mind fake he suffered, not to foster in himself the love of pleasure, when it is always the opinion of destiny, for that a provi- present, or always within call; that la dence is discoverable in every thing round borious meditation should be preferred, in
the days of youth, to amusements and This cruel prosecution of a man who festivity; or that perseverance should had committed no crime, but by com- press forward in contempt of flattery; pliance with influence not easily to be re. and that he in whom moderate acquisi. lifted, was not the only act by which tions would be extolled as prodigies, the old King irritated his son. A lady should exact from himself that excellence with whom the Prince was suspected of of which the whole world conípires to intimacy, perhaps more than virtue al- spare him the necessity. lowed, was seized, I know not upon In every great performance, perhaps what accusation, and, by the King's or in every great character, part is the gift der, notwithstanding all the reasons of of nature, part the contribution of accidecency and tenderness that operate in o. dent, and part, very often not the greateft ther countries and other judicatures, was part, the effect of voluntary election, and publicly whipped in the itreets of Berlin. regular design. The King of Prusia
Atlast, that the Prince might feel the was undoubtedly born with more than power of a king and a father in its ut. common abilities; but that he has culo most rigour, he was, in 1733, married, tivated them with more tiran common