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the map. With regard to Canada, es I therefore think it evident, Sir, from very one knows, that, for four or five the very nature of things, that if we months of the year, all access to it is had taken this method of beginning and cut off by the ice; and for the other prosecuting the war, we might, in two months, which are the lighteft, every or three years, have so diftressed their ship must pass either by the gut of Cane colonies upon the continent of North Afa, or between Cape Breton and New. merica, that they would have been glad foundland, or by the streights of Belle. to have furrendered to us their colony ille. The gut of Canso is not above of Canada, in order to save their colony two or three miles over, and confe. of Missisippi and their sugar islands; quently onę cruiser would prevent a fin., for these too would have been reduced gle ship's palling that way. The pal- to great distrefs, because our privateers fage between the eakernmost point of would have fwarmed fo about them, Cape Breton, and the westernmost point that it would have been very difficult of Newfoundland, is not fifty miles.O - for them to get any supply of provisions ver; and therefore four or five cruisers, or ammunition: and thus we might, in stationed there, would render it almost a few years, have put a glorious end to impossible for a single ship to pass; and the war, without any great expence, a Aeet could not approach either of and without exposing our armies to the those passages without being discover. fatigue and danger of marching two or ed by some of our fishing vessels up- three hundred miles, by land, through on the banks, and intelligence thereof a wild, desert, and impracticable coungiven to our fquadron at Louisburg. try, to attack the forts which the French The only passage then left is by the have lately built in America ; and streights of Belleifle; and that passage which, if reduced, could be of very litlies so far north, that it can never be at- tle advantage to us, unless we likewise tempted but in the height of summer; fubdued the colony of Canada itself. and, during that time, a man of war or But, by our reprisals, we have given two, with a small cruiser from Louisburg, the French the alarm, fo that by this ftationed at the south-west end of those time I reckon they have so well furnishstreights, would probably intercept eve- ed all their colonies with troops, ammury ship that attempted to pass, as the nition, and provisions, that we cannot freights are not above ten miles over, propose to reduce any of them by fabut are above fixty in length.

mine; and I believe we shall now find Thus, Sir, we might, in two or three it both difficult and expensive to reduce years time, by mere famine alone, re- any of them, especially Cape Breton, duce the French colony of Canada; e: by force of arms. This will of course specially if, at the same time, all sup; make the French less willing to agree plies were in a great measure prevented to any reafonable terms of peace than from being sent to the colony of Miffr. they would otherwise have been; from fippi; which might be eafily done, by whence any one may foresee, without a few small cruisers Stationed upon the being a conjuror, that a war is not only north side of the bay of Mexico, under unavoidable, but that it will be an exthe protection of our squadron at Jamai. pensive and a tedious war. ca : for in that bay, the air is almost Thus we may fee, Sir, what an un. constantly fo serene and clear, that no fortunate situation we have brought our fip can pass within some miles of ano. felves into, by sewing an extreme, and, ther, even in the night-time, without I think, unnecessary concern, left any being discovered ; and this colony too of the allies of France should look upon would soon be reduced to the utmoft di. us as the aggreffors in the war ; and as ftress, if they had no fupply of provisions feamen will be so much wanted in the from France, or of ammunition for ene prosecution of the war, I shall not, for abling them to get provisions for them. Such a reason, be against doing, or for felves.

delaying to do, what will contribute to.




wards encouraging seamen to enter into STANZAS written by Lord CAPEL, when a the government's service, or towards prisoner intbetower during Cromwel's usurpation. encouraging landmen to betake them.


Swell, curled waves, high as Fove's roof; selves to the rea-service; both which

Your incivilities do plainly show, will, I am convinced, be the effect of

That innocence is tempest-proof. the bill proposed; and therefore I shall Tho’ surly Nereus frowns, my thoughts are calm: most heartily agree to the Noble Lord's Then strike, Affliction ; for thy wounds are' balm. motion. [This Journal to be continned.] That which the world miscalls a jail,

A private closet is to me:
Whillt a good conscience is


bail, To the author of the Scots MAGAZINE. And innocence my liberty, Perthshire, Feb. 1757.

Locks, bars, and solitude, together met, Noculating for the Imall pox is found Make me no pris'ner, but an anchoret. so useful, that I cannot but regret it

Here sin, for want of food, must starve, should, because of the expence attend.

Where tempting objects are not seen;

And these strong walls do only ferve ing it, and their distance from surgeons,

To keep rogues out, and keep me in: be out of the reach of poor highlanders ; Malice is now grown charitable, sure ; among whom, in a neighbouring pa- I'm not committed, but I'm kept secure. rish, this dreadful disease makes great ha And whilft I wish to be retird, vock. Might not inoculating be learn

Into this private room I'm turn'd;

As if their wisdom had conspir'd, ed, as well as blood-letting, midwife

The salamander should be burn'd: ry, &c. without the knowledge of the Or, like those sophists who would drown a filla other

parts of surgery? or might not I am condemn'd to suffer what I wish. persons of prudence and discretion, by The Cynic hugs his poverty, the help of some general directions, The pelican her wilderness; perform this operation ? Humanity And 'tis the Ind:an's pride to be would, one should think, induce those

Naked on frozen Caucasus: who have it in their power, to contri. Make torments easy by their apathy.

Contentment feels no fmart; Stoics, we fee, bute to the saving so many lives; and

I'm in this cabinet lock'd up, public spirit should be a further induce Like some high-prized margarite ; ment, at this time, when they are drain. Or like some Great Mogul or Pope, ing the highlands of so many men to

I'm cloister'd up from public sight: Terve in his Majesty's army. Could the Retir'dness is a part of majesty, bad effects of this terrible disease be And thus, proud Sultan, I'm as great as thee

These manacles upon mine arm prevented, the highlands might, like

I as my mistress' favours wear; the northern hive of old, pour forth And for to keep mine ancles warm, fwarms fufficient to supply the loss of I have fome iron shackles there : Tuch a's are killed by war abroad or by. These walls are but my garrison; this cell, luxury at home. -If a hint to this Which men call jail, doth prove my citadel. purpose were inserted in the Scots Ma Thus he that struck at Jafon’s life, gazine, it might posibly fall into the

Thinking to make his purpose fure; hands of some, who, bleffed with coma

By a malicious friendly knife,

Did only wound him to his cure : paffion, public spirit, and power, might Malice, we fe, wants wit; for what is meant contribute towards so good a design. Mischief, oft-times proves favour by th’ event.

Although I cannot see my King,

Neither in person, nor in coin ;
Written under the first examination of Damien. Yet contemplation is a thing
Non, non ; ce traitre, ce parjure

That renders what I have not, mine: N'a ni complice, ni parti :

My King from me no adamant can part,
Il est le seul dans la nature

Whom I do wear engraven in my heart.
Dont Louis ne fut pas cheri.

Have you not heard the nightingale,

A pris'ner close kept in a cage;
No: 'twas the traitor's single plan,

How she doth chant her wonted tale,
And he by no advice was mov'd:

In that her narrow hermitage?
Nature ne'er form'd another man

Ev'n that her melody doth plainly prove, By whom the King was not belov'd. Her boughs are trees, her cage a pleasant grove.

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I am that bird which they combine
Thus to deprive of liberty;

Extract from a poem on the barbarities of the And though my corpse they can confine,

French, and their favage allies and profelytes, on

the frontiers of Virginia. By Sam. Davies, A. M. Yet maugre that my soul is free: ThoʻI'm mew'd up, yet I can chirp and Ging, Disgrace to rebels, glory to my King

and brood

Our peaceful frontiers drench'd' with Brio My soul is free as is th'ambient air,

tish blood. Which doth my outward parts include ; There Horror rangéd, and her dire ensigns bore, Whilft loyal thoughts do ftill repair,

Raw scałps her trophies, ftiff with clotted gore; To 'company my Solitude.

The heart and bowels smoking on the ground, What tho' they do with chains my body bind? Still warm with life, and mangled corpses round. My King can only captivate my mind.

There buzzards rior, and each rav‘nous fowl, In some copies of this poem the following stanza And all the monsters of the desert howl, is inserted between the seventh and eighth : And gnaw the naked bones; there mix in fight, When once my prince affliction harh,

Like Gallic tyrants, for their neighbour's rights Prosperity doth treason feem;

See yonder cottage, once the peaceful seat And for to fmooth fo rough a path,

Of all the pleasures of the nuptial state.
I can learn patience from him.

The sturdy son, the prattling infant, there, But now to suffer Mews a legal part; (smart. And spotless virgin, blefs’d the happy pair. When kings want ease, subjects must learn to

In gentle Neep, undreaming ill, they lay;

But oh! no more to fee the chearful day. But this stanza utterly destroys the uniformity of Mad with the paffionis of an Indian soul, the poem, and is inconsistent with every other part The tawny furies in the thickets prowl, of it. The design of the whole is, to represent as Thro' the dark night, and watch the dawn of benefits, what had by bis enemies been intended as

To spring upon their unsuspecting prey. (day, punishments; and to pew, that Malice wants

The musket's deadly found, or morder's screams, wit to effe&t its purpose." But this fiunza contains Alarm the sumbrers, and break off their dreams. an acknowledgment, that Malice has effeited its They start, and struggle, but in vain the Atrife, purpose upon bim; that he suffers; and that it is fit To save their own, a child's, or parent's life, be sbould suffer. For this reason, and because it is Or dearer still, a tender bleeding wife. not in all copies, it is omitted in this, either as

Now mingling blood with blood, confusid they composed by the author, and afterwards rejected, or And blended in promiscuous carnage lie. (die, as interpolated by some other. Gent. Mag.

Brains, heart, and bowels, lwin in streams of gore, N. B. Our readers have formerly seen another Besmear the walls, and mingle on the floor. copy of this poem, ascribed to a loyalist of our own Men, children, houses, cattle, harveits, all, country. [x. 278.]

In undistinguishing destrucłion fall.

Th’iofernal favages lift up the yell,
To the Lords of the Amy. [45.]

And ronse the terrors of the lowest bell:
My Lords,

Suck the fresh wound, in bloody puddles (will, 'T'S IS the humble opinion of us the court

And thence imbibe a fercer rage to kill. martial,

From the raw scull the hairy scalp they teat, (A court of all courts most surely impartial!)

And the dire pledge in favage triumph wear. That AG his utmost did not

But see! on Monong ala's fatal banks, To engagemand adjudge him for that to be shot. Blood flow in larger streams, and thicker ranką But :o palliate his crime, with def'rence we thew, of heroes fall

. Unfortunately brave, In our sentence, distinctions. quite subtle and new :

Braddock alone was honour'd with a grave; That 'twas prov'd he ne'er Bew'd any tokens of A hasty grave, in confternation made, fear,

And there, uncoffin'd and unfrouded, iaid. (And how the plague could he-So far in the rear!) There Halket

, Shirley, there a num'ious band That clearly to us he appears in this light,

Of brave Virginians, (oh! my native land! Not a coward—but only damnd backward in How great thy lois! yet greater thy renowa, fight.

To call these brave heroic fouls thy oun). Or, more clear to refine it, we've hewn in effect, Ahthere they fell, to wolves and bears a prey, To be backward in fightingais but a negleft.

Or human savages, more terce than they And tho' we've condemn’d him, for mercy we pray, Some lifeless; wounded fome; fome feck to fly,

There men and feeds in common ruin lie;
Lest bis case be our case at some other day.

In vain ; the sculking savages forsake
By a young lady of fifteen.

Their thickets; and their ibirit of blood to dlake, On Mr Prtt's being indisposed with the gout.

Like furious lions, ruth into the field,

To butcher those not mercifully kill'd.

Now direr terrors o'er the warded (pead,
LY, Gout, and seize the lazy Papal toe, They erivy now their fellow folliers dead
Nor be to Pit's activity a


For simple death, or death by hands of 2001, Ye gods. ! he, alks no more than fiim to land: Was now a privilege they wind in vain. Give hini a foot, he'll fix the tote'ring land.



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Now horrid shrieks, and dying groans and cries, If they shall flow, back to the Muse he fies,
Mix'd with wild shouts of Indian triumphs rise : And bids your heroes in fuccession rife;
Tygers and bears felt pity at the sound, (round. Collects the wand'ring warriors as they roam;
And wilds, and vales, and mountains trembled Douglas assures them of a welcome home.
The dying now juit ope' the closing eye,
And tawny murd'rers hov'ring o'er them fpy. PROLOGUE II. Spoken at Covent-Garden.
The ear just stopt in death perceives their yell, Nancient times, when Britain's trade was arms,
And trembles left it be the cry of hell.
The wounded feel the blow that ends the strife,]

A godlike race fustain’d fair England's fame:
Extinguishing the faint remains of life, (knife:} who has not beard of gallant PIERCY's name?
And kindly leaves them senseless to the scalping) Ay, and of Douglas? Such illustrious foes
Infernal weapon !- Death o'erspreads the plain In rival Rome and Carthage never rose!
With heaps of carnage : pray’rs and tears are vain. From age to age bright Ihone the British firc,
Loud cries for mercy vengeance but provoke,

And ev'ry hero was a hero's fire. And supplicating hands but tempt the Itroke.

When powerful fate decreed ene warrior's doom, The bended knee but stoops to take the blow,

Up sprung the phenix from his parent's tomb. As hell itself, implacable's the foe.

But whillt these generous rivals fought, and fell, There toss'd in heaps, or scatter'd o'er the plain, Thele generous rivals lov'd each other well

. Naked, unburied, lie the mighty Nain.

Though many a bloody field was lost and won, The soil is with their blood luxuriant grown,

Nothing in hate, in honour all was done. (peers, And still their bones lie whitening in the fun. When PIERCY wrong'd, defy'd his prince or There-birds of prey long fed, and wheeld their Fast came the DOUGLAs with his Scottise spears; Alight;

And when proud DOUGLAs made his king his foc, And savage beasts carous'd and howld by night.

For DOUGLAS, PIERCY bent bis English bow. Oh fatal spot ! with thee be nam’d no more Expelld their native homes by adverse rate, Canne, Pharsalia, walh'd with Roman gore: They knock'd alternate at each other's gate; There men with men, here hellith furies fight, Then blaz'd the castle at the midnight-hour, Riot in Slaughter, and in blood delight.

For him whose arms had Mook its firmeft tower.

This night a DOUGLAS your protection claims; PROLOGUES and EPILOGUE to Douglas.

A wife! a mother! Pity's foftest names : PROLOGUE I. Spoken at Edinburgh. The story of her woes indulgent hear, N days of claffic fame, when Persia's lord And grant your suppliant all the begs - a tear.

In confidence she begs; and hopes to find Flourith'd the state of Athens; small her store, Each English breaft, like noble PIERCY's, kind. Rugged her foil, and rocky was her shore,

Like Caledonia's. Yet she gain'd a name
That stands unrivall'd in the rolls of fame. A
Such proud pre-eminence not valour gave,

Our bard will write. He vows, 'tis most (Fer who than Sparta’s dauntlefs sons more brave?) with comic wit to, contradict the strain

absurd But learning, and the love of every art, That Virgin Pallas and the Muse impart.

Of tragedy, and make your forrows vain. Above the rest the tragic Mufe admir’d,

Sadly he says, that pity is the best, Each Ottic breast with noblest passicns fir’d.

The noblelt passion of the human breast: In peace their poets with their hero's shar'd

For when its sacred streams the heart o'erflow, Glory, the hero's, and the bard's reward. In gulhes pleasure with the tide of

woe ;* The tragic Muse each glorious record kept,

And when its waves retire, like those of Nile, And o'er the kings she conquerid, Athens wept

They leave behind them such a golden soil, Here let me case; impatient for the scene,

Thai there the virtues without culture grow,

There the sweet blossoms of affection blow.
To you I need not praise the tragic queen.
Oft has this audience foft compassion shewn,

These were his words: -void of delusive art
To woes of beroes, heroes not their own :

I felt them; for he spoke them from his heart, This night our scenes no common tear demand,

Nor will I now attempt, with witty folly, He comes, the hero of your native land!

To chase away celestial Melancholy.
DOUGLAS, a name thro’all the world renown'd,

A name that rouses like the tru!npet's found!
Cft have your fathers, prodigal of life, As dame Religion, in the Made
A Douglis follow'd through the bloody strife;

Deep-musing hung her facred head,
Hofts have been known at that dread name to

Approach'd the Muse, and thus began:

Since I delight, you bless the man, yield,

Too long thus sep’rately we stood ;
And, Douglas dead, his name hath won the field.

Come, let us mix our common good;
Liften attentive to the various tale,
Mask if the author's kindred-feelings fail.

Let Sion and Parnallus join,
Sway'd by alternate hopes, altei nate fears,

Mine be thy weight, my fire be thine. He waits the test of your congenial tcars.

Agreed: the maids together roam,

And both live friendly in one HOME. * Sce the Persai of Aischylus,


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To the author of the Scots Magazin

The one represents the a&tions of com

mon life: and compositions of this na. SIR, Edinburgh, Feb. 1752 ture have been the most liable to abuse; 'HE ftage has been, of late, the because wit and ridicule are sometimes

principal subject of conversation found to be petulant, and the familiari. and dispute in this city (18.4756.]: ty of this style is more eafily mixed with It has likewise occupied the press; and indecercies. But the perfection of cothere is perhaps no person now living, medy consists in exposing to just ridicule who has seen here so much printed ab. the follies and absurd vices of ordinary use in ro short a time. The theatre men: where it fails in this purpose, the has been attacked with rhyme and dog, abuse is manifeft, and will be condemngerel; its defence has been made with ed by every judicious audience. Trathe same weapons; and personal abuse gedy, on the other hand, is serious, has not been spared on either side. Cool grave, and majestic: it represents the reasoning has, however, been attempt. actions of great men, and their conduct ed in one pamphlet *; and it may not chiefly on great and interesting occasions; be disagreeable to your readers to know their struggles in difficult and distressing a little of what it contains. It is re situations, where the sentiments they markable, that although this dispute express raise admiration or pity, and took its rise from the representation of a where the very faults they commit be. new tragedy; yet we have not been re

come so many warnings to the spectator. ferred to the standards of good poetry for Every tragedy therefore contains a story, a decision, nor have we seen any at- and may convey instruction in the same tempts in the way of critical reflection manner with a parable or fable. It difon the subject. Such indeed may have fers only in the form, and not in the efbeen the strain of conversation among feet. In a parable, the story is rela. people of sense ; but the chief question ted; in tragedy, the subject is expressed with che public has been, Whether we by some action and conversation which Ahould condemn the theatre as an im- is represented, and we are left to collect pious and immoral institution ? The the story from the speeches of the perwriter referred to above, confines him- fons concerned in it. In a parable, we self to this question; and infifts, that no, wait for the moral till the story is conclucomposition should be condemned mere. ded, when the whole appears to have ly because it is in the form of a play, been an illustration of some moral preunless it has an ill moral tendency. Hecept; in a good tragedy, we have a proves, that plays may have a tenden- continued moral from beginning to end; cy favourable to virtue; and that there the characters, the sentiments, and the are instances of regard paid to such observations, which come from the percompositions even in holy writ: Paul fons who speak, are calculated to move quotes a sentence from one of the Greek and instruct us; and we are deeply en. poets, has xvii. 28. which shows that gaged by such representations, because he was sensible of the instructions and we take part with amiable characters, good impressions we may receive from and become anxious about the event. poetry, and has inserted into the facred It must appear frange, to say, that es text, 1 Cor. xv. 33. a line from a Greek very story, parable, or fable, either in play which now fubfists : Be not deceived: the form of narration, or in that of a Evil communications corrupt good manners. tragedy, must be a wrong thing in ice

He observes, that persons who need felf.” much information on this head, may

He goes on to illuftrate the instruction likewise need to be told what is the na- and good impressions derived from a ture of a play ; and he gives some notion moral tragedy, by considering the scrip: of it. Plays,” says he, of

ture-history of Joseph and his inhuman wo kinds, called tragedy and comedy: brothers; which part of his argument he • Morality of fage-plays serioufly considered. concludes with the following reflections. VOL. XIX.


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