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who had resigned their places, and fere horse, as he walked through the court to ved them with letters de cachet, exiling the gate at the top of the steps; a page them to various towns, with an injunc. of the bedchamber walked before him tion to set out in twenty-four hours ; du. with lights; the Dauphin was behind, ring which time they were not allowed with the Duke d’Ayen, the captain of to stir out of doors, or to see any persons the guards in waiting; and several exbut those of their own households. The empts and equerries followed. officers were ordered to stay with them The King's footmen were waiting till the moment of their departure, and for him at the coach-fide juft without to accompany them fixty miles on the the gate. Close to this gate stood Daroad from Paris, after which they were mien, in a brown coat, with a great coat to let them proceed to the respective over it, the cape of which was buttoned places of their exile. The whole city up round his neck. One Selim a footof Paris was greatly alarmed at this pro- man, who was next him, seeing the King cedure. A deputation from the grand approach, and perceiving that Damien chamber waited again on the King the had his hat on, which was of an enor2d of February, with a petition in be- mous fize, faid to him hastily,“ Take off half of those fixteen members; but his your hat; do not you see the King?" Majesty's answer was, that orders had al. The words were scarce spoken when the ready been sent to reimburse them the King came up; and Damien at the same purchase-money of their employments, instant gave the blow (43.). He was and therefore it was needless to think immediately seized by the guard; who, any more about them. The parlia. in the first transport of their zeal and rement of Rouen, capital of Normandy, sentment, burnt his legs with the torches, have come to the following resolution. which gave occasion to a report of his “ The court, all the chambers being af- legs having been pinched with hot irons. sembled, has resolved, that commiflaries The Duke d’Ayen, captain of the guard, be appointed to consider of expedients hearing his shrieks, and being zealous for obtaining from the King's justice and to preserve him from being torn to pie. lenity, that he would be pleased to re. ces, that his accomplices might be dis. store his confidence to the parliament of covered, rushed in among the tumult, Paris, and to reunite all the members of and cried out, “ Which is he? which is it.We learn from Bourdeaux, that, on he?". Damien immediately answered, the 25th of January, the parliament of “ Scoundrel, it is l.” He was then reGuyenne came to a resolution of much scued from farther violence, and carried the same import.

to the guard-room; where he was searchWe are informed, that the French ed; but nothing was found upon him, King is perfectly recovered of his wound. but the knife, a New Testament, and a.

-The following account of the at. bout thirty-five louis-d'ores. He was tempt, and of the assassin, is taken from then conducted to the prison at Verthe Gentleman's Magazine.

failles, where a strong detachment of the “The King having been fome days at guard were appointed to do duty. Trianon, went from thence to Versailles “ In the mean time the King was caron the 5th of January in the forenoon, ried back to an apartment of the palace; to visit the royal family. About three where his wound was examined, and quarters of an hour after five o'clock in found not to be dangerous. He could the evening, being about to return, his not, however, be persuaded but that he coach was ordered to draw up to the was dying: he confessed himself; and steps at the end of the marble court, thinking he might have forgotten some. Jeading from the royal apartment. As thing, he confeffed himself again. He was bout fix, the King came from his closet, also very desirous to receive the viaticum; by the stairs that came down upon the but he was at length, though'with great marble court. He was supported by the difficulty, persuaded to defer that till it Count de Brianne, and the mafter of the should be more apparently necessary.


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“ The prisoner was many times exa- would have taken him with him to Pe. je mined concerning his motives and his tersburg; but four days after he had been

accomplices. His answers to this part of hired, he found means to rob him of 240 1. his examination are kept impenetrably louis-d'ores, and made off undiscovered.

secret; but as many people have been He was pursued to Arras, whence he taken into custody, there is reason to sup. was traced to St Omer's, Dunkirk, Brus

pose that some important discoveries sels, and other places; but was not over6

have been made, and that more are ex. taken. On the 31st of December last, pected, the prisoners that were in the he returned to Paris, by the Brussels Baftile having been removed to Vin-' ftage-coach, and went to see his wife,

cennes to make room for those who may who was then cook to Madame Bau. d hereafter be seized on Damien's ac- dinelli. He continued at Paris till the

Among those who have been 3d of January, contrary to the remon8

seized already, are the wife and daugh- strances of his wife and his daughter, ter of the criminal, and his brother and who were not ignorant either of the

his brother's wife, who were both ser- robbery he had committed, or the pura f vants to members of parliament, though suit that had been made after him.

in different families, and who have ac- “On the evening of the 3d of Ja! quired very good characters in their fta. nuary, he took leave of them, and said

tions. He has another brother settled he would go where-ever chance should at St Omer's, and a sister, the widow of direct him. From that time to the 5th a joiner at Arras. One of his uncles was of January, the day he committed the long house-steward, or maistre de hotel, fact, he sculked about from place to to a college of Jesuits, where he acqui- place between Paris and Versailles; and, red a considerable fum, with which he as he says, did not resolve upon the at.

purchased an estate in Piccardy, where tempt till the very day on which it was E, he now lives.

made. He pretends, however, that he “ The discoveries that have been did not rob the Russian merchant, but made with respect to his person and cir- that he went to Brussels to see his rela. cumstances, are in substance as follows. tions, and transact some private affairs ; -His name is Robert Francis Damien. alledging that the money found upon He is the son of Pierre Joseph Damien, him was his own, and that he had saved who is yet alive. He was born in the it out of his wages. It is remarked, that

suburbs of Arras, called the Fauxbourg his answers fnew him to have had an e2

St Catherine en Moulin-les- Arras, and is ducation much superior to his rank. about forty-two years of age. He was with respect to his character, as a man, formerly a servant to the college of Je. his whole life appears to have been one fuits in St James's- street, Paris. This perpetual transition from debauchery to place he left in 1738; when he married fanaticism, and from fanaticism to de. a woman of Metz, named Elisabeth bauchery, and his behaviour since his Mellerzin, now about fifty years of age; confinement perfectly agrees with such by whom he has one daughter, who is a life. He appears sometimes perfectly now eighteen years old, and fubfifts by composed, and sleeps as long and as painting dolls for children. Since his foundly as if he suffered nothing, and marriage he has lived as a servant with had nothing to suffer : at other times, many families in Paris, where he has al. he starts into sudden and outrageous parways passed for a bachelor, and went by fions, and attempts to destroy himself athe name of Flamand; particularly with gainst the walls of his dungeon, or with Madame de la Bourdonnois, to whom the chains that have been put upon his he was recommended by the rector of arms and legs. His health has been

the Jesuits college; and with Madame much impaired by the inflammation caui

de St Reuse, who dismissed him about a fed by burning his legs, and by some year ago. In July last, he entered into violent emetics and cathartics, that were the service of a Ruffia merchant; who administered the night he was seized,


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upon a supposition that he might have never permitted to see the criminal, nor swallowed poison. It is also said, that even permitted to enter the prison, withhaving, in one of his furious fits, at. out a written order from the first pretempted to bite off his tongue, an order fident. He was removed in the night had been given to draw out his teeth, for greater secrecy and fecurity; and all which was immediately executed. persons were forbidden to come into the

* On the 17th of January, at three itreets, or even to appear at their winquarters of an hour after ten at night, dows, while he was palling, under pain Damien was removed from Versailles to of being fired at by the guards. Paris. The prisoner was put into a coach “ The same morning at ten o'clock, and four, with one of the King's sure the criminal was examined by the first geons, and two of the provost's guard: president of parliament, and several af. in another coach and four was a man filtants, and his examination lasted till who had been seized upon suspicion as four in the afternoon. his accomplice, with three of the pro- - The substance of his examination voft's officers; and four more of these was registered the same day in the prooficers followed in a third. These per office; where the knife with which coaches were preceded by a detachment he wounded the King is also deposited, of the marshal's guard, with their fire. and all his other moveables.” arms ready to present. The way was We are informed, that the French lined with other detachments of the King, in writing to his daughter, the fame guard; sixty grenadiers, command. Duchess of Parma, concerning his reed by four lieutenants and eight fub- covery, expresled himself in the followlieutenants, mounted upon the King's ing terms. The wound of my body horses, attended the coaches; and eight is healed, but has left so deep a wound ferjeants, each armed with a firelock, in my mind, that I would willingly part marched at each of the coach-doors. with life, to efface so great a blot from

In this order they arrived at Seve; the annals of my reign.". Many where the fixty grenadiers fell into the threatening letters 'have been found rear, and fixty other grenadiers took dropt both at Paris and Versailles, imtheir place about the coach. They pro. porting, that though Damien has failed ceeded through the villages of Illi and in his attempt, there are not wanting Vaugirard, a company of Swiss guards others of equal resolution, who are not lining the way. At Vaugirard, the e- discouraged, nor will be prevented in scort was joined by a company of gre. their design, by his ill success. Even nadiers of the French guards. They en. the Dauphin has been threatened. It tered Paris by the bar of Seve, pasied by is said he received a letter, the purport the Croixrouge, and through the ftreets of which was, to inform him of his beof Tour, Busly, Dauphine, le Pont Neuf, ing poisoned, but that the poisoner, and the quay called Orfeores.

touched with remorse for so execrable a “ About three o'clock in the morning crime, had, in order to atone for it, fent the three coaches arrived at the Con- him inclosed an infallible antidote. This, ciergerie; where the criminal was taken we are told, proved, upon examination, out of the coach, and being put into a to be rank poison. There have been kind of hammock, was carried up to the great commotions in many parts of tower of Montgomery; where he was France; and according to late accounts; guarded by four serjeanti, who continue every thing at Paris continued in the ute with him night and day; eight other most confusion. ferjeants are pofted in the upper part of On the 3d of February, M. Mathe tower, and below were a corps of chault, keeper of the seals, and the ten French guards. In the court-yard Count d'Argenson, minifter at war, was another guard of seventy men, were dismissed from their several cmwhich was relieved every twenty-four ployments by the following letters de hours. The officers of the guard are iacliche


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Monsieur Machault, Though I am France, particularly that of Artois, persuaded of your probity, and the up. where the rivers tivelled so greatly and rightness of your intentions, the present suddenly, that churches, houses, bridsituation of affairs obliges me to demand ges, mills, persons, and catile, were your resignation of the post of secretary carried away by the violence of the tör. of itate for the marine. Depend still on rent, and the corn-fields were corn up my protection and friendship. If you and ruined in an astonishing manner. have any favours to ask for your chil- The same calamity wa severely felt dren, you may do it at all times. It in the United PROVINCks, where most is proper that you should itay some of the bridges were wahed away, soine time at Arnonville. (Signed,] Louis. hundreds of vessels crushed to pieces by - P.S. I referve to you your pension the ice, many of the inhabitants with of minister of 20,000 livies, and the their cattle drowned, and large tracts of honours of keeper of the feals.” ground laid under water.

Five more Mons, d'Argenson, Having no fur- men of war have been put into comther occasion for your services, I order mission by the admiralty of Amsterdam, you to resign to me your post of secre- two of 60 guns, two of 50, and one of tary at war, and your other employ. 40. A resolution has been taken by ment, and to retire to your estate at the States-General to augment their Ormes.- [Signed,] Louis."

fleet with three vessels of 60 guns, three The reasons of dismilling those two of 50, seven of 40, and one of 36. The ministers so suddenly, and of the great city of Amsterdam ftill opposes the augdifference observable in the style of the mentation of their land-forces. letters, is not known to the public; nor, As to PLANTATION affairs, a letter according to very late advices, was it from Halifax in Nova Scotia, dated certain who were to succeed to the em- Nov. 6. bears, that a vessel sent by that ployments vacated. It has been faid, government to Louisburg, capital of Cape that M. Pellitier, formerly first president Breton, as a flag of truce, being returnof the parliament, has had the offer of ed, reported, that the French there the seals, but refused them; nay, some were in great want of provisions of all have asserted, that no one inclines to kinds, particularly bread, and that even accept of them, because the former horse beef sold at 18 pence a pound. keeper was removed on account of his Letters from Philadelphia advife, that refusing to affix them to a deed of a bad the assembly there have voted

Sterling for the common service, and The French have sent orders to Brest passed a bill for raising an useful miand Rochefort for the equipping of litia. twenty-fix men of war, viz. eighteen Private letters from Virginia bear, from 80 to 64 guns, and eight from 50 that the Earl of Loudon had concerted to 30, which they say will be divided such proper measures, in conjunction into several squadrons. They write with Sir William Johnson, and the rest from Paris, that the Toulon squadron of the commanding officers in North Afailed the 27th of January on a secret merica, as to have an army of 30,000 expedition, and that of M. de Beaufre. men next campaign, besides parties mont, consisting of four ships from 80 of Indians in the British interest. We to 64 guns, and three of 30, put to sea are told that the officers of the provinthe 31 It of that month from Brest for cials are, for the future, to rank with St Domingo.

those of the troops from G. Britain, According to advices from Bourdeaux, and that all the forces there are now ütwelve privateers were to be lanched nited as one body. there within the month of January, one of them to carry 50 guns, and the least 24.

ENGLA The melting of the winter snow did In the gazette of Feb, 12. was infertvaft damage in several provinces of ed the following advertisement. VOL. XIX.






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Feb. 17:



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100 200





The scheme of the lattery to consist of 1,000,005

The following message was presented tickets, to be divided into fifteen classes, and the drawing of one to determine the chances of the to the Commons by Mr Secretary Pitt, other fourteen. [44]

and read by Mr Speaker,

viz. Each ticket one guinea, and each class to conSist of the following prizes.


£ I prize of 10000

IT is always with reluctance that his

Majesty asks any extraordinary fup

plies of his people; but as the united of

councils and formidable preparations of

of France, and her allies, threaten, of

with the most alarming consequenof

ces, Europe in general ; and as these

most unjuft and vindi&tive designs 440

of First drawn

are particularly and immediately bent Last drawn

against his Majesty's electoral domi-: 756

35000 6 nions, and those of his good ally the All persons may purchase as many tickets as King of Prusia ; his Majesty confides in they please, when public notice shall be given the experienced zeal and affection of his that they are ready to be delivered at the bank. faithful Commons, (that they will chear

And all persons, before the tickets are to be fully affift him in forming and maindelivered, may subscribe at the tank for any number of tickets above twenty, paying down taining an army of observation, for the full price, if under one hundred, and half the just and necessary defence and prethe price if above one hundred.

servation thereof, and enable his MaThe day of the second payment to be on or jefty to fulfil his engagements with the before the ift of June, on which subscriptions King of Prusia, for the security of the receipts are to be given.

The prizes to be paid at any time after the empire, against the irruption of fo20th of January 1758.

reign armies, and for the support of

the common cause. And notice is given, of date Feb. 16.

G.R. That books are opened at the bank of

This message was referred, nem. con. England for taking subscriptions to the to the Tupply.committee: to whom the lottery; that all persons may subscribe treaty between his Majesty and the for any number of tickets under a hun. King of Prusia, figned at Westminster, dred, and not less than twenty, upon Jan. 16. 1756, was next day referred ; paying the full price of a guinea per and the house immediately resolved it. ticket; and that such as subscribe for a felf into the faid committee, and came hundred tickets or upwards, may pay to the following resolution, which was only half a guinea a ticket at the time

reported next federunt, Feb. 21. viz. of subscribing, and the remainder on or

"That a sum not exceeding 200,0col. before the ift of June next. On the 15th of February the King in forming and maintaining, during the

be granted to his Majesty, to affift him gave the royal asient to

present year, an army of observation, An act for granting to his Majesty a fum not for the joft and necessary defence and exceeding 1,050,005 1. 5 s. to be raised by way preservation of his Majesty's electoral of lottery.

dominions, and those of his allies, and An act to discontinue the duties

upon - imported, 6C. (57.]

towards enabling his Majesty to fulfil An act to prohibit - the exportation of his engagements with the King of Pruf

America, &c. [58] fia, for the security of the empire aAn act for punishing muting and defertion, gainst the irruption of foreign armies, and for the better payment of the army and and for the support of the common their quarters.

An act for the speedy and effectual recruiting cause.". Which resolution being read of his Majesty's land-forces and marines. [61.] a second time, was agreed to by the

To two road-lills and three private bills, which house nem. con. rela.è all to England.





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