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using everything of value belonging to the ship for building and other purposes, the Bounty was burned. Many years elapsed before they were discovered, and then only by accident, through an American ship captain who landed there for water. This being communicated to the British Government, a vessel was sent, not only for their relief, but to punish the ringleaders. of the mutiny.

Lieut. Bligh, after many adventures and hairbreadth escapes as a castaway, finally succeeded in getting back to England. He was placed in command of another vessel, and successfully accomplished the object of his first voyage, transplanting the bread-fruit tree of the South Seas to the West India Islands in I792-3.

BREAD-FRUIT TREE.

The bread-fruit tree (Artocarpus incisa) alluded to above, is indigenous to nearly all the islands of the South Sea, forming, with the cocoanut and banana, the principal sources of food for the indolent natives. The tree grows from twenty to forty feet high, with a diameter of one to two feet. The bark and inner portions furnish a valuable fibre, while the pith supplies the material for much of the paper cloth worn by the natives.

The fruit ripens at different periods of the year. It is about the size of a melon, and is found singly and in clusters attached to the branches of the tree. There are two or three periods in its growth when it can be . used; at one time supplying a milky nutritious fluid as a drink, and at another a delicious custard, but the period when it is most used is just before ripening, at which time the fruit is picked and baked in rude ovens,

the whole interior, assuming the spongy form of freshly-baked bread, with a pleasant taste—much superior to the doughy preparations, called bread, so common in Europe and America. When baked in this way, the bread-fruit can be kept for several months. The timber of the tree is used to make many articles of furniture, and the trunk often formed into Canoes, etc.

ISLAND GROUPS OF THE PACIFIC OCEAN.

NO. | AREA IN
- LOCATED BETWEEN LOCATED BETWEEN t POPULA- -
NAMEs of Groups. of LATITUDES. LONGITUDES. SQUARE rior. GOVERNMENT.
ISLS MILES.

NORTH PACIFIC. Deg. Min. Deg, Min. Deg. Min. Deg. Min.
Sandwich Islands...... 1o 18 54 N 23 34 N154 50 W 161 55 W 6, ooo 65,000 Native Kingdom.
Ladrone .................. 2013 Io N 18 50 N. 144 40 E 146 3 E I,254 6,000 Spain.
Pelew ............ ......... 20, 6 46 N 8 11 N134 Io E 134 45 E 905 Io, ooo Native, United States, etc
Marshall.................. 32 4 Io N 13 50 N165 15 E 172 Io E I, OOO 8,000 U. S. Protectorate.
Caroline .................. 5ool 4 30 N Io 50 N. 137 Io E 163 15 E | 15,000 38,000 U. S. Protectorate.
Phillippine............... 1200 5 15 N 19 44 NII9 45 E 126 31 E | 120,000 6,500,000 Spain.
Celebes.................... 1| 2 o N 5 45 NII 18 45 E 125 Io E | 72,000 2,000,000 Dutch, etc.
Galapagos ............... 15, 1 35 S oa5 N 89 30 W 91 45 W 3,OOO 4,000 Ecuador.
Molluccas................. Ioo 3 o N 5 S|124 o E 130 o E| Io,000 150,000 Dutch, etc.
aVa.------------------------ 3o 6 o S 8 45 S Io5 5 E 114 31 E. 52,000 18,000,000 Dutch, etc.
Little Java................| 1 || 6 o'S 8 45 S. 105 5 E 114 31 E 4,000 800,000 Dutch, etc.
Borneo .................... 15| 4 Io S 6 55 N108 45 E. 118 33 E 286,000. 2, 184,000 Dutch, etc.
Sumatra .................. 20 5 30 N 6 Io S 95 15 E 106 o E | 160,000. 4,500,000 Dutch, etc.
New Guinea.............. 25 o 45 S. Io 45 S 130 30 E 151 Io E | 300,000 650,000|Dutch, English, German.
Aleutian Isles............ 6051 20 N 55 4o N16o o W 17.2 25 E 8, Ooo 5,000 United States.
Bonin ..................... 7026 30 N 27 45 N14o 50 E 142 3o E 650 2,000 England.
Japanese Groups........4.00026 Io N 54 40 N126 40 E 151 30 E 250,000 34,000,000 Japanese Empire.
Sangir..................... 50] 2 o N 4 N|123 o E 125 o E 2,OOO 30,000 Dutch, etc.
Chinese Groups......... 40 Lying near the Coast. 35,000. 4,500,000 Chinese Empire.
British Am. Groups... 25 Lying near the Coast. 2I, OOO 30,000|England.
California Groups...... 15 Lying near the Coast. 6OO 500|Private Property.
Mexico (West Coast). 30 Lying near the Coast. 1,500 3,000 Mexico.

souTH PACIFIC.

Admiralty................. 3o 1 50 S 2 40 S 146 20 E I48 40 E I, OOO 25,000 Germany.
Phoenix ................... 8, 2 40 S 4 45 S.17o 30 W 174 40 W 3OO 1,500|U. S. Protectorate.
New Ireland.............. 6, 2 20 S 4 40 S 149 55 E 153 Io E 4,3CO 16,000 Germany.
New Britain ..... ...... 8] 3 55 S 6 24 S|147 4o E 152 15 E | Io,500 2O,OOOGermany.
Solomon.................. 3. 5 O N II o S 154 30 E 162 4o E 7,600 30,000 Independent, etc.
Ellice, Union, etc...... ićo 5 29 S 8 50 S 176 Io W 179 Io E I, 16o 8,OOOU. S. Protectorate.
Marquesas ............... 35 7 45 S Io 20 S.138 55 W 14o 30 W I,2OO 2O, ooo France.
Santa Cruz............... 20, 9 4o S II 50 S 165 50 E 167 Io E 4OO 7,000|France.
Louisade.................. 40|IO 3o S II 40 S 151 30 E 154 Io E I, 2OO 5,000 Native, etc.
Samoa (Navigator)..... 1013 30 S 14 20 S169 22 W 172 50 W 1,650 40,000|Native, U. S., Germany.
New Hebrides........... 12||13 30 S 20 of Sii.66 35 E 169 5 E 5,700 6o'ooo French, etc.
Paumotu (Low Arch.)... 7814 os S 19 45 S 136 20 W 148 50 W 3,300 Io,000 Independent.
Viti (Fiji)................. 25016 o S 20 o S 176 42 E 178 30 W 7,400 120,000 Indep'dent, English, etc.
New Caledonia......... 120 o S 22 50 S 164 o E 167 45 E 6,000 6o, Ooo France.
Tonga (Friendly)...... Ioo 18 22 S 21 50 S 173 40 W 175 24 W I, OOO 25,060|Native.
Cook's..................... 1o 18 50 S 22 os S 154 40 W 16o 40 W 3OO 8,000 England, etc.
Loyalty.................... 820 Io S 21 40 S 166 20 E 168 5 E 2,500 18,000 Independent.
Society .................... 1o 16 Io S 17 50 S 149 15 W 152 o W 6OO 2O,Ooo French Protectorate.
Banks..................... 8|13 Io S 14 o S166 30 E 167 Io E 300 6,000 Independent.
Australia.................. 82|Io 50 S 39 Io SI 13 o E 154 o E 3,000,000 2,000,000|England.
Tasmania ................. 17|40 40 S 43 38 SI43 50 E 148 20 E 22,629 IIo,000|England.
New Zealand............ 1634 12 S 47 18 S 166 25 E 178 30 E | 122,582 476,000 England.
W. Coast S. America..] 300 Lying near the Coast. 35, OOO 30,000 Chile and Peru.
Austral......... ------------ 2022 o S 28 o S143 o W 153 o W I,500 3,000 Independent.
Kermadec................. 63o o S 33 o S 178 50 W 18o o W 5OO joindependent
Gilbert..................... 16| 3 20 N 2 40 S 172 30 E 177 15 E 8OO 25,000 U. S. Protectorate.
Miscellaneous............ 500 Islands and atolls. (Estimated.) 42,OOO Ioo, ooo Various Nations.
Total.................... |Sooo.

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