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BOOK repaired thither to him through Scotland; and be

haved himself with such signal valour, that the mar1655.

quis of Ormond gave him the command of his own guards, and every man the testimony of deserving it. He came over with the marquis into France; and, being restless to be in action, no sooner heard of Middleton's being arrived in Scotland, than he resolved to find himself with him; and immediately asked the king's leave not only for himself, but for as many of the young men about the court as he could persuade to go with him; declaring to his majesty, “ that he resolved to pass through Eng“ land.” The king, who had much grace for him, dissuaded him from the undertaking, for the difficulty and danger of it, and denied to give him leave. But neither his majesty, nor the marquis of Ormond, could divert him; and his importunity continuing, he was left to follow his inclinations : and there was no news so much talked of in the court, as that captain Wogan would go into England, and from thence march into Scotland to general Middleton; and many young gentlemen, and others, who were in Paris, listed themselves with him for the expedition. He went then to the chancellor of the exchequer; who, during the time of the king's stay in France, executed the office of secretary of state, to desire the despatch of such passes, letters, and commissions, as were necessary for the affair he had in hand. The chancellor had much kindness for him, and having heard of his design by the common talk of the court, and from the freel discourses of some of those who resolved to go with him, represented “the danger

free] loose


“ of the enterprise to himself, and the dishonour BOOK “ that would reflect upon the king, for suffering

men under his pass, and with his commission, to 1655. “ expose themselves to inevitable ruin : that it was

now the discourse of the town, and would without “ doubt be known in England and to Cromwell, be“ fore he and his friends could get thither, so that “ it was likely m they would be apprehended the “ first minute they set their foot on shore; and “ how much his own particular person was more “ liable to danger than other men's he knew well;" and, upon the whole matter, very earnestly" dissuaded him from proceeding farther.

He answered most of the particular considerations with contempt of the danger, and confidence of going through with it, but with no kind of reason (a talent that did not then abound in him) to make it appear probable. Whereupon the chancellor expressly refused to make his despatches, till he could speak with the king; “ with whom,” he said, “ he would do the best he could to persuade his

majesty to hinder his journey;" with which the captain was provoked to so great passion, that he broke into tears, and besought him not to dissuade the king; and seemed so much transported with the resolution of the adventure, as if he would not outlive the disappointment. This passion so far prevailed with the king, that he caused all his despatches to be made, and delivered to him. And the very next day he and his companions, being seven or eight in number, went out of Paris together, and took post for Calais.

in it was likely) Not in MS.

earnestly) positively


They landed at Dover, continued their journey

to London, and walked the town; stayed there 1655. above three weeks, till they had bought horses,

which they quartered at common inns, and listed men enough of their friends and acquaintance to prosecute their purpose. And then they appointed their rendezvous at Barnet, marched out of London as Cromwell's soldiers, and from Barnet were full fourscore horse well armed and appointed, and quartered that night at St. Alban's; and from thence, by easy journeys, but out of the common roads, marched safely into Scotland; beat up some quarters which lay in their way, and without any misadventure joined Middleton in the Highlands ; where poor Wogan, after many brave actions performed there, received upon a party an ordinary flesh wound; which, for want of a good surgeon, proved mortal to him, to the very great grief of Middleton, and all who knew him. Many of the troopers, when they could stay no longer there, found their way again through England, and returned to the king.

In the distress which the king suffered during his abode in France, the chancellor of the exchequer's part was the most uneasy and grievous. For though all who were angry with him were as angry with the marquis of Ormond, who lived in great friendship with him, and was in the same trust with the king in all his counsels which were reserved from others; yet the marquis's quality, and the great services he had performed, and the great sufferings he underwent for the crown, made him above all their exceptions : and they believed his aversion from all their devices to make marriages, and to


traffic in religion, proceeded most from the credit BOOK the other had with him. And the queen's displeasure grew so notorious against the chancellor, that 1655.

The queen's after he found by degrees o that she would not displeasure speak to him, nor take any notice of him when she chancellor saw him, he forbore at last coming in her presence; chequer in

of the ex

France. and for many months did not see her face, though he had the honour to lodge in the same house, the palace royal, where both their majesties kept their courts; which encouraged all who desired to ingratiate themselves with her majesty, to express a great prejudice to the chancellor, at least to withdraw from his conversation : and the queen was not reserved in declaring, that she did exceedingly desire to remove him from the king; which nothing kept him from desiring also, in so uncomfortable a condition, but the conscience of his duty, and the confidence his majesty had in his fidelity.

This disinclination towards him produced, at one and the same time, a contrivance P of an odd nature, and a union between two seemingly 9 irreconcileable factions, the papists and the presbyterians: which was discovered to the king by a false brother, before the chancellor had any intimation of it. The lord A petition Balcarris, with Dr. Frazier, and some other Scots the Scottish

presbyteriabout the court, thought themselves enough quali

ans by Balfied to undertake in the name of all the presby-carris and terians; and caused a petition to be prepared, in that the which they set out, “that the presbyterian party of the ex

chequer “ had great affections to serve his majesty, and much

might be

. power to do it; and that they had many proposi- removed. “ tions and advices to offer to his majesty for the oby degrees] Not in MS.

I seemingly] very p contrivance) conspiracy

intended of



And of tbe
Roroan ca-

“ advancement thereof: but that they were dis

couraged, and hindered from offering the same, 1655.

by reason that his majesty intrusted his whole af“ fairs to the chancellor of the exchequer; who was “ an old known and declared enemy to all their

party; in whom they could repose no trust : and “ therefore they besought his majesty, that he might “ be removed from his council, at least not be suf“ fered to be privy to any thing that should be pro“ posed by them; and they should then make it

appear how ready and how able they were in a “ very short time to advance his majesty's affairs.”

Another petition was prepared in the name of his tholics also, Roman catholic subjects; which said, “ that all his against him.

majesty's party which had adhered to him, were “ now totally suppressed; and had, for the most “ part, compounded with his enemies, and submitted “ to their government: that the church-lands were “ all sold, and the bishops dead, except very few, “ who durst not exercise their function : so that he “ could expect no more aid from any who were con“ cerned to support the government of the church

as it had been formerly established: that by the “ defeat of duke Hamilton's party' first, and then

by his majesty's ill success at Worcester, and the " total reduction of the kingdom of Scotland after“ wards by Cromwell, his majesty might conclude “ what greater aid he was to expect from the pres

byterian party. Nothing therefore remained to “ him of hope for his restoration, but from the af“ fection of his Roman catholic subjects; who, as

they would never be wanting as to their persons,

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