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“ and their estates which were left, so they had BOOK · hope to draw from the catholic princes, and the

pope himself, such considerable assistance both in 1655. . “ men and money, that his majesty should owe his

restitution, under the blessing of God, to the sole

power and assistance of the catholics. But they “ had great reason to fear, that all these hopes “ would be obstructed and rendered of no use, not “ only by there being no person about his majesty “ in whom the catholics could have any confidence, “ but by reason that the person most trusted by

him, and through whose hands all letters and de

spatches must pass, is a known enemy to all ca“ tholics; and therefore they besought his majesty, “ that that person, the chancellor of the exchequer, “ might be removed from him ; whereupon he should find great benefit to accrue to his service.” It was concluded amongst them °, that when these two petitions should be weighed and considered, the queen would easily convince his majesty, that a person who was so odious to all the Roman catholics, from whose affections his majesty had most reason to promise himself relief, and to all the protestants who could contribute to his assistance or subsistence, could not be fit to be continued in any trust about him.

When matters were thus adjusted, which were the longer in preparation, because the persons concerned could not, without suspicion and scandal, The design meet together, but were to be treated with by per- by one Mr. sons mutually employed, one Mr. Walsingham, a

Walsingperson very well known to all men who at that king; which

quashed time knew the palace royal, who had been em-them both.

ham to the

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BOOK ployed in the affair, came to the king, and, whether

out of ingenuity, and dislike of so foul a combina1655.

tion, or as he thought the discovery would be grateful to his majesty, informed him of the whole intrigue, and gave a copy of the petitions to the king; who shewed them to the marquis of Ormond, and the chancellor of the exchequer; and informed them of the whole design t.

And from this time his majesty made himself very merry with it ", and spoke of it sometimes at dinner, when the queen was present; and asked pleasantly, “ when the two petitions “would be brought against the chancellor of the

exchequer ?” which being quickly known to some of the persons engaged in the prosecution, they gave it over, and thought not fit to proceed any farther in it; though both parties continued their implacable malice towards him, nor did he find any ease or quiet by their giving over that design, their animosities against him still breaking out one after another, as long as the king remained in France; the queen taking all occasions to complain to the queen regent of the king's unkindness, that she might impute all that she disliked to the chancellor; and the queen mother of France was like to be very tender in a point that so much concerned herself, that any man should dare to interpose between the mother and the son.

There was an accident fell out, that administered some argument to make those complaints appear more reasonable. The cardinal de Retz had always expressed great civilities towards the king, and a desire to serve him; and upon some occasional con

+ design) intrigue" with it) with the design

* parties) factions


A discourse

ference between them, the cardinal asked the king, BOOK “ whether he had made any attempt to draw any “ assistance from the pope, and whether he thought

1 655. “ that nothing might be done that way to his ad- of the

king's with vantage ?” The king told him," nothing had been cardinal de

attempted that way; and that he was better able Retz. “ to judge, whether the pope was like to do any thing “ for a man of his faith.” The cardinal smiling, said, “ he had no thought of speaking of his faith ;” yet in short, he spoke to him like a wise and honest man; " that if any overtures were made him of the change “ of his religion, he must tell his majesty, it becomes 9 “ him as a cardinal to wish his majesty a catholic “ for the saving his soul; but he must declare too, “ that if he did change his religion, he would never “ be restored to his kingdoms.” But he said, “he “ did believe,” (though the pope was old, and much decayed in his generosity; for Innocent the Tenth was then living,) “ that if some proper application “ was made to the princes of Italy, and to the pope “ himself, though there would not be gotten where“ withal to raise and maintain armies, there might “ be somewhat considerable obtained for his more

pleasant support, wherever he should choose to “ reside.” He said, “ he had himself some alliance “ with the great duke, and interest in other courts, “ and in Rome itself; and if his majesty would give “ him leave, and trust his discretion, he would write 6 in such a manner in his own name to some of his

friends, as should not be of any prejudice to his “ majesty, if it brought him no convenience.” The king had reason to acknowledge the obligation, and

y becomes] became


The cardinal de Retz sent to the Bastille,

BOOK to leave it to his own wisdom, what he would do.

In the conclusion of the discourse, the cardinal asked 1655. his majesty a question or two of matter of fact, which

he could not answer; but told him," he would give

a punctual information of it the next day in a let65 ter :” which the cardinal desired might be as soon · as his majesty thought fit, because he would, upon

the receipt of it, make his despatches into Italy. The particular things being out of the king's memory, as soon as he returned, he asked the chancellor of the exchequer concerning them; and having received a punctual account from him, his majesty writ a letter the next day to the cardinal, and gave him information as to those particulars. Within very few days after this, the cardinal coming one day to the Louvre to see the queen mother, he was arrested by the captain of the guard, and sent prisoner to the Bastille ; and in one of his pockets, which they searched, that letter the king had sent to him was found, and delivered to the queen regent; who presently imparted it to the queen of England; and after they had made themselves merry with some improprieties in the French, the king having, for the secrecy, not consulted with any body, they discovered some purpose of applying to the pope, and to other catholic princes; and that his majesty should enter upon any such counsel, without first consulting with the queen his mother, could proceed only from the instigation of the chancellor of the exchequer.

Her majesty, with a very great proportion of sharpness, reproached the king for his neglect, and gave him his letter. The king was exceedingly sensible of the little respect the queen mother had


shewed towards him, in communicating his letter in BOOK that manner to his mother; and expostulated with her for it; and took that occasion to enlarge more

1655. upon the injustice of his mother's complaints, than he had ever done. And from that time the queen mother, who was in truth a very worthy lady, shewed much more kindness to the king. And a little time after, there being a masque at the court that the king liked very well, he persuaded the chancellor to see it; and vouchsafed, the next night, to carry him thither himself, and to place the marquis of Ormond and him next the seat where all their majesties were to sit. And when they entered, the queen regent asked, “who that fat man was who sat by the “ marquis of Ormond ?” The king told her aloud, “ that was the naughty man who did all the mis“ chief, and set him against his mother:" at which the queen herself was little less disordered than the chancellor was?. But they within hearing laughed so much, that the queen was not displeased; and somewhat was spoken to his advantage, whom few thought to deserve the reproach.

At this time the king was informed by the French Prince Rucourt, “ that prince Rupert, who had been so long his fleet ar“ absent, having gone with the fleet from Holland Tires at “ before the murder of the late king, and had not “ been heard of in some years, was now upon the “ coast of France, and soon after at Nantes, in the

province of Bretagne, with the Swallow, a ship of “ the king's, and with three or four other ships : and “ that the Constant Reformation, another ship of the

king's, in which prince Maurice had been, was cast


2 chancellor was] MS. adds : who blushed very much VOL. VII.

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