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Look, if it please you, on this man condemn'd,
As if my brother lived: I partly think
A due sincerity govern'd his deeds,
Till he did look on me: since it is so,

Let him not die. My brother had but justice,

In that he did the thing for which he died;
For Angelo,

His act did not o'ertake his bad intent;

And must be buried but as an intent

That perish'd by the way: thoughts are no subjects;
Intents, but merely thoughts.


Merely, my lord.

Duke. Your suit's unprofitable; stand up, I
I have bethought me of another fault.

Provost, how came it Claudio was beheaded
At an unusual hour?


It was commanded so.





Duke. Had you a special warrant for the deed?
Prov. No, my good lord; it was by private message.
Duke. For which I do discharge you of your office :
Give up your keys.

Pardon me, noble lord:
I thought it was a fault, but knew it not;
Yet did repent me, after more advice:
For testimony whereof, one in the prison,
That should by private order else have died,
I have reserved alive.


What's he?


444 448 A due...Angelo,] Four lines,
ending he...die...did...Angelo, in

447 died] dide F1 did FF3F4
448, 449 For...bad intent;] As in John-

son. One line in Ff.
452 but] om. Hanmer, who ends lines

448-452 at o'ertake...but...way:...


453 [They rise. Collier, ed. 2 (Collier MS.).

456 It was commanded so] 'Twas so commanded Hanmer.

465 What's he?] And what is he? Hanmer. See note (XX).


His name is Barnardine.


Duke. I would thou hadst done so by Claudio.
Go fetch him hither; let me look upon him. [Exit Provost.
Escal. I am sorry, one so learned and so wise
As you, Lord Angelo, have still appear'd,
Should slip so grossly, both in the heat of blood,
And lack of temper'd judgement afterward.

Ang. I am sorry that such sorrow I procure:
And so deep sticks it in my penitent heart,
That I crave death more willingly than mercy;
'Tis my deserving, and I do entreat it.

Re-enter PROVOST, with BARNARDINE, CLAUDIO muffled, and JULIET. Duke. Which is that Barnardine?

This, my lord.

Duke. There was a friar told me of this man.
Sirrah, thou art said to have a stubborn soul,
That apprehends no further than this world,



And squarest thy life according. Thou'rt condemn'd: 480
But, for those earthly faults, I quit them all;
And pray thee take this mercy to provide
For better times to come. Friar, advise him;


I leave him to your hand. What muffled fellow's that?
Prov. This is another prisoner that I saved,
Who should have died when Claudio lost his head;
As like almost to Claudio as himself. [Unmuffles Claudio.

466 would] F. wouldst FF3F4 wish Capell (corrected in Errata to would).

467 [Exit Provost.] Johnson. 470 the heat] heat Pope.

476 SCENE VII. Pope.

Re-enter...] Re-enter Provost, with
Barnardine; Claudio behind, and
Julietta, both muffl'd up. Capell.

Enter Barnardine and Prouost,
Claudio, Iulietta. Ff.
This] This is Keightley.

my lord] my good lord Hanmer.
480 according] accordingly F4.
482 And] F. I F2F3F4.
484 your hand] you Hanmer.
487 [Unmuffles Claudio.] Malone. un-
muffles, and discovers him. Capell.

Duke. [To Isabella] If he be like your brother, for his sake

Is he pardon'd; and, for your lovely sake,

Give me your hand, and say you will be mine,

He is my brother too: but fitter time for that.
By this Lord Angelo perceives he's safe;
Methinks I see a quickening in his eye.
Well, Angelo, your evil quits you well:


Look that you love your wife; her worth worth yours. 495 I find an apt remission in myself;

And yet here's one in place I cannot pardon.

[To Lucio] You, sirrah, that knew me for a fool, a coward, One all of luxury, an ass, a madman;

Wherein have I so deserved of you,

That you extol me thus?



Lucio. 'Faith, my lord, I spoke it but according to the trick. If you will hang me for it, you may; but I had rather it would please you I might be whipt. Duke. Whipt first, sir, and hang'd after. Proclaim it, provost, round about the city, If any woman wrong'd by this lewd fellow,— As I have heard him swear himself there's one Whom he begot with child, let her appear, And he shall marry her: the nuptial finish'd,

488 [Claudio and Isab. embrace. Collier, ed. 2 (Collier MS.).

[To Isabella] Johnson. 489 Is he pardon'd] He's pardoned Hanmer. Is he too pardon'd Capell. Then is he pardon'd Dyce (ed. 2). Is he pardoned Singer.

490 and say you will] say you'll Han


491 He is] and he's Hanmer, ending the

line here.

495 her worth worth yours] her worth works yours Hanmer. her worth's worth yours Keightley (Heath


conj.). her worth work yours! Hudson (S. Walker conj.). her worth weighs yours Bailey conj.

500 so deserved] deserved so Pope. so well deserv'd Collier, ed. 2 (Collier MS.). so undeserv'd S. Walker conj. sir, so deserv'd Cartwright conj. (N. & Q. 1864).

507 If any woman] Ff. If any woman's Hanmer. Is any woman Clark and Glover.

fellow,-] Dyce. fellow Ff. 510 finish'd] finished Singer.

Let him be whipt and hang'd.

Lucio. I beseech your highness, do not marry me to a whore. Your highness said even now, I made you a Duke: good my lord, do not recompense me in making me a cuckold.

Duke. Upon mine honour, thou shalt marry her.
Thy slanders I forgive; and therewithal

Remit thy other forfeits.-Take him to prison;
And see our pleasure herein executed.


Lucio. Marrying a punk, my lord, is pressing to death, whipping, and hanging.

Duke. Slandering a prince deserves it.


[Exeunt Officers with Lucio.

She, Claudio, that you wrong'd, look you restore.
Joy to you, Mariana! Love her, Angelo:

I have confess'd her, and I know her virtue.

Thanks, good friend Escalus, for thy much goodness:
There's more behind that is more gratulate.
Thanks, provost, for thy care and secrecy :
We shall employ thee in a worthier place.
Forgive him, Angelo, that brought you home
The head of Ragozine for Claudio's :
The offence pardons itself. Dear Isabel,
I have a motion much imports your good;
Whereto if you'll a willing ear incline,

What's mine is yours, and what is yours is mine.
So, bring us to our palace; where we'll show
What's yet behind, that's meet you all should know.

519 executed] execute Hanmer.

522 [Exeunt...Lucio] Dyce.

523 She] Her Hanmer.

527, 532 Johnson conjectures: Ang.

The offence pardons itself. Duke.
There's more behind That is more

gratulate. Dear Isabel,...





527 gratulate] gratulating Keightley


537 that's] FF3F4 that F1.

[Exeunt.] Rowe. Curtain drawn. Collier, ed. 2 (Collier MS.). om. Ff.



1. 1. 7-10. The suggestion that a line has been lost in this place came first from Theobald. It is scarcely necessary to say that there is no mark of omission in the Folios. Malone supposes that a similar omission has been made II. 4. 123. The compositor's eye (he says) may have glanced from 'succeed' to 'weakness' in a subsequent hemistich.

In order to relieve the plethoric foot-note we set down in this place some conjectures for which we are indebted to Mr Halliwell's note on the passage.

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But that your sufficiency, as your worth, be able...

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The reading assigned in the foot-note to Steevens is found in a note

to the Editions of 1773, 1778, 1785, 1793. He afterwards changed his



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