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ARTICLES OF AGREEMENT
Entered into, between the undersigned Commissioners, appointed Jan. 8, 1821. by the Governor of the state of Georgia, for and on behalf of, Proclamation, the citizens of the said state, and the Chiefs, Head Men, and March 2, 1821. Warriors, of the Creek nation of Indians.
WHEREAS, at a conference opened and held at the Indian Spring, in the Creek nation, the citizens of Georgia, by the aforesaid commissioners, have represented that they have claims to a large amount against the said Creek nation of Indians: Now, in order to adjust and bring the same to a speedy and final settlement, it is hereby agreed by the aforesaid commissioners, and the chiefs, head men, and warriors, of the said nation, that all the talks had upon the subject of these claims at this place, together with all claims on either side, of whatever nature or Claims on eikind, prior to the act of Congress of one thousand eight hundred and ther side refertwo, regulating the intercourse with the Indian tribes, with the docu
red to decision
of the President. ments in support of them, shall be referred to the decision of the Presi
1802, ch. 13. dent of the United States, by him to be decided upon, adjusted, liquidated, and settled, in such manner, and under such rules, regulations, and restrictions, as he shall prescribe : Provided, however, if it should Proviso. meet the views of the President of the United States, it is the wish of the contracting parties, that the liquidation and settlement of the aforesaid claims shall be made in the state of Georgia, at such place as he may deem most convenient for the parties interested, and the decision and award, thus made and rendered, shall be binding and obligatory upon the contracting parties.
In witness whereof, we have hereunto set our hands and seals, this
eighth day of January, one thousand eight hundred and twenty-one.
WHEREAS a treaty or convention has this day been made and entered into, by and between the United States and the Creek nation, by the provisions of which the United States have agreed to pay, and the commissioners of the state of Georgia have agreed to accept, for and on behalf of the citizens of the state of Georgia, having claims against the Creek nation, prior to the year one thousand eight hundred and two, the sum of two hundred and fifty thousand dollars :
Now, know all men by these presents, that we, the undersigned, Commissioners commissioners of the state of Georgia, for, and in consideration of the of Georgia re
lease theCreeks aforesaid sum of two hundred and fifty thousand dollars, secured by the from all claims
said treaty or convention to be paid to the state of Georgia, for the disprior to 1802.
charge of all bona fide and liquidated claims, which the citizens of the said state may establish against the Creek nation, do, by these presents, release, exonerate, and discharge, the said Creek nation from all and every claim and claims, of whatever description, nature, or kind, the same may be, which the citizens of Georgia now have, or may have had,
prior to the year one thousand eight hundred and two, against the said Claims trans
nation. And we do hereby assign, transfer, and set over, unto the ferred to U.S. United States, for the use and benefit of the said Creek nation, for the
consideration hereinbefore expressed, all the right, title, and interest, of the citizens of the said state, to all claims, debts, damages, and property, of every description and denomination, which the citizens of the said state have, or had, prior to the year one thousand eight hundred and two, as aforesaid, against the said Creek nation.
In witness whereof we have hereunto affixed our hands and seals, at
the Mineral Spring, in the said Creek nation, this eighth day of January, one thousand eight hundred and twenty-one.
Present, D. M. Forney. D. Meriwether. D. B. Mitchell, Agent for Indian Affairs.
ARTICLES OF A TREATY
Aug. 29,1421. Mule and concluded at Chicago, in the State of Illinois, between
Lewis Cass and Solomon Sibley, Comissioners of the United Proclamation, March 25, 1822. States, and the Ottawa, Chippewa, and Pottawatomie, Nations
Cession of land ARTICLE 1. The Ottawa, Chippewa, and Pottawatamie, Nations of within the boun- Indians cede to the United States all the Land comprehended within the daries de scribed.
following boundaries : Beginning at a point on the south bank of the river St. Joseph of Lake Michigan, near the Parc aux Vaches, due north from Rum's Village, and running thence south to a line drawn due cast from the southern extreme of Lake Michigan, thence with the
said line cast to the Tract ceded by the Pottawatamies to the United Ante, p. 160. States by the Treaty of Fort Meigs in 1917, if the said line should
strike the said Tract, but if the said line should pass north of the said Tract, then such line shall be continued until it strikes the western boundary of the Tract ceded to the United States by the Treaty of Detroit in 1907, and from the termination of the said line, following the boundaries of former cessions, to the main branch of the Grand River of Lake Vichigan, should any of the said lines cross the said River, but if none of the said lines should cross the said River, then to a point due east of the source of the said inain branch of the said river, and from such point due west to the source of the said principal branch, and from the crossing of the said River, or from the source thereof, as the case inay be, down the said River, on the north bank thereof, to the mouth; thence following the shore of Like Michigan to the south bank
of the said river St. Joseph, at the mouth thereof, and thence with the said south bank to the place of beginning.
Art. 2. From the cession aforesaid, there shall be reserved, for the Reservations. use of the Indians, the following Tracts:
One tract at Mang-ach-qua Village, on the river Peble, of six miles
One tract at the village of Match-c-be-narh-she-wish, at the head of
Grants to perfollowing persons, being all Indians by descent, and to their heirs, the sons named. following Tracts of Land:
To John Burnet, two sections of land.
To James Burnet, Abraham Burnet, Rebecca Burnet, and Nancy Burnet, cach one section of land; which said Jolin, James, Abraham, Rebecca, and Nancy, are children of Kaw-kce-me, sister of Top-ni-be, principal chief of the Potwatamie nation.
The land granted to the persons immediately preceding, shall begin Location of on the north bank of the river St. Joseph, about two miles from the the preceding mouth, and shall extend up and back from the said river for quantity.
grants. To John B. La Lime, son of Noke-no-qua, one-half of a section of Further grants. land, adjoining the tract before granted, and on the upper side thereof.
To Jean B. Chandonai, son of Chip-pe-wa-qua, two sections of land, on the river St. Joseph, above and adjoining the tract granted to J. B. La Linne.
To Joseph Dazé, son of Chip-pe-wa-qua, one section of land above and adjoining the tract granted to Jean B. Chandonai.
To Monguago, one-half of a section of land, at Mish-she-wa-ko kink.
To Pierre Moran or Peeresh, a Potawatamie Chief, one section of land, and to his children two sections of land, at the mouth of the Elkheart river.
To Pierre Le Clerc, son of Moi-qua, one section of land on the Elk-heart river, above and adjoining the tract granted to Moran and his children.
The section of land granted by the Treaty of St. Mary's, in 1819, to Peeresh or Perig, shall be granted to Jean B. Cicot, son of Pe-say-quot, sister of the said Peeresh, it having been so intended at the execution of the said Treaty.
To O-she-ak-ke-be or Benac, one-half of a section of land on the north side of the Elk-heart river, where the road from Chicago to Fort Wayne first crosses the said river.
To Me-naw-che, a Potawatamie woman, one-half of a section of land on the eastern bank of the St. Joseph, where the road from Detroit to Chicago first crosses the said river.
To Theresa Chandler or To-e-ak-qui, a Potawatamic woman, and to her daughter Betsey Fisher, one section of land on the south side of the Grand River, opposite to the Spruce Swamp.
To Charles Beaubien and Nedart Beaubien, sons of Man-na-ben-aqua, cach one-half of a section of land near the village of Ke-wi-goshkecin, on the W'ashtenaw river.
To Antoine Roland, son of l-vat-pat-a-wat-a-mie-qua, one-half of a section of land adjoining and below the tract granted 10 Pierre Moran.
To William Knages or Was-es-kuk-son, son of Ches-qua, one-half of a section of land adjoining and below the tract granted to Antoine Roland.
To Madeline Bertrand, wife of Joseph Bertrand, a Potawatamie woman, one section of land at the Parc aux Vaches, on the north side of the river St. Joseph.
To Joseph Bertrand, junior, Benjamin Bertrand, Laurent Bertrand, Theresa Bertrand, and Amable Bertrand, children of the said Madeline Bertrand, each one half of a section of land at the portage of the Kankakee river.
To John Riley, son of Me-naw-cum-a-go-quoi, one section of land, at the mouth of the river Au Foin, on the Grand River, and extending up the said River.
To Peter Riley, the son of Me-naw-cum-e-go-qua, one section of land, at the mouth of the river Au Foin, on the Grand River, and extending down the said river.
To Jean B. Le Clerc, son of Moi-qua, one half of a section of land, above and adjoining the tract granted to Pierre Le Clerc.
To Joseph La Framboise, son of Shaw-we-no-qua, one section of land upon the south side of the river St. Joseph, and adjoining on the upper side the land ceded to the United States, which said section is
also ceded to the United States. Grants not The Tracts of Land herein stipulated to be granted, shall never be transferable leased or conveyed by the grantees or their heirs to any persons whatwithout con
ever, without the perinission of the President of the United States. And Tracts to be such tracts shall be located after the said cession is surveyed, and in located afier
conformity with such surveys as near as may be, and in such manner as survey.
the President may direct. Payment for Art. 4. In consideration of the cession aforesaid, the United States said cession.
engage to pay to the Ottawa nation, one thousand dollars in specie annually forever, and also to appropriate annually, for the term of ten years, the sum of fifteen hundred dollars, to be expended as the President may direct, in the support of a Blacksmith, of a Teacher, and of a person to instruct the Ottawas in agriculture and in the purchase of cattle and farming utensils. And the United States also engage to pay to the Potawatamie nation five thousand dollars in specie, annually, for the term of twenty years, and also to appropriate annually, for the term of fifteen years, the sun of one thousand dollars, to be expended as the
President may direct, in the support of a Blacksmith and a Teacher. Land to be re And one mile square shall be selected, under the direction of the Presiserved for dent, on the north side of the Grand River, and one mile square on the blacksmiths and teachers.
south side of the St. Joseph, and within the Indian lands not ceded, upon which the blacksmiths and teachers employed for the said tribes,
respectively, shall reside. Right of In Art. 5. The stipulation contained in the treaty of Greenville, reladians to hunt on tive to the right of the Indians to hunt upon the land ceded while it land ceded.
continues the property of the United States, shall apply to this treaty.
Art. 6. The United States shall have the privilege of making and make a road
using a road through the Indian country, froin Detroit and Fort Wayne, through Indian country.
respectively, to Chicago. Treaty binding Art. 7. This Treaty shall take effect and be obligatory on the conwhen ratified.
tracting parties, so soon as the same shall be ratified by the President of the United States, by and with the advise and consent of the Senate thereof.
In testimony whereof, the said Lewis Cass and Solomon Sibley, Com
missioners as aforesaid, and the Chiefs and Warriors of the said Ottawa, Chippewa, and Potawatamie nations, have hereunto set
their hands, at Chicago aforesaid, this 29th day of August, in the
To the Indian names aro subjoinod marks.
The tract at The tract reserved at the village of Match-e-be-nash-she-wish, at the head of the Ke-kal-i-ma-zoo river, was by agreement to be three miles Matchebenash.
shewish to be 3 square. The extent of the reservation was accidentally omitted.
miles square. LEWIS CASS, SOLOMON SIBLEY.