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ARTICLES OF A TREATY,

Aug. 31, 1822. Entered into and concluded at the United States' Factory on the Proclamation,

M. De Cigue Augt. by and between Richard Graham, Agent Feb. 13, 1823. of Indian Affairs, authorized on the part of the United States

for that purpose, and the Chiefs, Warriors, and Head Men, of the Tribes of Great and Little Osage Indians, for themselves

and their respective Tribes, of the other part. The second Whereas, by the second article of the Treaty made and entered 'article of the

into between the United States and the Great and Little Osage nation treaty of Nov. 10, 1809, abro.

of Indians, concluded and signed at Fort Clark, on the Missouri, on gated; conside- the tenth day of November, one thousand eight hundred and eight, it ration.

is stipulated that the United States shall establish at that place, and perAnte, p. 107.

manently continue, at all seasons of the year, a well assorted store of goods, for the purpose of bartering with them on moderate terms for their peltries and furs: Now, we, the said Chiefs, Warriors, and Head Men, in behalf of our said Tribes, for and in consideration of two thousand three hundred and twenty-nine dollars and forty cents, to us now paid in merchandize, out of the United States' Factory, by said Richard Graham, on behalf of the United States, the receipt whereof is hereby acknowledged, do exonerate, release, and forever discharge, the United States from the obligation contained in the said second article above mentioned; and the aforesaid second article is, from the date hereof, abrogated and of no effect.

In witness whereof, the said Richard Graham and the Chiefs, War

riors, and Head Men, of the Great and Little Osage Tribes, have hereunto set their hands and affixed their seals, this thirty-first day of August, in the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and twenty-two.

R. GRAHAM.

Pahuska, or White Hair, Head Chief B.O. Wonopasheh,
Neshumoiny, or Walk in Rain, Ilead Kehegethingah,
Chief L. 0.

Vehesashch,
Kahegewashinpisheh,

Thunkemono,
Big Soldier,

Townakaheh,
Cothistawoshko,

Wahchewahheh,
Tocathingah,

Grenatheh,
Towakaheh, Chief of the Crosse Côtto V. Neocheninkeh,
Kahegetankgah,

Tanwanhehe,
Urattheheh,

Wasabewangoudake,
Thinggahwassah,

Wathinsabbeh.
Onnyago,
In presence of Paul Baillio, Robert Dunlap, C. De La Croix.

To the Indian names are subjoined markø.

(222)

ARTICLES OF A TREATY

Entered into and concluded at Fort Armstrong, by and between Sept. 3, 1822. Thomas Forsyth, Agent of Indian Affairs, authorized on the

Proclamation, part of the United States for that purpose, of the one part, and reb. 13, 1823. the Chiefs, Warriors, and Head llen, of the United Sac and Fox Tribes, for themselves and their Tribes, of the other part.

WHEREAS by the ninth article of the Treaty made and entered into Ninth article between the United States and the Sac and Fox Tribes of Indians, con

of treaty of 3d

Nov. 1801, abscluded and signed at Saint Louis, in the District of Louisiana, on the rogated; conthird day of November, one thousand eight hundred and four, it is sideration. stipulated, in order to put a stop to the abuses and impositions which

Ante, p. 8-1. are practised upon the said Tribes by the private traders, the United States will, at a convenient time, establish a trading house or factory, where the individuals of the said Tribes can be supplied with goods at a more reasonable rate than they have been accustomed to procure them. Now, We, the said Chiefs, Warriors, and head men of the said Tribes, for and in consideration of the sum of one thousand dollars to us, now paid in merchandize out of the United States' Factory, by said Thomas Forsyth, on behalf of the United States, the receipt whereof is hereby acknowledged, do exonerate, release, and forever discharge, the United States from the obligation contained in the said ninth article above recited, and the aforesaid ninth article is, from the date hereof, abrogated and of no effect.

In witness whereof the said Thomas Forsyth, and the Chiefs, War

riors, and head men, of the Sac and Fox Tribes, have hereunto set their hands, and affixed their seals, this third day of September, in the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and twenty-two.

THOMAS FORSYTII,

United States' Indian Agent.

Pushee Paho,

Wapulla,
Quash Quammee,

Themue,
Nesowakee,

Mucathaanamickee,
Kecocuck,

Nolo.
In the presence of S. Burbank, Major United States' Army. P. W'. Craig, As-
sistant Surgeon United States' Army. J. M. Baxley, Lieutenant 5th Infantry.
George Davenport. Samuel C. Muir. Julin ('onnolly. Louis Betelle, Interpreter,

To the Indian namen are rulollid a mark and sezi.

(223)

Sept. 18, 1823. TREATY WITH THE FLORIDA TRIBES OF INDIANS.
Proclamation,
Jan, 2, 1824.
Said ludi ins to

ARTICLE I. The undersigned chiefs and warriors, for themselves and conunue under their tribes, have appealed to the humanity, and thrown themselves on, the protection and have promised to continue under, the protection of the United of U.S.

States, and of no other nation, power, or sovereign; and, in consideration of the promises and stipulations hereinafter made, do cede and relinquish all claim or title which they may have to the whole territory of Florida, with the exception of such district of country as shall herein

be allotted to them. Said Indians to

Article II. The Florida tribes of Indians will hereafter be concenbe contined to trated and confined to the following metes and boundaries : commencing the following

five miles north of Okehumke, running in a direct line to a point five metes and bounds. miles west of Setarky's settlement, on the waters of Amazura, (or

Withlahuchie river,) leaving said settlement two miles south of the line; from thence, in a direct line, to the south end of the Big IIammock, to include Chickuchate; continuing, in the same direction, for five miles beyond the said IIammock — provided said point does not approach nearer than fifteen miles the sea coast of the Gulf of Mexico; if it does, the said line will terininate at that distance from the sea coast; thence, south, twelve miles; thence in a south :30° east direction, until the same shall strike within five miles of the main branch of Charlotte river ; thence, in a due east direction, to within twenty miles of the Atlantic coast; thence, north, fifteen west, for fifty miles and from this

last, to the beginning point. U.S. to take ARTICLE III. The United States will take the Florida Indians under the Florida In

their care and patronage, and will afford them protection against all dians under their care, &c.

persons whatsoever; provided they conform to the laws of the United States, and refrain from making war, or giving any insult to any foreign nation, without having first obtained the permission and consent of the United States : And, in consideration of the appeal and cession made in the first article of this treaty, by the aforesaid chiefs and warriors, the United States promise to distribute among the tribes, as soon as concentrated, under the direction of their agent, implements of husbandry, and stock of cattle and hogs, to the amount of six thousand dollars, and an annual sum of five thousand dollars a year, for twenty successive years, to be distributed as the President of the United States shall direct, through the Secretary of War, or his Superintendents and

Agent of Indian affairs. U.S. to gia

Article IV. The United States promise to guaranty to the said ranty peaceable tribes the peaceable possession of the district of country herein assigned possession of ihe district as

them, reserving the right of opening through it such roads, as may, signed them, on from time to time, be deemed necessary; and to restrain and prevent certain condi

all white persons from hunting, settling, or otherwise intruding upon it. tions.

But any citizen of the United States, being lawfully authorized for that purpose, shall be permitted to pass and repass through the said district, and to navigate the waters thereof, without any hindrance, toll, or ex

action, from said tribes. Corn, meat, ARTICLE V. For the purpose of facilitating the removal of the said &c. to be al.

tribes to the district of country allotted thein, and, as a compensation lowed them for twelve months. for the losses sustained, or the inconveniences to which they may be

&c.

exposed by said removal, the United States will furnish them with rations of corn, meat, and salt, for twelve months, commencing on the first day of February next; and they further agree to compensate those indiriduals who have been compelled to abandon improvements on lands, not embraced within the limits allotted, to the amount of four thousand five hundred dollars, to be distributed among the sufferers, in a ratio to each, proportional to the value of the improvements abandoned. The United States further agree to furnish a sum, not exceeding two thousand dollars, to be expended by their agent, to facilitate the transportation of the different tribes to the point of concentration designated.

Article VI. An agent, sub-agent, and interpreter, shall be appointed, An agent, &c. to reside within the Indian boundary aforesaid, to watch over the inte- to be appointed rests of said tribes; and the United States further stipulate, as an evi- them. dence of their humane policy towards said tribes, who have appealed to their liberality, to allow for the establishment of a school at the agency, one thousand dollars per year for twenty successive years; and one thousand dollars per year, for the same period, for the support of a gun and blacksmith, with the expenses incidental to his shop. ARTICLE VII. The chiefs and warriors aforesaid, for themselves and

Indians to pretribes, stipulate to be active and vigilant in the preventing the retreating vent any fugir to, or passing through, of the district of country assigned them, of any taking shelter absconding slaves, or fugitives from justice; and further agree, to use among them, all necessary exertions to apprehend and deliver the same to the agent, who shall receive orders to compensate them agreeably to the trouble and expenses incurred.

ARTICLE VIII. A commissioner, or commissioners, with a surveyor, A commisshall be appointed, by the President of the United States, to run and sioner and surmark, (blazing fore and aft the trees) the line as defined in the second veyor do be ap. article of this treaty, who shall be attended by a chief or warrior, to be designated by a council of their own tribes, and who shall receive, while so employed, a daily compensation of three dollars.

Article IX. The undersigned chiefs and warriors, for themselves Grounds on and tribes, having objected to their concentration within the limits de- which the ob. scribed in the second article of this treaty, under the impression that jections of said the said liinits did not contain a sufficient quantity of good land to sub- lands are foundsist them, and for no other reason: it is, therefore, expressly understood, ed. between the United States and the aforesaid chicfs and warriors, that, should the country embraced in the said limits, upon examination by the Indian agent and the commissioner, or commissioners, to be appointed under the 8th article of this treaty, be by them considered insufficient for the support of the said Indian tribes; then the north line, as defined in the ed article of this treaty, shall be removed so far north as to embrace a sufficient quantity of good tillable land.

Article X. The undersigned chiefs and warriors, for themselves and Said Indians tribes, have expressed to the commissioners their unlimited confidence request the

grant in fee sim. in their agent, Col. Gad IIumphreys, and their interpreter, Stephen ple of certain Richards, and, as an evidence of their gratitude for their services and lands to Col. humane treatment, and brotherly attentions to their wants, request that Humphreysana

S. Richards. one mile square, embracing the improvements of Enehe Mathla, at Tallahassee (said improvements to be considered as the centre) be conveyed, in fee simple, as a present to Col. Gad Ilumphreys.—And they further request, that one mile square, at the ()chesee Bluils, embracing Stephen Richard's field on said Bluffs, be conveyed in foe simple, as a present to said Stephen Richards. The commissioners accord in sentiment with the undersigned chiefs and warriors, and recommend a compliance with their wishes to the President and Senate of the United

States; but the disapproval, on the part of the said authorities, of this
article, shall, in no wise, affect the other articles and stipulations con-
cluded on in this treaty.
In testimony whereof, the Commissioners, William P. Duval, James

Gadsden, and Bernard Segui, and the undersigned Chiefs and
Warriors have hereunto subscribed their names, and affixed their
seals. Done at Camp, on Moultrie Creek, in the Territory of
Florida, this eighteenth day of September, one thousand eight hun-
dred and twenty-three, and of the Independence of the United States
the forty-eighth.

WILLIAM P. DUVALL,
JAMES GADSDEN,
BERNARD SEGUI.

Nea Mathla,

Holatefixico,
Tokose Mathla,

Chefixico Hajo,
Ninnee Homata Tustenuky,

Lathloa Mathla,
Miconope,

Senufky,
Nocosee Ahola,

Alak Hajo,
John Blunt,

Fabelustee Hajo,
Otlemata,

Octahamico,
Tuskeeneha,

Tusteneck Hajo,
Tuski Hajo,

Okoskee Amatbla,
Econchatimico,

Ocheeny Tustenuky,
Emoteley,

Phillip,
Mulatto King,

Charley Amathla,
Chocholohano,

John Hoponey,
Ematlochee,

Rat Head,
Wokse lIolata,

Holatta Amathla,
Amathla Hajo,

Foshatchimico.
Signed, sealed, and delivered, in presence of George Murray, Secretary to the Com-
mission. G. Humphreys, Indian Agent. Stephen Richards, Interpreter. Isaac N.
Cox. J. Erving, Capt. 1th Artillery. Harvey Brown, Lieut. 4th Artillery. C. D’Es-
pinville, Lieut. 1th Artillery. Jno. B. Scott, Lieut. 4th Artillery. William Travers.
Horatio S. Dexter.

Sept. 18, 1823.

Additional article.

ADDITIONAL ARTICLE. Whereas Neo Mathla, John Blunt, Tuski Hajo, Mulatto King, Emathlochee, and Econchatimico, six of the principal Chiefs of the Florida Indians, and parties to the treaty to which this article has been annexed, hare warmly appealed to the Commissioners for permission to remain in the district of country now inhabited by them; and, in consideration of their friendly disposition, and past services to the United States, it is, therefore, stipulated, between the United States and the aforesaid Chiefs, that the following reservations shall be surveyed, and marked by the Commissioner, or Commissioners, to be appointed under the 8th article of this Treaty : For the use of Nea Mathla and his connections, two miles square, embracing the Tuphulga village, on the waters of Rocky Comfort Creek. For Blunt and Tuski Hlajo, a reservation, commencing on the Apalachicola, one mile below Tuski Hajo's improvements, running up said river four miles; thence, west, two miles; thence, southerly, to a point two miles due west of the beginning; thence, east, to the beginning point. For Mulatto King and Emathlochee, a reservation, commencing on the Apalachicola, at a point to include Yellow Hair's improvements; thence, up said river, for four miles; thence, west, one mile; thenc southerly, to a point one mile west of the beginning; and thence, east, to the beginning point. For Econchatimico, a reservation, commencing on the Chatahoochie, one mile below Econ

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