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ARTICLES OF AGREEMENT
Made and concluded at the Creek Agency, on the fifteenth day of Nov. 15, 1827.
November, one thousand eight hundred and twenty-scren, be- Proclamation, tween Thomas L. McKenney, and John Crowell, in behalf of March 4, 1828. the United States, of the one part, and Little Prince and others, Chiefs and Head Men of the Creek Nation, of the other part.
WHEREAS a Treaty of Cession was concluded at Washington City Object of the in the District of Columbia, by James Barbour, Secretary of War, of treaty.
Ante, p. 286. the one part, and OrotiileoNOLO, Joun STIDHAM, and Others, of the other part, and which Treaty bears date the twenty fourth day of January, one thousand eight hundred and twenty six; and whereas, the object of said Treaty being to embrace a cession by the Creek Nation, of all the lands owned by them within the chartered limits of Georgia, and it having been the opinion of the parties, at the time when said Treaty was concluded, that all, or nearly all, of said lands were embraced in said cession, and by the lines as defined in said Treaty, and the supplemental article thereto: and whereas it having been since ascertained that the said lines in said Treaty, and the supplement thereto, do not embrace all the lands owned by the Creek Nation within the chartered limits of Georgia, and the President of the United States having urged the Creek Nation further to extend the limits as defined in the Treaty aforesaid, and the Chiefs and head men of the Creek Nation being desirous of complying with the wish of the President of the United States, therefore, they, the Chiefs and head men aforesaid, agree to cede, and they do hereby cede to the United States, all the remaining lands now owned or claimed by the Creek Nation, not heretofore ceded, and which, on actual survey, may be found to lie within the chartered limits of the State of Georgia. In consideration whereof, and in full compensation for the above
U.S. agree to cession, the undersigned, Thomas L. McKenney, and Joux Crowell, pay $27,491. in behalf of the United States, do hereby agree to pay to the Chiefs and head men of the ('reek Nation aforesaid, and as soon as may be after the approval and ratification of this agreement, in the usual forms, by the President and Senate of the United States, and its sanction by a council of the Creek Nation, to be iininediately convenied for the purpose, or by the subscription of such names, in addition to those subscribed to this instrument, of Chiefs and head men of the nation, as shall constitute it the act of the Creek Nation—the sum of twenty-seven thousand four hundred and ninety-one dollars. It is further agreed by the parties hereto, in behalf of the United
Further agrecStates, to allow, on account of the cession herein made, the additional ment. sum of fifteen thousand dollars, it being the understanding of both the parties, that five thousand dollars of this sum shall be applied, under the direction of the President of the United States, towards the education and support of Creek children at the school in Kentucky, known by the title of the “Choctaw Academy," and under the existing regulations; also, one thousand dollars towards the support of the Withington, and one thousand dollars towards the support of the Asbury stations, so called, both being schools in the Creek Nation, and under regulations of the Department of War: two thousand dollars for the erection of four horse mills, to be suitably located under the direction of the President of the United States; one thousand dollars to be applied to the
purchase of cards and wheels, for the use of the Creeks, and the remain. ing five thousand dollars, it is agreed, shall be paid in blankets and other necessary and useful goods, immediately after the signing and delivery of these presents. In witness whereof, the parties have hereunto set their hands and
seals this fifteenth day of November, one thousand eight hundred
TIIOMAS L. M'KENNEY,
To the Indian names are subjoined a mark and seal.
Whereas the above articles of agreement and cession were entered into at the Creek Agency on the day and date therein mentioned, between the Little Prince, the head man of the nation, and five other Chiefs, and Thomas L. McKenney and Joux CROWELL, Commissioners on the part of the United States, for the cession of all the lands owned or claimed by the Creek Nation, and not heretofore ceded, and which, on actual survey, may be found to lie within the chartered limits of the State of Georgia, and which said agreement was made subject to the approval and ratification by the President and Senate of the United States, and the approval and sanction of the Creek Nation, in General Council of the said Nation.
Now, these presents witnesseth, that we, the undersigned, Chiefs and head men of the Creek Nation in General Council convened, at Wetumpka, this third day of January, one thousand eight hundred and twenty-eight, have agreed and stipulated with Joun Crowell, Commissioner on the part of the United States, for and in consideration of the additional sum of five thousand dollars, to be paid to us in blankets, and other necessary articles of clothing, immediately after the signing and sealing of these presents, to sanction, and by these presents do hereby approve, sanction, and ratify, the above-mentioned and foregoing articles of agreement and cession.
In witness whereof, the parties have hereunto set their hand and seals, the day and date above mentioned.
Broken Arrow Town.
Tallawa Thlucco Town.
Upper Eufalla Town.
Tallesee Hatchu Town.
Chawaccola Hatchu Town.
Coe E. Hayo,
To the Indian names are subjoined marks.
ARTICLES OF A TREATY
Made and concluded at the Ilyandot village, near the Wabash Feb. 11, 1828.
in the State of Indiana between John T'ipton, Commissioner Proclamation, for that purpose, on the part of the United States, and the May 7, 1828. Chiefs, Head Men and Warriors, of the Eel River, or Thorntown party of Miami Indians. Art. 1. The Chiefs, Head Men, and Warriors of the Eel River or Cession of land Thorntown party of Miami Indians, agree to cede, and by these presents to U.S. do cede, and relinquish to the United States all their right, title, and claim to a reservation of land about ten miles square, at their village on Sugartree Creek in Indiana, which was reserved to said party by the second article of a Treaty between Commissioners of the United States, and the Miami nation of Indians, made and entered into at St. Mary's
Ante, p. 189. in the State of Ohio, on the sixth day of October, one thousand eight hundred and eighteen. It is understood and agreed on by said Indians, that they will not
Indians not to burn or destroy the houses or fences on said reservation, and that they &c. on reservawill leave them in as good condition as they now are; and remove to tion.
the five mile reservation on Eel River by the fifteeenth day of October
next. Goods to
ART. 2. The Commissioner of the United States has delivered to said amount of 2000 party of Indians, goods to the value of two thousand dollars, in part
to be . livered to In
consideration for the cession herein made, and it is agreed that in case dians.
this treaty should be ratified by the President and Senate of the United States, that the United States shall pay said party an additional sum of eight thousand dollars in goods next summer, build twelve log houses, ten on the five mile reservation, and two on the Wabash; clear and fence forty acres of land on the five mile reservation, furnish them one wagon and two yoke of oxen, furnish two hands to work three months in each year for two years, five hundred dollars worth of provisions delivered on the Wabash; furnish them five horses, five saddles and five
Provided however, that if this treaty should not be ratified by the President and Senate of the United States, that said party agree to pay for the goods this day received, two thousand dollars, to be deducted
from their annuity for this present year. Payment to Art. 3. At the request of the Indians, and in part consideration for Peter Langlois. the cession aforesaid, the United States agree to pay to Peter Langlois,
one thousand dollars in silver, and three thousand dollars in goods next
summer, for provisions and goods heretofore delivered to said party. Appropriation Art. 4. The United States agree to appropriate one thousand dollars for education of Iudian youths.
per year for five years, and longer if Congress think proper, to be applied under the direction of the President, to the education of the
youths of the Miami nation. Fourth article
Art. 5. It is distinctly understood and agreed on by and between may be modi.
the contracting parties, that the President and Senate may, if they think fied.
proper, modify or expunge from this treaty, the fourth article, without
affecting any other of its provisions. Treaty obliga Art. 6. This treaty, after the same shall be ratified by the President tory when rati
and Senate of the United States, shall be binding on the contracting fied.
said on the part of the United States, and the Chiefs, Head Men,
JOHN TIPTON, Comm'r.
Ne go ta kaup wa,
Mack kon zaw,
Man je ne ki ah,
Naw waw pawm awn daw,
Ne ah law naun daw,
Ke pah naw mo aw,
Ke we kau taw,
Aw wawn saw peau.
To the Indian names are subjoined a mark and scal.
ARTICLES OF A CONVENTION,
Concluded at the City of Washington this sixth day of May, in May 6, 1828.
. the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and licenty- Proclamation, eight, belween James Burbour, Secretary of Ilur, being espe- May 28, 1828. cially authorized therefor by the President of the United States, and the undersignedl, Chiefs and IIeud Men of the Cherokee Nation of Indians, West of the Mississippi, they being duly authorized und empowered by their Nation.
Whereas, it being the anxious desire of the Government of the Object of the United States to secure to the Cherokee nation of Indians, as well those treaty. now living within the limits of the Territory of Arkansas, as those of their friends and brothers who reside in States East of the Mississippi, and who may wish to join their brothers of the West, a permanent home, and which shall, under the most solemn guarantee of the United States, be, and remain, theirs forever - a home that shall never, in all future time, be embarrassed by having extended around it the lines, or placed over it the jurisdiction of a Territory or State, nor be pressed upon by the extension, in any way, of any of the limits of any existing Territory or State; and, Whereas, the present location of the Cherokees in Arkansas being unfavourable to their present repose, and tending, as the past demonstrates, to their future degradation and misery; and the Cherokees being anxious to avoid such consequences, and yet not questioning their right to their lands in Arkansils, as secured to them by Treaty, and resting also upon the pledges given them by the President of the United States, and the Secretary of War, of March, 1818, and eth October, 1721, in regard to the outlet to the West, and as may be seen on referring to the records of the War Department, still being anxious to secure a perm:nent liome, and to free themselves, and their posterity, from an embarrassing connexion with the Territory of Arkansas, and guard themselves from such connexions in future; and, Whereas, it being important, not to the Cherokees only, but also to the Choctaws, and in regard also to the question which may be agitated in the future respecting the location of the latter, as well as the former, within the limits of the Territory or State of Arkansas, as the case may be, and their reinoral therefrom; and to avoid the cost which may attend negotiations to rid the Territory or State of Arkansas whenever it
may become a State, of either, or both of those Tribes, the pirties hereto do hereby conclude the following Articles, viz.
Art. 1. The Western boundary of Arkansas shall be, and the same Western boun. is, hereby defined, viz: A line shall be run, commencing on Red River, dary of Arkan. at the point where the Eastern (hoctaw line strikes said River, and run
sas defined. due North with said line to the River Arkansas, thence in a direct line to the South West corner of Missouri.
Art. 2. The United States agree to possess the Cherokees, and to Territory gua. guarantee it to them forever, and that guarantee is hereby solemnly rantied to Che. pledged, of seven millions of acres of land, to be bounded as follows, rokees by l'. S. viz: Commencing at that point on Arkansas River where the Eastern Choctaw boundary line strikes said River, and running thence with the Western line of Arkansas, as detined in the foregoing article, to the