Abbildungen der Seite
PDF
EPUB

At the beginning of 1792, the prince plied : Isle-Dieu was evacuated, and
returned to Turin, whence it was the Count d'Artois brought back to
suspected that he corresponded with Portsmouth. After this excursion,
the malcontents of Lyons. A public he lived for a long time in Edin-
act proved the debt contracted by burgt, in the castle of the ancient
Monsieur and him for making war king of Scotland. At the time of
on France. At the time of the in the famous campaign of 1799, he
Fasion of Champagne, he command was to have gone into Switzerland,
ed a body of cavalry composed of to join the arnıy of Conde, who was
emigrants. After the death of Louis just come from the heart of Russia.
XVI. he was declared by his brother He came to London with that in-
lieutenant-general of the kingdom tention, and seat one of his agents
of France, and they both published to Suwarrow, who received him ex:
(from the castle of Ham, in West- tremely well; but the Austro-Rus.
phalia) a declaration announcing sian army had already been obliged
their pretension to the regency. to evacuate Switzerland, and thus
The Count d'Artois then set out was the plan of the second coalition
for Petersburgła, where Catherine beginning to fail. The Count d'Ar.
received him with great ceremony. tois staid in London, whence he
Before he quitted the corps of emni- was said to direct the operations of
grants, this prince wrote a flattering the Chouens in Bretagne. In few
letter to Marshal Broglio, sending bruary 1800, he was reconciled to
him his medais; his diamonds, and the family of Orleans, and appeared
his son's sword, to be sold for the with them at court, where the king
advantage of the most necessitous gave them an audience. After the
persons. At the end of 1794, the preliminaries of Amiens, he went
English government appointed him back to Edinburgh, then returned
an allowance, and he embarked, on to London on the breaking out
the 26th of July 1796, at Cuxharen aguin ot hostilities ; and, in Novem-
for London. At this period, the bet 1804, went to Catınar, in Swe-
death of Louis XVI.'s soh gave him den, where lre had an interview with
occasion to take a new title, that of his brother and his eldest son, who,
Monsieur, which was given him at in 1799, had married the daughter
the court of England. He after- of Louis XVI.; then he returned to
wards went on board an English fri- Loudon, and was still there in 1806.
gate, which cruized a long time on
the coasts of France, and landed,
on the 29th September at Isle-Dieu, Rites observed at the Indian Temple
protected by the squadron of Com-

of Juggernaut.
modore Warren. During his stay
at Isle-Dieu, the Count d'Artois (Front Buchanan's “ Christian Re-
sent ipstructions to the chiets of the

“ starches in Asia.") iroyalist armies of the Vendee and of Bretagne, and wrote to Charette Extracts from the Author's Journal in his to settle his landing with him; but

Tour to the Temple of Juggernaut in

Orissa, in the year 1806.
the execution of this project de
pended in effect upon the English,

* Buddruck in Orissa, whose intentions do not appear at

May 30, 1806. to place a

proaching Juggernaut (and Obstacles were consequently multi- yet we are more than 50 miles from

[ocr errors]

prince at the head of the Vendendo " W rolamow that we are ap

it) by the human bones which we his body, as a penance of merit to have seen for some days strewed by please the God. the way. At this place we have been joined by several large bodies of

“ Outer Gate of Juggernaut, pilgrims, perhaps 2000 in number,

June 12, 1806. who have come from various parts « A disaster has just occur. of Northern India. Some of them, red. As I approached the gate, the with whom I have conversed, say, pilgrims crowded from all quarters that they have been two months on around me, and shouted, as they their march, travelling slowly in the usually did when I passed them on hottest season of the year, with their the road, an expression of welcome wives and children. Some old per- and respect. I was a little alarmed sons are among them, who wish to at their number, and looked round die at Juggernaut. Numbers of pil- for my guard. A guard of soldiers grims die on the road; and their had accompanied me from Cuttack, bodies generally remain unburied. the last military station; but they On a plain by the river, near the

were now about a quarter of a mile pilgrim's caravansera at this place, behind, with my servants and the there are more than a hundred baggage. The pilgrims cried out skulls. The dogs, jackals, and vul- that they were entitled to some intures seem to live here on human dulgence, that they were poor, they prey. The vultures exhibit a shock. could not pay the tax; but I was ing tameness. The obscene animals not aware of their design. At this will not leave the body sometimes moment, when I was within a few till we come close to them.” yards of the gate, an old Sanyassee,

or holy man, who had travelled some “ In sight of Juggernaut, days by the side of my horse, came

June 12, 1806. up, and said, “Sir, you are in dan

Many thousands of pil- ger; the people are going to rush grims have accompanied us for some through the gate when it is opened days past. They cover the road be- for you.' I immediately dismounted, fore and behind as far as the eye and endeavoured to escape to one can reach.. At nine o'clock this side; but it was too late. The mob morning, the Temple of Juggernaut was now in motion, and with a appeared in view at a great distance. tumultuous shout pressed violently When the multitude first saw it, they towards the gate. The guard withgave a shout, and fell to the ground, in, seeing my danger, opened it, and and worshipped. I have heard no- the multitude rushing through, carthing to-day but shouts and acclam-, ried me forward in the torrent a ations by the successive bodies of considerable space; so that I was pilgrims. From the place where I literally borne into Juggernaut by now stand, I have'a view of a host the Hindoos themselves. A distressof people like an army, encamped ing scene followed. As the number at the outer gate of the town of and strength of the mob increased, Juggernaut; where a guard of sol- the narrow way was choaked up by diers is posted to prevent their en- the mass of people ; and I appretering the town, until they have hended that many of them would paid the pilgrim's tax. I passed a have been suffocated, or bruised to devotee to-day, who laid himself death. My horse was yet among down at every step, measuring the them. "But suddenly one of the side Foad to Juggernaut by the length of posts of the gate, which was of wood,

[ocr errors][ocr errors][ocr errors][ocr errors][ocr errors][ocr errors][ocr errors][ocr errors]

gave way, and fell to the ground. sive sway of the horrid king. As
And perhaps this circumstance alone other temples are usually adorned
prevented the loss of lives. Notice with- figures emblematical of their
of the event was immediately com- religion, so Juggernaut has repre-
municated to Mr Hunter, the super- sentations (numerous and varied)
intendant of the temple, who repair- of that vice which constitutes the
ed to the spot, and sent an additional essence of his worship. The walls
guard to the imer gate, lest the and gates are covered with indecent
people should force that also ; for emblems, in massive and durable
there is an outer and an inner gate sculpture. I have also visited the
to the town of Juggernaut; but both sand plains by the sea, in some places
of them are slightly constructed. whitened with the bones of the pil-
Mr Hunter told me that similar ac- grims; and another place, a little
cidents sometimes occur, and that way out of the town, called by the
many have been crushed to death English, the Golgotha, where the
by the pressure of the mob. He dead bodies are usually cast forth ;
added, that sometimes a body of pil- and where dogs and vultures are
grims, consisting chiefly of women ever seen."
and children and old men, trusting
to the physical weight of their mass,

“ Juggernaut, June 18, 1806. will make, what he called, a charge “ I have returned home from on the armed guards, and overwhelm witnessing a scene which I shall nethem; the guards not being willing, ver forget. At 12 o'clock of this in such circumstances, to oppose day, being the great day of the their bayonets."

feast, the Moloch of Hindoostan

was brought out of his temple amidst “ Juggernaut, June 14, 1806. the acclamations of hundreds of

“I have seen Juggernaut. The thousands of his worshippers. When scene at Buddruck is but the vesti- the idol was placed on his throne, a bule to Juggernaut. No récord of shout was raised by the multitude, ancient or modern history can give, such as I had never heard before. I think, an adequate idea of this It continued equable for a few mivalley of death; it may be truly nutes, and then gradually died

away. compared with the valley of Hin. After a short interval of silence, a nom.' The idol called Juggernaut, murmur was heard at a distance; all has been considered' as the Moloch eyes were turned towards the place, of the present age; and he is justly and, behold, a grove advancing. A so named, for the sacrifices offered body of men, having green branches, up to him by self-devotement, are or palms, in their hands, approached not less criminal, perhaps not less with great celerity: numerous, than those recorded of opened a way for them; and when the Moloch of Canaan. Two other they had come up to the throne, idols accompany Juggernaut, name- `they fell down before him that sat ly, Boloram and Shubudra, his bro- thereon, and worshipped. And the ther and sister; for there are three multitude again sent forth a voice deities worshipped here. They re- « like the sound of a great thunder.' ceive equal adoration, and sit on But the voices I now heard were thrones of nearly equal height.” not those of melody, or of joyful

« This morning I viewed the “acclamation; for there is no harTemple; a stupendous fabric, and mony in the praise of Moloch's truly commensurate with the exten- worshippers. Their number indeed

brought

[ocr errors][ocr errors][ocr errors][ocr errors][merged small][ocr errors][ocr errors]

The people

[ocr errors][merged small]

brought to my mind the countless gun. A high priest mounted the car. multitude of the Revelations; but in front of the idol, and pronounced their voices gave no tunetul hasanna his obscene stanzas in the ears of the or ballelujah; but rather a yell of people, who responded at intervals approbation, united with a kind of in the same strain. These songs, hissing applause. I was at a loss said he, ' are the delight of the god: how to account for this latter poise, his car can only move when he is until I was directed to notice the pleased with the song,' The car women; who emitted a sound like moved on a little way, and then that of whistling, with the lips cir- stopped. A boy of about 12 years cular, and the tongue vibrating: as was then braught forth to attempt it a serpent would speak by their something yet more lascivious, it organs, uttering human sounds.' peradventure the 'gad would move.

“ The throne of the idol was plac. The child perfected the praise of ed on a stupendous car or tower, his idol with such ardent expression about 60 feet in height, resting on and gesture, that the god was pleaswheels which indented the grounded, and the multitude, emitting, a deeply, as they turned slowly under sensual .yell of delight, urged the the ponderous machine. Attached car along, After a few minutes it to it were six cables, of the size and stopped again. An aged minister of length of a ship's cable, by which the idol then stood up, and with a the people drew it along. Thousands long rod in his hand, which he mor. of men, women, and children, pulled ed with indocent action, completed by each cable, crowding so closely, the variety of this disgusting exhibithat some could only use one hand. tion. I felt a consciousness of doing Infants are made ta exert their wrong in witnessing it. I was also strength in this office; for it is ac- somewhat appalled at the magnitude counted a merit of righteousness to and horror of the spectacle ; I felt move the god. Upon the tower were like a guilty person, on whom all the priests and satellites of the idol, eyes were fixed, and I was about to surrounding his thronę. I was told withdraw. But a scene of a differthat there were about 120 persons ent kind was now to be presented. upon the car altogether. The idol The characteristics of Moloch's woris a block of wood, having a fright- ship are obscenity and blood. We ful visage painted black, with a dis- have seen the former; now comes tended mouth of a bloody colour. the blood." His arms are of gold, and he is “ After the tower had proceeded dressed in gorgeous apparel. The soine way, a pilgrim announced that other two idols wrę of a white and he was ready to offer himself a sacriyellow colour. Five elephants pre- fice to tbe idol. He laid himself ceded the three towers, bearing down in the road before the tower towering flags, dressed in crimson as it was moving along, lying on his caparisons, and having bells hang- face, with his arms stretched foring to their caparisons, which sound- , wards. The multitude passed round ed musically as they moved.” him, leaving the space clear, and he

“ I went on in the procession, . was crushed to death by the wheels close by the tower of Moloch, which of the tower. A shout of joy, was as it was drawn with difficulty, grat- raised to the god. He is said to ed on its many wheels harsh thun- . smile when the libation of the blood der. After a few minutes it stopped ; : is made. The people threw cowries, and now the worship of the god be- or small money, on the body of the

vietin,

[ocr errors][ocr errors][ocr errors][ocr errors][ocr errors]

victim, in approbatiòn of the deed. Proceedings of the Highland Society
He was left to view a considerable

of Scotland.
time, and was then carried by the
hurries to the golgotha, where I have

[Concluded from page 6.]
“ As to the number of worship

. SoriNeLAlR then called pers assembled here at this tiine, no the merits of a Plough, which had accurate calculation can be made. been this day exhibited to the SoThe natives themselves, when speak- ciety by John and Alexander Small, ing of the numbers at particular fes- Ploughmakers, Leith Walk. Sir tivals, usually say that a lack of John stated, that this Plough was people (100,000) would not be miss- upon scale considerably reduced,

I asked a Brahmin, how many both in weight and expence, (the he supposed were present at the particulars of which he mentioned,) most numerous festival he had ever from the best Ploughs now in use, witnessed. • How can I tell,' said and therefore was well adapted to he, how many grains there are in small farms in the Highlands, espea handful of sand ?'

cially for light soils, as this Plough

would require much less force to Annual Expences of the Idol Juggernaut, draw it, than any of the Ploughs presented to the English Government. in common use. The Patriotic

Baronet took that opportunity of (Extracted from the Official Accounts,)

bringing in the view of the Society,

the merits of the late James Small, 1. Expences attending the table of the Idol,

36115=L.4514

the inventor of the Plough, known 2. Do. of his dress or wear

under his name, and father of the ing apparel,

2712 339 two young men who had construc3. Do. of the wages of his

ted the one on, a reduced scale, 10057 1250

just recommended to attention. 4. Do. of contingent ex

That there were few individuals to pences at the different seasons of pilgrimage, 10989 1373

whom the Agriculture of Scotland 5. Do. of his elephants &

was more indebted, than to the late horses,

3030 378 James Small, forby his ingenuity and 6. Do. of his rutt or annual

exertions, the most useful implement state carriage,

6713

839 of our husbandry had been essentialRupees 69616=L.8702 ly improved ; that only two years

back, the Society had readily and In item third, 'wages of his ser

liberally contributed to a subscripvants, are included the wages of the tion then going forward, for rewardcourtesans, who are kept for the ser- ing Andrew Meikle, the inventor wice of the temple.

of the Threshing-Mill now in ge Item sixth. What is here called in neral use, when a sum had been colthe official account the state car

lected sufficient to enable Mr Mei riage,' is the same as the car or tower. kle to spend the concluding period Mr Hunter informed me that the of his life in comfort, and to leaye three state carriages were decorat- his family in a state in which they ed this year (in June 1806) with never expected to be placed. That upwards of L. 200 sterling worth of James Small having left his family English broad cloth.

in straitened circumstances, which, besides inconvenience to them, he considered a public loss, as it pre

vented them from supplying Ploughs February 1812.

upon

servants,

[ocr errors][ocr errors][ocr errors][ocr errors]
« ZurückWeiter »