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that it was curious that the bridge, which his leave of that House, and of the public, had been allowed to be wide enough for he hoped it would not be considered prethe passage of Scotch Diembers, and Scotch sumption in him to say, that he believed cattle, should be too narrow to admit the he had acted with honesty to the public passage of the Irish Members. A. and fidelity to his Prince. He felt he laugh. These latter gentleman were in- could carry with him into his retirement deed of great weight, but he had not been the proud but delightful consciousness of aware that their breadth was such as to re- having acted right. quire a bridge of ampler dimensions than the Scotch. (A laugh.)-At any rate he

Tuesday, Jan. 28. could not conceive why the county of Cum- Mr SINCLAIR presented a petition from berland should be particularly favoured ; the freeholders of Caithness, praying for and the present principle, if extended, an alteration in that article of the Union, would put in the hands of Government the by which they are entitled only to be repreerection of all the bridges in the king. sented in Parliament alternately with the dom.

Stewartry of Bute. The petition was orAfter some discussion, the Committee dered to lie on the table.

1 divided, when the resolution was carried

Wednesday, Jan, 29. by 35 to 27.

On the motion of Sir John Newport, Monday, Jan. 27.

leave was given to bring in a bill to ascerOn the motion for going into a commit. tain the population of breland. tee on the royal household bill, Mr Tier

After some opposition from Mr C. ney opposed the Speaker's leaving the Hutchinson, on nearly the same grounds chair. He argued against the principle as those already before the publie, his. Maand various clauses of the bill, as uncon- jesty's household bill was read a third time stitutional, and also injurious to the hon

and passed. our of the Prince Regent. In these censures he was joined by Mr Whitbread, Mr

Friday, Jan. 3). *Ponsonby, and some other members. Mr LOCKHART brought forward a motion They were answered by Mr Perceval, who for a Committee, to inquire if any and was joined by Mr Adam, the Prince's Chan. what persons becoming bankrupt can sit cellor, and on a division, Mr Tierney's mo- in that House, which was negatived withtion was negatived by 141 to 59. In the out a division. committee, Mr Tierney made seyeral ob, An animated debate took place in cone jections to points of form, which were sequence of the rescinding of so much of a overruled by the proper messages, and the former order respecting the return of Poconsent of the Prince Regent; and all the liee Magistrates, as required them to give clauses were passed, with only one divi, in their present qualification ; wþich had sion of 106 against 33.

been adopted on the motion of Mr SecretaMr Adam explained the origin of certain ry Ryder, on the ground that each Magis. debts which it appears the Prince of Wales trate, acting without such qualification, beconsiders himself bound in honour $0 ing liable to a fine of L. 100, it would cause pay, although not legally compellable ; many of them to criminate themselves, and to this purpose it is intended to apply which was a principle unknown in English the 70,0001. per annum which is left to law. Sir F. Burdett, in moving for the his Royal Highness, by his exchequer re- restoration of the order to its original form, venue. The Honourable Member conclud. contended, that there had been many very ed by saying, that this last duty to his improper appointments of Police MagisRoyal Master - was the last of his own po- trates, and conceived that this was the onlitical life. Affairs, it was of no conses ly way to rectify the abuse. The motion quence to the world to know, drew him to of Sir Francis was lost by a majority of 57 the labours of his profession. In taking to 7.


Historical Affairs.


killed ; 1 serjeant, and 9 privates wounded. Sir S. Auchmuty took 56 pieces of cannon, and ammunition in proportion.

All the other places held by the French


cial details of the capture of Batavia, by marines were landed. Cheribon was taken the British troops, under the command of without loss, by Captain Beaver, of the Sir Samuel Auchmuty. Dispatches haré Nisus, and there the French General Jasince been received, announcing the capitu- melie and his suite were captured, on their lation of General Jansen, with the remain- way to join General Jansen. Sourabaya der of the French forces, and the surrender surrendered without resistance on the 22d of the remaining part of the island of Java, September, and Fort Ludowick, containing eastward of Samarang, to the British. 98 pieces of heavy cannon, followed the The dispatches containing these accounts, example. A detachment from the Nisus were forwarded by Governor Farquhar, marched 35 miles from Cheribon to Carang from the Mauritius, and were brought to Sarabang, and seized a large magazine of England by the Phæbe frigate. The de- coffee, &c. valued at 250,000 dollars, and tails were published in a London Gazette made about 700 prisoners, although their Extraordinary, on the 20th January, but own number was only 239. Not one man they are so voluminous that our limits will was hurt. They also seized 9 waggons only admit of the following abstract : laden with silver and copper money at Bon

General Jansen capitulated on the 17th gas, with a great quantity of arms. TagSeptember, and surrendered all the country, gal was taken possession of by Captain not already subject to the British arms, to Hillyar, of the Phæbe, who found the Gohis Majesty. The Europeans in the service vernment stores capacious and well filled of the enemy are prisoners of war. The with coffee, rice, and pepper. native troops were dismissed to their homes. The greatest resistance was experienced General Jansen did not retire to Sourabaya, at the fort of Samnanap, which was taken by as was expected, but retreated to Sama- Captain Harris, with the boats of the Sir rang, where he endeavoured to collect the Francis Drake and the Phæton. remains of his scattered forces. On the By Captain Harris's desire, the fort of appearance of Sir S. Auchmuty before that Bancalang was taken possession of by the place in the Modeste frigate, with a few Sultan of Madura, on the 10th of Septemtransports, the French cominander evacu- ber, and British colours hoisted. The ated the town, as he before had done the Frenchgorernor, and all the Dutch inhabicity of Batavia, and took a mountain posi- tants were sent prisoners on board the Drake. tion at Jattee Alloe, about six miles off, on' The whole of Java is now in possession of the road to Solo, the residence of the Em- the British forces, much to the satisfaction peror of Java. In this position he was at- of the natives. Lord Minto concludes bis tacked by Colonel Gibbs on the 16th of letter, which is dated from Batavia, Sept. 29, September, routed, and pursued for 12 by saying, “ Your Excellency will observe miles up the country, most of his forces with satisfaction, from these documents, and artillery taken; and the next day he that the final pacification of the island has şurrendered as above stated. The British been hastened by fresh examples of the loss in the attack, was only 2 rank and file same spirit, decision, and judgment, whick

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have marked the measures of his Excellen, “ The Danish cruisers have given much cy the Commander in Chief, and of the cause for complaint on our part ; but the same gallantry which has characterised the evil decreases daily, and every thing leads troops since the hour of their disembarka. us to think the lawful commerce of Sweden tion on this coast. The Commander in will not be any longer disturbed by them, Chief will sail in a few days for India, and and that the relations of good neighbour. I datter myself that I shall be able to em- ship will be more and more strengthened. bark on board his Majesty's ship. Modeste, " The cruisers, under the French flag, for Bengal, about the middle of October.” have given an unlimited extension to their

The Emperor of Java'is spoke of in the letters of marque ; the injuries which they capitulation as a vassal of the French Go- have done us have been the object of our vernment. Sir S. Auchmuty detached complaints. The justice and loyalty of his Captain Robinson with a small escort to Majesty the Emperor of the French have his Court, to announce the change that had guaranteed that redress. taken place and also to call upon the re- “ The protections given by friendly sidents, Van Braam and Englehard, to con- Governments have been respected, and tinúe, agreeably to the capitulation, the such of their ships as have touched upon exercise of their functions in behalf of the our coasts have been at liberty to continue British Government, and to secure carefut. their voyage whatever might be their desti. ly the public property.


“ About 50 American ships driven upon SWEDEN.

our coasts by successive tempests have

been released; this act of justice, founded. On the 7th January the King of Sweden

upon the rights of nations, has been appreresumed the reins of government; on ciated by the United States, and appear. which occasion the Prince Royal ad. dressed a long speech to his Majesty,. relations with that Government will faci

ances promise us that better understood which, after congratulating him on his re

litate the exportation of the numerous piles covery, proceeds thus:

of iron with which our public places' are “When your Majesty decided upon

now filled.” embracing the continental policy, and declaring war against Great Britain, Sweden

[The speech then goes on to state that had got clear of an unfortunate contest ;

Sweden was on the most amicable footing her wonnds were still bleeding; it was ne

with Prussia, Russia, Austria, and Tur. cessary for her to make some sacrifices, at

key. That Swedish intercourse had ena moment even when she lost one of the tirely ceased with South America, owing principal branches of her public revenues

to the civil war that rages there. That he the whole of that produced by the customs

(Bernadotte) bad adopted measures to enbeing nearly annihilated. In defiance of courage the manufactures of linen, the the insular situation of Sweden, she has growth of hemp, &c. - That the army and performed, for the interest of the common

the finances had been the object of his solicause, all that could be expected from a

citude. That by measures of precaution people faithful to their engagements ; more

the course of exchange on Hamburgh, than 2,000,000rix-dollars have been expend

which in March last was at 130 sk. had ed in recruiting the army, and placing in a

been reduced to 84. That great attention state of defence our coasts, our fortresses,

had been paid to the state of the public and our Acet. I will not dissenable from hospitals, religious edifices, police, agriyour Majesty, that all our commerce has

culture, the works of the Canal of Gothbeen reduced to a simple coasting trade, land, &c. &c. That in consequence of and has greatly suffered from this state of

the harvest having proved. defective, he war, Privateers, under friendly fags, s.

had provided for the importation of corn, gainst which it would have been injurious sending salt in exchange.) After touchto have added measures of safety and pre- ing on other minor points, the Speech then caation, have taken advantage of our con- proceeds :fidence in treaties, to capture, one after -“ I have carried into execution the soapother, about 50 of our merchantmen; lemn resolution of the States of the kingbut at last, Sire, your fotilla received or 'dom, sanctioned by your Majesty, regardders to protect the Swedish flag, and the ing the national armament; but, careful just commerce of your subjeéts, against pi- not to deprive agriculture of any more arms racies which could neither be authorised, than are indispensibly necessary for the nor avowed by any Government.

defence of our country, I have merely or.


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dered a levy of 15,000 men, exclusive of place on the 26th January, when 6000 the 50,000 which the States had placed at French troops entered Stralsund, having your Majesty's disposal. The most dire. previously desired quarters to be provided ful errors manifested themselves in Scho. for them. The object of this movement is nen, where violence and a public rebellion not explained ; nor does it appear whether threatened for a moment to oppose the exe- it originates in hostility to Sweden or Rus. cution of the measures ordained. Already sia. The politics of the north of Europe did our enemies, or such as are enemies of seemn at present to be wholly, involved in our repose, begin to rejoice at our intestine mystery. It was generally imagined that, divisions, but these are now suppressed by when Bernadotte assumed the government the united force of the army and the laws, of Sweden, the resources of that country and were succeeded by the return of na- would be wielded for the common objects tional sentiment, and obedience to their of the continentaleonfederacy. This does duty."


not appear to be the case. Bernadotte, as After noticing that the vacancies in the far as we are able to judge, from appearnew enrolinent and national armament had ances, is guided by no principle foreign to been filled up, the regular army recruited the interests of the country which he go. and clothed, together with the reserve, verns, and it is possible on this account he which is supplied with well-conditioned may have incurred the resentment of Bo. arms, manufactories of which, and of ar

naparte. It is also stated, that Russia has tillery, as well as of gunpowder and salt- been long uneasy under the fetters of the petre, have been established, the Speech continental system, and has manifested an continues :

inclination to resume her former friendly “ Your Majesty will deign to perceive, intercourse with this country. In that by this statement, that, notwithstanding case, these military movements of the all that the detractors of Sweden have in French may be intended to overawe that sinuated on this head, as that it would take

power into her former state of súbserviency
60 years to organize an army of 60,000 to foreign councils.
men, yet this will be apparent in the month In support of this opinion, it is stated
of April next, both to the friends and ene- in letters from Paris, that the Emperor
mies of your Majesty. The intent of this intended setting out on a journey to the
augmentation of our military force is mere- Prussian States about the end of the pre-
ly defensive without any other ambition sent month ; and that he would then de-
than that of preserving the liberty and laws, mand of the Court of St Petersburgh, a
Sweden will have means of defending her. full and complete adoption of the conti
self; and she can do it. Bounded by the nental system in the Russian harbours of
séa on one side, and on the other by inac- the Baltic, and the admission of a French
cessible mountains, it is not solely on the force into those ports, as the security for
courage of her inhabitants, nor in the re- an unreserved compliance with the stipu-
membrance of her former glory, that she lạtions and restrictions of that system. To
has to seek for the security of her inde- support her bold pretensions, according to
pendence; it is rather to be found in her these advices, France has nearly 100,000
local situation, in her mountains, in her men in Dantzick, the Prussian fortresses,
forests, in her lakes, and in her frosts. and the adjacent country, with an equal
Let her therefore profit by these united ad. number at Warsaw ; 125,000 men on the
vantages ;n and let her inhabitants be shores of the Danube, to obstruct the re-
thoroughly persuaded of this truth, that if turn of the Czarine forces engaged in the
iron, the produce of her mountains, culti- Turkish war, in the event of peace with
vates their farms, by ploughing up their the Sultan, and hostilities with Napdieon.
fields, that it is likewise iron alone, and
the firm determination of making use of it,
that can defend thein."

The Speech concludes with noticing, in,

terms of approbation, the conduct of the
different Swedish Authorities and Mi.. On the 8th January, the aļlied army un-
nisters, during the indisposition. of the der the command of General Viscount,

Wellington, invested Ciudad Rodrigo.

The enemy had increased the difficulty of By a recent mail from Anholt we have approach, by erecting a redoubt on the hill accounts of the occupation of Swedish Pos" of St Francisco, and by fortifying three conmerania by the French. This event took vents in the suburb. These were gallantly February 1812.



carried on the night of the 8th, with the troops of the third division, were under loss of only six men killed, and 17 wound- the direction of Lieutenant-General Pic.ed; and on the night of the 19th the

ton. fortress was taken by storm. The dispatch The fourth column, consisting of the of Lord Wellington containing the details 43d and 52d regiments, and part of the of this brilliant achievement, was publish- 95th regiment, being of the light division ed in an extraordinary gazette, on the under the direction of Major General Crau. 5th instant, of which the following is a furd, attacked the breaches on the left, in copy.

front of the suburb of St Francisco, and Gallegos, 20th Jan. 1812. covered the left of the attack of the MY LORD-I informed your Lordship principal breach by the troops of the in my dispatch of the 9th, that I had at. 3d division ; and Brigadier-General Pack tacked Ciudad Rodrigo, and in that of the

was destined with his brigade, forming the 15th, of the progress of the operations to 5th column, to inake a false attack upon that period ; and I have now the pleasure the southern face of the fort. Besides to acquaint your Lordship, that we took these five columns, the 94th regiment, be. the place by storm yeterday evening after longing to the 3d division, descended into dark.

the ditch in two columns on the right of We continued from the 15th to the Major-Gen. 11.Kinnon's brigade, with a 19th to complete the second parallel, and

view to protect the descent of that body the communications with that work"; and

into the ditch, and its attack of the breach we had made some progress by sap to

the Fausse Braye, against the obstacles wards the crest of the glacis. On the which it was supposed the enemy would night of the 15th we likewise advanced construct to oppose their progress.' from the left of the first parallel down the

All these attacks succeeded ; and Bri slope of the hill, towards the convent of St gadier-General Pack even surpassed my exFrancisco, to a situation from which the pectations, having converted his false atwalls of the Pausse Braye and of the

tack into a real one, and his advanced town were seen, on which a battery of se.

guard, under the command of Major yen guns was constructed, and they com

Lynch, having followed the enemy's troops menced their fire on the morning of the from the advanced vrorks into the Fausse 18th.

Braye, where they made prisoners of all In the mean time, the batteries in the opposed to them. first parallel continued their fire ; and yes

Major Ridge, of the 2d battalion of the terday evening their fire had not only con

_5th regiment, having escaladed the Fausse siderably injured the defences of the place, Braye, wall, stormed the principal · breach but had made breaches in the Fausse Braye in the body of the place, together with the wall, and in the body of the place, which 94th regiment, commanded by Lieutenantwere considered practicable; while the bat.

Colonel Campbell, which had moved along tery on the slope of the hill, which' had

the ditch at the same time, and had stormbeen commenced on the night of the 15th,

ed the breach in the Fausse Braye, both and had opened on the 18th, had been in front of Major-General M•Kinnon's briequally efficient still further to the left, gade. Thus these regiments - not only efand opposite the suburb of St. Francisco.

fectually covered the advance from the I therefore determined to, storm tite

trenches of Major-General M.Kinnon's briplace, notwithstanding that the approaches gade, by their first movements and operahad not been brought to the crest of the tions, but they preceded them in the atglacis, and the counterscarp of the ditch

tack. was still entire. The attack was accor- Major-General Çraufurd and Major-Gedingly made yesterday evening in five-se- neral Vandeleur, and the troops of the parate columns, consisting of the troops of light division on the left, were likewise the 3d and light divisions, and of Brigadier- very forward on that side; and in less General Pack's brigade. The two right than half an hour from the time the attack coluinns conducted by Lieutenant-Colonel commenced, our troops were in possession O'Toole, of the 2d cacadores, and Major of, and formed on the ramparts of the Ridge, of the 5th regiment, were destined place, each body contiguous to the other. to protect the advance of Major-General The enemy then subinitted, having sus. M•Kinnon's brigade, forming the third, to

tained a considerable loss in the contest. the top of the breach in the Fausse Braye Our loss was also, I am concerned to wall, and all these, being composed of adı, gevere, particularly in officers of high


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