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have marked the measures of his Excellens “ The Danish cruisers have given much cy the Commander in Chief, and of the cause for complaint on our part; but the same gallantry which has characterised the evil decreases daily, and every thing leads troops since the hour of their disembarka. us to think the lawful commerce of Sweden tion on this coast. The Commander in will not be any longer disturbed by them, Chief will sail in a few days for India, and and that the relations of good neighbour. I fatter myself that I shall be able to em- ship will be more and more strengthened. bark on board his Majesty's ship. Modeste, “ The cruisers, under the French flag, for Bengal, about the middle of October.” have given an unlimited extension to their
The Emperor of Java' is spoke of in the letters of marque ; the injuries which they capitulation as a vassal of the French Go- have done us have been the object of our vernment. Sir S. Auchmuty detached complaints. The justice and loyalty of his Captain Robinson with a small escort to Majesty the Emperor of the French have his Court, to announce the change that had guaranteed that redress. taken place, and also to call upon the re- “ The protections given by friendly sidents, Van Braam and Englehard, to con• Governments have been respected, and tinúe, agreeably to the capitulation, the such of their ships as have touched upon exercise of their functions in behalf of the our coasts have been at liberty to continue British Government, and to secure careful. their voyage whatever might be their destily the public property.
“ About 50 American ships driven upon SWEDEN.
our coasts by successive tempests have
been released ; this act of justice, founded. .. On the 7th January the King of Sweden zesumed the reins of government; on
upon the rights of nations, has been appre
ciated by the United States, and appear. which occasion the Prince Royal addressed a long speech to his Majesty,, relations with that Government will faci
ances promise us that better understood which, after congratulating him on his re
litate the exportation of the numerous piles covery, proceeds thus:
of iron with which our public places are “When your Majesty decided upon
now filled.” embracing the continental policy, and declaring war against Great Britain, Sweden
[The speech then goes on to state that had got clear of an unfortunate contest ;
Sweden was on the most amicable footing her wounds were still bleeding; it was ne
with Prussia, Russia, Austria, and Turs cessary for her to make some sacrifices, at
key. That Swedish intercourse had on. a moment even when she lost one of the tirely ceased with South America, owing principal branches of her public revenues
to the civil war that rages there. That he the whole of that produced by the customs
(Bernadotte) bad adopted measures to enbeing nearly annihilated. In defiance of courage the manufactures of linen, the the insular situation of Sweden, she has growth of hemp, &c. That the army and performed, for the interest of the common
the finances had been the object of his soli
citude. cause, all that could be expected from a
That by measures of precaution people faithful to their engagements; more
the course of exchange on Hamburgh,
which in March last was at 130 sk. had than 2,000,000rix-dollars have been expend. ed in recruiting the army, and placing in a
been reduced to 84. That great attention state of defence our coasts, our fortresses,
had been paid to the state of the public and our feet. I will not dissemble from hospitals, religious edifices, police, agriyour Majesty, that all our commerce has
culture, the works of the Canal of Gothbeen reduced to a simple coasting trade, land, &c. &c. That in consequence of and has greatly suffered from this state of
the harvest having proved defective, he Privateers, under friendly flags, a.
had provided for the importation of corn, gainst which it would have been injurious sending salt in exchange.} After touchto have added measures of safety and pre- ing on other minor points, the Speech then cäation, have taken advantage of our con
proceeds: fidence in treaties, to capture, one after
« I have carried into execution the soapother, about 50 of our merchantmen; lemn resolution of the States of the kingbut at last, Sire, your flotilla received or- dom, sanctioned by your Majesty, regardders to protect the Swedish flag, and the ing the national armament; but, careful just commerce of your subjeets, against pi- not to deprive agriculture of any more arms racies which could neither be authorised, than are indispensibly necessary for the nor avowed by any Government.
defence of our country, 1 have merely or.
dered a levy of 15,000 men, exclusive of place on the 26th January, when 6000 the 50,000 which the States had placed at French troops entered Stralsund, having your Majesty's disposal. The most dire- previously desired quarters to be provided ful errors manifested themselves in Scho. for them. The object of this movement is nen, where violence and a public rebellion not explained ; nor does it appear whether threatened for a moment to oppose the exe- it originates in hostility to Sweden or Rus. cution of the measures ordained. Already sia. The politics of the north of Europe did our enemies, or such as are enemies of seem at present to be wholly, involved in our repose, begin to rejoice at our intestine mystery. It was generally imagined that, divisions, but these are now suppressed by when Bernadotte assumed the government the united force of the army and the laws, of Sweden, the resources of that country and were succeeded by the return of na- would be wielded for the common objects tional sentiment, and obedience to their of the continental eonfederacy. This does duty.”
not appear to be the case. Bernadotte, as After noticing that the vacancies in the far as we are able to judge, from appearnew enrolinent and national armament had ances, is guided by no principle foreign to been filled up, the regular army recruited the interests of the country which he goand clothed, together with the reserve, verns, and it is possible on this aecount he which is supplied with well-conditioned may have incurred the resentment of Bo. arms, manufactories of which, and of ar
naparte. It is also stated, that Russia has tillery, as well as of gunpowder and salt- been long uneasy under the fetters of the petre, have been established, the Speech continental system, and has manifested an continues :
inclination to resume her former friendly “ Your Majesty will deign to perceive, intercourse with this country. In that by this statement, that, notwithstanding case, these military movements of the all that the detractors of Sweden have in French may be intended to overawe that sinuated on this head, as that it would take power into her former state of subserviency 60 years to organize an army of 60,000 to foreign councils. men, yet this will be apparent in the month In support of this opinión, it is stated of April next, both to the friends and ene. in letters from Paris, that the Emperor mies of your Majesty. The intent of this intended setting out on a journey to the augmentation of our military force is mere. Prussian States about the end of the prely defensive without any other ambition sent month; and that he would then dethan that of preserving the liberty and laws, mand of the Court of St Petersburgh, a Sweden will have means of defending her. full and complete adoption of the contin self; and she can do it. Bounded by the nental system in the Russian harbours of séa on one side, and on the other by inac. the Baltic, and the admission of a French eessible mountains, it is not solely on the force into those ports, as the security for courage of her inhabitants, nor in the re- an unreserved compliance with the stipumembrance of her former glory, that she lạtions and restrictions of that system. To has to seek for the security of her inde- support her bold pretensions, according to pendence; it is rather to be found in her these advices, France has nearly 100,000 local situation, in her mountains, in her men in Dantzięk, the Prussian fortresses, forests, in her lakes, and in her frosts. and the adjacent country, with an equal Let her therefore profit by these united ad. number at Warsaw ; 125,000 men on the vantages ; and let her inhabitants be
shores of the Danube, to obstruct the rethoroughly persuaded of this truth, that if turn of the Czarine forces engaged in the iron, the produce of her mountains, culti- Turkish war, in the event of peace with vates their farms, by ploughing up their the Sultan, and hostilities with Napóleon. fields, that it is likewise iron alone, and
SPAIN AND PORTUGAL.
CAPTURE OF CIUDAD RODRIGO.
Wellington, invested Ciudad Rodrigo.
The enemy had increased the difficulty of By a recent mail from Anholt we have approach, by erecting a redoubt on the hill accounts of the occupation of Swedish Pos" of St Francisco, and by fortifying three conmerania by the French. This event took vents in the suburb. These were gallantly February 1812.
carried on the night of the 8th, with the troops of the third division, were under
front of the suburb of St Francisco, and Gallegos, 20th Jan. 1812. covered the left of the attack of the MY LORD-I informed your Lordship principal breach by the troops of the in my dispatch of the 9th, that I had at. 3d division; and Brigadier-General Pack tacked Ciudad Rodrigo, and in that of the
was destined with his brigade, forming the 15th, of the progress of the operations to
5th column, to make a false attack upon that period ; and I have now the pleasure the southern face of the fort. Besides to acquaint your Lordship, that we took
these five columns, the 94th regiment, bethe place by storm yeterday evening after longing to the 3d division, descended into dark.
the ditch in two columns on the right of We continued from the 15th to the Major-Gen. M•Kinnon's brigade, with a 19th to complete the second parallel, and
view to protect the descent of that body the communications with that work ; and
into the ditch, and its attack of the breach we had made some progress by sap to
the Fausse Braye, against the obstacles wards the crest of the glacis. On the
which it was supposed the enemy would night of the 15th we ţikewise advanced
construct to oppose their progress. from the left of the first parallel down the
All these attacks succeeded ; and Bri slope of the hill, towards the convent of St gadier-General Pack even surpassed my exFrancisco, to a situation from which the pectations, having converted his false atwalls of the Pausse Braye and of the
tack into a real one, and his advanced town were seen, on which a battery of se
guard, under the command of Major yen guns was constructed, and they com
Lynch, having followed the enemy's troops menced their fire on the morning of the from the advanced works into the Fausse 18th.
Braye, where they made prisoners of all In the mean time, the batteries in the opposed to them. first parallel continued their fire and yes sth regiment, having escaladed the Fausse
Major Ridge, of the 2d battalion of the terday evening their fire had not only considerably injured the defences of the place, Braye, wall, stormed the principal breach but had made breaches in the Fæụsse Braye in the body of the place, together with the wall, and in the body of the place, which 94th regiment, commanded by Lieutenantwere considered practicable; while the bat
Colonel Campbell, which had moved along tery on the slope of the hill, which had
the ditch at the same time, and had stormbeen commenced on the night of the 15th,
ed the breach in the Fausse Braye, both and had opened on the 18th, had been in front of Major-General M.Kinnon's bris equally efficient still further to the left, gade. Thus these regiments - not only efand opposite the suburb of St. Francisco.
fectually covered the advance from the I therefore determined to storm the
trenches of Major-General M.Kinnon's briplace, notwithstanding that the approaches gade, by their first movements and operahad not been brought to the crest of the
tions, but they preceded them in the ato glacis, and the counterscarp of the ditch
tack. was still entire. The attack was accor- Major-General Craufurd and Major-Gedingly made yesterday evening in five-se- neral Vandeleur, and the troops of the parate columns, consisting of the troops of light division on the left, were likewise the 3d and light divisions, and of Brigadier very forward on that side; and in less General Pack's brigade. The two right than half an hour from the time the attack' colutnns conducted by Lieutenant-Colonel commenced, our troops were in possession O'Toole; of the 2d cacadores, and Major of, and formed on the ramparts of the Hidge, of the 5th regiment, were destined place, each body contiguous to the other. to protect the advance of Major-General The enemy then subinitted, having susa M.Kinnon's brigade, forming the third, to tained a considerable loss in the contest. the top of the breach in the Fausse Braye Our loss was also, I am concerned to wall, and all these, being composed of add, severe, particularly in officers of high
rank and estimation in this army. Ma- calf of the 45th; and they distinguished jor-General M-Kinnon was unfortunately themselves not less in the storm of the blown up by the accidental explosion of place, than they had in the performance: one of the enemy's expence magazines, of their laborious duty during the siege. close to the breach, after he had gallantly I have already reported in my letter of and successfully led the troops under his the 9th instant, my sense of the concommand to the attack. Major-General duct of Major-General, Craufurd, and of Craufurd likewise received a severe wound Lieutenant-Colonel Colborne, and of the , while he was leading on the light division troops of the light division in the to the storm, and I am apprehensive that
storm of the redoubt of St Francisco, on I shall be deprived for some time of his aş. the evening of the 8th instant. The consistance. Major-General Vandeleur was duct of these troops was equally, distin. likewise wounded in the same manner, but guished throughout the siege and in the pot so severely, and he was able to con- storm; nothing could exceed the gallantry tinue in the field.. I have to add to this
with which these brare officers and troops, list, Lieutenant-Colonel Colborne of the advanced, and accomplished the difficult 52d regiment, and Major George Napier, ' operation allotted to them, notwithstandwho led the storming party of the lighting that all their leaders had fallen. division, and was wounded on the top of I particularly request your Lordship's the breach.
attention to the conduct of Major-General I have great pleasure in reporting to
Craufurd, Major-General Vandeleur, Lieuyour Lordship, the uniform good conduct, tenant-Colonel Barnard of the 95th, Lieu. spirit of enterprise, and patience and per. Major Napier of the 52d, and Lieutenant
tenant Colonel Colborne, Major Gibbs, and severance in the performance of great"labour, by which the general officers, off
Colonel M.Leod of the 43d. The conduct cers, and troops of the 1st, 3d, 4th, and
of Captain Duffey of the-43d, and that of light divisions, and Brigadier-General Lieutenant Gürwood of the 52d regiment, Pack's brigade, by whom the sięge was
who was wounded, have likewise been parcarried on, have been distinguished during lonel Élder and the 3d cacadores were
ticularly reported to me; Lieutenant-Cor the late operations. Lieutenant-General Graham assisted me in superintending the
likewise distinguished upon this occasion. .conduct of the details of the siege, besides
The 1st Portuguese regiment, under performing the duties of the general officer
Lieut. Colonel Hul, and the 16th, under
Colonel Cainpbell, being Brigadier General commanding the first division ; and I am mych indebted to the suggestions and assá
Pack's brigade, were likewise distinguishsistance I received from him for the sue
ed in the storm, under the command of cess of this enterprise.
the Brigadier General, who particularly
mentions Major Lynch. The conduct of all parts of the 3d divi.
In my dispatch of the 15th, I reported siop, in the operations which they performed with so much gallantry and exactness
to your Lordship the attack of the Con:
vent of Santa Cruz, by the troops of the on the evening of the 19th, in the dark,
Ist division, under the direction of Lieuteafford the strongest proof of the abilities nant-General Graham and that of the of Lieutenant-General Picton and Major- Convent of Saint Francisco, on the 14th General M«Kinnon, by whom they were inst. under the direction of Major-General directed and led ; but I beg particularly to
the Hon. C. Colville. The first mentioned draw your Lordship's attention to the con
enterprize was performed by Captain duct of Lieutenant-Colonel O'Toole of the
Laroche de Stackenfels," of the 1st line 2d cacadores, of Major Ridge of the 2d
battalion King's German Legion; the last battalion 5th foot, of Lieutenant-Colonel
by Lieutenant Colonel Harcourt, with the Campbell of the 94th regiment, of Major 40th regiment. This regiment remained Manners of the 74th, and of Major Grey from that time in the suburb of Saint Franof the 20 battalion 5th foot, who has been, cisco, and materially assisted our attack twice wounded during this siege.
on that side of the place. It is but justice also to the 3d division .. Although it did not fall to the lot of the to report that the men who performed the ' troops of the 1st and 4th divisions to sap belonged to the 45th, 74th, and 88th bring these operațions to their successful regiments, under the command of Captain close,' they distinguished themselves M'Leod, of the royal engineers, and Cap- throughout their progress, by the patience tain Thomson of the 74th ; Lientenant and perseverance with which they perBeresford of the 88th and Lieutenant Met- formed the labours of the siege. The
RETURN OF KILLED AND WOUNDED.
brigade of guards under Major-General H. “and I am much obliged to them, and to the Campbell, was particularly distinguished people of Casțile in general, for the assistance. in this respect.
I received from them. The latter have in* I likewise request your Lordship's at.. variably shewn their detestation of the tention to the conduct of Lieutenant-Colo- French tyranny, and their desire to contri. nel Fletcher, the chief engineer, and of bute, by every means in their power, to re Brigade-Major Jones, and the officers and move it. men of the royal engineers. The ability 'I will hereafter transmit to your Lordwith which these operations were carried ship a detailed account of what we have on exceeds all praise ;' and I beg leave to found in the place; but I believe there are recommend those officers to your Lord. 153 pieces of ordnance, including the heavy ship most particularly.
train belonging to the French army, and Major Dickson, of the royal artillery at- great quantities of ammunition and stores. tached to the Portuguese artillery, has for We have the Governor, General Banier, some time had the direction of the heavy about 78 officers, and 1700 men, pritrain attached to this army, and has conducted the intricate details of the late ope- I transmit this dispatch by my Aid-deration, as he did those of the late sieges of Camp, the Honourable Major Gordon, Badajoz, much to my satisfaction. The who will give your Lordshịp any further rapid execution produced by the well di- details you may require ; and I beg leave rected fire kept up from our batteries, af- to recommend him to your protection. fords the best proof, of the merits of the I have the honour to be, &c. officers and men of the royal artillery, and
WELLINGTON. of the Portuguese artillery employed on-the occasion. But I must particularly mentión Brigade Major May, and Captains Holcombe, Power, Dyneley, and Dundas, of the royal artillery, and Captains Da Cunha Major-General M•Kinnon. and Da Corta, and Lieutenant Silva, of the 2d Bått. 5th Foot-Captain M.Dougall. Ist regiment of Portuguese artillery.
Ist Batt. 45th Foot-Capt. Hardyman ; I have likewise particularly to report to Lieuts. Perse and Bell. your Lordship, the conduct of Major Stur. 1st Batt. 52d Foot-Capt. J. Dobbs. geon, of the royal staff corps. He con- 94th Foot-Captains Williamson and structed and placed for us the bridge over Anderson. the Agueda, without which the enterprise
WOUNDED could not have been attempted, and he afterwards materially assisted Lieut.-General Major-General Craufurd, severely, since Graham and myself, in our reconnoissance dead. of the place, on which the plan of the at- - Major-General Vandeleur, slightly. tack was founded ; and he finally conduct. Brigade-Major Potter, 28th foot, ditto. ed 'the 2d battalion 5th regiment, as well Royal Engineers--Lieuts. Thomson and as the 2d cacadores, to their points of at- Reid, severely. tack.
43d Foot-Capt. Fergusson, slightly. The Adjutant-General, and the Deputy 520 Foot-Lieut.-Col.Colborne, severely; Quarter-Master-General; and the officers Major George Napier, lost an arm; Lieut. of their several departments, gave me every Gurwood, slightly.' assistance throughout this service, as well - 77th Foot-Captain M Lean, severely, as those of my personal staff; and I have (lost a leg). great pleasure in adding that, notwith- 88th Foot-Lieut. Beresford, slightly. standing the season of the year, and the 95th Foot-Capt. Uniackej severely. increased difficulties of procuring sup- Ist Portuguese Artillery-Capt. Queerle. plies for the troops, the whole arıny have been well supplied, and every branch
FALL OF YALENCIA. of the service provided for during the late operations, by the indefatigable exertions The fortress of Valencia, in which Gen. of Mr. Commissary-General Bisset, and Blake had shut himself up, after sustaining the officers belonging to his department. a defeat on the 26th December, surrender
The Marshal del Campo, Don Carlos ed to the French under Marshal Suchet, d'Espana, and Don Julian Sanchez, ob- by (capitulation, on the 9th January, by served the enemy's movements beyond the which Blake, together with the garrison Tornics, during the operations of the siege ; and other troops under his command, to the