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perature of the apartment was then Memoirs of the Progress of Manu- 54 of Fahrenheit. factures, Chemistry, Science, and A valuable and simple process has the Fine Arts.

lately been discovered by Edward

Howard, Esq. F. R. S. for the refinROFESSOR LESLIE has suc- ing of sugar, which promises to be

ceeded in freezing quicksilver by of great advantage. The following his frigorific process. This remarks is the outline of the process : able experiment was performed in " Take brown sugar, sift it through the shop of Mr Adie, Optician, here, a coarse sieve, then put it lightly inwith an air-pump of a new and im. to any conical vessel having holes at proved construction, made by that the bottom (like a coffee machine). skilful artist. A wide thermometer Then mix some brown sugar with tube, with a large bulb, was filled white syrup, that is, syrup of refinwith mercury and attached to a ed sugar, to the consistency of rod passing through a collar of batter or thick cream, and pour it leathers, from the top of a cylindri- gently on the top of the sugar in cal receiver. This receiver, which the vessel till the surface be coverwas 7 inches wide, coveredadeep flat ed. The syrup will soon begin to bason of nearly the same width, and percolate, and leave the surface in containing sulphuric acid, in the a state which will allow more syrup midst of which was placed an egg- to be poured upon it, which is to cup halffull of water. The inclosed air be done carefully. The treacle being reduced by the working of the will be found to come out at the pump to the 50th part, the bulb was bottom, having left the whole mass repeatedly dipt in the water, and perfectly white. The first drop- . again exposed to evaporation, till it pings are to be kept apart, as the became incrusted with a coat of ice last will serve to begin anothers about the 20th of an inch thick.- operation. The sugar is now in The cup, with its water still unfroz- a pure state, except as to its com en was then removed, and the ap- taining insoluble matter, which, paratus replaced, the coated bulb. may of course be separated by som being pushed down to less than an lution in water.—The clarification inch from the surface of the sul... is to be performed by the best pipe! phuric acid. On exhausting there clay and fuller's-earth, and the adceiver again, and continuing the o- dition of neutral alum, if lime biçici peration, the icy crust at length previously contained therein ; thie, started into divided fissures, owing: whole to be agitated together: probably to its being more.contract. and, if expedition be required, it ed by the intense cold than the glass, should be heated to the boiling which it invested ; and the mercury point: the fæculencies with then having gradually decended in the subside. The brown syrup may, thermometer tube till it reached the also be much improved by means ofi point of congelation, suddenly sunkt tannin and the above earths.. Tar almost into the bulb, che gege stand make the sugar into sgow-white ing at the 20th part of an inch; and.. powder, it is also necessary to evaa. the included air being thus rarified porate the clarified solution to dry. about 600 times. After a few min. ness on a water-bath. To make utes, the apparatus being removed, loaves, the common methods may and the bulb broken, the quicksilver be resorted to, or, the syrup. drawny appeared a solid mass, which bore off by exhaustion, or snall grains the stroke of a hammer. The com- may be made aceeding to M. Då


Trone's process, with much" water, of a part of the best of Lord Somer. and these grains may be cemented ville's celebrated 'flock, purchasedby hot concentrated syrup.” by Dr Morison, and sent to Larch

The piece of superfine navy-blue grove, near Edinburgh.. The macloth, exhibited at the late Spring nufacturer of the cloth, to whom Cattle-Show, in London, of which much credit is due, as he had no so much notice was taken by emi. variety of fine fleeces from' which nent judges for its extraordinary to select, and was not at all aware merit, is probably the first which of Dr Morison's intention to exhihas been manufactured in Scotland, bit the cloth, is Mr Richard Lees, from

pure Merino wool, grown in of Galashiells. this country. It was the produce


The Wanton Wife.

The first flight of the winter's rime.

That on the kirk-yard sward had faun, Nith, trembling to the reapers' sang,

The wanton wife skift off his grave, Warm glitter'd in the harvest sun,

A kirking wi' her new gudeman. And murmur'd up the lonesome glen,

Where wife of wanton wit did wonne. A dainty dame I wat she was, Her tongue wagg'd wi' unholy wit,

High brent and burnish'd was her brow, Untint by kirk or gospel ban ;

'Mang lint-locks curling, and her lips And ay, she wish'd the kirk-yard mools Twin daisies dawn'd through honey dew. Green growing o'er her auld gudeman. And light and lovesome in the dance,

When ha' was het, or kirn was wan; Her auld gudeman drapp'd in at e'en, Her hands twa drifts o' virgin snaw

Wi' harvest hook sair toil'd was he ; In cauld December's bosom fa'n.
Sma' was his cog, and cauld his kale,
Yet anger never rais'd his e'e.

But, lang ere, winter's winds blew by,
He bless'd the little, and was blythe,

She skirled in her lonesome how; While dame wi' clamorous tongue began, Her new gudeman,' wi' hazle rung, “ O sorrow clap ye're auld bell'd pow, Began to kame her wanton pow. “ And dance wi' ye to the mools, gude. Her hearth was sloken'd' out with care,

Toom grew her kist, and cauld her pan,

And dreigh and dowie wax'd the night, He hung his bonnet on the pin,

Ere Beltane, wi' her new gudeman.
And down he lay, in dool and pain,
While she sat singing in the neuk,

She dreary sits 'tween naked wa's,
And touting at the rosie wine.

Her cheek ne'er dimpling into mirth, The lark, 'mid morning's siller grey, Half happed, haurling out o' doors,

That wont to cheer him warkward gaun, And hunger haunted at her hearth'; Next morning miss't, amang the dew, And see the tears thick in her locks, The blythe and dainty auld gudeman. Warm happin' down her haffits wan;

But think her bitterness of soul, The third înorn's dew on flower and tree In sorrow for her auld gudeman. Gan glorious in the sun to glow,

HIDALLAN. Whan sang the wanton wife, to mark

His feet gaen foremost o'er the knowe: March 22, 1812.



Proceedings of Parliament.


After some remarks from Lord Darnley,

who thought it would not be safe to disapThursday, March 5.

point the expectations of Portugal, the ad

dress was agreed to. THE royal assent was given by commis

Tuesday, March 17. Exchequer bills funding bill; and the frame breaking punishment bill was read a and proceeded with the further investiga.

The committee of privileges sat this day, third time and passed.

tion of the claims of Sir James Innes Ker, Monday, March 9.

to the honours and dignities of the Roxa In the appeal case, the Earl of Elgin, burgh peerage. The whole of the evidence r. M'Lean, the judgment of the Court of referring to the pedigree of the claimant was Session was affirmed.

gone through, and the committee adjourn. The Drury Lane Theatre bill was read a

ed till the first Tuesday after the Easter third tiine and passed.

recess. Friday, March 13.

Thursday, March 19. Lord Liverpool presented a message from

Lord BORINGDON addressed the House the Prince Regent, requesting that the usual upon the subject of the recent attempt to assistance might be granted to Portugal.

forin a more extended administration. He

entered, at large, into the situation of pubMonday, March 16.

lic affairs at home and abroad, and con. Lord LIVERPOOL moved the order of the tended, that catholic emancipation could day'for taking into consideration the mes no longer be delayed without endangering sage of his Royal Highness the Prince Re- the safety of the country. He concluded gent, on the subject of the subsidy to Por- with moving an address to the Prince Retugal. In proposing an address to the gent, representing the necessity of forma Prince Regent, in answer, he paid a high ing an administration, so composed, as to compliment to the valour and discipline of unite the confidence and good will of all the Portuguese troops, who had proved classes of his Majesty's subjects, which themselves capable of combating and con- could not be enjoyed by an administration, quering the legions of France.

the characteristic principal of whose doLord GROSVENOR said, he could not ap. mestic policy, as well as the bond of whose prove of the policy of the last year's cam- connection in office, is not only not to repaign in Portugal and Spain. Unless we commend, but to resisť a fair and dispascould strike some decisive blow at the sionate consideration of those civil abilities power of France, the continued waste of under which the Irish eatholics still labour, our blood and treasure was highly impo. - and expressing an anxious hope that his litie. He should not, howcrer, oppose the Royal Highness inight yet be enabled to address.

form an 'administration on a basis calcu. April 1812.




lated to conciliate all descriptions of the

Friday, March 20. community, and to call forth the entire re

The Earl of Liverpool brought downs sources of the united kingdom in the pre- message from the Prince Regent, on the sent contest.

subject of provisions for the Princesses. Lord GRIMSTONE said, it was not the

Monday, Magch 23. practice of Parliament to discuss matters without the production of some distinct

Lord LIVERPOOL, upon the order being ground, some public paper.

In this ins' read for considering the message respect stance the motion was unsubstantiated by ing the Princesses, said, that as the law any document of that nature.

But a great

at present stood, his Majesty was authoobjection to it in his mind was, that it in- rised to appropriate an annuity of L.30,000 volved some imputation and blame on the

to the Princesses, to commence on his dePrince Regent.

mise. Thus, supposing there were four

of them, they would have an annuity of Lord LAUDERDALE here fose to or,

between 7 and L.8000 each. If the numder, contending, that the name of the

ber should be reduced to three, it had been Prince Regent had been introduced by provided that the L-30,000 should still be Lord Grimstone in an unparliamentary continued, so tha: then they would have

L.10,000 each. If the number should be Lords Liverpool, Boringdon, Holland, Grey, and the Lord Chancellor, having duced to L.20,000, leaving still L.10,000

reduced to two, the annuity was to be respoken upon the point of order,

each. If the number were to be reduced Lord GRIMSTONE again rose, and appeal- to one, then the annuity was to be L.12,000. ed to the successes atchieved under the

It was now proposed to give L.9000 a year auspices of the present administration, in each, in the first instance ; and if the numproof of their compétence to conduct the

ber should be reduced to three, to give public affairs. Under this impression he L.30,000, according to the original plan ; proposed an amendment upon the motion, if to two, L.20,000; and if to one, L.12,000. to the effect that the House acknow

The only difference between this and the ledged with gratitude the wisdom and

former plan, therefore, was, that 1.9000 prudence with which his Royal Highness each was to be given in the first instance, had exercised the unrestricted powers instead of between 7 and L.8000 a year; which he now possessed, and assured his

and that the annuity was to commence im. Hoyal Highness, that they felt the great mediately, instead of the period of his Ma. est satisfaction at the many and great sac- jesty's demise. He concluded, with mov. cesses which had recently attended his ing an address in answer to the message. Majesty's arms; and that they relied en

To a question from Lord Grosvenor, he tirely upon his constant endeavours to pro- replied, that the grant was to be paid out of mote the honour and prosperity of the the consolidated fund ; and in answer to a country, and to afford éffectual assistance

question from Lord Essex, he said he had to his allies.”

no commands with respect to any additional Lord Grey, in justification of the an. pension for the Princess of Wales. The swer returned by himself, and his absent address was then agreed to. friend (Lord Grenville) to the overture lately made to them, entered into a detail

Wednesday, March 25. of the political questions upon which they

The royal sssent was given by commis. were at issue with the existing administra.

sion ; after which the House adjourned till tion.

the 8th April. The amendment was opposed, and ad. dress supported, by Lords Lauderdale,

HOUSE OF COMMONS. Darnley, Holland, Mountjoy, and Erskine, and Earl Moira ; and the original address opposed, and the amendment supported, by

Monday, March 2. Lords Liverpool, Mulgrave, Harrowby, The sum of 4.125,000 was voted toand the Lord Chancellor, who read the wards the building of a military college atoriginal question and amendment from the

Woolsack; when there appeared for the
Original question (the address)-Contents,

Tuesday, March 3. 65. Non-contents, 172-Majority against Mr BROUGHAM addressed the House at the address, 107.

great length upon the subject of the orders án council, to which he attributed the dis- had been expelled in 1809 from the Stock tresses and embarrassments felt in every Exchange for his nefarious conduct ; that part of the kingdom, and concluded with he had given L.5000 for his seat in Parliamoving for the appointment of a commit- ment, and had actually put that sum atee to inquire into the state of the com. mong the assets of his estate given in to the merce and manufactures of the country, commissioners under his bankruptcy! and. and more particularly as it related to the that, in consequence, the parties implicasystem of licences.

ted, had settled his debts, and hushed up A long discussion ensued, in which the the matter. An honourable Member had only novelty was, that Mr Canning sup- stated, that if Parliament voted to er. ported the motion, being apprehensive that pel Mr Walsh, on the circumstances before the extent to which the licence system had them, they might go on to inquire into the been carried had, contrary to the original moral conduct of three-fourths of the coun. intention of the orders in council, made their try. If that were true, they were living pressure fall more heavily upon the neutral in a very extraordinary state of society ina than the enemy.--Towards the close of the deed. It put him in mind of the dialogue debate, Lord G. L. Gower and Lord Milton in the play, between Lady Macduff and complained that an opportunity had not her son. The child inquires" Must been afforded them of delivering personally they all be banged that swear and lie ?" to the Prince Regent, several petitions “ Every one," says the mother.

« Who from their respective constituents, against must hang them?" asks the child. “ “Why, the orders in council.-On a division, the the honest men,” says the lady. " Then motion was negatived by 216 to 144. the liars and swearers are fools," rejoins

the boy, “ for there are liars and swearers Thursday, March 5.

enough to beat the honest men, and hang The Speaker having informed the House them up!" (a laugh.) that he had received a letter from Mr

The motion was carried on a division of

101 to 16. Walsh, stating his inability to attend the

Mr Bankes then moved the expulsion of order of the House,

Mr Banxes rose and addressed the House Mr Walsh, which was carried nem. con. upon the necessity of preserving their ho and a new writ was ordered for the borough nour and dignity by the expulsion of such of Woston Basset in his room. characters as Mr Walsh. He quoted a va

Friday, March 6. riety of precedents, to shew that this course In a Committee on the mutiny bill sehad been taken in cases which fell very veral new clauses were added; amongst short of Mr Walsh's in point of delin. others, one for depriving soldiers of pay, .quency. He concluded with moving that except for their maintenance, during their Benjamin Walsh, Esq. a Member of that imprisonment under the sentence of a House, having been tried for felony at the court-martial. Old Bailey in January last, was convicted In a committee of ways and means, Mr thereof; but for the reason of the opinion of Perceval moved a resolution for raising the the judges, that the act did not amount to sum of 6,739,635, by annuities, which was felony, a free pardon had been granted him: agreed to. but as gross fraud and breach of trust had

Monday, March 9. been proved against him on the said trial, he is unworthy and unfit to continue a Mem. nance estimates, amounting to nearly four

On the motion of Mr Ward, the ord. ber of this House."

Sir A. Pigott opposed the motion, and millions, were voted. contended, that none of the precedents

Tuesday, March 10. cited are applicable to Mr Walsh.

Lord FOLKESTONE, in moving for a reMr WHITBREAD, and several others op- turn of all foreigners, by name, in the Briposed the motion, on the ground that Mr tish army, stated that the foreign troops in Walsh had been virtually acquitted in the our service had been increased from 16,000 eye of the law, and that the precedent, of to 30,000~Lord Palmerston defended the his expulsion might be dangerous.

necessity of the measure--Sir F. Burdett Sir F. BURDETT, the CHANCELLOR of the complained that the fences of the constituEXCHEQUER, and others, contended that tion were broken down, and observed, that the moral turpitude attached to Walsh's it was strange, while we were inviting conduct demanded his expulsion. Sir F. foreigners into our service, any regulation Burdett, in his speech, stated, that Walsh should subsist against the enlistment of


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