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Irishmen-Mr Palmer explained that not unknown, he was sorry to say, in any ar. only Irishmen, but English manufactur- my but that of the British : and it was the ers were rejected by the Colonel of the 10th more deplorable in a country like Great hussars, because they were unacquainted , Britain, where the principles of liberty, of with the treatment of horses, which was humanity, and of civilization, were better understood by recruits who had been train- understood and practised than in any couned to agriculture. Lord Folkestone, then, try on the face of the earth, The Hon. on the suggestion of vir Perceval, with- Baronet said, he understood that the Comdrew his motion; and another for


retnrn mander-in-Chief, Lord Moira, Lord Hutchof the number of foreign officers and sol inson, and the Earl of Wellington, were diers serving in the different regiments of desirous of abolishing the practice. this country, was subtituted.

Mr M. Sutton urged the impossibility of Wednesday, March 11.

supporting the discipline of the army, should A motion by Mr Abercromby, for a

the fear of this punishment be entirely re

mored. return of the convicts transported, pardon. ed, or received into the army and navy,

Generals Tarleton, Phipps, and Portes, was opposed by Messrs Ryder and Perceval, C. Adams, Lord Palmerston, Lord C. So

Sir G. Warrender, Mr Abercromby, Mr who observed, that it would tend to expose merset, Lord Cochrane, and Mr W. Smith, those men, who, on recommendation for their good conduct were permitted to en.

spoke against the aholition ; Sir S. Romilter into regular regiments in this country, ly and Mr Whitbread in its favour.

The bill was then read a third time; but instead of condemned ones,

the clause proposed by Sir F. Burdett was Friday, March 13.

negatived by 79 votes to 6. Mr PERCETAL presented a message from

Monday, March 16. the Prince Regent, stating, that “ the as.

Lord CASTLEBEAGH rose to propose the sistance which we had been able to give to the Portuguese Government, his allies, had

sum of L. 2,000,000 as a subsidy to Porfurnished the means of improving the mi tugal. The circumstances of Portugal, he litary establishment of that country, and contended, were so improved, and its troops of rendering conspicuous the valour and

bad exhibited so much discipline and valour, discipline of its armies, in the successful

that he did not conceive any opposition to deliverance from, and defence of, Portu- the measure. His Lordship descanted, in gal against the enemy; and trusting that he

the usual terms, of sympathy to a gallant will be enabled to give the same assistance and unfortunate people ; that they shewed

no inclination to desert the cause ; that no in the present war as in the last : from which such important consequences to the

instance of treachery had occurred among cause of the allies have resulted.” Referred them, &c.—The Noble Lord was opposed to a Committee of Supply.

by Mr Freemantle, Sir T. Turton, and

Lord Cochrane ; and supported by the Hon. On the motion for the third reading of

Mr Ward and Colonel Dillon, on the uşual the mutiny bill, Sir F. BURDETT, in a grounds, on one side, of impoverishing speech distinguished for humanity and ourselves by a system which in the end eloquence, animadverted on the military

would conduce to our ruin,-and on the punishment of fogging, and urged, by other, on the plea of public faith, &c. ; many arguments, the policy of its abolition

when the question was put, and carried in the British Army. The Hon, Baronet

without a division. said, that many persons died in conse

On the third reading of the local militia quence of its infliction, by sentence of a

bill, Sir F. Burdett proposed an amend. regimental Court Martial, whose suffer. ings never met the public eye. He instanc- ging, which was negatived without a divi

ment, prohibiting the punishment by floged, on the authority of a missionary, the case of a soldier at the Cape of Good Hope, who being sentenced to receive one thou.

Tuesday, March 17. sand lashes, had two hundred and fifty in- The CHANCELLOR of the EXOHEQUER flicted, when the surgeon interposed, and moved for leave to bring in a bill for the he was taken from the halberts, but died renewal of the law of the last session, upon in a few days after. He did not by any à subject much spoken of. The bill he means pretend to say that summary punish- proposed to move for would be to continue ments ought not to be inflicted in the ar- the former bill with amendments, viza to my, but what be objected to was the sys- render Bank of England notes a competent tem of torture thus practised system payment into courts out of courts and in


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general, and to extend its operation to

Monday, March 17.
Ireland ; that the bill should be read a se.

General TARLETON presented a petition cond time ; and that the committal should

from the merchants, ship owners, and be postponed till after the holidays, in or.

others, of the town of Liverpool, praying der to the attendance of Irish members.

that the charter of the East India Company Lord FOLRESTONE and Mr TIERNEY op- should not be renewed, and that their mos posed the motion. The House divided

nopoly should be destroyed. For the motion 73--Against it 36. . : Mr CREEVEY took this opportunity of conWednesday, March 18.

firming his former statement, that there Mr WHITBREAD presented a petition were 15,000 persons maintained by charity with many thousands of signatures from in Liverpool, exclusive of those supported certain manufacturers in Yorkshire, stating by parochial relief. He had lately been in their distressed condition, praying that the town, and was perfectly convinced of measures might be adopted for their re- the utter ruin of trade there. The comlief, and also praying for a reform in Par- merce to America and the Mediterranean, liament.

and the manufacture of salt, had utterly Thursday, March 19.


Mr Houston presented a petition from
the Chamber of Commerce of the city of

The order of the day being read,
Glasgow, praying for a free trade with the

Mr CREÉVEY opposed the Speaker's leava
East Indies.

ing the Chair, observing, that he thought an General Gascoigne presented a petition inquiry into the revenue of the country from the West India planters, merchants,

should precede any pecuniary grant to the and others, in the port of Liverpool, coin

Princesses, He likewise remarked, that plaining of the deplorable state of colonial

out of the L. 130,000 granted to the Prince trade, and praying that the duties on su,

Regent, in addition to the civil list, some gar, cotton, and coffee, might be lowered.

thing might be done by his Royal Highness

for the purposes in question. Friday, March 20.

Mr Perceval explained, that out of the Mr PERCEVAL delivered the following

revenue enjoyed by the Prince, an income message from the Prince Regent

of L.17,000 besides L. 5000 pin-money, GEORGE, P. R.

was allowed to the Princess of Wales, and “ His Royal Highness the Prince Ře

that his Royal Highness had taken upon gent, in the name and on behalf of his Ma

himself the discharge of her debts, amountjesty, thinks it necessary to acquaint the ing to L.49,000, in order that it should not

Another sum of House of Commons, that, in pursuance of fall upon the public. the powers vested in' his Majesty by two

L. 70,000 was handed over to the Commisacts passed in the 18th and 39th years of sioners of the Dutchy of Cornwall, for the his present Majesty's reign, his Majesty purpose of discharging his own incumwas graciously pleased, by letters patent,

brances ; the Queen also received from the bearing date Feb. 2. 1802, to grant to their

civil list the same sum as formerly, so that Royal Highnesses the Princesses Augusta,

he did not see how the Princesses were to Elizabeth, Mary, Sophia, and Amelia, an

be provided for, out of the funds of the annuity of L. 3000, agreeably to the pro

Prince Regent. visions, and subject to the limitations of Mr WHITBREAD observed, that the Prince, the said acts; which grant was to take ef- when he undertook the payment of debts fect from the demise of his Majesty ; and to the amount of L. 49,000, was himself in. his Royal Highness being desirous, in the debted in an enormous sum. He, indeed, present situation of the Royal Family, to who could not pay his own debts, engaged be enabled to provide for the establishment to pay those of another--this looked like a of their Royal Highnesses the Princesses, juggle. He thought delay, necessary. by an immediate, grant, recommends to The.House then went into, a Committee the House of Commons to take the subject of Supply, when, the Chancellor of the Exinto its consideration, and to enable his chequer, after making a statement on the Royal Highness' to make such provision for propriety of increasing the allowances to their Royal Hignesses the Princesses, as in the Princesses, moved that L. 36,000 in. the liberality of Parliament may be thought steadfof L.30,000 already provided, should suitable to the actual situation of the Prin-, be granted to the Princesses, and to be cesses, and to the circumstances of the pre- charged on the consolidated fund. sent time."


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Mr TIERNEY, argued that the Princesses, Messrs C. Adams, Lockhart, Ellison, and who had been bred up in the most affec- Courtney, severally censured this interfer. tionate manner, would not be desirous ofence in family matters, as highly indeliforming separate establishments, and in- cate and unparliamentary : would tend quired why the Princess of Wales, who re- to widen any existing breach, and was onpresented the Queen, as much as the Prince ly introduced by a side-wind. Regent did the King of these realms, Mr Perceval said, that neither from had not a more suitable establishment. He what had come to his knowledge, in his was averse to these piece-meal applications, character as counsel to her Royal Highness, and observed, that the grants of this ses- or in the situation he at present held, could sion to the civil list, already amounted to he recollect any thing which it was possiL. 1,532,000.

ble to bring as a charge against the PrinMessrs W. Smith, Freemantle, Bonnet, cess of Wales. He did not feel himself and Ponsonby, were against the grant. bound to give any further explanation. If Messrs -Whitbread, Barham, and Tier.

the House were desirous of increasing the

annuity of her Royal Highness, he would ney, pressed to know the reason why, at a time when grants were proposed to the

communicate their opinion to the Prince ininor branches of the Royal Family, no

Regent. The resolution was then agreed

to without a division. suitable provision was made for one so near to the throne as the Princess of Wales.

Wednesday, March 25. Did the Right Hon. Gentleman (Mr Per

Lord CASTLEREagu moved the grant of ceval) sanction the separation ? (cry of L. 400,000 to his Sicilian Majesty, which, no! no ! from the Ministerial benches.) Did after some observations from Sir J. Newhe, at the time he acted as her counsel, at port, and others, was agreed to. the investigation of her conduct, see any

Mr Wharton moved various grants for thing which could lead him to infer guilt ?

the miscellaneous services of the year, Did he not know and proclaim her to have which were agreed to, and among which risen without the least imputation from

were the following:that inquiry ? Was he willing to state the

For the Caledonian Canal L. 50,000 0 0 nature of the evidence that was taken, and

For Roads and Bridges in which he caused to be printed for circulat- the Highlands of Scoting most extensively both here and on the


20,000 0 Continent, for the purpose of annoying an

For military roads in illustrious personage. This book was after

North Britain.....

5894 18 4 wards suppressed, and the copies which had

Thursday, March 26. got abroad purchased, out of what fund was A bill for subjecting mail coaches to tolk, not known, at an immense expence; the was read a first time, and, after some rouholders of some copies having received from tine business, the House adjourned to the L. 500 to L. 2000 each.

7th April.


Historical Affairs.


CONSERVATIVE SENATE, MARCH 10. became the common law of nations. This
IS Excellency the Duke of Bass- law, completely renewed in all subsequent

ano, Minister for Foreign Affairs, treaties, has consecrated the principles communicated the following report : which I am going to state. REPORT OF THE MINISTER FOR FOREIGN The flag covers the merchandize. Ene. AFFAIRS TO HIS MAJESTY THE EN

my's goods, under a neutral flag, are neuPEROR AND KING.

tral ; as neutral property, under an eneSIRE--The maritime rights of neutrals, my's flag, is considered as belonging to an as solemnly fixed by the treaty of Utrecht, enemy,


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Contraband articles are the only propering was restored to them; but they could ty which a neutral flag does not cover ; use it only for the common utility of Engand arms and warlike stores alone are con- lish commerce, in the combination of its traband.

interests and its people. All visiting of a neutral vessel by an The English Government thus tore off armed ship can be made by a small num- the mask with which it had covered its ber of men only, the armed ship keeping projects-proclaimed the universal domiwithout cannon shot.

nion of the seas,--regarded all nations as Every neutral ship may trade from an tributaries, and imposed upon the Conenemy's port to an enemy's port, and tinent the expences of the war which it from an enemy's port to a neutral one. maintained against it.

The only ports excepted are those really These unheard of measures excited a geblockaded ; and ports really blockaded are neral indignation among the powers who those invested, besieged, likely to be taken, preserved the sentiments of their indepenand into which a merchantman could not dence and their rights ; but in London enter without danger.

they raised the national pride to the highSuch are the obligations of belligerents est pitch ; they held out to the English towards neutral powers ; such are the re- people a future prospect, rich in the most ciprocal rights of either party ; such are the brilliant hopes. Their commerce, their maxims consecrated by those treaties which industry, were henceforth to be without form the public right of nations. Fre- opposition; the produce of the two worlds quently has England dared to attempt sub- was to flow into their ports---pay homage stituting in their place arbitrary and tyran- to the maritime and commercial sovereign nical regulations. Her unjust pretensions of England, by paying tribute and after. were repelled by all governments sensible wards to other nations, loaded with the to the voice of honour, and the interests enormous expences from which English of their subjects. She constantly found merchandizes alone would be free. herself forced to acknowledge in her trea. Your Majesty, at a single glance, pere ties the principles she wished to destroy ; ceived the evils with which the Continent and when the peace of Amiens was violat- was threatened. You instantly applied the ed, the maritime legislation still remained remedy. You annihilated by your decrees upon its ancient basis.

this pompous, unjust attack upon the inBy a series of events, the English ma- dependence of every state and the rights rine became more numerous than all the of all nations. force of the other maritime powers. Eng. The Berlin decree answered the declara. land then thought the moment was arriv- tion of 1806. The blockade of the British ed when, having nothing to fear, she might islands was opposed to the imaginary dare to do every thing ; she immediately blockade established by' England. The resolved to subject the navigation of all Milan decree answered the orders of 1807 : seas to the same laws as those of the it declared denationalise every neutral ves. Thames.

sel that submitted to English legislation, It was in 1806 she began the execution either by touching at a British port, or of that system, which tended to bend the, paying a tribute to England, and which common law of nations before the orders thus renounced the independence' and of Council, and the regulations of the rights of its flag. All merchandise proLondon Admiralty.

ceeding either from British commerce or The declaration of the 16th of May an- industry, was blockaded in the Britannic nihilated by one single word the rights of islands; the continental system banished all maritime states-placed under an in- them from the Continent. terdict vast coasts and whole empires.- Never did any act of reprisals attain its From this moment England no longer ac- object in a more prompt, certain, and vicknowledged any neutrals upon the seas. torious manner. 'I he Berlin' and Milan

I he decrees of 1807 imposed upon eve- decrees turned against England the arms Ty vessel the obligation of touching at an she had directed against universal comEnglish port, whatever her destination

That source of commercial prosmight be, to pay a tribute to England, perity which she believed so abundant, be. and submit her cargo to the tarifs of the came a source of calamities to British com. customs.

merce : in place of those tributes which By the declaration of 1806, all naviga. were to have enriched the treasury, her tion had been interdicted neutrals ; by credit was deteriorated, hurting the forthe decree of 1807, the power of navigate

tune of the State and that of individuals.


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As soon as your Majesty's decrees ap- to be denationalised. The ports of the peared, all the Continent foresaw that such Continent shall not be open either to dewould be their result if they received full nationalised flags or British merchandise. execution ; but, however accustomed Eu- It must not be dissembled, that to mainrope was to see success crown your enter. tain in full vigour this grand system, it will prizes, she could scarcely conceive by what be necessary that your Majesty employ all new prodigies your Majesty would realize the powerful means which belong to your the great designs which have been so ra- empire ; and find in your subjects that aspidly accomplished. Your Majesty armed sistance which you have never yet in vain yourself with all your power ; nothing demanded of them. It is necessary that all could divert you from your intention; the disposable French forces should mareh Holland, the Hanseatic towns, the coasts to whatever places where the English or that unite the Zuyderzee to the Baltic Sea, denationalised flag attempted to land. A were united to 'France, and subjected to special array charged exclusively of guardthe same administration and same regula- ing our vast extent of coasts, our maritime tions, the immediate and inevitable con- arsenals, and the triple range of fortresses sequence of the legislation of the English which cover our frontiers, will answer to Government. No kind of considerations your Majesty for the safety of the territory could balance in the mind of your Majesty confided to their valour and fidelity. You the first interest of your empire.

will send to their fortunate destiny those You did not wait long to reap the advan. brave men accustomed to fight and con. tage of this important resolution. In fif- quer under the eyes of your Majesty, teen months, that is to say, since the Se- to defend the political rights, and exterior natus Consultum of reunion, your Majes- safety of the empire. The depots even of ty's decrees have weighed with all their the corps will not be turned from the useforce upon England. She flattered herself ful destination of supporting your active with invading the commerce of the entire armies. The forces of your Majesty will world ; and her commerce, become specu- thus always be maintained upon the most Iation, does nothing but by means of formidable footing, and the French terri200,000 liçences, delivered each year.- tory protected by an establishment which Forced to obey the law of necessity, she interest dictates; the policy and dignity of thus renounces her act of navigation, the the empire will be placed in such a situaprincipal foundation of her power. She tion, as to entitle it more than ever to pretended to the universal dominion of the deserve the title of inviolable and sacred. seas; and navigation is interdicted,her For a considerable time the English Govessels shut out from all the continental vernment has proclaimed everlasting war ; ports. She wished to enrich her treasury a frightful project, which the wildest amby the tributes which Europe would pay ; bition would never really have intended, and Europe has not only freed itself from and which a presumptuous boasting alone her unjust pretensions, but from the tri- allowed to escape-a frightful project which butes it would have paid her industry. will nevertheless be realized, if France is Her manufacturing towns are become de- only to expect engagements without gua-. serts, distress has succeeded a prosperity rantee,--of uncertain duration, and more þitherto increasing ; an alarming disappear disastrous than war itself. ance of money, and the absolute want of Peace, Sire, which in the midst of your employment, daily disturb the public tran- immense power has been so often offered to quillity. Such have been to England the your enemies, will crown your glorious consequences of her imprudent attempts.-- works, if England, banished from the ConShe already perceives, and will daily more tinent, with perseverance, and separated and more discover, that there is no salva- from all the states whose independence she țion for her but in a return to justice, and has violated, consent to return to those to the principle of the rights of nations ; principles upon which European society is and that she can only participate in the founded acknowledges the lawsof nations, benefit of the neutrality of ports, inasmuch and respects the sacred rights consecrated as she allows neutrals to benefit by the by the treaty of Utrecht. neutrality of their flag: But till the Bri. In the mean time, the French nation tish orders of Council are rescinded, and must remain armed; honour commands it ; the principles of the treaty of Utrecht to- the interest, the rights, the independence wards neutrals are again in full vigour, of the people, engaged in the same cause, the Berlin and Milan deorees will remain demands it ; and an oracle still more cer. against those Powers who allow their fiag tain, often delivered even from the mouth

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