« ZurückWeiter »
through the Magistrates of Bow-street. I myself a monster not fit to exist in this was accused most wrongfully by a Gover- world or in the next. Circumstances nor-General in Russia, in a letter from justify every thing and I have now to unArchangel to Riga, and have sought re- fold to you a scene of oppression and inidress in vain. I am a most unfortunate quity, established by original documents man, and feel here (placing his hand on laid before Marquis Wellesley, which if his breast) sufficient justification for what not so proved, would have been incredible. I have done."--Being again cautioned by The learned Attorney General has candidLord Castlereagh that he was not on his ly stated to you, that up to this time, when defence, he said, “Since it seems best to the fatal catastrophe took place, which is you, that I should not now explain the a matter of sincere regret to no inan more causes of my conduct, I will leave it until than to myself, not even excepting the the day of my trial, when my country family of Mr Perceval, he has no imputa. will have an opportnnity of judging whe- tion against me. I hope I shall now be ther 1 am right or wrong." He was then able to set the affair in its true light." hand-cuffed, and conveyed to Newgate. The prisoner then proceeded to transac
'The coroner's jury having found a ver- tions commencing in 1804, at which period dict of wilful murder against Bellingham, he went to Russia, for the purpose of conand the Grand Jury of Middlesex having ducting mercantile concerns. He stated also found a true bill against him, his trial that he was suspected of having sent intelcame on at the Old Bailey on the Friday ligence to Lloyd's, that a ship had been un. following, before a full bench of Judges, fairly wrecked in the White Sea, in conseand a Court crowded beyond all former ex- quence of which the underwriters refused ample. Mr Alley acted as the prisoner's to pay the insurance; that he was there. counsel ; and having put in a plea of in. fore subjected to an unmerited persecution sanity, he moved that his trial be post- in Russia ; that he was imprisoned at Archponed till he should have an opportunity angel, but being afterwards released, he of producing witnesses to this fact. He was sent to Petersburgh, when he made brought forward several affidavits; but his complaints to the Russian Government, the Judges did not consider them sufficient but was again, upon a false charge of debt to induce them to grant his request ; and thrown into prison ; that he applied to the trial accordingly proceeded. The At- Lord Leveson Gower, who afforded him no torney General after detailing the circum. assistance, but that he was marched paşt stances of the murder to the Jury, pro. his house daily with common malefactors ; ceeded to examine witnesses for the pro- that he again represented his distress to his secution, who gave evidence to the facts Lordship, but was treated with neglect, above mentioned; and the prisoner's con- though in an affair respecting only two fession of the deed was recorded in Court roubles for pilotage, his Lordship four "The prisoner was then called on for his times brought it before the Emperor ; that defence, when he replied in the following his wife, only 20 years of age, with an inwords:
fant in arms,
l. pregnant, was at this « Gentlemen of the Jury-I feel under time obliged to make the voyage to Enggreat obligations to the learned Attorney land unprotected. Here the prisoner burst General, for setting aside the objection into tears, exclaiming, “ Lord Gower saw made by my counsel, in the plea of inand permitted so much misery. Oh, mý wanity, because it is far more fortunate for God, what must his heart have been made me that such an assertion should be un- of! Gentlemen, I appeal to you as men, as founded, than that it should be established. fathers, and as Christians, if I had not That I am insane, I assure you I am not cause of complaint !” After he had recoveraware, with the single exception of an in- ' ed himself, the prisoner said he was kept stance that took place in Russia.".
in a miserable condition, for six years, The prisoner here became much confused bandied from prison to prison ; at length, and agitated, and expressed his hope that through the interference of a benevolent indulgence would be granted him, as it was Russian, and when he was deserted by his the first time he had ever spoken in public. Britannic Majesty's representatives, he obHe continued" I am a compulsive vo- tained a revisal of the corrupt proceedings lunteer, if I may use the expression, at this against him ; but could procure no pecuniabar; for it is not to be supposed that I ry compensation. could deliberately take a pistol and shoot Bellingham then went on to notice his Mr Perceval, without very strong induce fruitless applications to Mr Perceval, whom ments, and if I had, I should consider he wished to recommend it to Parliament,
but but who refused. To whom then was it to tiless storm.Gentlemen, it will now re be referred ? It was a national case ; and main between God and your consciences as to the council of the nation he appealed. to what your verdict will be.” He afterwards was bandied from one pub- The prisoner sat down in great agitalic office to another, was reduced to the ut- tion, but soon recovered himself, and remost distress, and without the means of ob- freshed himself by eating an orange, a chair taining a living for a wife and family cry, having been given to him by order of the ing for food. Justice was no where to be Court. obtained. What then must bave been his Several witnesses were then examined by a feelings, and what could be his alternative ? the prisoner's counsel, one of whom dc. Before he resolved upon the fatal act, as a poned that the prisoner's father had died last experiment he thought it right to give mad, and that the prisoner himself, ever information at Bow Street, against his Ma- since his return from Russia had been con jesty's Government, stating, that the course sidered deranged in his mind, but could of justice had been obstructed.
not say that he had ever been confined as tice contained these words :- :-" If this rea.
a lunatic. sonable request be refused, I shall be oblig. The Learned Judge, Mansfield, then sum ed to do justice for myself, and shall be med up the evidence, and the Jury having prepared to argue that justification when- deliberated about ten minutes, brought in eyer and wherever it is necessary.” Being a verdict of guilty. told by Mr Read that he could not inter- 'I he awful sentence of death was then fere, he again applied to Mr Ryder and pronounced upon the prisoner, which was Mr Hill, gave him this carte blanche, “That carried into execution on the Monday folohe was at liberty to take such measures as lowing, in front of the Old Bailey, at eight he thought right."
o'clock in the morning. “ Gentlemen," said the prisoner, “ I On the morning of the execution, the am now coming to a conciusion. I have Lord Mayor, the Sheriffs and several other stated to you a history of my case, in the persons went into the room where the prin firm hope that it will prove some justifica- soner was confined, when the following tion of the crime with which I am charged. communication took place. Gentlemen, whenever I appear before the Mr Sheriff Birch addressed Bellingham tribunal of my God, I shall appear there in a very appropriate manner upon his awas innocent of the wilful murder of Mr ful situation, and, after some previous rePerceval, as they, who, after judgment, marks applicable to it, said,.-" The puare admitted among the angels of heaven. blic mind, Mr Bellingham, requires to be The prisoner then proceeded to read a
a most important point, written defence, in which he contended, whether any other person was in any dethat he could not be found guilty of mur- . gree connected with you in this dreadful der, as no melice prepense had been proved, deed, and whether it was perpetrated on to constitute felony. Justice, and justice any public ground ?” only, was his object, and distress had re- Bellingham who stood very firmly, and duced him to despair. He was told that who with an unaltered countenance attenhe had no claim upon the public money.-- tively and respectfully listened to what was He knew that this was false.; and his great said, replied in a firm tone of voice, “ Cerobject was, to try whether Government was tainly not.” not bound to listen to a case of great na. Sheriff Heygate."
" Then it was your tional importance. Ministers had now to own affair it was from personal resentreflect upon the consequences which they ment."-_Bellingham appeare: hurt at the had brought upon themselves. He con- latter expression ; and, after repeating the cluded in these words :
words- ~" personal resentment,". with an “ Gentlemen, my life is in your hands, indignant, or rather dignified tone, said, I rely confidently upon your justice; I know “ I bore no resentment to Mr Perceval as not what your verdict may be; but sooner a man--and as a man I am sorry for his than suffer what I have done for the last fate. I was referred from Minister to Mi. eight years, five hundred deaths would be nister, from office to office, and at length preferable. If I am destined to sacrifice refused redress for my grievances. It was my life, I shall meet iny doom with consci- my own sufferings that caused the melan. ous tranquillity ; I shall look forward to it choly event, and I hope it will be a warnas the weary traveller looks for the promis- ing to future Ministers to attend to the aped inn, where he may repose his wearied plications and prayers of those who suffer frame after enduring the pelting of the pis by oppression. Had my petition been
brought in the Peninsula ; which war, hé contended, Sheriff Heygate:~" I hope you feel was carried on on a scale neither safe nor deep contrition for the deed."
brought into Parliament, this catastrophe Treasury, and Mr Vansittart Chancellor would not have happened. I am sorry for of the Exchequer. the sufferings I have caused to Mr Perec- Marquis Wellesley stated, as the grounds val's family and friends."
of his declining the proposed coalition, the Mr Sheriff Heygate.- " It would be great difference of opinion which existed right they should know you feel so much between him and all the members of the regret.”
Cabinet on the subject of the Catholic Bellingham.-" You may communicate claims, and on the management of the war it-I wish them to know it."
honest towards this country or its allies. Upon which the prisoner (assuming an var Canning, in his communications with attitude of considerable dignity) said." I Lord Liverpool, maintained nearly the same hope, Sir, I feel as a inan ought to do principles.
Sheriff Heygate. You know, that to While arrangements were making for take away the life of a man unlawfully is a completing Lord Liverpool's ministry, Mr heinous crime.
Stuart Wortley brought forward a motion Bellingham.". The Scriptures, you in the House of Commons, on the 21st in.' know, Sir, say that."
stant, for an address to the Prince Regent Sheriff Heygate." I hope you have praying, “ that he would take such meamade your peace with God, and that by sures as would lead to the formation of a pour repentance you will meet the Almigh- strong and efficient administration;" which ty with a pure soul."
motion, after a long debate, was carried by Bellingham.--" No one can presame to a majority of four ; the numbers being 174 do that, Sir. No mortal can be pure in to 170. In consequence of this decision the his siglit; only our Saviour went from this whole of the Cabinet Ministers sent in their world into his presence with a pure spi- resignations to the Prince Regent on the rit."
day following In all the conversations he had with Dr Ford, the Ordinary of Newgate, (who was incessant in his endeavours to awaken the On the 21st April the British Governe' miserable man to a sense of the enormity ment published a declaration on this subof his crime), Bellingham, so far from ex- ject, in reply to the report of the French hibiting any thing like contrition, continu. Minister for Foreign Affairs to the Coned to glory in the act for which he was servative Senate, (inserted in
our last about to suffer. He talked incessantly of Number.) The declaration, after gothe non-redress of his alleged: grievances, ing into a justification of the orders in nor would he listen to any of the sugges- Council as retaliatory measures, states tions of Dr Ford, on the impossibility of that, whenever the Berlin and Milan deany Government interfering to prevent the crees shall, by some authentic act of the regular course of the laws in another coun- French Government, publicly promulgated, try. He constantly wound up
his answers be expressly and unconditionally repealed, by expressing a hope that the fate of Mr then the orders in Council shall, without Perceval would prove a warning to men in any further order, be wholly and absolutepower not to neglect the claiins of injured ly revoked. individuals, and he continued to the last to Since the issuing of this document, a exult in the success of his efforts to revenge decree of the French Government, dated his own injuries.
as far back as the 28th of April 1811, has been published, and officially communi
cated to the British Cabinet, declaring the The death of Mr Perceval leaving va. Berlin and Milan decrees, in as far as recant the offices of First Lord of the Trea- gards the commerce of America, to be ansury, and Chancellor of the Exchequer, nulled. Whether this may be deemed saovertures were made to the N arquis. Wel- tisfactory, will most probably depend lesley, and Mr Canning, to join in the upon the views and principles of those who Administration. After a negociation car- may, in consequence of the resignation of ried on in writing between them and Lord · Lord Liverpool's Administration, be enLiv pool, this expedient failed, and Lord trusted with the Government of this Liverpool was appointed First Lord of the
ORDERS IN COUNCIL.
RESIGNATION OF MINISTERS.
CIRCUIT INTELLIGENCE. this day, finding the libel not provon, ky
a plurality of voices. SOUTH_Lord Justice Clerk and Lord hours, and the Court
The trial lasted upwards of thirteen
was extremely HERMAND.
crowded. A number of ladies were preJedburgh, April 15.
sent for a considerable time.
David Weir, accused of stealing a sheepa
The libel was restricted, and Weir being
found guilty, was sentenced to 14 years Liddell Rutherford, and James Hoggan
William Towal was indicted for the mur. Angus, both residing at Coldstream, ac
der of Ann Haffie, but the diet againșt cused of celebrating clandestine and unlaw
him being deserted pro loco et tempore, he ful marriages, were found guilty, and bą
was recommitted on a new warrant.
Ayr, April 25.
with, John Cowan, farmer at Enoch, in Dumfries, April 20.
in the parish of Portpatrick, and county of The Court was opened here yesterday, Wigton, was indicted to stand trial for the by the Right Hon. Lords Justice Clerk crime of culpable homicide, he having and Hermand, when the Court proceeded fired a gun, charged with ganpowder and to the trial of Helen Kennedy, daughter fax or paper, among a number of persons of James Kennedy, farqner in Burnswork- assembled at a wedding at Enoch, the "lees, accused of poisoning Thomas Sto. 'contents of which struck and wounded in thart, farmer in Burnswork, and Sarah
the head John Macwilliam, who died in Murray, his temporary servant, by infus. the course of a few hours thereafter. The ing arsenic into the water of which the trial proceeded, and the Jury havivg porridge was made for breakfast, on the brought in a verdict of not guilty, James morning of the 9th Dec. last.
Cowan was assolizied simpliciter, and dishaving been chosen, and the examination missed from the bar; and there being no of the witnesses on the part of the Crown other business to come before the Court, 'having been gone through, Mr Horne, the this ends the South Circuit. depute advocate, addressed the Jury, and *Mr Jeffrey, counsel for the pannel, bar
NORTH-Lord ARMADALE, and Lord ing also done so, the Lord Justice Clerk
Inverness, April 11.
Hugh Frazer, wright in Glachran, in be taken from one of their storehouses, to the parish of Kiltarlity, and county of In- the said sloop or vessel called the Peggy verness accused of stealing some logs or of Montrose, then commanded by the said planks, and pieces of fir timber, from the George Hutcheon, and lying at the port of banks of the river Beauly, the property of Aberdeen, and shipped, with the view of John and Sutherland M.Kenzie, mer- defrauding the said Company. Guthrie chants in Leith, was found guilty on his was found guilty upon his own confession, own confession, and sentenced to three and sentenced to four months imprison. months imprisonment.
ment; and the diet was deserted with re. Kenneth Mitchell, cooper at Oldtown gard to Hutcheon, the principal witnesses of Aigas, in the parish of Kilmarach, in- against him being presently at sea, and he dicted for a similar offence, 'was also con- was recommitted to prison on a new war. victed on his own confession, and sen- rant. tenced to two months imprisonment.
Alexander Lawrence, accused of hame. John Fraser wright in Dalnamine, also sucken, with the intention of committing charged with a like crime, was outlawed
a rape on the wife of Alexander Craib, for not appearing, but afterwards reponed, wright in Keith, was then tried for that and committed to prison on a new war
crime; but the Jury after a trial of some sant.
length, unanimously found the pannel not
guilty. Angus Grant, alias Miller, soldier in the 5th British militia, and Alexander
Perth, April 23 Gunn, shoemaker in Buolochork of Acha.
The Court was opened here yestesday libster, in the parish of Halkirk, and by Lords Armadale and Gillies. county of Caithness, accused of a most
Robert Fenton, Aesher in Perth, accusviolent and cruel assault and deforcement
ed of sheep stealing was found guilty on committed on the Collector, Robert Har
his own confession, and was sentenced to per; and other Excise officers, while in
be transported for seven years. the execution of their duty, in which Mr
William M.Leod accused of breaking Harper bad nearly lost his life, were, af.
into the shop of Donald Munro, shopkeep: ter a long trial, unanimously found guilty,'
er in Crieff, and stealing a pocket book and sentenced to be imprisoned in the tol- containing a number of bank notes ; he booth of Inverness for one year, and there
also pleaded guilty, and was sentenced to after to be banished from Scotland for se
de transported for 14 years. ven years.
The Court next proceeded to the trial of John M‘Bain, shoemaker in Campbel. Gilbert Gray and Anne Williamson, for town, near Fort George, for an assault having stolen clothes from a trunk in the upon a young woman, , with an intent to
toll-house at Newburgh, and for having commit a rape, was found guilty by an
also taken from a tan-yard in Perth a unanimous verdict, and sentenced to six
number of half-tanned hides, which they months imprisonment, and three years 'sold to different shoemakers in Fife. To banishment from Scotland.
the the first of these charges both pleaded Aberdeen, April 18.
guilty, .but denied the second. The jury,
however, on the confession of the prison. The Court was opened yesterday, by 'ers, brought in the verdict guilty ; and · Lords Armadale and Gillies, when,
Gilbert Gray, 'received sentence of tranJohn Grant, labourer in Macduff, accused sportation for seven years, with the usual of murder, was outlawed for not appear certification. Anne Williamson was sen.
tenced to three months imprisonment in John Guthrie, late cooper and store- the tolbooth of Perth, and thereafter to :keeper to the Union Whale Fishing Com. he banished Scotland for one year. pany in Aberdeen, and George Hutcheon, Patrick Keillar, formerly a dissenting late master of the ship or vessel called the clergyman, and afterwards schoolmaster Peggy of Montrose, at present or lately at in Perth, charged with the illegal celebraAberdeen, were called to the bar; the tion of clandestine marriages was outformer accused of having, in his character lawed. of cooper and storekeeper, in the month of The Court then proceeded to the trial of Oct last, fraudulently, and in breach 'Pierce Hoskins, shoemaker in erth, for of trust, directed and caused two casks, the murder of his child, a boy of four one containing 600 pounds weight of salted years of age, on the 17th of September beef, and the other from 4 to 500 weight last, by repeated cuts with a knife. The of oil, both the property of said Company, fact of the murder was clearly established by