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Mr Aiton, for a few copies of the ally, rays, or, as it were, plumes, of work; and resolved to recommend ignited matter, have been seen to it to the attention of Members of issue from the lower extremities of this Society and the Public, as the faces or flakes, and again unite. containing much useful and prac- Professor Harding has also observtical information.
ed and delineated, with care, the
present comet under its various
in one of the succeeding numbers. Memoirs of the Progress of Man of the “ Geographical and Astronofactures, Chemistry, Science, and mical Correspondence,” edited at the l'ine Arts.
the Observatory of Gotha. They
will shew that, when the comet first "HE Comet which has been via appeared, and was yet at a distance Moniteur) one of the most remar- train were separated so as to form a kable which has ever been observed. right angle; but, as that distance None has ever been so long visible, decreased, they approached each and, consequently, none has ever other till they became parallel. As afforded such certain means of in- to the nucleus, or the comet itself, fummation with respect to its orbit. it has been found impossible, as yet, Accordingly, since the end of March even with the aid of the best teleslast, when it was first perceived by copes, to make observations on its M. Flauguergues, in the South of disk, as on that of a solid body and France, its course has been regu- of determinate circumference. There Jarly traced ; nor shall we lose sight could be discerned only a vague of it till the month of January 1812. circular mass, more luminous than Its train, which occupies a space of the train, particularly towards the 12 degrees, exhibits several curious centre; but the verge of which was phenomena. It is not immediately doubtful, furnishing, to the eye, no connected with the comet, as if it determined circumference. The were an emanation from it, but mass is, without doubt, composed forms, at a distance from the nuc- of a very subtile substance, as is, leus, a wide belt, the lower part of probably, that of all comets. This which girds, without coming in con-, hypothesis receives support from tract with it, much in the same the fact, that one of these stars, of manner as the ring of Saturn; and very considerable magnitude, in this belt extends itself in two long 1770, passed and re-passed through luminous faces, one of which is the very middle of the satellites of usually rectilineal, while the other, Jupiter, without occasioning among at about the third of its length, them the slightest disorder. There shoots forth its rays with a slight is every reason to believe, that the curve like the branch of a palm- nucleus of the present comet is notree ; nevertheless, this configura- thing more than a union of vapours tion is subject to change. It has of very little density, so little perbeen observed that the space be haps as to be transparent. Such a tween the body of the comet and body might, very possibly, be an its train is occasionally filled, and of incipident world, just passed its gasethe two faces, that which is general- ous state, and which is to derive ly rectilineal sometimes arches its solidity from the precipitation and rays, while those of the other as- condensation of the matter surroundşume the form of right lines. Fin- ing it. The successive observation
of some comets, in which it may be so numerous as when severe snow possible to distinguish the different storms take place, stages of chaos, and progressive A Water Rail, (Rallus aqua'icus), formation, can alone furnish any which is a rare bird here, was lately knowledge with respect to this point. shot in a moist meadow at Comely According to M. Starck, an astron- Bank, near Edinburgh, and sent to omer at Augsburgh, the comet was, Mr Wilson, College. This active . October 16, at the distance of 32 collector, and excellent preserver millions of geographical miles (15 to of birds and quadrupeds, lately rea degree) from the earth: this is ceived, from Inverness, a capital the nearest approach of these two specimen of the true Wild ('at with celestial bodies. The tail of the a strong brindled fur, which inhacomet was 800,000 miles in length, bits most of the natural forests of and the diameter of the nucleus Scotland. Its length, from the point about 860 miles.
of the nose to the tip of the tail, On the road from Chaumont to was 3 feet 9 inches ; from the nose Paris, a new carriage is set up, to the root of the tail, 2 feet 4. which is moved and directed by inches; the girth of the thickest mechanism, and acts at the pleasure part of the body, was 1 foot 8 of the traveller.
inches; the heiglit of the animal, 1 foot 3 inches. It weighed 11 lbs.
English. It was a male. Some Monthly Memoranda in Natural
have been killed in our remote History
woods, which weighed several pounds more, and measured fully
five feet from the the nose a pretty intense frost prevailed, and when of this size, is by far the most the lovers of skaiting and curling, formidable beast of prey which now enjoyed these pastimes, on the lakes inhabits Scotland.
X. of Duddingston and Lochend, for a
Canonmills, bout a fortnight. The mercury in the
25th Jan. 1812. thermometer, however, was never observed to fall lower than 8 or 9 degrees below the freezing point. Varieties, Literary and visceOn the 14th a thaw commenced,
laneous. which continued for about a week. The christmas rose immediately
Character of Women. ly to the mild weather which hield 1 Tis fashionable with many writers, preceded the frost, the buds of sex; a practice I by no means aphoneysuckle, horse-chesnut, and prove. But I do not recollect, in some other trees and shrubs, began the most infuriate satirist, to have prematurely to expand. This thaw met with a more unfavourable rewas again succeeded by frost and presentation, than is contained in slight snow-showers.
a grave philosophical worki, pice Small Alocks of Fieldfares have lished about the middle of the seoccasionally been observed; but venteenth century. It is entitle', these winter visitants of our neigh- “ Speculum naturæ humane, ale bourhood have not this season been Hermanno Follino. Colonæ Agrip
pinze 1649. The title of the chap. ter is · Woman is more wicked than
Singular mode of Painting man. He then enters upon a sys- A Danish artist, named Cornelius tematical proof of this proposition. Ketel, invented the singular pracThe following translation will be tice of painting with the hand alone. found to contain the essence of this After having used the pencil for polite and interesting discussion.
twenty years, like the rest of his pro“ In proof of the foresaid propo- fession, he quitted that instrument, sition, I could produce many im- and used his fingers. That he portant reasons, did I not think that might have no witness of his first; the female sex would be offended essays in this style, he began with with me, whose friendship and be his own portrait, and succeeded. nevolence I wish to gain, rather Not satisfied with this display of adthan their resentment, I prefer, dress, he proceeded to paint with therefore, a profound silence upon the fingers of his left hand, and at this subject. The philosopher, how- last with his two thumbs. Upon ever, proves the truth of this theo- this ' subject, Descamps well rerem by experience; and the follow-' marks : " We can paint better with ing demonstration way perhaps be the penci), than with the feet or the satisfactory. Reason does not rule hands; why then abandon
prac. the appetite of women equally with tice more secure and easy. The that of men, wherefore they are aim of an artist is to do the best more easily overcome, and impelled possible; he ought therefore to preto the passions of the mind than fer the method of doing well with males. They are therefore more ease, to that of doing ill with diffiactive in contriving crimes ; yet culty.” through the deficiency of strength, they can less accomplish those mischiefs which they neditate. Con- malibus, and ex relatione Pastorum, tume scious therefore, of weakness, they etiam Venatorum. Sed hæe non sátis sunt, dissemble the venom, which they
ad probandum id quod scripsit de fæminis
in universum. Neque in particulari. hold in their mind; lamenting they forum forsan poterit hæc esse demonstralay their snares, and often shed tio. Ratio non aquæ dominatur mulierum tears of grief, because they cannot appetitui arque hominum, quare facilius cruelly execut? what they hate vincuntur & feruntur ad passiones animi wickedly planned.”
quam masculi, sunt ergo facinorum magis The author then observes, that excogitatrices & peculantiores, quod mi
nus rationis fræno cohibeantur, defectu ta.. he could say much more, but that men roboris & virium minus exequuntur he cannot think of entirely forfeit- ea, quæ meditantur mata : Consciæ itaque ing the favour of the female sex. * debilitatis dissimulant venenum, quod ani.
To continent, & insidias instruurt dum * Quantum ad probationein hujus præ
plorant, lachrymasque aliquando fundunt fatæ propositionis attinet, multa rationum præ mærore, quem concipiunt, ex eo quod momenta in medium afferre potuissem, tiose decreuerunt.
exequi non possint crudelitur, quæ fiaginisi sexum fæmineum mihi offensum fore
Phura non dicam, ni crabrones in me arbitrarer, cujus potius amicitiam & benevolentiam exopto, quam offensam, al destitui, quarum naturam at crasin Aris
irritari velim, mulierumque omni favore tum ergo malo
hac de re silentium. Phi, tutel sequentibus rationibus nobis aperuit. losophus tamen hoc theorema probat experientia, ex his quæ educantur doini ani
• Observations on Life and Manners. and must either, with the help of From the Italian.
God, reach the bank, or be drowned. (Continued from last vol. p. 891.) If experienced men call to him from Friendship.
the shore: “Llo! where are you goHERE is not a word in the vo. ing? Do not do this ;" he esteems
cabulary, which slips more from them pedants, who interfere idly in the tongue than friendship ; every his concerns; all that they may one says the whole day: “ I am a say goes for nothing. At length, good friend - few possess such he himself having grown old, goes friends as I do—such a man is truly to the shore to cry to others, where my friend," oh! what a warmth of he is listened to in the same manner friendship he has in his heart ; so that he had listened to those bethat to hear the sweetness and the fore him ; so that it may be said, that ardour with which friendly protes the world is composed of two sorts of sions issile from his mouth, one people, one of whom are constantly would imagine, that friends drop- straining their lungs to bawl out inped down on all sides. In other struction to the rest ; while the quarters, one hears continual la- others turn a deaf ear, and let them mentations. This man complains cry on. of having been deserted by one whom he had believed to be ano
Inconstancy. ther self, the next of having been Why are you not to day, what betrayed by another to whom he you were yesterday, and why will had given his whole heart; nothing you not be to-morrow, what you is heard but, • alas the race of good are to day? Thus might we address friends is over ; now they are no certain men, whose humour varies longer to be found. The name in- from hour to hour, or rather from deed remains, but the substance is minute to minute, so that to convanished. I myself have a thou- verse with them for several years is sand times in my life said, what I always, as it were, to know them for hear from all others, and have come the first time. And what appears plained as much as any one of this to me strange is that, to themselves, calamity. I cannot say, whether they always appear to be the very or not I was in the right; but cer. same. If to day for example, one tainly I was wrong in believing, of these persons is tranquil, and when young particularly, that a speaks of his own disposition, you few kind words, a cordial address, will hear him say: * As for me, a cheerful countenance, were marks there is nothing I hate more than of friendship. To know what are change in any one thing. Peace really such, requires a profound delights me, and I attempt to prestudy, a very long experience, a serve it in my heart, as the most wonderiul prudence, and an exa- precious treasure which the world mination of various circumstances. contains, I believe him, and the The heart of the youth, eager, im- more, because I see a good visage, petuous, and wholly absorbed in hear polite words, and all is done his desires, las not time to make with a good grace: next day I go many reflections ; he throws him up to him, I salute him cordially, self into every pursuit, as it were, and enter into frank conversation ; headlong, and is swallowed up in I find him a serpent. Thus one the vast sea of the world. Once day you will find him drowned in plunged into it, he must manage love, and exalting bis mistress to his head and feet as well as he cao, the skies; the next day, he cannot enJanuary 1812
dure to look at her. In short, he can- . lence. It was a laughable thing for not tell what he wants, who he is, nor me to see constraint and vexation what he is to do. There is not a great painted in the eyes of all, while he er misery in the world, than to have went on as if his words had been to do with such a man ; in dealing eagerly imbibed by the whole comwith whom you cannot form any pany. From time to time, he callplan whatever, but must depended out to the bystanders : what do wholly upon his caprice. Wife, chil- you think of it; do I say well ?' and dren, friends, relations, servants, as no answer was ever given, he all are bewildered. I imagine I see took the silence for an assent, and one of those little women, who, in addressing his talk to the person order that her admirers may be con- he had interrogated, pursued his stantly thinking of her, finds her- argument as briskly, and as eagerly, self, at one time indisposed, at an- as if he had just begun. I do not other frolicsome, now scolds, now believe, that there was any one, exlaughs, next asks you for a thing, and cept myself, that had lent him an when you reach it, throws it away, ear. But I, at the time of his abusing you, moreover, for your at- speech, had seated myself in a cortention, so that you have always ner, and pretending to think sometwo hearts in your breast, of which thing else, was investigating as one bids you do, and the other re- much as I could, the nature of this frain; you are in constant dread brain. The man had really an imaof doing amiss; you have a vulture gination of fire, and so rapid, that he continually gnawing you. The same passed, by springs, or bounds, from practice, I believe, is followed by one subject to another, without perthe more artful of these men, whom ceiving it. He was also well proI call the inconstants. These partly vided with memory, which enabled are, and partly appear to be, luna- him to enforce whatever he said, tics, in order that their domestics, with erudition of various kinds, and their friends, studying how to whence he threw down by bundles divine them amid such a diversity, er fragments, bits of stories, philomay be always intent on their mo- sophical opinions, sayings of writers, tions, and may have a continual de. little regarding whether they were pendence on the actions which they to the purpose, or not. At length do, the looks which they cast, the it pleased God, that this Universal first word which issues in the morn- Dictionary should terminate his ing from their mouth. In short the reading, and should take his deparperson, who has lived for a year or tưre ; upon which every one drew two with such men, may set up for his breath ; and the countenances a professor in the science of divi- which before were turbid and.mepation.
lancholy, resumed their gaiety. The Talkative Man.
The company then returning to
sports and jests, such as are usual A few evenings ago, a man argu- where men meet to spend the time; ed in a company with so much fury - What do you think, said some to and with such a torrent of words, me, of that noble stream of elothat the tongues of all who were quence.— I can only say, replied I, there present, became wholly use- that I should be unwilling, after so less; and if there was any one, who long a dissertation, to begin a new contrived to articulate a syllable, it one, and drive so agreeable a comonly gave a new impulse to our pany to despair.Make a paper of talker, to pour forth with greater vio- it said another. Is it not an admira