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termined to push 'forward to the ing the British government in InEast Indies, and make his fortune dia at one blow, and with this view

He sailed on board a arrived at Seringapatam, and offerDutch ship bound to Batavia, and ed his services to Tippoo Saib, who thence to Bombay. The only ac- was at this time introducing Europ quaintance he had in this part of pean military tactics into his artheglobe was Lieutenant

my. Glad of such an acquisition, of one of our hero's father's ten- (for Billy blustered, and promised ants, an officer in the Company's a hundred times more than the most service, who received him in the skilful Generals could have performmost friendly manner, and question- ed,) Tippoo entered into terms with ed him as to his intentions and fu- him. ture views in India.

The next day a régiment of inBut how surprised was he to find fantry were drawn up, and Billy orour hero deternrined to accept of dered to put them through the Euno situation or office except that of ropean exercise, in which they had Commander in Chief. He argued already made considerable progress. with him at full length, on the inad- Attention, bawled our hero. Very ness of such an attempt, and advis-well, very well, by G-d. . Unfir ed him to enter the Company's ser- bayonets, the regiment remained vice as a cadet and rise by degrees, motionless. Unfix bayonets. The at the same time assuring him that regiment still remained motionless. there was no other mode, which bl-st your souls, unfix bayonets. would ultimately ensure success.

Here one of the officers reminded Our hero, who always grasped at Billy that bayonets could not be unthe end, without studying the inter- fired before they were fixed. Very mediate steps necessary to attain it, right, very right! Well, gentlemen, told him, that he was a mean sneak- come to attention again. Shoulder ing fellow, fit only to crawl through arms. Vastly well done. the mferior walks of life-That as down cartridge. Not a man stirred. for himself, he was born and edu. Ramm down cartridge. Bl-st your cated a gentleman, and was deter- eyes what do you mean. Here Billy mined to act as such. This said, was again reninded that they had he walked off, with an air of as much no cartridge to ramm down. Very importance as if he had been the true! Well, gentleinen, come to the Emperor of China. Lieutenant-, shoulder again. Present arms. Ad. who was a well informed young mirably done. Fire. Not a man man, from this instant, 'set our hero stirred. Fire. Fire. All was motiondown as an arrapt blockhead, and less. Fire. D- on your souls, why determined to have no further con- don't you Fire; Because they have cern with biin.

not loaded, exclaimed Tippoo in a It is needless, as well as impossi- rage, informing our tactician that ble, to enumerate one hundredth he had no farther occasion for his part of our hero's plans to raise services. himself to the rank of commander Poor Billy had no alternative but in chief, every one of which neces- to retrace his steps to Bombay, with sarily proved abortive. He had now hardly L.10 in his pocket. On his sauntered atvay two years at Bome arrival here he entered on board bay, and reduced his finances from an Indiaman bound to London, L3,000 to L100; longer-delay would and worked his passage home as a have been fatal; therefore he for- common sailor. He at last reached med the virtuous resolution of ruin- his father's - house

after an absence


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of six years, but literally in rags, tried a variety of projects for makand consequently in no trim to ac- ing his fortune, but without success. count for the nett proceeds of the He was alternately seen riding in ship and cargo. Things were now a coach, and driving a dung cart, widely altered, since our hero's dining on the greatest delicacies, departure. Both his uncle and fa- or begging a morsel of bread. As ther had young families, and the last he ventured within a few miles sextumvirate of females had breath- of his native spot, and wrote a leted their last. His reception was ter to his father, who sent him two the very reverse of favourable. suits of old cloaths and L.10, order

Imagining however that the scenes ing peremptorily never to let him he had gone through had at least see his face. On receipt of this taught him common sense, his supply, he was as happy as a prince, friends provided him with decent and that very night spent every clothes, and urged him to choose shilling of the money in a brothel. some occupation, but how were Our hero's history now becomes they surprised to find him make pretty uniform, there is hardly a choice of Member of Parliament nation on earth which he has not for the county. Seeing him the visited. But his great and general same fool as ever, his father com- resource was begging in the characpelled him to become apprentice ter of a shipwrecked sailor. He to a haberdasher of some emrinence. married above fifty wives in hopes As I was in the custom of having of making a fortune, but in every some little dealings with this same instance caught a Tartar. He neshop, I shall present your readers ver ventured to visit his native spot, with an account drawn out by our though he frequently solicited

supply from his father, and treMakum Makdomoni, Dr. quently received it.

His father

died two years ago, and in order to To 6 yerds Flanin at

provide equally for his family, had 2s. 2 d.

L1 7 114 previously sold his estate, and by To 3 yerds smal Kord

his will left our hero L.3,000. As at 23. 10d.

15 9

soon as he heard of this circumTo 2 pars Glufs at 3s.

stance, he appeared and claimed 2d.


his legacy, which was accordingis

paid him. 1st Guly, 2 By Kash in

Had Billy's whole train of ideas 170082. fool L. 3 15 191 not been incorrigibly genteel and Resaved at this Det. by

polite, he might now have lived

iVm. Hopfil. comfortably enough, on an econoIt is almost unnecessary to in- mical scale, but his views were ay form you that our hero's polite high and extravagant as ever. He education was not at all calculated instantly purchased half a score of for this humble occupation. Here hunting horses, a pack of hounds, however he obtained some indis. and half a dozen double barelled tinct notions of money negotiations, guns; engaged a groom, a hunts. and having discounted a draft on man, livery servants, &c, and in sis his father to the amount of L.100, months spent every shiiling. Bilo and embezzled his master's proper- Hopeful had now attained his 5 ty to double that amount, he elop- year, and as any alteration in his ed, and was not heard of for three genteel propensities was total y hopeyears ; during which time he had less, his natural brother lloration



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settled 2s. 6d. a day on him, and distinct systems of education, the took care to give him his allowance one calculated for the noble and daily. On this small pittance, with genteel, and the other for the rude a suit of old cloaths now and then, and barbarous part of mankind. By our hero contrives to get himself this means a gentleman, who is able tipsy every day, and in this state to pay handsomely, may have his I must leave him to lead the lite son educated in every branch of of a gentleman during the remain- literature in as short a time as he Her of his days.

pleases. Indeed those superior beBut I cannot here forbear, norings who are born to opulence, have do I think myself ill qualified, to no occasion to pore their brains out make a few observations on genteel over musty books. They have liteducation, and to rectify a few tle else to do in the world but to common mistakes on thắt head. eat, drink, and propagate. Their Genteel education is not, as is ge- stewart manages their estate, the nerally imagined, the production of housekeeper and cook their victuals, the present day. On the contrary the groom their horses, the attorit was as eagerly sought after 50 ney their charters, the butler their years ago as at present. Our gram- wines, &c. &c. The only plausible matical English and English ac- objection I have heard against the cents have existed upwards of a ge: teel system is, that it cannot 'century. Still I do not pretend qualify its votaries for Legislators ; to deny that gentcel education has but this a mere cavil, as the merits undergone many useful and impor- or demerits of any act of Parliatant alterations, even within these ment, are only known from the apfew years

probation, or snarling of the barbarIn' my younger days, it was fools ous part of mankind. An act can ishly imagined that some sort of be amended, till it is rendered pacapacity and application on the latable, or if radically wrong, the part of the pupil

, with profound radical cure of repeal can be admin. knowledge, and consummate atten- istered. Some people have remark. tion on the part of the teacher, ed, that these genteel pupils lave iluring the long course of at least remarkably bad memories, and reten years, was necessary. But at collect no part of their education, this period, education was a kind after they come into the world. To of chaos, or undefined mass, com- this I shall only reply, that genteel prehending the semina of polite people have no need either of eduand vulgar, or (which is the same cation or memory. Lest, however

, thing) of superficial and substan- any vulgar fellow should think this tial education. By this indigested argument inconclusive, I need only vystem, which was generally pur- point out the noble invention of sued till within these 15 years, ma- Mynheer Von Feinaigle, who will ny of our prime nobility had the furnish artificial memories at the niisfortune to become acquainted very low rate of L.5.- 58.-each. with the Greek and Roman clas. As to the industrious ranks of sics, and contracted a certain solid society I am sorry to observe,

that way of thinking and reasoning, com- they are fust treading in the steps - monly called Pedantry, which they of their superiors, and educating were never after able to shake off. their children in so polite and su

Tive great merit of the present perficial a manner, as totally to funage consists chiefly in dissecting qualify them for any useful purpose this chaos, and dividing it into two in life. So far indeed have they

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carried this propensity, that I know the public, that the one will in ea taylor's cow, that will not give very respect answer the purpose as her milk unless soothed by English well as the other, though I can afaccents, and a carter's horse, who ford my head piece for half a crown. will not move one step, unless he receives his orders in grammatical English. So long as the useful part Description of the Ruins of Sparta. of mankind are well informed, and substantially educated, no adminis

From Chateaubriand's Travels. tration can do us much harm. But We aproad running direct southif ever the industrious classes should reach the sublime pitch of gentility west, when, at break of day, I perattained by many of our polite received some ruins and a long wall of presentatives, and (instead of being antique construction: my heart beable to discriminate betwixt right gan to palpitate. The Janissary turnand wrong, ) become only capable ing towards me pointed with his whip of uttering the emphatical mono- to a whitish cottage on the righi, syllables A ye and No, in antiquum and exclaimed, with a look of saconfundimuer chaos. To prevent so tisfaction, “ Palæochori!" I went direful a catastrophe, I would beg towards the principal ruin, which I leave to recommend to the patriotic perceived upon an eminence. On Sir John Sinclair to get a bill in- turning this eminence by the northtroduced into Parliament, making west for the purpose of ascending it felony without benefit of clergy, it, I was suddenly struck with the for any man to give his children a view of a vast ruin of semicircular polite education who is not posses. form, which I instantly knew to be sed of terra firma to the value of an ancient theatre. I am not able L. 5,000 per annum. This would to describe the crowd of feelings be fixing twixt nobility

i: permanent barrier be- which overpowered me. The hill would have

and ignobility, and at the foot of which I stood, was

an infallible tendency consequently the hill of the citadel to ensure the prosperity of the na- of Sparta, since the theatre was tion, and the stability of the throne contiguous to the citadel; the ruin

As to the higher ranks, I would which I beheld upon that hill was propose no

alteration. Many of of course the temple of Minerva our best kings, when granting char Chalciæcos, since that temple was ters, were obliged to bite the wax in the citadel, and the fragments with their

teeth, or add the imprese of the long wall which I had passed sion of the crucifix. Polite educa- lower down must have formed part tion indeed comes very high, and of the quarter of the Cynosuri

, costs at least twenty times as much since that quarter was to the north it is ,

twenty years ago, but then of the city. Sparta was then part life the time. Mr Feinaigle has which my good fortune conducted

great desideratum in me on my first arrival, gave me at polite literature, viz. an artificial once the positions of all the quarmemory, and I have been labouring ters and edifices. I alighted, and hard these six weeks past, in man ran all the way up the hill of the ufacturing and from some important experian artificial head piece, citadel.

Just as I reached the top, the ments already made upon it, I can sun was rising behind the hills of with confidence pledge myself to Menelaion, How magnificent, yet February 1812.



Is it a



how melancholy a spectacle! The At the commencement of these solitary stream of the Eurotas run- steps, and above the theatre, I saw ning beneath the remains of the a small edifice of a circular form, bridge Babyx; ruins on every side, three-fourths of which were , desand not a living being to be seen troyed: the nitches within it seem among them. I stood motionless, equally well adapted for the recepin a kind of stupor, at the contem- tion of statues or of urås. plation of this scene. A mixture tomb ? Is it the temple of the armof admiration and grief checked ed Venus ? The latter must have the current of my thoughts, and stood nearly on this spet, and befixed me to the spot: profound si- longed to

longed to the quarter of the lence reigned around me. Deter- Egides. Cæsar, who boasted of mined, at least, to make echo being descended from Venus, had speak in a .spot where the human the figure of the armed Venus envoice is no longer heard, I shouted graved on his ring : it was in fact, with all my might: “ Leonidas! the two-fold emblem of the weak. Leonidas !" No ruin repeated this ness and glory of that great man. great name : Sparta herself seemed If the reader will place himself to have forgotten her hero. with me upon the hill of the cita

When my agitation had subsided, del, he will then see the following I began to study the ruins around objects around him:

The summit of the hill was To the east, that is, towards the platform encompassed, especially Eurotas, a hill, oblong and levelto the north-west, by thick walls. led at the top, as if for the purpose I went twice round it, and counted of a race-course or hippodrome : one thousand five hundred and two other hills, one on each side of sixty, and one thousand five hun- that just mentioned, form with it dred and sixty-six ordinary paces; two hollows, in which you pereeive or nearly seven hundred and eighty the ruins of the bridge Babyx, and geometrical paces; but it should the current of the Eurotas. Bebe remarked," that in this circuit I yond the river, the view is boundcomprehend the whole summit of ed' by a chain of reddish hills the hill, including the curve formed which compose Mount Menelaion. by the excavation of the theatre. Beyond these hills, the high This was the theatre that Leroi mountains which border the gulf of examined.

Argos, tower in the distance. Some ruins partly buried in the In this space, seen to the eastground, and partiy rising above' ward, between the citadel and the the surface, indicate, nearly in the Eurotas, looking north and south centre of this platform, the founda- by east, in a parallel direction to tions of the temple of Minerva the course of the river, we must place Chalcicęcos, where Pausanias in the quarter of the Limpates, the temvain sought refuge and lost his life. ple of Lycurgus, the palace of the A sort of flight of steps, seventy king Demaratus, the quarters of the feet wide, and of an extremely Egides and the Messoates, one of gentle descent, leads from the the Leschi, the monument of Cadsouth-side of the hill down to the mus, the temples of Hercules and plain. This was perhaps the way Helen, and the Platanistæ. In that conducted to the citadel, this extensive space, I counted which was not a place of any great seven ruins standing, above ground, strength till the time of the tyrants but absolutely shapeless and dilapiof Lacedæmon.

dated. As I was at liberty to


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