« ZurückWeiter »
to the Notes and Queries, with No. 212, Jan.
NOTES AND QUERIES:
Medium of Intercommunication
LITERARY MEN, GENERAL READERS, ETC.
“When found, make a note of.”—CAPTAIN CUTTLE.
FIFTH SERIES - VOLUME EIGHTH.
L O N D ON:
PUBLISHED AT THE
OFFICE, 20, WELLINGTON STREET, STRAND, W.C.
BY JOHN FRANCIS.
LONDON, SATURDAY, JULY 7, 1877.
and in a note to Childe Harold's Pilgrimage, canto iii., Byron accordingly says, “ This is written
in the eye of Mont Blanc (June 3, 1816), which CONTENTS.- No 184.
even at this distance dazzles mine." NOTES:-Byron and Shelley in the Envirops of Geneva during
The Shelleys and Miss Clairmont had clearly the summer of 1816, 1-Whitsunday: Whitsuntide, 2-Shakspeariana, 4-Pedigrees and Pedigree Makers: The St. Johns reached the hotel by the 17th of May. This is and Tollemaches, 5—Brahma, the Father-Life at Harro- the date of Mrs. Shelley's first letter thence, given gate in 1731, 6.
in the Six Weeks' Tour. It is the letter of a perQUERIES :-Lord Beaconsfield's Crest and Motto-Bennet son who has arrived a day or two, not of a person
Dyer, 7– Rev. R. Hollinworth, of Manchester - Curious arrived on that same day, inasmuch as she writes,
“We have hired a boat, and every evening at “Clergyman's Companion” – “Lindabrides” – Parchment about six o'clock we sail on the lake." And Deeds - Sawley Abbey- Browning's “Sordello"-The Caxton Exhibition-Scriptural Prohibition of Potatoes, 9-Thomas again, further on, “ We do not enter into society Churchyard-Authors Wanted, &c., 10.
here, yet our time passes swiftly and delightfully."
I should fix their arrival at Sécheron late on the REPLIES:-William, First Duke of Queensberry, 10 – Dr.
Dodd's Marriage, 12–The Halsham Family-Bibliography of 15th of May, on these grounds :– The same letter Utopias, 13– Incidit in Scyllam," &c.-Axtell Family-commences,
“We arrived at Paris on the 8th of ** Things in General," &c.-" The Crisis.” 14-Scotch Here- this month, and we were detained two days for ditary Offices—“The Churchyards of Roxburghshire"-De la Maine Family – Briggs Family—Curious Use of Words— the purpose of obtaining the various signatures
Baron of the Court of Exchequer" - Farewell Family, 15– necessary to our passports.” That is to say, the Carausius-"Outile "-"Patina"-Shakspeare—“High BorJase" - The Long Eleventh of June"-J. Witherspoon and Shelleys left Paris on May 10. We are then told Descendants --"A Commonplace Book," &c., 16– Ev'n in that Dijon was reached on the third evening after our ashes," &c. --Strasbourg Cathedral-J. Rivett... Philothea their departure from Paris (May 13); Chamand Pamela - Bonvyle Family—“Temorn"_"
"-"To-year" Lady Hamilton - Centenariapism -"Next the heart" pagpolles was reached at midnight on the fourth Musical Revenge : "Hudibras," 18-Fen: Fend - Philip evening (May 14). They leave Les Rousses at Stubbs-Descendants of the Regicides--Authors Wanted, 19.
6 P.M. next day (May 15), and no doubt reached Notes on Books, &c.
Geneva before midnight on that same evening.
Byron and Dr. Polidori arrived there on May 25,
and acquaintance was made with the Shelleys and Notes.
Miss Clairmont within two days.||
Their subsequent movements are thus told by BYRON AND SHELLEY IN THE ENVIRONS OF Moore :GENEVA DURING THE SUMMER OF 1816.
“ After passing a fortnight under the same roof with The first meeting of these illustrious poets was Lord Byron at Sécheron, Mr. and Mrs. Shelley removed at the Hôtel de Sécheron. This was more cor- to a small house on the Mont Blanc side of the Lake, rectly the Hôtel d'Angleterre at Sécheron, a small within about ten minutes' walk of the villa which their suburb of Geneva, situated about an English mile noble friend had taken, upon the high banks, called and a quarter on the road to Lausanne, that is, north-east of Geneva, and on the north shore of
§ Childe Harold's Pilgrimage, canto iii., p. 73. Lon
don, 1816. the lake. It was kept at that time by one Dejean, Il The Poetical Works of Percy Bysshe Shelley, &c., and in both the Letters and Journals* and in the and a Memoir, by William Michael Rossetti. London, Six Weeks' Tourt it is merely called Hôtel de Moxon, 1870, 2 vols. 8vo. (See Memoir, vol. i. lxxxvii.) Sécheron. I It must be remembered, in order to
copy the dates of the arrival and of the acquaintanceunderstand the topography of many allusions in ship from Mr. W. Rossetti
. They are taken from Poli
dori's diary. Subsequently, in narrating that curious but the two above works, that the city of Geneva often-repeated incident of Shelley's hallucination of the occupies the extreme south-west angle of Lake breast-eyed woman, Mr. Rossetti informs us that the verLeman, and that both the north and south shores sion of this story, which he then proceeds to quote, “is of the lake diverge respectively from left and right and the occurrence'is dated June 18. This diary of Poli
thus authentically jotted down in the physician's diary,” of that city. On the north shore stood the Hótel dori's was never published. Polidori has also told the inde Sécheron, which would thus face Mont Blanc, cident in his prefatory letter to the Vampyre (London,
1819, 8vo., published anonymously), and this account is * Letters and Journals of Lord Byron, with Notices of quoted by Moore (vol. ii. p. 208); but, though the two his Life, by Thomas Moore, in two volumes. London, versions tally, their wording is different. In a letter at J. Murray, 1830, 4to.
the page last cited Byron, who had received the Vampyre, † History of a Six Weeks' Tour, &c. London, Hook comments very amusingly on the various perversions of its ham, Jun., &c., 1817, 12mo.
preface. He then continues, "What do you mean about * “ Secheron's (sie) Hotel,” at p. 71 of the Shelley Polidori's Diary? Why, I defy him to say anything Memorials, &c., London, 1859, 2nd edition, 8vo., is, of about me, but ine is welcome,"--which sentence thus course, incorrect. Medwin says, “At Dejean's, Sécheron." ends brokenly, but its general sense is easy to gather, This is right as far as goes. See The Life of Percy and the passage shows that the physician had at that Bysshe Shelley, by Thomas Medwin, in two volumes, time (1819) thoughts of publishing his journal. This vol. i. p. 236. London, Newby, 1847, 8vo.
was never done.
Belle Rive, that rose immediately behind them. During pendent evidence that this date cannot be very the fortnight that Lord Byron outstayed them at Sécheron, wide of the mark, because Polidori sprained his ...he every evening crossed the Lake, with Polidori, to ankle in jumping from the terrace at Diodati a day visit them." The next paragraph relates a quarrel between this discussion. On that day Byron and Shelley
or two before June 23—a most important date in Byron and his physician ; after which Polidori started on their nine days' circumnavigation of the meditated suicide, but was ultimately reconciled lake ; and Byron was clearly in possession of the to his patron. Moore then continues, "Soon after Villa Diodati before he started, because he writes this the noble poet removed to Diodati." Let us
to Murray, while weather-bound at Ouchy, during compare these accounts with yet another furnished his trip, that Polidori remained behind invalided by Moore somewhat earlier in the same biography:
at Diodati. T
J. LEICESTER WARREN. “Arriving at Geneva (Byron) took up his abode at the well-known hotel, Sécheron. After a stay of a few
(To be continued.) weeks at this place, he removed to a villa in the neighbourhood, called Diodati, very beautifully situated on the high banks of the Lake, where he established his
WHITSUNDAY: WHITSUNTIDE. residence for the remainder of the summer.”+
A great deal has been written, both in “ N. & Q.” On comparing these extracts, the question at and elsewhere, on the derivation of our English once arises whether Belle Rive was not merely name for the feast of Pentecost, and it might a second name of the Villa Diodati (just as Cha- be considered that the subject had been pretty pụis was another appellation of the Campagne well threshed out. This is, however, by no means Mont Alègre). I Both are described as situated upon the case. It cannot be said that any definite conthe high banks of the lake ; both were in or near clusion was reached by the former discussions, Coligny. Observe, also, that in the second pas- and there is still virgin soil left to turn up in sage quoted, Moore represents Byron as moving search of the genuine root. I may possibly not directly from the Hôtel de Sécheron to the Villa succeed where so many have failed, but the Diodati. We need only suppose that, in printing attempt, at least, is worth making. or copying, the words “or Diodati” were acci- In order to avoid repetition, and to put such of dentally omitted in the first extract after “called your readers as may be bitten by the etymological Belle Rive,” to clear away and reconcile all dis- maggot au courant with the present aspect of the crepancies. Medwin follows in the same sense, question, I may refer to “N. & Q.,” 5th S. i. 401, omitting any allusion to Belle Rive. He says :S for an able summary by the editor, and also to a
“ After a fortnight's residence at Dejean's, Shelley and letter signed C*** (Mr. Cockayne), 4th S. xi. 437. his female friends removed to the Campagne Mont. These articles, with the references which they allegre, on the opposite side of the lake; and shortly, contain, are sufficient to bring out the various after Lord Byron took that (the campagne) of Diodati.
theories, which may in a few words be summarized In deciding for or against the separate existence as follows :of a Villa Belle Rive the dates are all-important. 1. Whitsunday is equivalent to Dominica Alba, Counting a fortnight from the Shelleys' arrival and was so called from the white garments worn at the Hôtel de Sécheron, they would move by neophytes on that day. on May 28 or 29; and, indeed, on June 1, Mrs. 2. “This day is called Wytsonday because the Shelley writes that they had changed their resi- Holy Ghost brought wytte and wysdome into dence, and she, moreover, dates her letter from Cristis disciples." This is quoted by Hearne from “Campagne C******,” which initial, and six a book printed by Wynkyn de Worde, and is supsequent asterisks, must stand for Campagne Cha-ported by a passage from Richard Rolle of Hampuis,|| that is Mont Alègre. If, as we are told, pole (A.D. 1358). Byron outstayed his friends a fortnight at the
3. Another correspondent quotes Brady's Clavis Hotel, he would have occupied the Villa Diodati Calendaria, in which it is said that the original on the 11th or 12th of June ; and we have inde- name of the season of the year was Wittentide, or * Letters, vol. ii. p. 27.
the time of choosing the wits or wise men to the + Ibid., vol. ii. p. 6.
Wittenagemote. | This seems to have been a common topographical 4. Verstegan, in his Restitution of Decayed Inname. Compare our “ Mount Pleasant."
telligence, suggests A.-S. wieda, Fl. wijen, to con§ See vol. i. p. 238 of The Life of Percy Bysshe secrate, applied as a period of peculiar sanctity. Skelley, by Thomas Medwin. The words in parenthesis are mine. Medwin is a loose and incorrect writer, but in
5. Reading, in his Sermons on the Lessons for this instance he seems to know the ground, and he tells Sundays throughout the Year (vol. ii. 291), says :us that he was at Diodati “ two years after," i.e. in 1818, “It was a custom amongst our ancestors upon this day I suppose.
(Whitsunday) to give all the milk of their ewes and kine !! The name is filled in at full in the reprint of the to their poor neighbours, for the love of God, and in Six Weeks' Tour as a portion of the Essays and Letters from Abroad, Moxon, 1840, 8vo. See vol. ii. p. 56. I | Letters and Journals, vol. ii. p. 7. The date of the suppose “Chapius” (sic) is a misprint.
letter is June 27.