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always for pernicious articles of con. 25 per cent. less than the tenant sump!ion. A dishonest tenant often might obtain from a merchant. The drains from the landlord's store those prejudices of the tenants have hitherresources which ought to be reser to prevented the rents from being ved for the support of the honest in raised, but the landlords have not time of need, and he returns to the been nearly so tenacious of their inlandlord as little as he possibly can, terests, for they have often augment.. the landlord not being always able to ed the prices which they give the tadistinguish the pretences of the de. sants for fish. See pamphlet subsigning from the real necessities of scribed “ No Zetland Laird," by the unfortunate till after dear bought Lieut. W. Scott, R. Navy. experience. If ever complaints are During the last fishing season heard from the Zetland tenantry, it (1805,) the landlords paid on an ais from those who in this manner of. verage 5s. per cwt. for wet ling, and ten grievously oppress both their tusk, including the great bone; some landlord and their fellow.tenants. gave nominally less than 5s. per cwt.

All money rents ought to be abo. but in general the deficiency was lished, and the rents made payable more than made up by the allowance wholly in the most common produc- of a boat and lines to the fisher, tions of the country; for those, without his paying any hire for the while the landlords are resident, and same : it requires 2 cwi. of fish in the exporters of the produce of their that wet state to make one cwt. of own estates, are the most convenient dried fish ready for market. articles for the tenant to pay his

L. S. d. rent in, as well as the most equitable. Hence the Cut. of dried The rents ought likewise to be rais. fish costs the landlord, ed to the full value of the lands; and in the first instance,

6 strictly exacted, unless in the case of And for, salting, evident misfortune : for in Zetland, drying, and shipping young men, who are generally the

o 3 strictest landlords, are found to be in so far the best; it is observed Total cost, when the te. there, that the proprietors, as they nant could clear advance in years, become personally counts

15 attached to their tenantry, and over The export price of one indulgent in the distribution of pro- Cwt. dried fish (de. visions, and in allowing their rents to benture included) is o 18 0 fun in arrear.

And likewise the price given by the landlord for fish And the landlord's profit ought to be raised to the highest

on ijs. 6d. is

6 which any merchant can afford to or about 16 per cent, instead of give for it. All those modifications above 400 per cent."as P. N. can must take place before the Zetland pretend to believe, and industriously system can be expected to produce repeats twice, no doubt with the lauits best effects.

dable intention, that the impression The tenant in Zetland pays for should remain strong in the reader's his farm, from one third, to two mind. thirds less rent than the landlord For the principal misrepresentacould obtain from a tacksman ; while tions, which have been propagated the landlord allows the tenant for with respect to the Zetland islands, the merchantable fish he catches du- and whose refutation would require ring the summer months from 6 to some time, I refer the reader to seves


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the same,


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Tal printed tracts, in which they tion of their country: - That Zetland have been clearly exposed— To the is by far over peopled : and, notreport of the committee of the House withstanding, he soon after proposes of Commons on the Zetland fisheries methods for making it soon double in 1786, finding that the Zetland te- its numbers. Ditto. nantry, and fishing, were in the best - That business is carried on with situation it could devise l'o the advantage when the capital is soon pamphlet by Lieut. W. Scott, R. Na- sunk, and the business wholly laid a. vy, signed, No Zetland Laird, and to side. Ditto, p. 46 the letter by the Rev. Mr Sands of – That the Zetland tenantry, who at Tingwall, printed therewith--To the the out-set of life have nothing, Zetland landholder's letter to the grow every year poorer and poorer, Highland Society, and to Observa- and that the proprietors in that tions on the Zetland fishery, reprint- countıy have continued for many ed therewith, and to the pamphlet years, and still continue, to enrich signed“A friend to Zetland," printed themselves by 'robbing large sums in 1804. There is also a paper in the from such people. Ditta, page 16. Transactions of the Highland Society - That it is disgraceful in the Zetin some respects tolerably correct; land landholders to enforce the exethere are some remarks on the same cution of the laws against foreigners subject in Knox's British Empire. violating the laws of this kingdom.

Besides the paper by P. N., and Ditto, page 21. the iwo other pamphlets of which I - That in addition to the commonly have already spoken, I do not recol. known tenures of land, there is in lect that I have seen any publication Zetland the “ tenure” of robbery. which mentions the mode of mana- That lands have ofien been robbed in ging land in Zetland in terms of de. former times, and that even in our cided disapprobation, except a letter own times, a man who died only two from some mercantile house in Glas. years ago, had a great part of his esgow, in the Appendix to Knox's Bri. tate so robbed; and, what is more, tish Empire : whether the reader that the robber inserts in his own takes any interest in the present rental the names of those lands, statquestion or not, it is highly worthing that he holds them by the " ten his while to read that letter; it is, I nure” of Robhery or Gripping." firmly believe, the most compleat The Observations and Vindicator. specimen of bare-faced selfishness -That when a Zetland landholder that ever was committed to paper. enters into trade, it is a high crime

A concise list of some of the most in him to make a profit on what he palpably rare things which have been buys, and a profit on what he sells ; published on the subject, though it and that in the definite lavguage of may startle the belief of readers of some new theories of business, this is ordinary intelligence, may be of use to be denominated - Double profits." to such others as, in future, may be

Ditto Ditto." disposed to publish philosophical re. -That services paid as rent of land marks,

are “marks of slavery.”-Rev. Jo. List. That population encreasing Menzies's statistical account, Vol. X. rapidly for a number of years, is no - That in the kingdom of Great indication of prosperity. Vindicator. Britain, men not bound by any en

- That the Zetland landholders, by gagement which lasts longer than a their mode of managing their lands, year, have yet continued for many hare wickedly increased the popula- years, to fish to other men, for “a


fee entirely inadequate to their labours tertain the suspicion, that a set of poand their dangers."

Difto. sitions, which never could have been - That men without permanent in- put in words, without the

grossest terest in land, even without one year's ignorance of the very rudiments of lease over it, are the persons princi- knowledge, and common affairs of pally aggrieved by the increase of the world, could ever have originated the weights, by which certain feu- with them. duties, and permanent taxes, are paid

I will therefore venture to prefrom lands. Remarks in the Edin. dict, that if ever those misrepresentaMag. 1835, by P. N.

tions be traced to their real source, that it is for the interest of the they will be found to have originalandlord that his tenant should be ted with some wrong.headed man, poor.

Ditto. not a native of Zetland, who has - That it would be of advantage to most probably misspent his days in a country if government was to inter- some pedantic occupation, and havfere in the management of private and ing been late in life removed to that indisputed property. The whole in country, will be strongly prejudised one cirrus, Observations, Vindicator, against the state of society into and P. N.

which he has been transported, ex. -That the same truths, and just actly in proportion to his ignorance principles, are every day discovered of the structure of that in which he by a number of persons who have was reared. It is well known, that had no communicacion, direct or in- in all the more populous countries, direct with each other, is a belief the most unskilful in the different which the hourly conduct of every trades and professions, are continualindividual testifies to be strong and ly forced to seek a livelihood beyond universal among mankind. Though the sphere of active competition : and not so strong, yet almost as univer. that all countries little advanced in sal, is the disposition to conclude, improvement, and, like Zetland, scanthat the same, or rema, kably similar tily supplied with distinct occupaerrors, especially if they are very ex. tions, afford an asylum to several, travagant, and dissonant to the plain. who either through want of the abili. er and shorter deductions of reason, ties which command employment, or ‘are seldom found in different minds, thro’ want of those humanised dispo. without a positive communication of sitions which gain patronage, have sentiment, more or less direct." never been able to succeed in their naFrom what common source, the tive country.

Thule, very similar, though extravagant mis

October 6th, 1805. representations which have been published of late by three or four different persons, with respect to the

To the Editor. Zetland islands have been derived, SIR, it is most natural to enquire on the islands themselves, and that I your Magazine for December too, among the least intelligent of last, ihere appeared certain “strictheir inhabitants

. But considering tures,” by a person styling himself a the universal extension of some tole- Zetland Landlord, on my

tour throa sable degree of intelligence among some of the Shetland Islands." all the individuals of the less compli- Some gross misstatements in these cated societies, and knowing the ge. “ strictures" require immediate conneral acuteness of the natives of tradiction : those islands, even of the lowest i.lam represented as the "partisan” ranks, I cannot for one moment en- of a clergyman's assistant near Edin


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burgh, who, it seems, is the author of 3. The Zetland Landlord is pleased one of the pamphlets. lately publish- to say, that immediately on seeing ed on the state of Shetland. This the Magazine for June last (which gentleman, it appears, did not choose was publised on 1st July,) he wrote to give to his writings the sanction a note to the Editor of the Scots Maof his name, but assumed the title of gazine," correcting various mistakes Vindicator. His essay, I find, has into which I had fallen, and warning (whether with or without reason, I me of the difficulty of the subject I. do not enquire) proved exceedingly had proposed to treat, viz. the state' offensive to some of the Shetland of the common people of Shetland. landholders. But I thus publicly He then proceeds to affect to regret declare, that I am no "s partisan of that his friendly private cautions Vindicator ;" and that, so far from (which, he says, were not intended being his partisan, I do not even for the public eye,) had little good know the gentleman.

effect on ine, &c. Now, all this seems 2. Although I had in the conclu- very strange ; for the truth is, that ding paragraph of my “tour,” ex- I never saw these kind and secret plicitly stated that I had not enjoy.' warnings † till they appeared in print ed any opportunity of consultingithe

in pamphlets lately published about Shetland, an ungracious attempt is ing farmers (who possibly never heard made to show, from some trifling co

of Vindicator, nor of the literary incidence in expression and opinion, campaigns, in the south, of their own (which I affirm to be entirely fortui: lairus.) These notes I afterwards revi.

sed (at the particular request of the fortous,) that I inust, notwithstanding mer editor of the Scots Magazine,) and my previous negative statement, eis compared with the accounts of Shetland ther have perused these tracts, or published in Arctic Zoology, vol. i. ; that I must have implicitly adopted in Bath papers, vol. vi.; in the Tranwhat was dictated to me by Vindie sactions of the Highland Society, vol. cator or his abettors. This last sup- cal Volumes; the only sources of in

ii.; and in Sir John Sinclair's Statistiposition is out of the questioo. As

formation to which I had access. I to the former, it is not without feel. know that some genelemen, of the same ings of indignation and disdain, that pleasure-party in Shetland, did, while I find myself called upon to declare, the vessel was lying wind-bound in a second time, that at the date on Lerwick Roads, borrow and peruse vawhich I transmitted the concluding rious pamphlets on the state of that counpacket of my MS. for publication, try; but I spent my time in traversing (which was in the beginning of July and had no opportunity of reading these

the hills and shores around Lerwick, last,) I had read none of the pamph- pamphilets, (which were left at Lerlecs in question ;-and I must add, wick.) I heard, indeed, of the name that hitherto I have only been able Vindicator; and I heard his perforto procure a perusal of the publica. mance condemned. But I never learned tions on one side of the question, more of him, till the inventive faculty not on that factious side, however, of this Zetland Landlord dubbed me his

partizan. From the specimen, howto which I am alleged, by this Zet. land Landlord, to be so trusty an ad- ved of the candour of a Zetland Land

ever, which I myself have now recei. herent, but on the side of that land. Lord, I confess that I am inclined to relord himself and his friends *. ceive with extreme caution his heavy

charges against Vindicator, My rem rks were drawn up from #T truth is, the Editor immediate. slight notes taken in Shetland, chiefly ly after receiving the letter happened to from conversations with the little fish- learn that Mr Neill had had soine



in the Magazine for December last, Esq. of Banff, a younger brother of four months after the publication of the family of Hatton, in the county the last of my remarks on Shet. of Aberdeen, and nearly related to the land.

Earl of Fife. At eleven years of . I would be sorry, after all, to ac- age be entered the Navy as a Midcuse this anonymous Zetlander of in- shipman, under the protection and tentional falschood; but I must at command of his grand uncle the late least affirm, that he has fallen into Admiral Duff. Before he complet. the grossest mistakes, and has indul- ed his sixteenth year he had been in ged in personally injurious insinua- thirteen engagements; and, in consetions with reprehensible carelessness. quence of his gallant services, was, in While he declines to undertake the 1779, made Lieutenant. He was responsibility which would attach to afterwards in many actions during his name and character, I feel myself, the American war, and was one of in this instance, called upon to follow the Lieutenants of the Montagu of a different line of conduct.

74 guns, on the glorious i2th of
I am, Sir,

April 1782.
Your most obedient servant, Admiral Sir George, afterwards

Patrick Neill. Lord Rodney, to whom the merits of
Old Fish market Close,

Lieutenant Duff were known, in. Edin. Jan. 7. 1806.

tended to promote him ; but his P. S.-When the Zetland Landlord Lordship having been unfortunately

shall have finished his strictures, I recalled before the news of his splen. shall take the liberty to make some did victory had reached England, observations on them in detail; re.

and peace soon after taking place, marking, in the mean time, Mr E. Lieut. Duff continued to serve in the ditor, that the “ supplement" to

same rank, chiefly in the West Inmy tour," sent in the beginning dies, till 1787, when he was obliged of November last † (and which,

to return from Jamaica for the reco-
in your " notes to correspondents" very of his health. He had been
in last number, you mention has First Lieutenant of the Europa, of
been delayed for want of room) 50 guns, when Captain, now Rear.
would have superseded several of Admiral Vashon, was appointed to:
the Landlord's triumphant criti. that ship, who found her crew in so
cisms, as in that supplement I have excellent a state of discipline as gain-
candidly pointed out such mistakes ed Lieut. Duff the esteem both of
as had come to my knowledge.

bis Captain, and of Commodore, now
Admiral Lord Gardner, who at that
time commanded upon the Jamaicą

station. Memoir of Captain GEORGE DUFF,

In 1790, Lieut. Duff, then em:
Late of the Royal Navy.

ployed upon home service, was reTHIS officer, born in 1764,


commended by the Duke and Duchess the son of the late James Duff, of Gordon, in the handsomest and

strongest manner, to the protection communication with a Zetland land- of the Right Hon. Henry Dundas, lord, and proposed making alterations Minister for Scotland, the ready pain consequence. He naturally suppo. tron of merit, and the zealous promosed that it must have been with the same gentleman, though it turns out to

ter of the prosperity of his country. have been otherwise. Ed.

Mr Dundas, since created Viscount # But, by some accident, not received Melville, then filled the office of till December. Ed.

Treasurer of the Navy; and upon


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