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belonging to the East India Compa- shal Dernadotte, consisting of 4000 ny, to the amount of 9,700.cool. cavalry commanded by Gen. Kellerprivate property about 4,600,00ɔl. man, entered the territory of Ansand the duty to Government amount- pach.--4. «His Majesty and the Roy. ing to 5,600.oool.-8. Che Austrian al Family arrive at Kew from Weytroops crossed the River Inn.-- mouth ; his Majesty much benefited 9. This is the date of the Emperor by the jaunt; David Scott, of Dun. of Germany's Rescript to the Diet at ninald, Esq. M. P. for Perth, &c. Ratisbon, in answer to Bonaparte's &c. dies at Cheltenham.--7. Advices Declaration.--10. Marshal Massena received from the East Indies of the issued his proclamation to the French defeat of Holkar, and of peace takItalian army, notifying his appoint- ing place in consequence; Holkar, nient to the command.-15. Lord deserted by his troops, assumes the Nelson sailed in the Victory, accom- garb and calling of a Facquir, and panied with the Euryalus frigute, subsists by begging; Hostilities from Portsmouth, to take the com- commence between the French and mand of the feet off Cadiz: The Austrians; the latter defeated at Emperor of Russia set out from St Guntsburgh.-8. Death of his High. Petersburgh, to join the army on the ness the reigning Duke of Brunsfrontiers : The Archduke Charles wick Oels, General in the Prussian set out from Vienna, to take the service, &c. &C.--9. Lieut. Black, command of the Austro-Italian army. lock, of the Dumfries-shire militia, - 18. The Emperor of Germany left killed in a duel, near Musselburgh, Vienna for the army,-!9. General by Lieut. Nimmo, of the BerwickMack arrived at Ulm.--

.--21, Treaty shire.-11. Master Betty, the young of offence and defence made between Roscius, recommences his perform. France and Naples at Paris, and rati. ances at the Edinburgh theatre, and fied at Portici 8ih October 1805.-- received with unbounded applause.23. Expose of the reciprocal conduct 13. Death of the Duchess Dowager of France and Austria since the trea. of Athol, aged 75.-14. A large ty of Luneville, was read by the mi- and valuable Leeward island fleet arnister of Foreign Relations to the rives safe at Greenock, &c.-19. The Conservative Senate. : The Han:ve. Imperial city of Ulm, in Germany, rian colours re-boisted at Stadt. aitacked by the French, the Aus25. Marshal Lanne's division of the trians coinpletely defeated, the whole Grand Army passed the Rhine at line of the Iller forced, the city and Strasburgh : The Calcutta man of its magazines, cannon, baggage, war was captured by a French equa- taken, and the Austrian General dron, in lat. 49. 40. long. 11, 40.- Mack, with the whole of his staff, 28. The Russian Ambassador an- made prisoners.--21. The British nounced ar Vienna, that his Imperial ileet, consisting of 27 sail of the Majesty of Russia had ordered two line, 4 frigates, and a smaller vessels, of his armies to put themselves in mo. under the command of Lord Nelson, tion.-29. Lord Nelson arrived off engages the combined fleet off Cadiz, Cadiz.

consisting of 33 sail of the line (18 October,

French and is Spanish,) 4 frigates, 1. Bonaparte quitted Strasburgh, and 2 brigs, with 4000 troops on and crossed the Rhine with the whole board; and, after a confiict of 4 of the Grand Army -Dreadful ex. hours, 19 of the enemies line strike plosion of the powder-mills at Roslin, their colours, and a French 74 blows near" Edinburgh, and two men kill. up; Lord Nelson is killed; about the cd.-3. The advanced guard of Mar- middle of the action, by a musket

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ball in his left breast ; Capt. Duff of fleets, and how they were disposed of,
the Mars, and Capt. Cooke of the names and rank of the French and
Bellerophon, also killed ; the French Spanish officers in the late action,
Admiral Villeneuve, a Spanish Vice. with returns of the killed and woun.
Admiral, and also a Rear-Admiral, ded on board the British squadron,
are among the prisoners.--22. Death with other important matters, pub-
of the D. of Roxburgh at Fleurs.- lished in an Extraordinary Gazette.
23. Lady Elgin and suite arrive in Killed 423, wounded 1164; total
England from France, after being de- 1587.
tained long a prisoner by Bonaparte.

December.
-24. The Ocean, a large ship of 2. The Grand Lodge of Scotland
98 guns, but fitted to mount i20, celebrate the Festival of St Andrew,
launched at Woolwich, in presence in place of November 30, which hap-
of the Duke of Sussex, the Princess pened this year on a Saturday : great
of Wales, &c. &c.: The Thames, a

battle between the French and Ausfine frigate of 44 guns, launched at tro Russian army at Austerlitz, in Chatham.--26. Report of another which the latter is unhappily defeatbattle between the Austrians and ed with greai loss.c-4. The Victory French,

arrived at Portsmouih, with the reNovember.

mains of Lord Nelson.--- 5. A gene. 2. General promotion of Military ral Thanksgiving for the splendid Officers.--William Robertson, Esa. Victory off I'rafaigar.-6. Armistice Advocate, appointed one of the signed between France and Aust:iaLords of Session, in room of the late 7. Intelligence received at the India Lord Ankerville.--3. Four French House of the capture of the Brunsline of battle ships, part of the Cadiz witk Indiaman by the French Adsquadron, captured by Admiral Sir miral Linois, on the nth of July.-R. Strachan, after the engagement A French squadron of 7 sail of the with Lord Nelson, off frafalgar. line and 4 frigates seen at sea, and 9. Intelligence of the defeat of the supposed to have escaped from Brest. combined fleet by Lord Nelson ar- - 23. The trial of Sir Robert Calrives in Edinburgh.-U. A general der commenced at Portsmouth, on illumination, and great rejoicings at

board of the Prince of Wales. It Edinburgh, on account of the victo. terminated on the 26th, when he was Ty. -21. His Majesty, being seated reprimanded.--24. La Libre French on the throne, receives the address of frigate, of 40 guns, taken by La the city of London, on the defeat of Loire and Egyptienne frigates. the French and Spanish at sea, also their sentiments of condolence on the lameoted death of Lord Nelson; Suggestions on the utility of forming which address his Majesty graciously some new lines of road in Scotanswers.-23. The Hon. Robert

LAND. By J. Hocg, the Ettrick
Johnson, an Irish Judge, tried in the

Shepherd.
Court of King's Bench, London,
for publishing a libel against Go- WHE
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THEN we see a person putting vernment, and found guilty.--25. himself to any extraordinary Meeting of the principal inhabitants trouble or expence voluntarily, we of Edinburgh, for erecting a naval reasonably conclude that he has some pillar, or other monument, to the end in view, either of honour or admemory of Lord Nelson.-26. lp- vantage to himself or others; but teresting dispatches from Lord Col- when his object is an investigation of lingwood; a list of the combined the rural economy of his country,

his

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his views are more easily ascertained. pilots to steer the British helm, we If he visits the most enlightened may positively conclude that a great parts, and those farthest advanced deal will still be gradually executed in improvements, it must be with an for our advantage. The first thing intention of profiting by their exam. that a traveller, such as has been desple; but if, on the contrary, his re. cribed, regrets, is the want of good searches are directed to the poorest roads ; because, he not only feels the places, where agriculture is yet in evil severely himself in his peregrioaits infancy, as these, farther than a tions, but also, along with every single specimen, furnish no food for scheme which he proposes for the curiosity, his motives cannot be well benefit of the country, the idea of a accounted for otherwise than by sup- good road must be invariably connecposing that he is desirous of promo- ted. And indeed, the first effective ting more eligible plans, and by the step that can be taken towards enbest means in his power of ameliora- hancing the value of estates, is to oting the condition of the inbabi. pen a ready and convenient commu

a tants. Perhaps it may be ascribing nication with the other parts of the to myself too great a degree of country : for it is scarcely obvious, patriotism, as will as consequence, save only to the nice and attentive were I to assert that the latter was observer, how improvements and ad. my sole motive in traversing the vances in articles the most opposite in most remote and unfrequented glens their natures and qualities, have ofand islands in Scoiland; but if the ten the greatest influence upon one reader can discover any more proba. another. The internal policy of a ble one, he is perfectly welcome to nation is like a well-finished machine, adopt it.

Certain it is, I did visit wherein one wheel always sets ano. them, and my observations on their ther in motion ; and the roads and present state, and best means of im- other means of conveyance may acprovement, I have been very anxious tually be viewed as the axletrees on to lay before the public, but have hi- which these wheels turn. therto been prevented by a circum- Some may object that a common stance quite unexpected, and conse. shepherd is no judge where roads are quently unforeseen.

But if ever

most necessary; and, if he were, a they should appear, the following literary miscellany is an improper suggestions are never, or but very place wherein to publish the proposlightly mentioned ; and I was led sal. To such, I answer, that the to them merely by reading in the most important discoveries in the news papers the other day an adver- history of man, have taken their oritisement for contractors to make gin from small, and even unfeasible roads through some of the southern beginnings; and if I liked I could islets and peninsulas of Argyleshire. mention some events of greater imporThese I rejoiced to see, sensible that tance to our species than either roads they were of much utility, but con- or canals, which were first discovered eluded in the mean time that there to shepherds. And the Scots Magawas as much, and more need of them, zine hath always been the vehicle somewhere else.

wherein my abstracted ideas have Scotland is a field where of late been circulated, and I have no incliyears a great deal has been done, nation to change it. Who knows but a great deal still remains to do ; but these hints may catch the eye

of and if a kind providence be pleased some, who have more influence with long to spare the present illustrious the legislature of the country than

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I ? less, I am sure, they cannot have ; people in these districts, which are or at least of some who can better all educated at the metropolis, their discuss their utility.

friends from thence, and all travellers The first that I shall mention, and of business, pleasure, or speculation, which is so notoriously inportant to would find a safe passage directly to a great extent of valuable country, every glen. that I am surprised it was never put As the branches from either side in execution, or even proposed as far would be almost innumerable, espeas I know. It one to lead froin cially to the westward, it would be the Glen more.na.h alabin, or line of necessary to have directing posts at the Caledonian canal, northward a. each joining ; naming the districts longst the back.bone of the country, and islands to which they led, and to the northern shore of Sutherland. on the other side The high road to This would at once supersede the ne- London might be printed. This cessity of making any other great simple appeodage, annexed to roads in all that country, as it would thing of so much utility to the open a communication to every indi- country as I am certain this road vidual glen both on the eastern and would be, might work more upon western sides of the island. None the mind of the illiterate highlander, of these are long ; sundry have good in whose breast only some national stripes of road alongst them already, prejudices may still linger, in favour and each would soon open up, a of the sister kingdom, than can well branch to the great road. "The gen. be imagined. He would, at every tlemen of that country have already stage, be impressed with their near wrought miracles by a frugal use of connection, until he became involunthe funds arising from the conversion tạrily convinced that their interests of the statute labour into money, and were inseparable ; that they were many individuals have contributed childıen of the same family, and that greatly; and surely this would be ad. from this, their more rich and hon. administering a new and irresistable ourable sister, much of their afflustimulus for further exertion. By ence and present comforts were derithis the thousands of sheep and cat- ved. I remember, that when I was at tle bred upon their mountains would Inverness, and saw at the end of one find a safe and easy conveyance into of the streets, The road to Edin. the markets in the heart of the coun- burgh, printed, I could not help contry; whereas they are at present, not sidering myself as at home, though only unspeakably wasted by ferries, sensible that the wilds of Athol and fording of deep and rapid rivers, Badenoch intervened. This propoand a course so circuitous, that, sal may be viewed as presumptuous saving a few lifted near the eastern in mę, and were I to point out the coast, when they reach Fort William very tract the road should keep, it they have commonly driven them at would be the height of presumption ; least two miles for every one that however, it must be considered, that they have advanced southward ; but though the mountains of Scotland likewise, the country being so inac- are tremendous, there are neverther cessible, dealers of any credit, either less many excellent passes through

, in wool or live stock, are discoura- them in every direction ; as witness ged from entering it, as well knowing those of Glenshee and Athol; as well the difficulties they must encounter

as three notable ones in the western before they can carry their purcha- road, those of Loch-Ern, Tyne drum, ses to market. By this too, the and Glencoe. pumerous families of the genteel

To be continued.

Gram.

a

102

Grammatical Error in Scott's Beau- gent teacher, when using such books,

will warn his pupils not to suppose TIES OF WRITERS.

such expressions sanctioned by the

authority of Aldison; and twly, if BOOKS made from books, under that ornament of English literature the of Coilections,

, Extracts, Beauties, &c. are, in the have ill deserved the character it has present age, oufficienily numerous, and received for ssic elegance and corwhen judiciously and faithfully com

rect simplicily. All extracts should piled, are very useful. It is almost be carefully copied from the best superfluous to s:ate, that what is editions of the original writers : for professed to be extracted from an

every peculiarity of expression, the author, should be in the words of author, not the compiler, is responsithat author. Such compilations, in- ble; and he onghi to be well ac

; deed, as are designed for the perusl quainted with his subject, who preof youth, should be carefully purified sumes to alter the style or the gramfrom every vestige of profanity, im- mar of Addison or Johnson. morality, and indelicacy; but no

A. M. compiler should mutilate an author Lawn-market, Jar. 1806. to make hiin correspond with his notions of grammar. Yet, in the last editions of Scott's Beauties of Eminent Writers, we are perpetually of- Character of the Bijugas, an AFRI• fended at finding the conjunctive

CAN Tribe. mode united with the conjunction IF, whether the event be future and (From Beaver's African Memoranda.) doubtfil, or present and certain. In the beautiful passage from Addison's Spectator on l'emperance, instead of THESE, of all the Africans on

this part of the coast, are the what the author wrote, “ If exercise most uncivilized, faithless, and war. throws off all superfluities, temper like ; and are distinguished among

. ance prevents them;" we have, “ If

the exercise throw off :" and in the sub. sequent sentences, instead of clears, raises, difipates, we have clear, rais, dijipate, to the depravation of both amples are taken from Murray's Exer.

cises : sense and sound : and it may be ob

If thou hast [not have] promised, be served, that in the 19th rule of Mr faithful to thy engagement. Lindley Murray's excellent grammar, If thou hadst [not had] succeeded, perwe are cautioned against such expres. haps thou wouldst not be the happier sions; and in his exercises on that for it. rule, examples of the very same nature

If he prefers (not prefer] a life of inaregiven to be corrected*. An intelli. dustry, it is because he has an idea of

comfort in wealth.

If thou censure that is, shalt censure]

uncharitably, thou wilt be entitled to * What Grammarians call the con- no favour. junctive Mode seems to have arisen from Though he fall, (that is, should fall,] an ellipsis of shall, should, will, would, - he shail not be utterly cast down. Cur, could, -may, might, &c, and there. Were ke [thai is, if he should be, not if fore, thou skall, thou should, &c. can in he was) ever so great, this conduct za case be proper. The following ex. would debase him..

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