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friday, Jan. 24.

for some public mark of respect to the LORD MELVILLE's ANSWER TO THE

memory of Mr Pitt. After an eulogi.

um on the pure and disinterested paARTICLES OF IMPEACHMENT.

triotism, and exalted talents of that il. A Message from the Lords by two

lustrious Statesman, whose energy and Masters in Chancery, communicated firmness had, in the most perilous umes, from their Lordships a copy of the

been eminently serviceable to his counAnswer given in ly Lord Melville to

try, he stated that he proposed to the the articles of impeachment exhibi.

House to take as a precedent the hoted by this House against that Noble

nours which were paid by a former Para man at their Lordships' bar, and direc- liament to his illustrious father, the great ting it to be left with this House.

Lord Chatham, and concluded by moThe answer was read by Mr Speaker, ving, “ That an humble addiess be preand purported." That the Noble Lord

sented to his Majesty, praying, that he having read the Charges exhibited by

may be graciously pleased to order the the House of Cominons against him, for

remains of the late Right Hon. Wilsupposed high crimes and misdemea

liam Pitt to be interred at the public nors, the said Viscount saith for himself,

charge ; and that a monument be erecthat he hopes no want of form in this

ted to his memory in the Collegiate his answer, shall prejudice him before Church of St Peter, Westminster, have their Lordships; and saith, that he is in

ing an inscription expressive of the na. no wise guilty of all, or any of the said

tional regret at the loss of that excel. crimes, or misdemeanors, by the said lent Statesman." articles so alleged to be by him com

The Marquis of Titchfield seconded mitted, in manner and form ; and that

the motion, which was also cordially he will undertake to prove to this

supported by Lord Louvaine, Mr H. House, by credible witnesses, the truth

Browne, Mr H. Addington, Sir R. of this assertion. He, therefore, sub

Buxton, Lord Temple, Mr Wilberforce, mits himself to the candour of the

Mr Ryder, Mr Rose, Lord Castle. House, and prays that he may be dis

reagh, &c. &c.

It was opposed by eharged from the premises.”

Lord Folkstone, the Marquis of DougThe answer was referred to the Com.

las, Mr W. Smith, Mr Fox, Mr Wyndmittee appointed to draw up the articles

ham, Mr G. Ponsonby, &c. All the of impeachment against Lord Melville.

opposers of the motion bore ample tes. Saturday, Jan. 25.

timony to the splendid talents and un

blemished integrity of Mr Pitt; but conOn a motion that the House should

ceiving that it implied an approbation into a Committee of Supply on Mon

of the system pursued by that minister day, Mr Grey said, that until the public

throughout the whole of his administra. business should be put into some regu. tion, they must withhold their assent. lar train, and some efficient arrangement Mr Windham said, that the feelings of of administration made, no supply should the House had been referred to on this be voted.

occasion. But it was a great deal more Lord Castlereagh observed, that most

than a question of feeling-—it involved probably before Monday the Hon. Gen, the political consistency of all who had tleman's anxiety on this subject would thought differently from the Right Hon. be removed. His Majesty was taking Gentleman, or opposed his measures. measures for the immediate arrange. Allowing that great services were done ment of a new Administration, and in the mean time the Seals of the Exche. were all services to be rewarded in' this

to the country, the question would be, quer (as usual in similar cases) had manner? or, were the services only been given to the Chief Justice of the

that were performed in office to be enCourt of King's Bench.

titled to this distinction? Great servi. After a few words from Mr Fox, the

ces might be performed either in office motion was agreed to.

or out of office ; and if any difference Monday, Jan. 27.

was to be made, he thought those per

formed out of office were entitled to the MONUMENT TO MR Pitt.

preference, as many causes might opeMr Lescelles rose to make a motion rate in assisting a man in office to con

tributo

tribute to the public good. But it was in that gentleman's own opinion, the not pretended that all such services wale constitution had been preserved-and io be followed by these honours. It now forgetting ail former friendships was very diferent with the Commandler and attachments, he took a part in this of an army, or the Admiral of a svet. discussion, which he honestly believed He that routs his enemy performs an no man in the House could possibly action that comes home to every man, have anticipated from him. He had and cannot be disputed. Men of all de- evinced an heroic disregard of every scriptions, easily unite in the admira- natural and every moral feeling, and tion of such an action, and consequently his conduct would no doubt serve as a in yielding the tribute due to it.--but warning to his new political associates. it was urged that the long services of Mr Rose entered into a short review the Right Hon. Gentleman ciaimed this of Mr Pitt's administration. He asked, mark of distinction; but long services of at the time that Mr Pitt came into ofsuch a nature as his must be an ardi- fce, what was the situation oî the coun. tional objection to this measure, because try?-He found it at the end of a most the less unanimity is to be expected, ruinous war, its commerce annihilated, How can unanimity be looked for in a its navy considerably impaired. What long political life? No man ever deserv. were the consequences of his efforts ?ed better of his country than Mr Burke, During the period of his administration, and none had ever contributed more our resources had been doubled, our through a series of years to enlighren manufactures, our seamen, and our shipthe morals and policy of his country; ping had been doubled. The funds, at and it was proposed to honour his me- the period alluded to, were much lower mory by a public funeral; but owing to than they are now, after thirteen years a diversity of political opinion, the re- war. The revenue was then barely esolution could not be carried urani- qual to the interest of the debt, and the mously, and was for that reason drop- national expenditure was annually inped. When the French Revolution creasing that debt. The contrast in this took place, it broke up the whole sys- particular was too obvious to demand tem of European politics. On that oc- illustration. With respect to the illus. casion, and on that subject, he thought trious character who was the lamented with the Right Hon. Gentleman, and object of the present motion, he would acted along with him in opposition to only say of him, that he had exhausted his those who entertained sentiments diffe- life in serving his country, to the best rent from his own on that particular of his great abilities; for it was no exsubject, though agreeing in other res- aggeration to say, that the gallant Ad. pects. The Right Hon. Gentleman con- miral, who had lately closed his bril. cluded by stating, that it was not to liant career, by falling in the arms of merit only this honour was to be given, victory, did not more decidedly lose but to merit accompanied by success. his life in the service of his country We should not have had a Lord Nelson than Mr Pitt; his anxiety for his counif he had lost the British fileet off Traial- try had destroyed him. It was well gar, though perhaps the most merito. known to those who were in the room rious part of his life was when he was when that great man expired, that the least successful, alluding to the action last words he uttered were, “OH! MY off Cape Teneriffe. He pleaded also the COUNTRY!" rareness of those honours, which had Mr Fox.--"I do not know that I ever never been awarded to any but his rose under the pressure of more painful father. He thought he had done his feelings than at this moment. An Hon. duty in opposing the motion.

Gentleman expressed his hope that all Mr R. Ryder was particularly severe party feelings would be laid aside.. on the opposition of Mr Windhara.---- From the present state of the country, That gentleman, he said, at the most it is my wish to conciliate the Right critical period of Mr Pitt's administra. Hon. Gentleman--that it must be my tion, had been in union with him; he wish to conciliate all the friends of Mr had been a sharer in his councils--he Pitt. It is my interest so to do at this bad fought hand in hand with him those moment. I certainly should gratify the battles, by the successful issue of which, personal feelings of many of those with

whom

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whom I have the honour to act, by vo- the enemy, and elevated the power, the
ting for this motion; it cannot, there. character, and consequence of this
fore, be supposed, that I am induced country in the general esteem of Eu-
from party views to give a vote in oppo- rope. The glorious result of the seven
sition to every feeling of policy, of pri- years war, clearly and unequivocally es-
vate friendship, of political connection, tablished Lord Chatham's title to fame
and of the personal respect I feel for the and public honour, upon grounds undis.
memory of the Right Hon. person who puted even by the bitterest of his ene.
is the object of this motion. To that mies. I must observe, that throughout
Right Hon. Gentleman I have been in the whole of the present reign, a most
a long course of opposition, and I feel it unfortunate system of government has
an honour to have been considered his obtained, and upon that system may all
rival. I am ready to allow he was a the misfortunes of this country be
great man, and that all marked distinc- charged ; and though I am willing to
tions to such men are honourable to the allow the statesinan-like talents of that
country. I have no objection to allow, Minister, whose measures I have so
that many acts of his public service uniformly condemned-yet upon these
were important to his country, and es- grounds I cannot assent to this motion,
pecially his effective sinking fund, for Lord Castlereagh said, the Hon. Gen-
paying off the national debt, which tleman (Mr Fox) had acknowledged it
had my humble support, and was of as an honour in being considered the
the most essential service to the nation. rival of his Right Hon. Friend, now no
Of his private and personal character, more : And in speaking of that exalt-
no man thinks more highly than I do; ed character he had displayed a cana
and with respect to his purity, so far as dour worthy of a generous rival. He
segarded pecuniary concerns, no man was ready to agree that no precedent
cver deserved greater praise ; for, so far could be more dangerous, than a too
was he from dealing out to his friends, frequent habit of voting public honours
or to himself, any of the numerous ad- in this way, upon light grounds, and to
vantages or great emoluments within characters whosc public services were
his power, it was exactly the reverse ; not highly meritorious. But the splen-
and he was personally, and privately as did character of the great man, whose
pare and disinterested a man, I believe, memory was the object of the motion
as ever stood in his high situation. If before the House, was so totally out of
it had been proposed in this House to the common tract, that no danger of an
compensate those friends of the deceased inconsiderate frequency in such marks
who had been sufferers by his disinte- of national respect, could arise from the
restedness and carelessness towards all prompt devotion of so just a testimony
private or family interests, I should of his eminent deserts, even though it
cheerfully have supported the proposal; were the most splendid palladium the
but in a great instance of public honour country could erect to his memory.
and approbation, public duty is not to Mr Wilberforce, in terms peculiarly
be complimented away. We are called impressive, bore testimony to the pub.
upon, Sir, to erect a public monument lic virtues and splendid talents of Mr
to the memory of a Minister, and the Pitt, in whom he declared the love of
approbation of his political life, which country was to be found as sincere and
must have a strong influence upon pos. ardent as ever yet existed in any human
terity ; and with respect to precedent, I bosom. When the revolutionary spirit
will not consent to award public hu had convulsed France, and alarmed the
nours to the memory of a Minister and whole civilized world, that distinguish-
his measures, which it has been almost ed Statesman completely succeeded, by
the uniform fate of my political life to the vigour and sagacity of his measures, .
oppose, and whose talents, in their ap- in preventing that dreadful plague from
plication, have been so unfortunate for reaching us. This was the main source
his country. If we compare the mo. of his distinction--this was the great
tives which induced the Parliament in pedestal of his fame. Of him, indeed,
1778, to vote public marks of gratitude it might well be said, that the first wish
to the memory of Lord Chatham, we of his heart was the good of his coun-
Sind, that he had humbled the power of try, and the sole object of his study the

sum of

interest of his country. Hau self been

Tuesday, Jan. 18. of any consequence in his consideration, TREATIES with Russia and AUSTRIA. he might have materially contro uted to promote his own views of policy. Lord Castlereagh presented copies of But to these things, which are so dilo the foreign treaties, the same as those genily consulted, and which are of such laid before the upper house. He said, material use to other public men, Mr Pitt these contained every thing of a militawas quite inaitemuve.-Towhatever re- ry nature between the countries with garded his own interest he was perfectly whom we had been in alliance, which indiffe rent. Indeed this distinguished it was deemed proper to make public. man was always forgetting himself, but Ministe.s did not consider it their duty, ever REMEMLERING HIS COUNTRY! in the first instance, to lay before the

On a division, the motion was carried House any part of them which had not by a majority of 258 10 89.

been acted on. The first feature to be The House in a Coinmittee voted considered was, the number of men 120,wo seamen ard marines for the which this country was given to underservice of the current year.

stand, not only would be furnished, but Resolved, that there be granted as was actually ready to take the field; wages for the same, at the rate of 375. and the second, what was the cause of per man per month, for 13 months, ine the failure, and to whom it was to be attri

L. 2,386,000 buted ? It was important, in considering For victuals for the

this, to state, that the plan of the camsame, at the rate of 38s.

paign did not proceed from this counper man per monti, for

try. Neither did it proceed from Rusthe same period,

2,964,000 sia, whose remote situation might have -For tear and wear of

made her less competent to judge on the ships, at the rate of 31.

subject. But it would appear, from per man per month, for

the documents on the table, that we the same period,

4,680,000 were not entitled to doubt that, exclu. -For ordnance for the

sive of any assistance that might be ex. sea service, at the rate

pected from the Court of Berlin, there of 58. per man per month,

was actually to be depended on from for the same period, 390,000

Austria and Russia, ready to take the

field, and act against France, if she Total L.10,920,000 should not accede to reasonable terms

of peace, a force of 500,000 men. The Mr Paul moved that the papers pre- plan for the campaign proceeded from sented respecting the Nabob of Oude, Austria ; and it would be for the House be printed---ordered. The Hon. Gen- to see if the failure of the plan did not tleman then moved for a variety of also proceed from that power. In eviother papers, on which he said he dence of this, it would appear that the meant to found charges, and a motion advance beyond the Inn was an abso. for impeachment against the Marquis late breach of the military plan pledWellesley.

ged. Russia, on the contrary, contor. Sir Theophilus Metcalf objected to med entirely to the strict letter of the the production of these papers at the plan which had been agreed on, and her present moment, assigning as his reason, first column of 50,000 men arrived three that the disclosure of those produced days sooner than had been bargained. last summer had given Bonaparte great There was nothing he so much desired, intelligence of Indian transactions. as that a transaction of so great a mag

Mr Paul and Mr Francis denied this, nitude should not be allowed to sink inand asserted, that the Noble Lord (Cas- to darkness, but that the public should tlereagh) had no objection to the pro- have an opportunity of judging, how duction now desired. The papers were far the endeavours of their servants had then ordered, and Mr Paul gave notice been satisfactorily exerted in promothat he should fix an early day for ting the interests of their country.bringing on his motion for impeaching After a short conversation, the papers Lord Wellesley.

were ordered to lie on the table.

Lord

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TAANKS TO THE FLEET.

he wished to know why it had not been Lord Castlereagh rose to call the atten- carried into effect. He moved for the tion of the House to the interesting and production of a letter from his Lord. important subject of Thanks to the Of- ship to the Directors on the subject.mm ficers, Seamen, and Marines, who were Ordered. engaged in the brilliant and decisive Mr W. Dundas brought up the army action off Cape Trafalgar. He took a estimates for three months from the zost view of the whole naval campaign of of December. He had made them the last year, spoke in the must glow. for so short a period, that no obstacle ing terms of the conduct of Lord Nelson, might be thrown in the way of any plan not only in the battle of Trafalgar, but which might, under the new arrangeon every occasion in the course of his ments, be thought necessary. service, which furnished the means of In a Committee of Supply, Mr W. calling his great powers into operation. Dundas moved that there be granted The Noble Lord then adverted to the for the service of the present year, for munificence of his Majesty, and to his three months, the number of 134,575 gracious intentions towards the family effective men. Agreed to. of the deceased. His Majesty was de- quisite sums were also voted for their sirous of providing for the widow of maintenance, for guards and garrisons, Lord Nelson in a manner suitable to forces in the plantations, militia, &c. her rank in life (Hear! hear!) by a Lord Castlereagh presented messages pensich of 2,000l, a-year. Besides this, from the King, stating that he had been it was proposed to give a stable mark pleased to grant the following pensions : of munificence to the name of Nelson, To Lady Nelson, 2000l. a-year for life; to remind pusterity of the obligations to Lord Collingwood, and his two sucthey owe to his sei vices. This should cessive heirs male, 2000l. a year; and not be in the nature of a mere ordinary to Sir R., Strachan, 1ocol. a year for grant, but as a kind of national proper. life ; and recommending to his faithful ty, and be in land, not connected with Commons to make good the same. a palace, which, from various causes,

Monday, Feb. 3. might not be an arrangement suitable MONUMENT TO MARQUIS CORNWALLIS. to the interests of the family, but an es- Lord Castlereagh said, he was sensible tate ; for which great object it was pro

Parliament should not be called upon to posed to appropriate the sum of 200,000l. confer the highest honours on any indiThe Noble Lord then concluded by vidual, but on the ground of his indispaying a very handsome encomium to putable merits. That was the general the character and conduct of Lord Col. rule, though there were splendid exlingwood. He likewise added, that it ceptions to it. In the present case, was proposed to give the same rewards however, there could be but one unito the seamen as if the destroyed ships versal sentiment. His conduct in the had actually been taken and brought in- discharge of his public duty was always to port.

such as to set aside all party consideraThe thanks of the House were then tions. The talents indeed of the Mar. voted, in the usual way, to Lords Col- quis Cornwallis, were not such as to enlingwcod and Northesk, Sir R. Strachan, able him to make a splendid figure in and the officers, scamen, and marines; parliamentary discussions, but his milias were addresses to the King, praying tary, and other services and merits, that monuments might be erected in claimed the admiration of his couutry.' St Paul's to the memory of Captains He bore the largest share in military Duff and Cooke.

sufferings, and while the highest sucWednesday, Jan. 29.

cesses did not lessen his humanity or Mr Paul called the attention of the moderation, neither did any reverses House to the affairs of the East India by any means damp his intrepid and exCompany, and particularly to the ru- alted spirit. He then took a historical inous increase of their debt, which in view of the various military services of the space of 17 years had increased the Noble Marquis, and passed also a from 14 to 30 millions. Lord Melville great eulogium on his conduct in bringhad laid down a very able plan for ex- ing about the union with Ireland. He tinguishing it at the former period, and then urged the self-devotion which led Feb. 1806.

him,

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