« ZurückWeiter »
friday, Jan. 24.
for some public mark of respect to the LORD MELVILLE's ANSWER TO THE
memory of Mr Pitt. After an eulogi.
um on the pure and disinterested paARTICLES OF IMPEACHMENT.
triotism, and exalted talents of that il. A Message from the Lords by two
lustrious Statesman, whose energy and Masters in Chancery, communicated firmness had, in the most perilous umes, from their Lordships a copy of the
been eminently serviceable to his counAnswer given in ly Lord Melville to
try, he stated that he proposed to the the articles of impeachment exhibi.
House to take as a precedent the hoted by this House against that Noble
nours which were paid by a former Para man at their Lordships' bar, and direc- liament to his illustrious father, the great ting it to be left with this House.
Lord Chatham, and concluded by moThe answer was read by Mr Speaker, ving, “ That an humble addiess be preand purported." That the Noble Lord
sented to his Majesty, praying, that he having read the Charges exhibited by
may be graciously pleased to order the the House of Cominons against him, for
remains of the late Right Hon. Wilsupposed high crimes and misdemea
liam Pitt to be interred at the public nors, the said Viscount saith for himself,
charge ; and that a monument be erecthat he hopes no want of form in this
ted to his memory in the Collegiate his answer, shall prejudice him before Church of St Peter, Westminster, have their Lordships; and saith, that he is in
ing an inscription expressive of the na. no wise guilty of all, or any of the said
tional regret at the loss of that excel. crimes, or misdemeanors, by the said lent Statesman." articles so alleged to be by him com
The Marquis of Titchfield seconded mitted, in manner and form ; and that
the motion, which was also cordially he will undertake to prove to this
supported by Lord Louvaine, Mr H. House, by credible witnesses, the truth
Browne, Mr H. Addington, Sir R. of this assertion. He, therefore, sub
Buxton, Lord Temple, Mr Wilberforce, mits himself to the candour of the
Mr Ryder, Mr Rose, Lord Castle. House, and prays that he may be dis
reagh, &c. &c.
It was opposed by eharged from the premises.”
Lord Folkstone, the Marquis of DougThe answer was referred to the Com.
las, Mr W. Smith, Mr Fox, Mr Wyndmittee appointed to draw up the articles
ham, Mr G. Ponsonby, &c. All the of impeachment against Lord Melville.
opposers of the motion bore ample tes. Saturday, Jan. 25.
timony to the splendid talents and un
blemished integrity of Mr Pitt; but conOn a motion that the House should
ceiving that it implied an approbation into a Committee of Supply on Mon
of the system pursued by that minister day, Mr Grey said, that until the public
throughout the whole of his administra. business should be put into some regu. tion, they must withhold their assent. lar train, and some efficient arrangement Mr Windham said, that the feelings of of administration made, no supply should the House had been referred to on this be voted.
occasion. But it was a great deal more Lord Castlereagh observed, that most
than a question of feeling-—it involved probably before Monday the Hon. Gen, the political consistency of all who had tleman's anxiety on this subject would thought differently from the Right Hon. be removed. His Majesty was taking Gentleman, or opposed his measures. measures for the immediate arrange. Allowing that great services were done ment of a new Administration, and in the mean time the Seals of the Exche. were all services to be rewarded in' this
to the country, the question would be, quer (as usual in similar cases) had manner? or, were the services only been given to the Chief Justice of the
that were performed in office to be enCourt of King's Bench.
titled to this distinction? Great servi. After a few words from Mr Fox, the
ces might be performed either in office motion was agreed to.
or out of office ; and if any difference Monday, Jan. 27.
was to be made, he thought those per
formed out of office were entitled to the MONUMENT TO MR Pitt.
preference, as many causes might opeMr Lescelles rose to make a motion rate in assisting a man in office to con
tribute to the public good. But it was in that gentleman's own opinion, the not pretended that all such services wale constitution had been preserved-and io be followed by these honours. It now forgetting ail former friendships was very diferent with the Commandler and attachments, he took a part in this of an army, or the Admiral of a svet. discussion, which he honestly believed He that routs his enemy performs an no man in the House could possibly action that comes home to every man, have anticipated from him. He had and cannot be disputed. Men of all de- evinced an heroic disregard of every scriptions, easily unite in the admira- natural and every moral feeling, and tion of such an action, and consequently his conduct would no doubt serve as a in yielding the tribute due to it.--but warning to his new political associates. it was urged that the long services of Mr Rose entered into a short review the Right Hon. Gentleman ciaimed this of Mr Pitt's administration. He asked, mark of distinction; but long services of at the time that Mr Pitt came into ofsuch a nature as his must be an ardi- fce, what was the situation oî the coun. tional objection to this measure, because try?-He found it at the end of a most the less unanimity is to be expected, ruinous war, its commerce annihilated, How can unanimity be looked for in a its navy considerably impaired. What long political life? No man ever deserv. were the consequences of his efforts ?ed better of his country than Mr Burke, During the period of his administration, and none had ever contributed more our resources had been doubled, our through a series of years to enlighren manufactures, our seamen, and our shipthe morals and policy of his country; ping had been doubled. The funds, at and it was proposed to honour his me- the period alluded to, were much lower mory by a public funeral; but owing to than they are now, after thirteen years a diversity of political opinion, the re- war. The revenue was then barely esolution could not be carried urani- qual to the interest of the debt, and the mously, and was for that reason drop- national expenditure was annually inped. When the French Revolution creasing that debt. The contrast in this took place, it broke up the whole sys- particular was too obvious to demand tem of European politics. On that oc- illustration. With respect to the illus. casion, and on that subject, he thought trious character who was the lamented with the Right Hon. Gentleman, and object of the present motion, he would acted along with him in opposition to only say of him, that he had exhausted his those who entertained sentiments diffe- life in serving his country, to the best rent from his own on that particular of his great abilities; for it was no exsubject, though agreeing in other res- aggeration to say, that the gallant Ad. pects. The Right Hon. Gentleman con- miral, who had lately closed his bril. cluded by stating, that it was not to liant career, by falling in the arms of merit only this honour was to be given, victory, did not more decidedly lose but to merit accompanied by success. his life in the service of his country We should not have had a Lord Nelson than Mr Pitt; his anxiety for his counif he had lost the British fileet off Traial- try had destroyed him. It was well gar, though perhaps the most merito. known to those who were in the room rious part of his life was when he was when that great man expired, that the least successful, alluding to the action last words he uttered were, “OH! MY off Cape Teneriffe. He pleaded also the COUNTRY!" rareness of those honours, which had Mr Fox.--"I do not know that I ever never been awarded to any but his rose under the pressure of more painful father. He thought he had done his feelings than at this moment. An Hon. duty in opposing the motion.
Gentleman expressed his hope that all Mr R. Ryder was particularly severe party feelings would be laid aside.. on the opposition of Mr Windhara.---- From the present state of the country, That gentleman, he said, at the most it is my wish to conciliate the Right critical period of Mr Pitt's administra. Hon. Gentleman--that it must be my tion, had been in union with him; he wish to conciliate all the friends of Mr had been a sharer in his councils--he Pitt. It is my interest so to do at this bad fought hand in hand with him those moment. I certainly should gratify the battles, by the successful issue of which, personal feelings of many of those with
whom I have the honour to act, by vo- the enemy, and elevated the power, the
interest of his country. Hau self been
Tuesday, Jan. 18. of any consequence in his consideration, TREATIES with Russia and AUSTRIA. he might have materially contro uted to promote his own views of policy. Lord Castlereagh presented copies of But to these things, which are so dilo the foreign treaties, the same as those genily consulted, and which are of such laid before the upper house. He said, material use to other public men, Mr Pitt these contained every thing of a militawas quite inaitemuve.-Towhatever re- ry nature between the countries with garded his own interest he was perfectly whom we had been in alliance, which indiffe rent. Indeed this distinguished it was deemed proper to make public. man was always forgetting himself, but Ministe.s did not consider it their duty, ever REMEMLERING HIS COUNTRY! in the first instance, to lay before the
On a division, the motion was carried House any part of them which had not by a majority of 258 10 89.
been acted on. The first feature to be The House in a Coinmittee voted considered was, the number of men 120,wo seamen ard marines for the which this country was given to underservice of the current year.
stand, not only would be furnished, but Resolved, that there be granted as was actually ready to take the field; wages for the same, at the rate of 375. and the second, what was the cause of per man per month, for 13 months, ine the failure, and to whom it was to be attri
L. 2,386,000 buted ? It was important, in considering For victuals for the
this, to state, that the plan of the camsame, at the rate of 38s.
paign did not proceed from this counper man per monti, for
try. Neither did it proceed from Rusthe same period,
2,964,000 sia, whose remote situation might have -For tear and wear of
made her less competent to judge on the ships, at the rate of 31.
subject. But it would appear, from per man per month, for
the documents on the table, that we the same period,
4,680,000 were not entitled to doubt that, exclu. -For ordnance for the
sive of any assistance that might be ex. sea service, at the rate
pected from the Court of Berlin, there of 58. per man per month,
was actually to be depended on from for the same period, 390,000
Austria and Russia, ready to take the
field, and act against France, if she Total L.10,920,000 should not accede to reasonable terms
of peace, a force of 500,000 men. The Mr Paul moved that the papers pre- plan for the campaign proceeded from sented respecting the Nabob of Oude, Austria ; and it would be for the House be printed---ordered. The Hon. Gen- to see if the failure of the plan did not tleman then moved for a variety of also proceed from that power. In eviother papers, on which he said he dence of this, it would appear that the meant to found charges, and a motion advance beyond the Inn was an abso. for impeachment against the Marquis late breach of the military plan pledWellesley.
ged. Russia, on the contrary, contor. Sir Theophilus Metcalf objected to med entirely to the strict letter of the the production of these papers at the plan which had been agreed on, and her present moment, assigning as his reason, first column of 50,000 men arrived three that the disclosure of those produced days sooner than had been bargained. last summer had given Bonaparte great There was nothing he so much desired, intelligence of Indian transactions. as that a transaction of so great a mag
Mr Paul and Mr Francis denied this, nitude should not be allowed to sink inand asserted, that the Noble Lord (Cas- to darkness, but that the public should tlereagh) had no objection to the pro- have an opportunity of judging, how duction now desired. The papers were far the endeavours of their servants had then ordered, and Mr Paul gave notice been satisfactorily exerted in promothat he should fix an early day for ting the interests of their country.bringing on his motion for impeaching After a short conversation, the papers Lord Wellesley.
were ordered to lie on the table.
TAANKS TO THE FLEET.
he wished to know why it had not been Lord Castlereagh rose to call the atten- carried into effect. He moved for the tion of the House to the interesting and production of a letter from his Lord. important subject of Thanks to the Of- ship to the Directors on the subject.mm ficers, Seamen, and Marines, who were Ordered. engaged in the brilliant and decisive Mr W. Dundas brought up the army action off Cape Trafalgar. He took a estimates for three months from the zost view of the whole naval campaign of of December. He had made them the last year, spoke in the must glow. for so short a period, that no obstacle ing terms of the conduct of Lord Nelson, might be thrown in the way of any plan not only in the battle of Trafalgar, but which might, under the new arrangeon every occasion in the course of his ments, be thought necessary. service, which furnished the means of In a Committee of Supply, Mr W. calling his great powers into operation. Dundas moved that there be granted The Noble Lord then adverted to the for the service of the present year, for munificence of his Majesty, and to his three months, the number of 134,575 gracious intentions towards the family effective men. Agreed to. of the deceased. His Majesty was de- quisite sums were also voted for their sirous of providing for the widow of maintenance, for guards and garrisons, Lord Nelson in a manner suitable to forces in the plantations, militia, &c. her rank in life (Hear! hear!) by a Lord Castlereagh presented messages pensich of 2,000l, a-year. Besides this, from the King, stating that he had been it was proposed to give a stable mark pleased to grant the following pensions : of munificence to the name of Nelson, To Lady Nelson, 2000l. a-year for life; to remind pusterity of the obligations to Lord Collingwood, and his two sucthey owe to his sei vices. This should cessive heirs male, 2000l. a year; and not be in the nature of a mere ordinary to Sir R., Strachan, 1ocol. a year for grant, but as a kind of national proper. life ; and recommending to his faithful ty, and be in land, not connected with Commons to make good the same. a palace, which, from various causes,
Monday, Feb. 3. might not be an arrangement suitable MONUMENT TO MARQUIS CORNWALLIS. to the interests of the family, but an es- Lord Castlereagh said, he was sensible tate ; for which great object it was pro
Parliament should not be called upon to posed to appropriate the sum of 200,000l. confer the highest honours on any indiThe Noble Lord then concluded by vidual, but on the ground of his indispaying a very handsome encomium to putable merits. That was the general the character and conduct of Lord Col. rule, though there were splendid exlingwood. He likewise added, that it ceptions to it. In the present case, was proposed to give the same rewards however, there could be but one unito the seamen as if the destroyed ships versal sentiment. His conduct in the had actually been taken and brought in- discharge of his public duty was always to port.
such as to set aside all party consideraThe thanks of the House were then tions. The talents indeed of the Mar. voted, in the usual way, to Lords Col- quis Cornwallis, were not such as to enlingwcod and Northesk, Sir R. Strachan, able him to make a splendid figure in and the officers, scamen, and marines; parliamentary discussions, but his milias were addresses to the King, praying tary, and other services and merits, that monuments might be erected in claimed the admiration of his couutry.' St Paul's to the memory of Captains He bore the largest share in military Duff and Cooke.
sufferings, and while the highest sucWednesday, Jan. 29.
cesses did not lessen his humanity or Mr Paul called the attention of the moderation, neither did any reverses House to the affairs of the East India by any means damp his intrepid and exCompany, and particularly to the ru- alted spirit. He then took a historical inous increase of their debt, which in view of the various military services of the space of 17 years had increased the Noble Marquis, and passed also a from 14 to 30 millions. Lord Melville great eulogium on his conduct in bringhad laid down a very able plan for ex- ing about the union with Ireland. He tinguishing it at the former period, and then urged the self-devotion which led Feb. 1806.