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him, at the close of a long life, to use Mr Wilberforce was glad the Hon.
He must observe, his Majesty, to give directions for a however, that he liked the motion betmonument to be erected in St Paul's ter for not having the words “ excellent Cathedral to the memory of the most Statesman" in it. He could not allow noble Marquis Cornwallis, with a suit. any degree of merit for the measures able inscription.
that were taken to procure the Act of Mr Charles Grant supported the mo- Union. He considered that the means tion, and recounted several of the wise which were taken to procure that act, measures by which the Noble Marquis and all the circumstances attending it, conferred such signal benefits on the pe. were disgraceful in the highest degree to ninsula of Hindostan,
the Government. Mr Francis said, the motion required The motion was carried unanimously, no recommendation, as it was in uni. son with the sentiments of every man in
MR Pirt's DEBTS. the country. He owed that Noble Mr Cartwright rose, and said, the Lord some gratitude in having acted precedent afforded in the case of the upon the plans which he many years be late Lord Chatham, had been followed, fore recommended in the settlement of and the same method he now intended landed property in the natives. He to adopt. When he recollected the said that he did not rise on this occa- length of the services of the late Chansion so much to do honour to Lord cellor of the Exchequer, and the perCornwallis as to himself, but sensible fect and entire devotion of his time to that the Noble Lord acted on the purest the business of the country; when he reprinciples, he cheerfully concurred in collected, that for ten years of his adthe motion.
ministration, he received nothing but Mr Windham said, that with all his the mere income of his two offices, and respect for Lord Cornwallis, notwith- that he took nothing in addition, except standing his regret for his loss, and his the situation of Warden of the Cinque firm persuasion of the many virtues that Ports, which was forced unwillingly uphe possessed, he still very much doubt. on him, he saw a proof of his integrity ed, whether he was entitled to such ho. and honour, and a worthy theme of nours as had been proposed. The same public admiration. He asked for the objection occurred to him that he had vote of the House, on this occasion, stated on a former occasion. He thought, for no common services. He asked it that those honours should principally be for him who had dedicated his whole given on account of splendid talents suc- life to the public advantage; who had cessfully employed. As for his con- struggled through the most difficult cluding the peace of Amiens, it could period of our modern history with sucnot be expected, that he should think cess, and who, by his efforts, had cor. that added much to his claim. Altho'firmed the stability and security of evehis services had not been altogether so ry thing we possessed.
He found, Brilliant as those of some men, yet, from the best enquiries that had been when he considered the purity of his ma that the sum of 40,000l. mind, and the great virtues which he ficient. If, in considering this sum, possessed, he should not in this particu- Gentlemen compared the actual differfar case oppose the motion,
ence in the necessary expences of life
between the present times and inose could have been produced in 48 hours, of Lord Chatham, the whole amount and the names of the parties were known. would not appear considerable. He He had prepared his Right Hon. Friend concluded by moving a resolution, sta- for the reception of that proposition, but ting, that the House, upon receiving his reply was, that no consideration information that various debis had been upon earth could induce him to accept left undischarged by the late Chancellor the proposition. At another fperiod of of the Exchequer, and being willing to his life, in the prospect of retiring from show every mark of respect and esteem power, he had declared his intention to for his memory, should humbly address return to his original profession. In his Majesty, to issue the sum of 40,000l. 1801, another proposition was made to for that purpose ; and to assure his Ma. him similar to the former, but with the jesty, that the House would take care same effect. He again rejected it. to make good the same.
The Hon. Member was against the preMr W. Bootle seconded the motion; sent application, though it was but jushe thought the discharge of these debts tice, as he would rather have had the mata, was only the payment of the debt of ter accomplished by private friendship, the public. The Hon. Member pro- which would have been very readily fessed himself to be no friend to extra- done. It was notorious how every debt vagance of any description, but he was of Mr Pitt had been contracted, and none sure that no person could point out in of them could be charged with arising the debts of Mr Pitt any articles of that from any species of extravagance. description. He hoped that this would The Marquis of Douglas complained of be an unanimous vote. He never
the arguments used for the motion, as he knew any appeal to the feelings and considered it solely with a view to act magnanimity of Parliament unsuccess. handsomely towards a servant of the ful, and he hoped that this measure, public.--He acquiesced in it as an act unanimously passed, would be a monu- of the public generosity of a great nament of national munificence, and of tion to a departed servant ; but not on the liberality of Parliament.
the ground of his being a man without Mr Windham felt satisfaction in think, spot or blemish; not on the principle ing that it was as easy to concur in this of approbation, but on that of generovote, as it was difficult for him to agree sity. to that which was proposed a few nights Mr Fox said, he never gave a vote since. In viewing the character of the with greater satisfaction, upon the deceased, no one could ascribe to him ground stated, of a reward, if that word any low attachment to pecuniary gain ; suited, of a great nation to a departed his conceptions had too much grandeur servant. But the arguments by which to admit of any thing of that kind. He the motion was introdueed, would not saw no dangerous precedent set by this have procured his assent; they should measure. If these debts had been con- not, however, have the effect of making tracted by profusion and excess, by dis. him change his vote. Respecting the sipation and vain luxuries, they might expression used, of Saviour of the counadmit of a question. On the contrary, try from anarchy, he begged to say, that they were contracted by no lavish expen. on that subject he retained all his forditure, no useless ostentation. The
great mer opinions unaltered by events or character of Mr Pitt's mind was too ster- circumstances, and he would state why ling to descend to those means of prodi. he had not lately troubled the House gality; and he even neglected what, in with them. In 1803, and 1804, he these times, was due to the situation he thought, that on a full review of the sifilled.
tuation of the country, it was expedient Mr Rose spoke with much earnest. for the public benefit that debates and ness in defence of the conduct of his des animosities, particularly of a personal ceased friend. He could appeal to an , kind, arising out of the disputes on past Hon. Baronet as to the truth of an dp. events, should, if possible, be buried in plication made to the late Chancellor of oblivion. At that time, from similar the Exchequer in 1993, when several reasons, he wished that Right Hor. considerable merchants proposed to make Gent. should possess a great and princi. vita 2 voluntary gift of 100,000l, which pal share of power ; at such a time, he
thought it a point of delicacy to abstain on, quite necessary; but as it was most from such topics, and he believed such advisable to do every thing of this na. was also the wish of Mr Pirt; indeed, ture with the utmost publicity and fairhe gave ample testimony to that ef. ness, he should propose to read it a first fect: since that, he had cautiously ab. time that night, as it was material not stained from any observations of that to delay its progress. He then noticed nature. He felt that Mr Pitt was simi. the cases of Lord Halifax and Mr Pel. larly disposed, and he conformed his ham, and the expedients then adopown conduct to these very circuinstan- ted. A Noble Lord (Granville) at preces. Now, if he would not do other- sent found himself in that situation, and wise while the Right Hon. Gent. was it was proposed to put the office inJiving, it was not to be expected that he to commission. should, when he is dead? Indeed, it Some conversation ensued between was his intention never to touch in the Speaker and Mr Fux, on the subthat House upon the points of personal ject of the custom of the House, which, disputation ; from the moment he wish. the Speaker observed, was to give a noed Mr Pitt again in power, such was tice at least a day before the introduce the conduct he had maintained. Не tion of the bill. should give his vote cheerfully for the The Attorney General supported the motion. Mr Pitt was Minister twenty recommendation of the Speaker, as no years, and, excepting the Cinque-Ports, time would be lost by adhering to he never heard of any thing he had ob- the custom. He could not see what tained of an advantageous nature. He doubt existed on the subject of the bill, considered him as a person eminently as it was contrary to the legal principle, disinterested, and that this was the ap- that the same person should hold two propriate reward for disinterestedness. offices, one of which was a controul He, therefore, in giving his vote, upon the other. should give it precisely on the grounds Mr Ryder observed, that as the law of the merits of Mr Pitt.
stood, the proposed bill was absolutely Mr Canning did not wish to depart necessary ; but he imagined that it from the line of moderation assumed would have been more becoming in the by the Hon. Gentleman, which he noble Lord, for whose benefit it was inthought had not been altogether kept troduced, to have avoided such a mea. up by him with the candour he expec- sure altogether, by resigning the office ted.
He admitted, that Parliament of auditor, the pecuniary emolument of might be said to be rewarding a public which could not be an object to his servant, but they who stood near to the Lordship, who already possessed so Great Man were not to be expected to much wealth. Such a step would have receive this grant as an eleemosynary given him some credit with the gift. He wished for unanimity as much country. But he saw with regret that as any gentleman ; but he would not the magnanimous spirit of the great purchase a vote, by giving up a tittle of man lately deceast, had not been bethat high and splendid degree and ex- queathed to his noble cousin and succestent of service that had been rendered sor. That “ grandeur of soul," as it to the country by his illustrious friend. had been justly and appropriately terHe thought the original resolution cou. med, had been reserved exclusively for ched in cold, inadequate, precedented the family and name of Pitt. words. He consented to it only be- Mr Fox next day introduced a bill to cause he wished for unanimity.
enable Lord Grenville to appoint a trus
tee to execute the office of auditor of AUDITORSHIP OF THE EXCHEQUER.
Exchequer, who should be amenable Mr Fox rose, to move for leave to to the public for the faithful discharge bring in a Bill to remove doubts rela
of his trust. The bill went through tive to the holding of the place of Au- all the usual stages in a summary way; ditor of the Exchequer by a person be- in both Houses, without opposition, and ing at the same time First Lord of the received the royal assent by commission Treasury. This was not, in his opinia
on the 7th.
WAR ON THE CONTINENT. Brunn between a body of Russian and AVING, under this head, given a
another of French cavalry, in which the
Russians lost 300 men. And on the in Germany from their commencement
27th another warm action happened bein October, we come now to record
tween the Russian advanced guard and events so unexpected, rapid, and disas
a body of French cavalry, in which the trous to the arms of the Emperor of
latter suffered severely. Austria, as to compel that monarch
On the 28th November, the allied to sue again for peace, and to consent
Imperial army was posted between to another dismemberment of his domi. Kremsir and İlarditsh, the head-quarnions. In the succeeding details, we are
ters at Knarowitz, two leagues in ad
vance from Austerlitz. The French still obliged to adopt the accounts published by the French; those given by army lay on the Swartzach, with the the other powers being extremely de. left towards Brunn, and their right exfective, vague, and contradictory.
tending to near Nicholsburg.
And now follows the baitle of AusOn the 20th November the Emperor terlitz, the circumstances attending of Russia, with his staff, arrived from which are so very extraordinary, and the Berlin at Olmutz, whence the head result so decisive, as to put a final conquarters of the united armies were clusion to this unfortunate continental removed to Wischaw on the 23d. On contest in less than two months. The the 24th the first division of the 3d column statements in the French bulletins are of the Russian army, under Gen. Mi- extravagant beyond credibility, both as chelson, occupied Troppaw, and Prince to the particulars of the battle, and as Constantine's corps of cavalry were at to the interviews conversations Oldstau.
Brunn, Znaym, and Tun which succeeded. The following bulletersdorff were possessed by strong divi- tin was published in the Vienna Court sions of the Russian and Austrian ar- Gazette of the 6th of December *. mies.
From On the 14th the French army under Marshals Soult, Davoust and 'Lannes, entered Moravia, from the neighbour- * This will not surprize the reader hood of Vienna, and advanced against when he learns, that M. Talleyrand, Znaym and Tuntersdorf. The French the French minister for foreign affairs, division under Gen. Oudinot attacked (the patron of the Moniteur, and projecthe Russians at the latter place. The tor of the Batavian State Gazette) has acaction was long and obstinate, but the companied Bonaparte in this campaign Russians (say the French accounts) at as his confidential adviser; that he is length gave way, and retreated to. the composer of all his speeches, procla. wards Olmutz, with the loss of 2000 mations, addresses to his soldiers, and killed and wounded, and as many made messages to his Senate ; that he remainprisoners-Oudinot and his two aids. ed at Vienna after the French army en. de-camp were wounded. The loss of tered Moravia ;-and was then amusthe French, as usual, is not mentioned. ing the Prussian minister Count HaugOn the 17th the French division of witz, who on the 20th November came Prince Murat entered Bruno, where he on an important mission from his master found 60 pieces of cannon, and con- to Bonaparte, but who in the hurry of siderable magazines of every descrip. his business had referred him to his Setion. Bonaparte entered that city on cretary ;---and that this same Talleyrand the 20th, and was received by the States is the sole negociator and framer of the of Moravia, with the Bishop at their treaty of peace at Presburgh, so fatal to head. A rencounter took place near the House of Austria.
" From the 27th of November to the was surrounded, and driven up against ist of December, every eifurt was made a lake, on the icy surface of which to bring the Russians to a general en- 20,000 men spread themselves, only to be gagement, and that object was at length drowned! Two columns of 4000 men gained.
On the 1st their advanced cach laid down their arms at the same posts were seen approaching, and a time, and all theirartillery, 1 20 pieces, was movement was made from their fiank, taken. In short, half of the Russian army with the view of surrounding the French was destroyed, and the other half fied in right wing. The Russians marched the greatest confusion. The allied army in column, in one line, to the length of is stated to have amounted to 105,000 four French miles beyond the French men, the French to 95,000 ; the French army, which remained immoveable in reserve was not engaged (yet it was by its position, that the enemy might ap- that reserve that the Russian Imperial proach so near as to render their escape Guard was defeated!) About 20,000 impossible. A long account follows of prisoners were taken, including 12 or the French dispositions for battle. Mar- 15 Russian Generals. The Russians left shal Lannes commanded the left wing, 15,000 dead on the field, (does this inSoult the right, Bernadotte the centre, clude the 20,000 drowned on the icy surMurat the cavalry. Bonaparte, with face of a lake?) The loss of the French his whole General Staff, ten battalions is estimated at only 800 killed and 1660 of the Imperial Guard, and ten batta. wounded : among the latter are eight lions of Oudinot's grenadiers, formed the General officers.” reserve, which was disposed in column Such are the French accounts of the in a double line, and draun up in båt. famous battle of Austerlitz, which is talions, with a sufficient space between called in the French army the Battle of them for deploying, and 40 pieces of the three Emperors,—and the Battle of the cannon in the intervals.
Coronation,-it being fought on the anni“At sun-rise on the 2d December the versary day of Bonaparte's coronation battle began. The Russians had advan. as Emperor of the Frencb. ced to the extremity of the right wing, In a succeeding bulletin, we find the but there they unexpectedly met with Russian loss greatly reduced, amountDavoust's division ; and other divisions ing to 15,000 killed and wounded,-aat the same time advancing, the Russi. mong the former Gen. Buxhovden, and ans found their right wing completely several others, and among the latter, turned, and all their plans deranged. Gen. Kutusow, and many other officers The French cavalry now began to of rank. The French in this second move, the left and centre also advan. account acknowledge they had more ced, and a dreadful cannonade resound. than 5000 killed and wounded; one ed along the whole line. In about two General among the first, but a great hours, the left wing of the Russians was number among the latter. cut off, and their right driven back to The Russian official account of the Austerlitz. The Russian Imperial battle of Austerlitz, which differs wide. Guard was now ordered to advance, to ly from the French statement, has been re-establish, if possible, the junction of circulated in Germany.
It appears the left wing and the centre. Mar- from this document, that the Russian shal Bessieres moved forward with his army, on the 2d December, consisted of invincibles, and immediately the French only 50,000 men, and that the Austrians, Imperial Guards were engaged. The chiefly new levies, were not above half Russian Guard was driven back in dis. that number. The French army is order, and its commanders, artillery, stated to have had from 15,000 to and standards taken. Prince Constan- 20,000 more men than the Allies, in tine's regiment was cut to pieces, and consequence of Bernadotte having joinhe himself owed his escape to the ed them the day before the battle. The swiftness of his horse. The action was ridiculous story of several thousand still obstinately maintained by the re- Russians being drowned, is an utter maining part of the Russian army, but falsehood. The total loss the Russia at one o'clock the victory was decided. ans is estimated at 10,000 men, whilst ly on the side of the French. The that of the French is supposed to have Russian corps which had been c116 off, been at least as great. Only six Russian