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knowing the services of Lieut. Duff, torious, that he was immediately apwas pleased to prefer his claims in pointed to the command of the Amsuch terms to the Board of Admiral buscade frigate, of 32 guns, and two ty, chat he was immediately appoint years after to the Glenmore, of 38 ed Captain and Commander of the guns. In these ships he served in Martin sloop of war, upon the Scotch the North Seas, and upon the coast station.

of Ireland, till 1801, when upon a Soon after his promotion, Captain general promotion in the navy, he Duff married Miss Sophia Dirom, was appointed to the Vengeance, of second daughter of Alexander Di. .74 guns, belonging to the Channel rom, Esq. of Muiresk, to whom he feet. had been from childhood attached, This ship, after having been dea. and fixed the residence of his family tached to the Baltic, to reinforce the in Edinburgh.

fleet that attacked Copenhagen, beUpon the breaking out of the last came one of the squadron under war, in the beginning of 1793, the Rear-Adiniral Campbell, which, af. same influence was again' most kind. ter cruizing for some time off Rochely exerted for Captain Duff's farther fort, was sent to Bantry Bay for the promoti fi, when he was one of a ve- protection of that part of Ireland. ry few Masters and Commanders Upon this station they continued till who were appointed Post Captains the signature of the preliminaries of by the Earl of Chatham, at that peace, when, instead of returning to time First Lord of the Admiralty, their homes, to which, after so long to whom indeed he had the honour a war, the officers and men anxiously to have been personally known in looked forward, they were ordered to the passage to and at Gibraltar, du- Jamaica, to watch the movements of ring the former war. At his Lord. the armament sent from France to ship's desire, Captain Duff soon after attempt the recovery of the French relinquished the command of a fri- part of the island of St Domingo gate then fitting out for him, in from the usurped government of the which, at so carly a period of the Blacks. war, he would probably have made Capt. Duff had no opportunity, in his fortune, in order to go upon an the course of the last war, either of expedition to the West Indies as farther signalizing himself, or of maCaptain of the Duke, af 90 guns, terially improving his fortune ; but bearing the flag of the Hon. Com- he was always active and vigilant, modore Murray. This ship led the and, though strict in discipline, had attack of the batteries at Martinico, the happiness of being respected and and, at the close of the action, after beloved by the officers and men of silencing the battery to which she every ship which was under his comhad been opposed, the powder maga- mand. On the trials at Portsmouth, zine had but just been secured, when it came out in evidence, that, when she was struck by lightning, her main, the ringleaders of the mutiny, which mast shivered to pieces, and her hull arose in the squadron in Bantry Bay, so damaged that it was necessary to sounded the crew of the Vengeance, send her home to be repaired. they found them so attached to their

The farther attack upon Martinico Captain, that they could not be mo. having been deferred, the Commo. ved. That ship, there is reason to dore returned to England in the believe, was the only one in which no Duke. He expressed the highest mutinous spirit broke out; and upesteem for Captain Duff, and report on the squadron coming to Portsed his conduct to have been so meri- mouth, previous to their sailing for


the West Indies, her crew was indul- command upon that most important ged with leave to come on shore by station, made a disposition of bis inturns, while all the others were con- creased force into two divisions, one fined to their ships.

of which was to be led by himself, *Not more than eighieen months and the other by Vice. Admiral Col. had elapsed after Captain Duff had lingwood. Rear-Admiral Louis bavreturned from the West Indies to ing been detached to the Mediterrathe bosom of his family and friends, nean with 7 sail of the line, Captain when the present war broke out.- Duff had the honour, upon his deHe again solicited employment; and parture, though there were senior a general invasion of these united Captains in the fleet, to be appointed kingdoms being threatened by the Commodore of the advance squadron French and their allies, he, in the of four sail of the line, by the recommeantime, without pay or emolu- mendation, no doubt, of Vice-Admiment, assisted the General and Staff ral Collingwood, who selected the Officers in examining the coasts of Mars to be second to himself in his the Frith of Forth, with which he division of the fleet. On the 21st of was well acquainted, and in making October, in the ever-memorable batarrangemenis for its defence.

His tle of Trafalgar, Captain Duff acted steady patron, the Duke of Gordon, with such judgment and intrepidity, with his excellent son, the Marquis that, though his ship sailed ill, and of Huntly, seconded his application there was little wind, he was the to be again called into active service; third in action ; and was one of four and General the Earl of Moira, ships which, owing to an unfortunate Commander of the forces in Scot- calm, had to maintain the conflict for land, by whom he had been appoint- a considerable time with the leeward ed to the command of a division of division of the enemy's fleet. He the craft which had been voluntarily continued to exert himself with the offered for the defence of the Frith most undaunted heroism, having at of Forth, generously and unsolicited, one time to contend with no less wrote to the Earl of St Vincent, than four of the enemy's ships,' till then First Lord of the Admiralty, he was struck dead by a cannon in his behalf.

shot, one hour and five minutes after Upon the general promotion in the commencement of the battle ; the Navy, which took place in April about the same time that the compa1804, Captain Duff was appointed nion of his youth, Captain Cooke, to the command of the Mars, of 74 was killed in the Bellerophon, and guns, and immediately proceeded to that their Commander in Chief, the join her off Ferrol. He cruized off Great Lord Nelson, was mortally that port, and successively off Roche- wounded on board the Victory! fort and Brest, as one of the Channel Captain Duff was a man of fine Fleet, till, in May last, he was de stature, strong and well made, above tached to Cadiz, under Vice-Admi- six feet in height, and had a manly, ral Collingwood, whose small squa- , open, benevolent countenance. Dudron of four ships of the line, after- ring thirty years service, he had not wards encreased to eight, continued been four years unemployed ; about to keep their station off that port, twenty months after his return from unawed by the arrival of the combine the West Indies in 1787, and not ed fleet.

quite two years after the last war. Vice-Admiral Lord Nelson hav. Although he went early to sea, he ing, in the end of September, re- lostno opportunity of improving d from England, to resume the himself in the theory, as well as in



the practice of his profession, and write down whatever comes upperacted the part of an instructor and most.-You are certainly to blame father to the numerous young men in not writing much oftener than who were under his command. By you do; for I am fully persuaded, his beloved wife he had five children, that by reading one' hour and writof whom a boy and two girls remain, ing two, you will better improve together with their disconsolate mo. your understanding, and correct ther, to mourn their father's death. your taste, than by reading all the His son, thirteen years of age, had three. How can you be so selfish? joined him as a midshipman on the What does it signify to your friends 19th September last ; and soon after how much knowledge you have, if his arrival on board the Mars wrote you use no means to communicate it to cxultingly to his mother, that his fa. them? It is certainly incumbent on us ther's ship had been put in the post who live in this wild country, where of honour, next to Vice Admiral usefulinformation is so hard to attain, Collingwood, in his division of the to communicate to each other every fleet. This spirited youth, who has new idea that strikes us ; and if you commenced his career in so interest- do it not at all times when you may, ing a manner, was, after the tran- you cannot when you would, but are scendent victory of Trafalgar, re- in the same predicament with the moved by Admiral, now Lord Col- Irishman :-Coming into a house lingwood, with the kindest attention, one asked him if he could play upon from on board the Mars to the Eu- the violin? He replied he did not ryalus frigate, which was soon after know whither he could play upon sent with dispatches to England. one or not, for that he never had The Hon. Captain Blackwood, the tried it. And tho' our observations distinguished officer who commands on things could be of no use to the that ship, has undertaken, in the generality of mankind, they may be handsomest manner, to continue to of very much utility to one another. take charge of the son of his respect. For my part when I write a good, ed friend, the late Captain Duff, letter, as I expect this will be, I am than whom, he has been pleased to always sorry that none can be the say, “His Majesty's service could better for it save one or two.-I for“ not boast of a better or more gal- got where I left off at last time, a 6 lant officer." We can add with bout natural and attractive writers, the greatest truth, that he was also a bur I remember that the rule I mentender husband; an affectionate pa- tioned whereby to distinguish them rent ; a dutiful son, and a sincere

was, 6. What oft' was thought, but friend: - In the navy, he was called ne'er so weil express'd.” I have since WORTHY Duff!

been thinking, that it is possible for an author to describe actions, man

ners, and scenery, infinitely above, Letters on Poetry, by the ETTRICK and as far below, what was generally SHEPHERD.

ever thought, acted, or seen before ; LETTER II.

and still never lose sight of Nature.

Shakespeare is a great instance of Dear FRIEND,

the former, who having exhausted am much disappointed in not worlds and then imagined new,' pre

sented us with many characters and I am certain you have time enough scenes that no fancy but Shakeand you need never want matter : speare's could ever have given birth for if once you get it begun, just to; for certainly, if ever the spirit of Jan. 1806.




left on

inspiration was bestowed on a man Account of ALEXANDER SEL KIRK. in these latter ages, his was the gift. Yet to say that these flights are [As we had lately an oppor unity of unnatural, would be the most palpable presenting ur readers with some cuimpropriety; for in fact they are the rious particulars respecting Alex. Selmost natural of his works, and, contra- (see the Scots Mag. for Sept. 1805, p.

kirk, the origi' al Robinson Crusoe ; ry to all other instances, his peasants 070-5) our readers may n t be displeaand clowns are the most unnatural cha- sed to see the present extract, on the racters. I shall only trouble you to subject, from the Harleian read the Midsummer night's Dream, Miscellany, a publication which, from where you find a number of the most its gre.t value and scarcity, is in very wild and extravagant ideas imagin. few people's hands. The passage, we able, delivered in a manner the most believe, has hitherto .p»ssed almost un.

noticed.] elegant, and withal so very natu. ral as to be exactly correspondent to Providence displayed : Or, a very the several characters of the whimsi. surprizing account of one Mr cal airy beings which he brings in to Alexander Selkirk inaster of a merdeliver them.-Yea so accurately do chanıman, called the Cinque Ports, they suit our notions of these fl'msy who, d:eaming that the ship would spirits, that the oldest mau in Ettrick soon after be lost, he desired to be or Eskdale, although they have seen

a desolate island in the and spoke with the fairies many a South Seas, where he lived four time, cannot impress you more with years and four months, without see. the reality of their existence, altho' ing the face of man, the ship being the one believes he tells you the afterward cast away as he dreamed. truth, and the other knows he does As also, how he came to be miracunot.

I conclude then, that though lously preserved and redeemed from his thoughts were not as our thoughts, that fatal place, by two Bristol pristill he must be ranked with the first

vareers, called the Duke and Du. of natural writers. There are others chess, that took the rich Aquapulco again, such as Goldsmith, Thomson, ship, worth one hundred ton of and Burns, who follow the plain gold, and brought it to England. path of life; their works are literal To which is added, an account of copies from the book of nature. In his birth and education ; his desthem every man meets the same ideas scription of the island where he that have floated on his mind ; the was cast; how he subsisted ; the same feelings which have touched several strange things he saw, his heart ; and the same scenes in and how he used to spend his time. which he hath been an actor; yet With some pious ejaculations that he never thought, felt, oor acted he used, composed during his methem to such purpose as he finds lancholy residence there. Written them there delineated. In short, eve- by his own hand, and attested by ry reader finds there something of most of the eminent merchants.up. himself, and every body you know on the Royal Exchange. Quarto, con. loves to hear or read of himself. --

taining twelve pages. This is the reason why they are so gererally approved; for where there IN the voyage of the Duke and is nothing of self, there is seldom any Duchess" privateers, belonging interest. I hope you will improve to Bristol, who took the rich Athese loose-hints, and believe me quapulco ship, they came to an your ever faithful

island called Juan Fernandez ; where, James Hogg. sending their pinnace on shore, she


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returned, after some time, bringing He told them, that he was born at with her a man cloathed in goat Largo, in the county of Fife, in Scato skins, who seemed as wild as the land, and was bred a sailor from his goats themselves.

youth. Being brought on board the Duke, The reason of his being left on he said he had been on the island this melancholy 'island, was a differfour years and four months, having ence betwixt him and his Captain, been left there by Capt. Stradling which, together with the ship’s being in a ship called the Cinque ports, leaky, made him willing rather to the year 1705, of which ship stay there than to go along with he was master, and Capt. Dampier, him at first, and when he was at last who was then with him, and now on willing to go, the Captain would nog board the Duke, told Capt. Rogers, receive him. he was the best man on board the He had been, he said on the isl. Cinque ports, who immediately agreed and, to wood and water, when two with him to be a mate with him on of the ship's company were left upon board the Duke. His name was it, for six months till the ship reAlex. Selkirk, a Scotchman and the turned, being chased thence by two manner of his being found there was French South sea ships. by making a fire the night before, He had with him his. cloaths and when he saw the two privateers a- bedding, with a firelock, some pow. foresaid, judging them to be Eng. der, bullets and tobacco, a hatchet, lish, by which, judging it to be a ha- a knife, a kettle, a bible, some pracbitable island, they had sent their tical pieces, and his mathematical boat to see ; and so he came to be instruments, and books. He dimiraculously redeemed from that so- verted and provided for himself as litary and tedious confinement, who well as he could ; but, for the first otherwise in all human probability, eight months, he had much ado to would have ended his life there. bear up against melancholy, and the

He said, that during his stay there, lerror of being left alone on such a he bad seen several ships pass by, desolate place, but only two of them came in to an. He built two huts with Pimento chor, which he judged to be Spani. trees, covered them with long grass, ards, and retired from them, upon and lined them with the skins of which they fired at him; had they goats, which he killed with his gun been French, he said he would have as he 'wanted ; so long as his powder submitted himself, but choose rather lasted, which was but a pound; and, to bazard dying on the island, than that being near spent, he got fire by to fall into the hands of the Spani. rubbing two.sticks.of. Pimento.wood ards in those parts, because he be together upon his knee. In the les. lieved they would either murder him, ser hut, at some distance from the or make him a slave in their mines. other, he dressed his victuals, and in

The Spaniards landed so near him, the larger he slept, and employed before he knew where they were, himself in reading, singing psalms, that he had much ado' to escape ; and praying, so that he said he was for they not only shot at bim, but a better christian, while in this solipursued him into the woods, where tude, than, he was afraid, he should he climbed up to the top of a tree, ever be again, at the foot of which they made wa. At first, he never eat any thing, ter, and killed several goats just by, till hunger constrained him, partly but went off without discovering for grief, and partly for want of him.

bread and salt ; nor did he go to


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