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ted and discussed. On these occa- Dr Prettyman (now Tomline, Bi-
sions, a fond parent, so eminent for shop of Lincoln, Dean of St Paul's,
his talents, and particularly for his &c.) also participated in the care ok
eloquence, was accustomed to make his education, the latter being pri-
the little orator declaim from a chair vate instructor.
er a table. He knew that in a free While he resided at Cambridge,
country the gift of speaking with Mr Pitt's morals and conduct were
facility on every subject, was one of alike unimpeachable ; and if the exam.
the most desirable acquisitions for a ple of the young nobility is supposed
young man, who panted to excel to be sometimes but little beneficial
his contemporaries, and command to our youth in general, certain it
his equals. He was conscious that is that this doctrine found a disting
this qualification had supplied the guished exception in his person.-
deficiencies of fortune in his own Here he took his batchelor's degree
person ; and as his son, like himself and also that of m. A.; and establish.
at the same time of life, was but scan. ed such a character in the university
tily provided for, he wished, if pose for industry, talents and propriety
sible, to bequeath it to him as an in- of demeanour, that the fame then ac.
heritance. · His lordship was aware, quired proved not a little serviceable
perhaps, that his old rival, Lord Hole in his future pursuits in life.
land, had bred up one of his children On leaving his Alma Mater, Mr
in the same manner ; and as Char. Pitt was entered at Lincoln's Inn,
Jes Fox began already to distinguish nearly at the same time with Mr Ad-
himself in the oratorical arena of the dington, whose father was the phy-
house of commons, in such a manner sician and friend of his family ; there
as to have no compeer, it perhaps en- he 'soon after hired chambers, and
tered into his calculations that one being as usual favoured on accoun:
William Pitt should outstrip him, as of his degree, was enabled at the
much as another brud excelled his fa. end of three years to bi called to the

bar, · When this event took place, At a proper period it was deter- he, as is customary with the junior mined to send Mr Pite to one of the counsel, selected one of the circuits universities; and upon this occasion as the scene of his early efforts, and Cambridge was expressly preferred on this occasion he made choice of to Oxford, from a notion long che

the western.

We believe that the sished by many Whig families, lhat late Mr John Frost of Wide more, the political doctrines inculcated afterwards a bencher of the Inner there, were more liberal than those Temple, led in the first cause ja usually engendered at Oxford *. - which M Pitt appeared. We Pembroke Hall having been accor- have also learned from good authodingly pitched upon, he was placed rity that one of the first briefs he e. under the tution of Joseph Turner, ver received was in the Cricklade elecD.D. since Dean of Norwich, and tion cause, when Mr. Samuel Petrie, who in 1784 was elected master.- a petitioning candidate, brought 76

seperate actions against the sitting * We trust and believe that the prin- member for bribery and corruption. ciples of a limited government, consis- Mr Pitt had but little practice, and ting of king, lords, and commons, are now equally enforced at both universi. consequently little celebrity, as an ties ; but at the period to which we als advocate; and perhaps was but ill qualade, Oxford was said to be still noto. lified, on the score of patient and larious for its toryism.

borious investigation, for a pursuit in


which nothing great can be atchieved, to a casual rencounter in St. James's; without the unabating industry of a street, that the future premier was whole life. J. Dunning (afterwards returned by the influence of an oLord Ashburton,) and Thomas, now pulenc commoner, for the borough Lord Erskine, the two most of Appleby*; and it ought to be cessful men in the annals of legal rema; ked, to the credit of Sir James, history, may be adduced as examples that as he brought in his friends of this kind: as for the Lords Thur. without expence, so he left them at low and Rosslyn, it is well known full liberty in respect to their public that their rise is to be attributed to conduct ; and acted with such an exs their practice in parliament, and not traordinary degree of delicacy, that, in the courts of justice.

with the exception of his immediate But a diferent fate awailed him, dependants, their minds and votes and honours of another kind were at were left alike unfettered. that moment hovering over his head. Fortune seemed eager on this occa, sion to pour the cornucopia of her favour into his lap; and showed, by one Account of WILLIAM Wight, the signal display of bounty, how lavish

Poet of Edram. she could be to the son of a great man, to whom she had dealt out her

SIR, kindness with a niggard hand. The subject of these anecdotes as THE inclosed paper has been

transmitted to me from a friend already observed, had been bred a statesman, and the house of commons convey it to you. Both the poem

in the country, in order that I might was consequently the goal whepce he and the preface seem not unworthy was to start in his political career. At the request of some of the many lany.

of a place in your entertaining miscel. friends he had made while at Cam- Edinburgh Magazine L. recollect

In a former number of the bridge, he proposed himself as a canditate for that university, but failed sceing a short account of William

Wight, which, however, I do not from mere want of influence. A noble m. A. and member of Trinity ing; for, besides that the enclosed

think entirely supersedes the follow college, however, accomplished by accident what all the good designs of is of a much later date, and contains

a faithful account of his present hahis friends had been unable to atchieve. The Duke of Rutland hap- circumstances in his character not

bits and situation, it states some happening to meet the late Sir James mentioned in the paper alluded to. + Lowther (who died Earlof Lonsdale,) And it may recal to many of your after detailing the particulars of the

readers who have forgotten the forlate discomfiture, concluded by "ask.

mer account of him, an object pering him, as a favour, if he could pos- haps the most interesting to a mind sibly make room in any of his bo.

that is not destitute of the sensibiliroughs to bring in his young friend

tiesof nature ;-- a young man, placed Mr. Pitt, who had tbus lost his elec

in tion for Cambridge.” Sir James, on this occasion, acted an honourable

* Mr Pitt, who was never unmind. part, for, setting aside a north

ful of political favours, with a princely country attorney, he brought in the

munificence conferred an earldom on son of the most favourite, able, and

one, and a viceroyalty on another, af upright minister, that England had

the two distinguished persons who thus ever witnessed. It was thus owing early contributed to his advancement.

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in the most helpless condition; not on- riety, and he seldom enjoys any other ly unable to procure by his labour the change of scenery than from the incommon necessaries of life, but de- side of bis cottage to a field adjoinpendant on the aid of others for cor. ing. There, seated on the turf, he poreal support,-incapable of chang- spends whole days in studying his ing bis sitnation without assistance, favourite authors, in reading such possessed of a feeble constitution, and books as he can procure, or enrichdoomed to perpetual childhood :-in ing his fancy by contemplating the this situation, perusing, with ardour, appearances of nature. He possesses the elegant compositions of Hume the most ardent love for literature, and Robertson, of Addison and and desire of improvement. By his Johnson; and the animated strains of own exertions, aided with a few lesMilton and Thomson, Akenside and sons from his friends, he has acquired Campbell ;-beguiling the tedious a considerable knowledge of the hours to which nature has doomed French language. He sometimes ahim, by such elegant and rational a- muses himself by drawing landscapes, musements, and attempting to imitate and plays admirably upon the Gere such bright examples. Such an object man Flute. He is extremely mocannot fail to please every mind that dest ; his manner is polite ; his concan relish the artless simplicity of versation is interesting, and improve innocence, and to interest every heart much upon a greater

intimacy. that can feel for the sorrows, or ad. “ Owing to his unfortunate situamire the virtues, of humanity. tion he is obliged to depend for subI am, Sir,

sistence upon his two brothers, who,

by their labours in husbandry, mainYours, &c.

tain him and his mother. But it is K.

grateful to learn, that a subscription SIR,

has been opened, in order to obtain “ The following ballad *

a sufficient sum to purchase for him written by William Wight, who has

a small annuity, and it will, it is sometimes been called is the hoped, meet with patronage from all

young man of Ednam”, and is known to the

those who wish that genius and merit public by being the author of several should never be chilled by penury. As pleasing little poems, which have ap

I have enjoyed his friendship and inpeared in some of the newspapers and timacy, I have seen many of his magazines ; and even some account of poems; they are distinguished for a himself has been given, which, how- chaste and tender simplicity, with ever, I do not think anticipates the delicacy of feeling, and refinement following information concerning

of sentiment. The inclosed ballad him :

pleased me much ; and I obtained it “ Though nature, in forming the from him, with liberty to do with mind of William, has made him

it as I chose; I therefore determined

every way amiable and interesting ; yet she

to offer

for insertion in your Ma. bas left the delineation of his exter. gazine." nal figure very incomplete. His limbs are so imperfect that he is un

We have also received, from anoable to remove from his place with ther correspondent, the following out being carried. This circum. particulars, with several additional stance, in a great measure, deprives poems :him of the enlivening charms of va

“ William Wight, the author of these small poems, is about 20 years of age,

and was born without legs See our poetical department, or knees, and his tbighs very defecMarch 1806.




tive. His fath-r, who has been dead On the Moral CHARACTER of the for several years, was a day-labourer, Lower Orders in the Metropolis. with a numerous family, and little abie to give them education. But

Quid sit pulchrum, quid utile, quid non. William taught himself. He reads

HORACE, accurately, not withstanding he has an impediment in his speech ; writes a legible hand, draws, and plays upon

Tis with no small satisfaction I the German Flute, allu' one of his observe, in your magazine for Jaarms he can s.arcely raise to his nuary last, a proposed new charitable breast. He has acquired a consi- institution in Edinburgh, for the rederable knowledge of the French lief of those whose hapless situations language ; and his poetical attenipis in life claim the commiseration and ashave been wonderfully successful, con- sistance of the benevolent and humane. sidering the numerous difficulties he Few circumstances can redound more had to overcome.

His frame and to the honour of an enlightened age constitution are weak ; but his dispo.

than institutions of this nature, since sition is chearful and contented ; and nothing can tend more effectually to he is gratefully alive to every atten- propagate virtue, and retard the protion and favour which he receives.- gress of vice, than the means which, By the neighbours around he is sup- by holding out support and encouplied with books; and thro’ the kind. ragement to the deserving, preclude ness of friends has gotten a choice the necessity of resorting to what ullittle collection of modern poetry, timately deadens moral perception, which he highly values. With this

With this and destroys the order, harmony, and treasure around him, he sits on a ta- safety of society. At a period, when ble in his cottage, nor ever murmurs wealth, luxury, and dissipation, are that he is shut out from numerous making rapid strides towards general sources of happiness which he sees corruption of manners; and when dis. others enjoy."

soluteness and disorder are rapidly

advancing among the lower classes of “ N. B. The small piece entitled mankind, every expedient to retard

the Sea-Gull arose from a particu. their progress merits the gratitude lar circumstance. A considerable and applause of the public; but when morass, called the Berry-moss, had to these growing evils are added, the been long frequented by an incre- neglected condition of a numerous dible number of these fowls; the class of beings, who, deprived of the sight of which, in the water, and cheering comforts of life, and destion the wing, was a source of much tute of the aid of instruction, abanamusement to William Wight, who don themselves to habits of worthhad a view of them when carried lessness, merely to supply habits of to a small distance from his cottage. utility ; whatever contributes to recThis place has of late been drained, tify and reform, must be considered and the birds have of course forsa. as highly creditable to the promoken it *.” I am,

Among the other expedients Dear Sir,

for checking the disorderly habits of Your most obedient servant,

the lower orders of society, the in

troduction of our late Police Bile Robert Gillan. in Edinburgh seemed to promise

considerable benefit, and certainly few

methods could have been devised more * See our poetical department. likely to effect the purpose than hat




salutary measure. Of the advantages habitants of Edinburgh, without a-
resulting from it I pretend not to dopling measures very different from
judge, as I am totally unacquainted those hitherto practised.
with the effects ; but if I may pre.' To those who have given them.
sume to draw inferences from what selves the trouble tu investigate and
has been hitherto adopt:d, I must luminate upon

the causes of de

praconfess my expectations are not san vity among the lower orders of soguine. I am however willing to be. ciety, there cannot be a doubt remainlieve that every good intention rests ing, that idleness, and the want of with those who are the chief direc. early instruction, are the chief. Unactors; but without the digestion and customed to early habits of industry, adoption of judicious plans, inten- and unfamiliarised with any domestic tions and good will can avail little. examples of propriety and decorum, The first step towards general im. the child from its cradle grows up provement, is to remove the causes in surrounding infamy, and strengthwhich impede virtue and propagate in vice. Unprotected by the worthlessness ;-the second, to pro- hand of benevolence, unaided by mote moral order. Without the first, the admonitions of virtue, uneducated we labour in vain to establish the lat. by the precepts of wisdom, and unter; for while the first continues, it checked by the worthlessness of the is evident that disorder and worth- parent, it is left a prey to all the vilessness must go on. Rules and in cious habits imbibed in a daily interstructions may indeed be stuck up in course with everything profligate every district of the city ; but will and degrading. In this state, how is they be complied with? Thousands it possible that society can improve, may be sent to Bridesvell, but will or rather, how is it possible that it thus reform? We all know, Sir, that should not become worse and worse ? advice and admonition is uniformly To illustrate the truth of this obsera thrown away on the abandoned; and vation, and to bring matters more imsurely at this time we need not be mediately home to our general argitold chat punishment to the harden- ment, let us, for a moment, contemed can never be productive of radical plate the present state of society among and permanent improvement. Has the lower classes in this town, and one wayward child been ever im- contrast it with what existed about 30 proved by the simple admonitions of years ago. Can any thing be more the parent, or one single convict sent different ? can any picture be more to Botany-bay reclaimed and render. melancholy! While we see, where'er ed habitually virtuous by the Utopian we turn our eye, the hapless offspring plan to establish a well-regulated co. of abandoned parents, running idle, lonization from the dregs of de filthy, ragged, and vicious, from morngraded mankind by punishment? The ing till night, about our streets and frequency and inefficacy of Tyburn. lanes, can we cease to look back to tree might have pointed out to our those times when no such degrading sagacious Rulers, that the attempt spectacles met our view? When we was as vain as the expectation was inquire, and find that hundreds of illusive ; and, with all due respect to these neglected beings have never our Superintendants of police, we been within a school, or ever received may venture to assure them, that with the smallest education, (notwithstandall their regulations, fines, and im- ing charity schools are open for their prisonments, they will never effectu- reception,) can we help looking back ate the great and important object to the period when every parent strove of general reformation among the in- to give their children the best educa

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