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was born, in the city of Edinburgh, on his various misfortunes, either personal the 21st of October (N.S.) 1712. or political, displayed the most unalter

From the nursery, our author was ere able attachment, with the most active long sent to the house of Mr James Pur. zeal, which was tempered by the great. die, at North Berwick, a grammarian of est prudence. such celebrity, that he was invited, by Sir James was now happy : and this the magistrates, to be the rector of the happiness, after a while, he transferred grammar school of Glasgow. Even with to Goodtrees, near Edinburghi, the villa, the aid of Purdie, I know not if our to which his father and grandfather had author can boast of early proficiency: retired from the forum; the place, he had one of those geniuses, which ri- where himself had enjoyed the pleasures pen in autumn, rather than blossom in of youth. We may easily suppose, the siring. He was, however, celebrat- that this felicity was not diminished, ed as a tragedian, before he became re- when his wife brought him a son and markable as a scholar. It was one of heir, on the 7th of August 1744*. the laudable practises of North Berwick

P. 366. school, to present a drama, at stated

In the summer of 1745, Sir James seasons; and as Henry IV. was often happened to be called to Edinburgh; acted, our young economist played the king, with uncommon approbation : for and here he resided, when the Prehe had from Nature no small portion of tender Charles Steuart took possesmemory, of eloquence, and, above all, sion of that city. Having unhappily address. P. 361.

received, during his travels on the Sir James completed his studies in continent, a strong tincture of JaEdinburgh ; and when the time for cobitism, he now joined the Prince's chusing a profession arrived, he fixed party, and was sent on a mission to upon that of the law, and studied Paris. But on the downfal of the with such diligence under the direc. Steuart cause, his projects were blastion of Mr Herculus Lindsey, an e

ted, and he himself became an exile minent civilian, in the university of from his native country. He was Glasgow, that he was admitted an excepted from the act of general advocate on the 25th of January pardon, and, 1734-5, at the age of 24.” But it in October 1748, a court was convened was, as Mr C. expresses it, “ the pe.

at Edinburgh, and a jury was sworn, culiar misfortune of his days, that who found an indictment against our pothe fashion of his country required litician, which deprived him of the gra

tifications of his country, and his countevery one, of whatever wealth, or

try of the benefit of his talents. This profession, to travel over Europe." event was considered, by the friends of In the course of making the grand government, as the greatest victory tour, Sir James met with the Duke which George II. had obtained over the of Ormond, and with the late Earl Jacobites of Scotland since the battle Marshall, by whom, when he went

of Culloden; a petty triumph, that only to Rome, he was introduced to still marked the importance of the victim,

and merely gratified political vengeance greater men, and gradually contrac. ted an unfortunate attachment to the House of Steuart. He then return.

Sir James now spent some years in ed to Scotland, and

France, partly at Angoulesme, and

partly at Paris. He then removed was married, on the 25th of October into Flanders, and spent two years 1743, to Lady Frances. Wemyss, the alternately at Brussels and Spa.

In eldest daughter of the Earl of Wemyss, with 6000l. which, in those days, was

1757, he published at Frankfort on no small fortune. He thus acquired a

the Main, A Vindication of Newton's companion, who was distinguished for

Chro. understanding, a wife, who was noted for discretion, and a friend, who, amidst * Scots Mag. 1744, p. 346.

P. 368.'

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clusion of peace.

Chronology. As this book, after be- ving thence to Flanders, he met with ing nearly forgotten in England, had a singular disaster. At Spa, in the been violently attacked by several company of French officers, he was French writers, Mr Chalmers ob- accustomed, somewhat imprudently, serves, that it was gallant in Sir to boast of the superiority of his James, to step forth as the defender countrymen over the armies of France. of his illustrious countryman; but Information was given to the French considers his erudition, acuteness, government,

who sent

a body of and diligence, as insufficient to res- troops to apprehend him, and by cue from oblivion a work unworthy them he was carried a prisoner to of the genius of Newton.

Charlemont. Mean time, his house For some years succeeding, he re- at Antwerp was broken open, by sided, with a view to the education, the permission of the Austrian go. of his son, at the University of Tu- vernment, and his papers were transbingen, in the dominions of the Dukemitted to Paris. Happily, nothing of Wirtemburgh. Here he produ- criminal was discovered by these unced his " Treatise on German Coins, justifiable means, but as the ministers which he dedicated to the Duke. saw some things which they wished That prince having offered his son a to conceal during the war, they kept cornetcy of dragoons, he declined it, him for more than a year, till the cherishing always a hope of restora. 13th December 1762, after the con. tion.

In the summer of 1758, Sir James Soon after, Sir James was able to went on a tour to the south of Italy, return to his native country, and obwith a view to the recovery of his tained an assurance, that he would health. Here he met with Lady not be troubled, if he lived quietly. Mary Wortley Montague, who seems In 1763, he went to Edinburgh, and to have been much pleased, both from thence to his estate at Coltwith him, and Lady Steuart. She ness,

which he was studious to writes to Mr Wortley,

adorn and active to improve. It " I am tempted to make a journey,

was here, that he was visited by “ by the letters of Lady F. Steuart and Wight, the agricultural traveller, “ Sir James.

I never knew people who praises his husbandry, and re. more to my taste. They reside in a commends his practice.” In this re“ little town only two days' journey tirement he employed himself active“ from Padua, where it will be easy to ly in literary composition. “ find a lodging.” Letters lately, pub- the last hand to his Inquiry into the lished, vol. v. p. 71. She says, in her Principles of Political Economy, which letter of the roth of August 1758, to the Countess of Bute : “ I feel greatly

was published in 1767. Its merits " the loss of Sir James Steuart and Lady were slowly acknowledged. The cri

Fanny, whose conversation was equally tice and the public differed in opi“ pleasing and instructive. I do not ex. nion; and Millar, who gave sool. for spect to have it soon replaced, as there it, found he had made rather a losing are few such couples." Ib. p. 88. bargain. Without being discouraged,

P. 372. however, by this want of popularity, Sir James met now with a very se- he proceeded to publish in 1769 vere disappointment. Lord Holder- “ Considerations on the Interest of ness had attained, but not perfected, the County of Lanark;” in 1772 the royal assent to his retuin, when “ The principles of money applied George II. died; and he lived on at to the present state of the coin of Tubingen, waiting the result of the Bengal,” for which he received the acw counsels of a new reign. Remo- unanimous thanks of the Court of

He put

India Directors; and a “ Plan for Steuart, who succeeded to his estate introducing uniformity of weights and title. and measures." In 1771, the solici. tations of his friends procured him a pardon,

New Works published in Edinburgh. It was soon after suggested to him, that his appearance at court would be considered as a proof of his thankfule THE Works of Sallust. To which

are prefixed, two Essays on the ness. He was presented, on the 20th

Life, Literary Character, and Writ. of March 1772,. by his never-failing friend Lord Barrington, to his Majesty,

ings of the Historian : with Notes who received him with his accustomed

Historical, Biographical, and Critigrace; and who asked him, with his cal. By Henry Stewart, L. L. D. u«ual knowledge of the world, If he F. R. S, and S. A. E. 2 vols. 4to. were then writing anything more? 41. 125. Sir James answered, with the address Transactions of the Royal Society of which was peculiar to him, That he was

Edinburgh: Vol. VI. Part I. Cononly employed in correcting what he had already written. On a subseqent day, the

taining, 1. A Description of the king asked Lord Barrington what indu

Strata which occur in ascending ced Sir James to depart from the political from the plains of Kincardineshire principles of his ancestors, who had been to the summit of Mount Battoc, strongly attached to the Protestant suc- in the Eastern District of the cession? Lord Barrington answered, Grampian Mountains, by Lieut, from Sir James's information, that such Col. Imrie. 2. A Geometrical Inhad been the personal civilities, which he had received from Charles Steuart at

vestigation of some curious and in. Rome, he thought himself obliged to re

teresting Properties of the Circle, turn them at Edinburgh. The king &c. by James Glenie. 3. Account said, he did not like hin the worse for his of a series of Experiments, showing motive. P. 379.

the effects of Compression in modi. For some years before his death, fying the action of heat. By Şir Sir James's compositions were chief. James Hall, Bart. 4to. 95. ly of a religious and moral nature. Treatise on the Offices of Justice of Being dissatisfied with some things Peace, Constable and Commissionet in Beattie's Essay on Truth, he sent of Supply, and Commissioner un. some observations on it to himself, der comprehending acts, in ScotSeveral letters passed in consequence land; with occasional observations between these distinguished men, in on other municipal jurisdictions. which the utmost temper and polite- To which are added Appendixes. pees are preserved. Sir James wrote By Gilbert Hutchison, Esq. Advoalso “ Critical remarks on Mirabaud's cate. 2 vols. Royal 8vo. 21. 58. System of Nature," and a “ Disser- The Operations of Surgery. Vol. II. tation concerning the motive of o. in 2 parts. Part first, containing the bedience to the laws of God.” But anatomy and diseases of the Urein the midst of these sublime specu

thra and Bladder. The operations lations he was seized with an illness, of Lithotomy, Introduction of the which carried him off, on the 26th Catheter, Puncture of the Bladder. of November 1780, at the age of The Use and Abuse of Caustic. 67. Lady Frances survived him The Cure of Fistula. Part second, above nine years, and he never ap- containing the Anatomy and Diseapears to have had above two chil. ses of the Scull and Brain. The dren; one a daughter, who died very treatment of Tumours and Caries of young, and his son General Sir James the Scull. The Prevention and Cure

of

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of Apoplexy, Palsy, Hydrocepha. Considering the high literary and prolus, and Phrenzy. The Doctrine fessional eminence of Lord Krimos, of Fractures, and Depression of the and the time which has elapsed since Scull, and the Operation of Tre- his death, it cannot but appear pan. By John Bell

, Surgeon. wonderful that no memoir of him An Examination of the Letter ad- (at least of any length) should yet dressed to Principal Hill, in a letter have appeared. We are happy to to its anonymous Author. With understand that this desideratum is remarkson Mr Stewart's Postscript, now about to be supplied by Lord and Mr Playfair's Pamphlet. By a Woodhouselee. calm Observer. 18. 6d.

The Rev. James Headrick proposes

to publish by subscription, “A New Editions.

view of the Mineralogy, Fisheries, Elements of General History. By Agriculture, Manufactures, &c. of Lord Woodhouselee. Third Edi. the island of Arran, with Means tion. 2 vols. 8vo. 125.

suggested for improving them.” Essay on the Causes and consequen. The price of each volume to subces of Emigration from the High- scribers will be ros. 6d. lande. By the Earl of Selkirk. Mr Brewster is printing a new imSecond Edition. 8vo. 6s.

pression of his valuable edition of Report of the. Proceedings of the Ferguson's Lectures. General Assembly, in the case of Mr Seaton, to whose merit, as Mr Leslie. Second Edition. 8vo. draftsman, Mr Nasmyth of Edin. 55.

burgh has borne the most ample tesEssay on the Distinction of Ranks, timony, has executed views of New by the late Professor Millar. Fourth and Old Aberdeep. Several genEdition. 8vo. gs.

tlemen, who take an interest in that town, have expressed a wish, that

engravings should be taken of these, Scottish Literary Intelligence. and a subscription has accordingly

been opened for that purpose. A

T the anniversary meeting of the There is in the press, a volume of

Highland Society of Scotland, original papers, illustrating the HisSir John Sinclair laid on the table tory of Scotland during part of the the printed sheets of a large por- sixteenth century.

In this will tion of the poems of Ossian, in the be contained, a journal of the most Original Gaelic, with a Latin tran- remarkable incidents in Scotland, slation. The whole of this work during the civil war between the is expected to be completed in three adherents of Queen Mary and months.

those of her son; from the year Mr John Finlay, author of Wallace, 1570. This journal was written or the Vale of Ellerslie, is prepa. by Richard Bannatyne, seeretaring for publication a selection of ry to John Knox the reformer : it Scottish Historical Ballads, with has been kept in the city of Edin. illustrations.

burgh, and enters into a minute de The Society of Antiquaries at Perth

tail of the civil and military operahave appointed a committee to exa- tions of the contending factions, mine their numerous papers, and and enumerates all the readers of select materials for a volume ; wbich each. It also elucidates some parts is to be printed in a style suited to of the ecclesiastical history of Scotthe importance of its contents. land. March 1806.

LITER

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202 LITERARY INTELLIGENCE, ENGLISH expended in tlie encouragement of naad FOREIGN.

tural history in Norway.

The inhabitants of Asti have raised a M SR Carr, who has already favour- subscription for defray.r.g the expence

ed the world with his Stranger in of a monument to the memory of AlFrance, and with his Travels round the fieri, surnan ed the Italian Sophocles. Ba'ric, has lately made the Tour of lie. Its execution is committed to Comolli iand, and is now preparing an Account the sculptoi, professor at the university of that almost unknown country, which of Turin, who is daily giving fresh he intends to pubiish under the title of proots of liis talents in an art which he THE STRANGER IN IRELAVD. The work cultivates with equal ardour and sucwill make one elegant volume quarro, cess. similar to the Northern Summer, and will The learned Abbe Marini is engaged be embellished with a variety of en- in the publication of a work on all the gravings by MEDLAND from drawings manuscripts written on papyrus. Of by Mr Carr.

these there are a great number at Rome Miss OWENSON, a native and resident and Bologna, and he introduces all that of the North of Ireland, and authoress are known to exist. Most of then have of the Novel of the Novice of St Do. never been published ; and though the minic, is engaged on another work rela- articles themselves are principaliy contive to the Domestic State of the Yeo- tracis, public documents, &c. and of mary and Peasantry of Ireland, a sub- the latter ages, this collection will neject which she intends to illustrate in a verthcless prove interesting to the stuPastoral Tale, to be called the Wild dy of antiquities, of history, of the Irish Girl.

knowledge of manners in general, of Mr Hayley is preparing to publish, language, and of diplomacy in particuby subscription, for the benefit of a

lar. favourite nanesake, and godson of An Institution for the Deaf and Cowper, (who has had the misfortune Dumb, which has been established with: to become an orphan at an early age,) in these f.w years, and deserves the the Latin and Italian poems of winton, particular attention of enlightened men, translated by Cowper, with all that re- exists at Kiel in Holstein. It is under mains of his projected dissertati ns op the direction of M. Pfingsten, a man of Paradise Lost, in one handsome quarto, the most simple character, who was ori. at the price of two guineas. The tran- ginally a drummer to a regiment. All slations are already transcribed for the his attainments are consequently owing press, from the copy that includes his to his own exertions. He invented, latest corrections. Subscriptions are re- without any aid, his system of instrucceived by Mr Jolins n of St Paul's tion for the deaf and dumb, which difChurch Yard, and Mr Evans, Pall. fers ess.ntially from those of M. de Mall.

i'Epee and M. Sicard, of which he had An important work of Travels in never heard. The Prince royal of Den. India, through the countries of Mysore, mark, during his late visit ai Kiel, paid Cannara, and Malabar, is announced by a visit with a numerous retinue, to the Dr BUCHANAN of the Bengal inedical Institution of M. Pfingsten. The Gerestablishment. This desirable publici- man journals state that. his pupils un. tion is to appear under the patronage derstand from the mere motion of the of the court of Directors, and it will lips all that is said to them, and reply in form three splendid quartos.

writing or verbally. They add, that The Norwegian Society of Sciences M. Pfingstein has likewise invented a at Copenhagen, as the universal legatee telegraph, at which they may be em. of the late counsellor Hammer, inherits ployed with advantage to the state. a valuable collection of books, manu- A work of uncommon labour and scripts, subjects in natural history, and magnitude has been for some years in a sum of about 20,000 crowns. One the course of publication, by several third of the interest of this capital is to professors and literati of the university be employed in augmenting the collec. of Gottingen. It is entitled A General tion, and the other two thirds are to be History of the Arts and Sciences, from

their

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