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body of the army, in the event of the greater proportion of which was caval. beach being impracticable the ensuing ry, and twenty-three pieces of cannon morning.
yoked to horses, the disposition of The surf along the shore of Lospard's which, and the nature of the ground Bay having considerably abated the en- occupied by the enemy's troops, made suing morning, I determined, with the it evident that they intended to refuse concurrence of Cominodore Sir Home their right wing, and with their left ata Popham, to make an effort to get the tempt to turn our right flank; but, to troops on shore, and accordingly the frustrate their design, I formed the arHighland Brigade, composed of the 71st, my into two columns, the second brie 720, and 93d regiments, effected that gade under Brig.-Gen. Ferguson keepobject, under the command of Brig. ing the road, whilst the first struck to Gen. Ferguson.
the right, and took the defile of the The shore had been previously very mountains. Having accomplished my closely inspected by the Brigadier, and purpose, our line was formed with eby his spirited exertions and example, qual celerity and order; and the left wing, our efforts were crowned with success, composed of the Highland brigade, although a confined and intricate chan: was thrown forward, and advanced with nel to the shore, which had been accu the steadiest step, under a very heavy rately pointed out with beacons laid fire of round shot, grape and musquetdown by the boats of his Majesty's ship ry. Nothing could surpass or resist the Diadem, and a tremendous surf, oppo. determined bravery of the troops, headsed the passage of the troops.
ed by their gallant leader, Brig.-Gen. The enemy had scattered a party of Fergusson, and the number of the enesharpshooters over the contiguous my who swarmed the plain, served onheights, and commanded the landing, ly to augment their ardour, and con. but the casualties of this service arose firm their discipline. The enemy receive principally from natural difficulties, and ed our fire, and maintained his position it is with the deepest concern I have obstinately, but in the moment of charto inform your Lordship, that we lost ging, the valour of British troops bore thirty - five rank and file of the 93d down all opposition, and forced him to regiment, by the oversetting of one of a precipitate retreat. the boats, notwithstanding every pos The first brigade, composed of the 24th, sible effort was made to rescue the un 59th, and 83d regiments, and commandfortunate men.
ed, in the absence of Brig, Gen. BeresThe remainder of the troops could on. ford, by Lieut.-Colonel Baird, was unly be brought on shore on the succeed. avoidably preciuded, by their situation, ing day, when the extraordinary obsta. from any considerable participation in cles to all intercourse with the fleet, the triumph of the British arms, though which nothing but the courage
the flank companies of the 24th had an severance of British seamen could sur- opportunity of distinguishing themselves mount, barely enabled us to obtain the in dislodging a number of Horse and indispensible supplies of water and pro- riflemen from the heights on our right visions for immediate subsistence. flank. This brilliant atchievement,
On the morning of the 8th, the army, however, was clouded by the loss of consisting of the 25th, 71st; 721, 83d, Capt. Foster, of the grenadiers, whose and 934 regiments, about 4000 strong, gallantry is best recorded in the bosoms was formed into two brigades, with two of iris brother soldiers, and the univer. howitzers, and six light field pieces, and sal regret of the army. moved off towards the road which leads It is impossible to convey to your to Cape Town; and, having ascended Lordship an adequate idea of the ov. the summit of Blaw Berg, or Blue stacles which opposed the advance, Mountains, and dislodged the enemy's and retarded the success of our army.. light troops, I discovered their main The nature of the country--a deep, , body, dawn up in two lines, prepared 'heavy, and arid land, covered with to receive us, and even in motion to an- shrubs, scarcely pervious to light bodies ticipate our approach.
of infantry; and above all, the total The enemy's force apparently con- privation of water under the effects of sisted of about five thousand men, the a burning sun, had nearly exhausted
our gallant fellows in the more.it of vic- jesty's ships. In this situation, a flag tory, and with the utmost dithculiy of truce was sent to me by the comwere we able to reach the Reit Valley, mandant of the garrison of Cape Town, where we took our position for the (the Governor General Jansens, having night. A considerable portion of the retired after the action of the Sth, into provisions and necessaries with which the country, muving by Hottentot's we started, hał been lost during tlie Holland Klouf,) requesting a suspenaction, and we occupied our ground sion of hostilities for 48 hours, in order under an apprehension that even the to negociate a capitulation. In answer great exertions of Sir Home Popham to this overture, I dispatched Brigadier and the navy could not relieve us from General Ferguson, accompanied by starvation.
Lieut. Col. Brownrigg, to stipulate, as My Lord, on every occasion where the condition of my acquiescence, the it has been found necessary to call for surrender of the outworks of the town the co operation of British seamen in within six hours, allowing thirty six for land enterprizes, their val ur has been arranging the articles of capitulation. so conspicuous, and their spirit of la My proposition being assented to, the bour and perseverance so unconquera- 59th regiment marched into Fort ble, that no tribute of my app ause can Knokke; and the next day, in conjuncadd a lustre to their character; but tiun with Sir Home Popham, the terms I discharge a most agreeable por ion of were agreed upon; and his Majesty's my duty in assuring your Lordship, that forces were put in possession of the seon the recent employment of their ser veral defences of the town. Of the vices they have maintained their repu. modified capitulation, as ratified by us, tation; and that the uniform good con. I have the honour to inclose a copy. duct of these gailant fellows, and the The cordial, able, and zealous co. conduct of Captain George Byng, who operation of Commodore Sir Home commanded them, with tha: of every su. Popham, emulated by all the officers bordinate officer, have merited my fule under his command, merits my warmlest approbation.
est acknowledgments and commendaThe loss of the enemy in this en- tion ; and I have the satisfaction to add, gagement is reputed to exceed seven that no united service was ever perfor. hundred men in killed and wounded; med with more true harmony, than has and it is with the most sensible gratifi- uniformly been manifested by both cation that I contrast it with the inclo- branches of his Majesty's forces. Such sed return of our casualties. Your of his Majesty's ships as could be sparLordship will perceive the name of ed from the service of Lospard's Bay, Lieut.-Col. Grant among the wounded; constantly coasted the enemy's shore, but the heroic spirit of this officer was throwing shot among his troops and not subdued by his misfortune, and he people, and contributing to keep him continued to lead his men to glory, as ignorant of the actual place of our dislong as an enemy was opposed to his embarkation; and a very spirited efMajesty's 172d regiment. I have the fort was made by the marines of the cordial' satisfaction to add, that his fileet, and a party of seamen from the wound though severe is not pronounced Diadem, under the Commodore's imme. dangerous; and I indulge the hope of diate command, to occupy a position his early recovery.
in Reit Valley, and co-operate with the On the morning of the gth, recruited army. by such supplies as the unwearied ef. The marines and the Hon. Compaforts of the navy could throw on shore, ny's recruits, as well as their cadets, headthe 59th regiment, however, being al- ed by Lieut. Colonel Willett, of the most completely destitute of food, we Bengal establishment, have been usefulprosecuted our march toward Cape ly employed in different branches of the Town, and took up a position south of service. Salt River, which we trusted might The duties of the Quarter-Master preserve a free communication with General's department were very ably the squadron ; for our battering train, and judiciously discharged by Lieut.as well as every other necessary, except Col. Brownrigg; and although the army frater, was to pass to us from his Man had the greatest cause to lament tňe
absence, from severe illness, of Major missing.-83d, 2 serjeants, 2 privates,
The articles of capitulation state, that matter of great regret to me, for his
the Cape Town, with the circumjacent knowledge of the country would have
furtifications, are to be immediately surselieved me from much embarrass.
rendered to his Britannic Majesty ; the Bent. To the several Officers commanding Hours of war, then lay down their arms
garrison to march out with all the ho. corps, I am under considerable obliga- and become prisoners ; all officers, extions, for their gallant, spirited, zealous, cept such as are natives, to be sent to and judicious conduct and example, in Europe on parole; the French subjects leading their men up to the enemy. to be treated the same as the garrison,
This dispatch will be delivered to your but must be sent to Europe ; the inha. Lordship by Lieut.-Col. Baird, to whom
bitants who have borne arms, to be conI beg leave to refer any additional in. sidered as belonging to the town, and to formation, and to recommend this me. sitorious officer to your Lordship's pso- occupations; all private property to re
be at liberty to return to their former tection.
main untouched; public property of I take the liberty of mentioning to your Lordship, that not having been burghers and inhabitants shall preserve
every description to be given up; the joined by the Narcissus frigate prior to
their rights and privileges; the paper our disembarkation, and subsequent 0. perations in the field, I was unfortunate.
money actually in circulation to conti,
nue current; the lands and houses to ly deprived of the services of Capt Sor. Tell, assistant Adjutant General, who Hoating paper money; the prisoners of
be given up, to remain as security for was charged with my dispatches from Madeira to Governor Patton, to procure
war shall not be impressed into his Bri
tannic Majesty's service against their intelligence relative to the strength and
own free will; the inhabitants of Cape condition of this colony; and from
Town shall be exempt from having whose extensive local knowledge and
troops quartered on them, two ships professional talents I expected to derive
sunk in Table Bay to be raised by the great assistance, I have the honour to inclose a return
persons who sunk them, and delivered
over in an entire state of repair. of the ordnance found in the citadel and other defences of this settlement. Return of Ordnance taken at the seve
D. BAIRD, Major General, ral Batteries at Cape Town and its
Commanding in Chief. Dependencies.
113 brass and 243 pieces iron ordnance
-356. Killed.24th Regt. Capt. And. Fos. ter, and 3 privates.-59th, i private.71st, 6 privates.-72d, 2 privates.-93d, Extract of a Dispatch from Major-Ge.
neral Sir David Baird to Lord Vis2 privates.-Marine bat. I private. Total, 16.
.count Castlereagh, dated Cape Town, Wounded.-Brigade Major Weir.
January 13, 1806. 24th Regt. 16 privates, 2 ditto missing. General Jansens has retired to Hot. -59th, Capt. Alex. Macpherson, s pri
tentot's Holland Klooff, and advices, this vates and 1 ditto missing.ist, Lieut. instant received, state him to have sent Col. D. Pack, Lieut.-Col. R. Campbell, this forces over the Klooff, estimating 2 serjeants, 67 privates, and one ditto them at 1200 men, with 28 pieces of armisssing.-722, Lieut. Col. Cha. Grant tillery, and 200 waggons. He has dis. (severely,) Lieut. Alex. Chisholm, 2 charged the farmers from the service, serjeants, 34 privates, and one ditto and dismissed so waggons, which are March 1806.
said to be coming towards the town, rate in your breast, to check the fatal and consequently will be soon in my consequences of a fruitless contest. possession.
The naval and military forces of his His resources, with respect to sub. Britannic Majesty, which have possesa sistence, are of a kind not very suscep- sed themselves of the seat of your reţible of interruption, from the disposi cent government, are of a magnitude to tion of the farmers, or the means I can ieave no question respecting the issue immediately oppose to him, unless he of further hostilities; and therefore, a should experience a deficiency of am temporary and disastrous resistance is munition by our possession of some of ali you can possibly oppose to superior his depots. The farmers are not likely numbers. to assist him heartily, for the devasta Under these circumstances, nothing tion of their property must be the ine. can result, but the devastation of the vitable consequence of a prosecution of country you casually occupy; and such the contest in the interior.
a consequence can never be contemplat. To preserve his temporary superiori- ed by a generous mind, or be gratifyty in that particular, it will be neces. ing to the man who feels for the prose sary for him to move, in a northerly di. perity and tranquillity of the colony rection, into the district of Stellen- lately subject to his administration. bosch; but as the measure is of a most But if, unhappily, your resolution is desperate tendency, and requires that formed to oppose an enemy of such sus his heart should be steeled to those sen- perior force, by protracting a contest sations which are said to govern his ac which must entail misery and ruin on tions, I indulge a sanguine expectation the industrious and peaceably disposed that consequences so dreadful may be settlers of this colony, I shall be exoner. averted.
ated from the reproacb of my own conI have therefore deemed it both ho. science by this frank overture; and you nourable and expedient for his Majesty's must justify to yourself, and to your Government, to make an overture to countrymen, the further effusion of General Jansens, a copy of which is in- blood, and the desolation of the counclosed, deprecating the destruc'ive re.
try. sult of his further opposition to his Ma You are necessarily so well acquaintjesty's arms, and treating him with the ed with the extent of the calamities in generosity and distinction due to his which the interior of the country may character.
be involved, that I shall not enlarge upBut, in order to give weight to the on your power of causing mischief to anxious desire I entertain of inviting be done to all its inhabitants; but I General Jansens to a pacification, I persuade myself, that considerations of have, at an early hour this day, detached a more laudable nature will influence Brigadier-General Beresford, with the your decision on this occasion ; and 59th and 72d regiments, two howitzers that you will manifest an immediate and four six-pounders, to possess him- disposition to promote a general tranself of the village of Stellenbosch, and quillity. thence to forward my letter to the Ge. I have the honour to subscribe, with neral, accompanied by such additional sentiments of the highest respect and arguments as the Brigadier may consi, consideration, Sir, yours, &c. &c. der expedient to submit to him, and
D. BAIRD, with full powers to conclude whatever treaty existing circumstances may ex Major-General Commanding in Chief. act.
To Lieut.-Gen. Jansens, &c. &c.
Sir Home Popham's dispatches to the S18-You have discharged your duty Admiralty give nearly the same acto your country as became a brave man count of this event, and contain no fact at the head of a gallant tho' feeble army. that is not stated more at large in the I know how to respect the high quali. General's letters. The enemy had at. ties :;f such a man, and do not doubt tempted to destroy
Bato of 68 guns that that humanity which ever charac- in Simon's bay, but it was believed they terises an intrepid soldier, will now ope. had not succeeded, and Capt. Percy
was sent to take possession, and if pos- protect American citizens, and to repel sible to move her into a place of safety. by force of arms any similar aggressions; The Commodore concludes his letter and as some of them are of a nature to with stating the high confidence and be met by force only, it is recommend. unanimity exemplified between the two ed to make such preparations as circumprofessions on the present occasion, and stances may require--and to put the the uncommon exertions of all the offi. sea-ports out of danger.—For this purcers, both of the navy and of the East pose, heavy cannon have been sent to India ships, in every service in which the land batteries to defend them against they were employed.
ärmed vessels--and a competent number of gun boats is recommended to be im
mediately built. The militia, which AMERICA.
can furnish 300,000 able bodied men, is
to be organized—and an active force of The American Congress met on the young efficient men called into service, 3d Jan. A message was, as usual, pre which will give time to raise a regular sented from the President, containing force, if it shall be wanted. Considerhis annual exposition of the situation of able provision has been made of matethe American Commonwealth, of which rials for building ships of 74 guns. An the following is an outline :
immediate prohibition of the exportation “ The message sets out with adver- of arms and ammunition is recommendting to the late affiction of two of their ed. Peace has been made with Tripoli cities with the fatal fever, which fortu and Tunis, and the ransom of American nately has terminated earlier than usual, citizens agreed upon. The Indians are and done less mischief. It is merely advancing in civilization and in agricul. local, confined to cities on the tide-wa ture, and they have sold some large ters only, and incommunicable in the and valuable tracts of land to the United country, either by diseased persons, or States. Nearly two millions of dollars by goods carried from diseased places. of the debt contracted under the British The message then proceeds to state, that treaty, have been paid off, and four the coasts of America have been infes. millions of the national debt, making red by private armed vessels, which eighteen millions, paid off altogether." have captured in the very entrance of The Congress has been occupied in the barbours, not only the vessels of close sitting in the discussion of the friends, but also American vessels. They differences between the Court of Mahave plurdered and sunk them, and drid and the United States, as well as maltreated the crews. To put a stop the grounds of complaint preferred by to such depredations, a force has been the mercantile interest against the acts equipped to arrest all vessels of these of violence that have been so frequently descriptions, and to bring the offenders imputed to the British cruisers. On to trial as pirates. New principles have this subject a' message was delivered also been interpolated into the Law of from the President to the Senaie and Nations, respecting neutrals, to which House of Representatives on the 17th an effectual opposition must be made. Jan. It was partly of a confidential nia
“ With Spain, the negociations have The part that has been published not had a successful issue. The com accuses the English of introducing new pensations she had formerly acknowled principles and practices relative to the ged, have been refused. On the Mobil American commerce, derogatory of the le, the American commerce has been rights of neutrals, and unacknowledged obstructed, and the propositions for by the usage of nations.
In consefixing the just boundaries of Louisiana quence of the remonstrances preferred have not been acceded to. Inroads to the Court of London, these practices have been made into the territories of had been partially suspended, without Orleans and the Mississippi-the Ame any disavowal of the principle, and the rican citizens have been seized, and evil was now proceeding under adjudi. their property plundered in the very cations founded on that principle. ports delivered up by Spain. Orders The clamour throughout the States have therefore been given to the troops against the measures adopted by the on the frontiers, to be in readiness to British Government to restrain, in