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“ A crum q' tripe, ham, dish o'pcase," pendent of those supported by the
(The season fitten,) voluntary provisions of the dead and “ An egg, or, cauler frae the seas, the living, amounted, in the year
“ A fuck or whitten; “ A nice beef-steak-or ye may get
1803, to 1,039,716, i. e. to more “ A g'de buff’d herring, reisted skate,
than one eighth of the whole popula“ An' ingans, an' (tho' past its dart)
tion of that part of Great Britain. “ A cut o veal;
In Edinburgh, Canongate, and St. “ Ha, ha, its no that unco late,
Cuthberis, the whole number of a“ I'll do it sveel."
dults supported at the present time O G****y R********, dreigh loun,
by parish funds in the workhouses An' antiquarian P**** soun',
and out of them, is 641, and of inWi' mony ithers i' the town,
fants 240 *. What wad come o'er ye, Gif Johnnie Dowie shou'd stap down
“ If the population in these places To th'grave before ve ? amount to '72,000 or thereabouts, Ye sure wad break your hearts wi' grief, constituting about twenty-two parts An' in Strong Ale find nae relief, of the population of Scotland, jud. War ye to lose your Dowie--chief
ged to be 1,600,000, it must be imO' bottie keepers 5
possible to account for the difference THREE years at least, now to be brief,
between the sum total of the Poor Ye'd gang wi' weepers. But gude forbid ! for your sakes a',
in the one country and in the other, 'That sic an usefu' man should fa'; (i. e. not so much as one to ten,) For, frien's o’mine, between us twa, without supposing that many here Right i' your lug,
lie hid in indigence and obscurity, You'd lose a houf baith warm an’ braw, trusting to casual alms, 'or supported An' unco snug.
by spontaneous bounty, or that not Then pray for's health this mony a year, Fresh three-'n-a ha penny, best obeer,
a few perish from want.” That can (tho'dull) you brawly cheer,
Work houses are necessary, for such Recant you weel up;
as are wholly unable to labour, and An’gar you a' forget your
have no friends with whom they can Yous sorrow's séal up. reside; but for all such as are not “ Another Bottle, John.”
not yet, reduced to that extremity, “ Gentlemen, 'uis past twelve, and time the present institution promises to to go home."
be much more eligible. It is better calculated for distinguishing between
real and pretended objects of charity; Particulars respecting the BENEFI
it affords relief at less expence, and
in a more agreeable manner to such, CENT SOCIETY of Edinburgh. as would look with horror at being name has been given to the cooped up within the walls of a
workhouse. It ought also to put a Society, of whicb, in our Maga. zine for January last, we laid the plan stop to the pernicious practice of
beg. before our readers. This plan, then only in embryo, has since been carri- * In the Canongate there are, in the ed into effect ; and, by meaus of a Workhouse, 48 adults, 23 infants, 20 subsequent publication of the society, out-pensioners. we are enabled to give some farther In St Cuthberts, 143 adults, 81 in. account of the manner in which it is fants. to be conducted, and the objects it
In Edinburgh, about 300 adults, and is intended to embrace.
86 infants, in the Work house. 130 2
dults, having families, have some supply “ The number of paupers relieved in their own abodes, so infants are at by parish charity in England, inde- nurse.
begging on the streets, by taking try doomed to the uncontrouled and away
all ground or pretence for ask accelerating increase of this burden, ing or giving charity in that form. what gloomy prospects must we inThere is another view also in which dulge ! it may be eminently conducive to " It may be thought unnecessary the public interest, as well as that of to turn the attention of the inhabi. the objects relieved. It seems to be tants of this end of the island, to the best means of checking that rui- evils which they have vot hitherto nous increase of poor-rates which felt, and which, from difference of has gone to such a height in Eng. laws, customs, and manners, it is not land, and even in this country has likely that they shall feel. It is promade considerable progress.
per, however, that all should know, “ From papers now lying on the That, in a good many more than ico table of the House of Commons, it is parishes of Scotland, i. e. in between proved, that the rates raised by the an eighth and ninth part of it, the poor laws were, in 1803, not less than provision for the Poor is raised by L.5,348,000. Ofthis sum L.190,000 fixed assessments; that in some of was spent on suits occasioned by these, it is not a late practice, that the poor laws, and the expences of the number of such parishes is every parish overseers, L.1,034,000 were year increasing, and that assessments laid outonchurch rates, highways, the have been resorted to in other parish. militia, &c.; but the nett sum spent es, although not statedly, yet upon exclusively on the poor, amounts to very many occasions, when, through L.4,267,000. The progression of scarcity and dearness of provisions, or this tax is one of its most alarming from other canses, the funds for supcircumstances. With every increase porting the poor have proved insufof the rates, the poor have increased ficient. in numbers. The average sum of “ In the county of Berwick, thie poor rates in 1783, 1784, 1785, was Poor increased one fourth in number, far less than one half of these at pre- with a very siender inerease of
popusent; and in 1776 it was greatly lation upon the whole, during the less than one third of it. Little ten years preceding 1794, and the more than a century ago there were expence of maintaining them increased not much above L. 500,000 annual- about one half of the average sua ly, less, i. c. than a tenth of their required in the preceding ten years, present exorbitant increase. The i, e preceding 1784." oppression of particular districts The City has been divided into cannot be known by looking at the 40 districts, according to the extent general sum. There are counties, and the number of poor likely to be as Sussex, where nearly every fourth found in each. Two or three genor fifth person is supported by the tlemen have undertaken the weekly parish ; and there are towns in Eurg- visitation of every district, and give land where manufactures once flour in their report to the weekly meeting rishing have decayed, in which they of ordinary directors, with whom it amount to 206. or 25s. in the pound rests to fix the sum which shall be Sterling. Taking the rental of pro- allotted to each district, and distribu. perty on which the poor's rates are ted as the visitors may judge most eraised at 1.38,000,000, there is not ligible. A quarterly General meetless paid all over England on this ac- ing is held on the first Monday of count than 25. Od. in the pound Ster- February, May, August, and No. ling. Were we to look forward to vember, at it o'clock, in Merchant's future times, and to judge the coun. hall.
The The following is a list of the Di- CELESTIAL PHENOMENA for May rectors and office-bearers of the so
Thursday, May 1st.
THE longitude of the planet Juno President.
is at present 59.. 11°..46', and Willian. Coulter, Esq. Vice-President. her latitude, 20..19' North. Being Mr Robert Anderson, Merchant,
near the Sun, she will not beseen till
after conjunction. West Bow. Mr. W. Braidwood jun. Merchant
Friday, May 2d. Hunter Square.
About a quarter before two o'clock Mr G. Brunton, Merch. Royal Ex- in the morning all the satellites of change.
Jupiter are situated on the right Mr John Brown, Coach-maker, Ab. hand of the planet forming a rhom. bey Hill.
boid. The first and third form the Mr Alex. Cruickshank, Hosier, Ni. side of the figure nearest Jupiter, and colson Street.
the first and second the uppermost side Mr William Finlay, Baker, Leitha of the rhomboid. Street.
Saturday, May 3d. Mr W. Fraser, Taylor, Cross.
At 55 minutes and 18 seconds af. Mr J. F. Gordon, W. S. St An. ter 1 o'clock in the morning the sedrew Square.
cond satellite of Jupiter will immerge Mr James M.Naughton, Merch. Sil. into his shadow. ver Mills,
Sunday, May 4th. Mr George Miller, Manufacturer, The second and fourth 'satellites of Mr James Ogilvy, Merchant, Leith Jupiter will be in conjunction on the Walk.
eastern side of his disc. The third MiJ.Waugh, Manufacturer, Sciennes. is situated on the same side at a Extraordinary Directors.
greater distance, and the first on the
other side of the planet. His Excellency, The Earl of Moira.
Tuesday, May 6th. Sir William Forbes, Bart.
The right ascension of Ceres is Adam Rolland, Esq. Advocate. George Baird, D. D. Principal of tion 29o.19 North. The first saGeorge Baird, D. D. Principal of at present 115°46', and her declinache Univerity of Edinburgh.
tellite of Jupiter will immerge into The Rev. John Campbell, one of the his shadow at 12 minutes and 7 seMinisters of Edinburgh.
conds after one o'clock in the more The Rev. Archibald Alison. The Rev. John Jamieson, D. D.
Wednesday, May 7th. The Rev. James Hall.
OCCULTATION OF JUPITER. The Rev. James Struthers.
Just as the Moon and Jupiter are John Tait, Esq. Judge of Police.
descending below the western horiJames Ferguson, Esq. Advocate. Ninian Lewis, Esq.
zon, the latter will immerge behind
the enlightened limb of the former. John Campbell, Esq. W. S.
This immersion will happen at 15 Professor Dugald Stewart.
minutes after 7 o'clock in the morRobert Scott Moncrieff, Esq. of ning, at which time Jupiter will be Halls.
8 minutes north of the Moon's cenCharles Stuart, M. D. Secretary.
tre. This phenomenon will scarceMr F. Alexander, Leith Terrace, ly be visible in Scotland. To all Treasurer,
places whose latitude is less than 520 Mr Gilbert M.Donald, Clerk. North, it may be seen, but with
great difficulty to those in the will not be seen till after her conjunc.
her greatest elongation from the Sun. Monday, May 12th.
She is at present the morning slar, The planet MERCURY will be sta- and will be seen in the form of a half tionary in longitude 1..3o.. 26'. moon in the Eastern part of the hoTuesday, May 13th.
rizon before sun-rise, The first satellite of Jupiter will
Sunday, May 25th. immerge into his shadow at 15 mi- The long. of SATURN is at prenutes and 49 seconds after 3 o'clock sent 6'..220..31', and his latitude 20.. in the morning;
43' North : his declination is 6o.. The planet Mars is at present si- 15' South, and he comes to the metuated in longitude ....... 54', and ridian at 9h...15' in the evening. latitude 34 minutes south. His de
Tuesday, May 27th. clination is 119.37' North, and he The planet MERCURY will arrive will come to the meridian at 104.34'. at his greatest elongation, and may Friday, May 16th.
be seen in the morning before suu.
The first satellite of Jupiter will imern side of his disc, in the same or.
merge into his shadow at 22 minutes
Friday, May 30th.
All the satellites of Jupiter will be
situated on the right hand of his disc, present 9*..7o..23', and his latitude about 2 o'clock in the morning, ia 13 minutes north: his declination is the same order as they lie in the sys. 23°..2' south, and the time of his tem. southing, 2.41' in the morning.
Saturday, May 31st.
At 46 minutes and 3 seconds after Wednesday, May 21st.
1 o'clock in the morning the third The Sun will enter the sigo Ge- satellite of Jupiter will immerge into mini, at 43 minutes after 7 o'clock in his shadow.
D. B. the evening, and his longitude will be exactly 2 signs. The longitude of the GEORGIUM
Memoirs of the Progress of MANUSidus is at present 68..22°11', and
FACTURES, CHEMISTRY, SCIENCE, its latitude 37 minutes north : Its
and the FINE ARTS.
New galvanic apparatus bas
been invented by M. STRUVE. Friday, May 23d.
It is called the Galvaoic Chain, and The third satellite of Jupiter will is composed of several double cones; emerge from behind his shadow at 45
one of copper, and the other of zinc, minutes and 58 seconds after 12 and so on alternately, soldered togeo'clock in the evening.
ther at their bases. These double Thursday, May 2416.
are fixed to one another by The planet Ceres will be situated hooks fastened in their vertices. Li. in right ascension 122°.27', and nen or cotton is placed between the north declination 299.56'. Ceres double cones, in such a manner, that þeing now very near the Sun, she the extremities are in contact with
each of the extremities of zinc and sel, in the following manner, and
M. MARECHAUX has improved the a fine linen cloth; and when it is pile of Voita. He formed one of cold, put it into a bottle, and stop it vine discs, composed of zinc and well, in order to prevent it from drycopper, separated by rounds of drying up. Before the varnish is applied, blotting paper. Silken cords supply the article must be dried in a stove, the place of the glass tubes in the and completely polished. When this ordinary apparatus, and keep it sus. is donc, iake lamp black, and a little pended to a hook. M. Marechaux essenee of turpentine ; mix them with thought he observed, by means of the varnish, and, with a pencil, lay a this apparatus, that the electrical ten- coating upon the piece to be varnishsion of the pile encreases and decrea. ed; when that coat is dry, lay on oses in proportion to the electrical thers, to the number of four. When state of the air, and that its action is these are dry also, place the article in stronger the more the air is charged a stove, and, when it is completely with moisture.
dried, polish it with powdered pumice A simple and accurate method of stone and Tripoli. When the var, constructing gasometers, for purpo. nish is wanted of a red colour, a little ses, where uniform pressure is essen- minium, or cinnabar is to be added. tial, by the application of the hy. Messrs. NAUCHE, GRAPERON, and drostatic regulator, has been invent. BAGET, have found, that the galva. ed by JOSEPH STEEVENS, Esq. See nic action is increased when the pile Phil. Mag. No. 94. p. 163.
is exposed to a high temperature, The following excellent varnish and when it is plunged into flame, or for wood has been published by M. into oxygen gas, or carbonic acid PARMENTIER in the Annales de Chy- gas. They found also, that the efmie, tom. 56. Take of lintseed oil fects of the pile are not transmissible ! pound, ainber i pound, pulverised in vacuo, and that they are scarcely fitharge 5 ounces, pulverised mini- perceptible, even by means of a conum (red lead) 5 ounces, pulverised denser. Several of these facts were wbite lead 5 ounces. Boil the lint- ascertained at an earlier period by seed oil in an unglazed vessel; put Mr W. H. Pepys, who, however, the minium, litharge, and white lead instead of finding that the effects into a bag of linen, and suspend it were not transmissible in a vacuum, with its contents in the vessel, with. found that the metals may be defiaout reaching the bottom. Continue grated in vacuo, the ebullition till the oil begin to According to the experiments of become brown; then take out the M. BRUGNATELLI, the diamond, bag, with its ingredients, and conti- which has been regarded as pure nue to boil the oil, adding a clove of carbon, is a non-conductor of Galclean garlic ; and when this is dried vanism , altho' it has been found, by up, put in another, and so on, to the M. CURTES, of Brussels, that the number of 6 or 7. Then melt the oxide of carbon is one of the best amber, in an unglazed earthen ves. conductors of Galvanism.
D. B. Memoirs